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More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor: How the Livestock and Fish research program helps improve access to critical animal-source foods

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More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor: How the Livestock and Fish research program helps improve access to critical animal-source foods

  1. 1. More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor: How the Livestock and Fish research program helps improve access to critical animal-source foods Tom Randolph Nairobi, 13 February 2013
  2. 2. The challenge  Can research accelerate livestock and aquaculture development to benefit the poor? o Mixed record to date o Systematic under-investment o Also related to our research-for-development model?  Focus on increasing productivity of small-scale production and marketing systems o ‘by the poor’  poverty reduction o ‘for the poor’  food security
  3. 3. An image problem 1. Animal-source foods are a luxury and bad for health, so should not promote 2. Small-scale production and marketing systems are disappearing; sector is quickly industrializing 3. Livestock and aquaculture development will have negative environmental impacts
  4. 4. Our underlying hypothesis  Livestock and Blue Revolutions: accelerating demand in developing countries as urbanization and incomes rise  Industrial systems will provide a large part of the needed increase in supply to cities and the better-off in some places  But the poor will often continue to rely on small-scale production and marketing systems  If able to respond, they could contribute, both increasing supplies and reducing poverty  …and better manage the transition for many smallholder households
  5. 5. Managing a smoother transition out of agriculture  Estimates for smallholders in Africa and Latin America (Wiggins 2012; Dorward 2009) :  Can 2/3 be enabled to develop into commercial producers, accumulate capital and transition out of agriculture?  deeper rural economic growth  avoid social disruption 1/3 Will ‘step up’ to become commercial farmers 1/3 Will ‘step out’ and work for other, go to the city 1/3 Could go either way
  6. 6. But productivity gap remains despite investment in livestock development 0.06 0.08 0.03 0.17 0.06 0.11 0.04 0.2 Meat (kg output/kg biomass/yr) 1980 2005 411 1021 517 4226 397 1380 904 6350Milk (kg/cow/yr) 1980 2005
  7. 7. Aquaculture lagging too Annual growth rate of aquaculture 2007-2015 needed to satisfy demand source: Cai (2011)
  8. 8. Consumers Solutions developed for isolated issues in specific settings, but ignoring other constraints in the value chain that discourage uptake Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers ...in Country A Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers ...in Country D ...in Country C ...in Country B Why haven’t we had more impact? Is it the piecemeal nature of our research?
  9. 9. A smarter approach? Drawing from recent experiences, can we accelerate research to impact?
  10. 10. Our proposition Increased access to animal-source foods for the poor, especially women and children, can be achieved at scale by strengthening carefully selected meat, milk and fish value chains in which the poor can capture a significant share of the benefits. Technologies and lessons generated through this focused approach will be applicable in broader regional and global settings. More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor
  11. 11. Strategic L&F CRP Cross-cutting Platforms • Technology Generation • Market Innovation • Targeting & Impact ConsumersR4D integrated to transform selected value chains In targeted commodities and countries. Value chain development team + research partners GLOBAL RESEARCH PUBLIC GOODS INTERVENTIONS TO SCALE OUT REGIONALLY #1: Addressing the whole value chain Major intervention with development partners Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact #2: Working directly to design and support intervention at scale #3: In partnership with development actors
  12. 12. #4 Focus, focus, focus! Working in 8 target value chains  accountability
  13. 13. Our engagement in a value chain embodies our impact pathway Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact Year 1  Year 8-12 Program horizon in a target value chain Relativedegreeofinvolvement Research partners Development partners Assessment Mobilization Best bets Experiments Evaluation Evidence Design Piloting Lessons Context Advocacy Dissemination Attracting investment Implementing large-scale interventions Knowledge partner Along the Impact Pathway
  14. 14. Research Outputs Research Outcomes Intermediate Development Outcomes Impacts Methods + capacity to sustain VC development SLO2 Increased food security Actionable Options Process Evidence Increased productivity Evidence base + partnerships to attract investment for intervention SLO1 Reduced poverty More supply (qlty & qnty) More income + employment Higher share for women More of nutrient gap filled by ASF Lower unit envirnmt impacts Supporting policies/investment SLO3 Improved nutrition & health SLO4 Sustainable NRM Intermediate Development Outcomes are changes achieved through anticipated development interventions in our value chains
  15. 15. Status  Partnership of 4 CGIAR Centres  Officially started January 1st, 2012  Forming core team  Developing strategy by component and value chain  Identifying strategic partners  Consolidating ongoing activities
  16. 16. 3-year Budget Envelope by Component Program Management $5.6m Technology Development $43.3m Value Chain Development $20.9m Targeting, Gender and Impact $13.3m Institutional Overhead $16.3m TOTAL Approved = US$99.6m
  17. 17. 1/3 Funding Shortfall TOTAL Approved = US$99.6m Restricted mobilized CG Fund Restricted GAP 2/3 funding secured
  18. 18. CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish livestockfish.cgiar.org

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • I am Tom…Let me explain the program, what is different about it and why we expect it to succeed in achieving impact
  • A weakness of our research approach to date has been its piecemeal nature. By this I mean…To address this, our initiative is adopting 4 key features for a ‘business unusual’ approach

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