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Introduction to Livestock and Irrigation Value chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES) project

  1. Introduction to Livestock and Irrigation Value chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES) project Azage Tegegne LIVES Project Launch Workshop Addis Ababa, 22 January 2013
  2. LIVES Project • An ILRI project implemented with IWMI, MoA and EIAR in partnership with Amhara, Tigray, Oromia and SNNP Regional States • Supported by a our development partner – Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) • Focuses on high value, market-oriented and challenging livestock and irrigated crops
  3. Livestock and Irrigated Agriculture in Ethiopia
  4. Total supply
  5. Per capital supply
  6. Potential and experiences in irrigated agriculture in Ethiopia Total 2,010,322 ha
  7. Current irrigation and ` potential for development Year (EC) Total irrigated area (ha) 1991 176,015 1998 197,250 only improved schemes 625,819 (including traditional) 2004 250,613 Source: MoWaE, 2013; Atinafie, 2007; MoARD
  8. WHY LIVES? • In line with GoE priorities for agriculture–led industrialization • In line with the GTP and AGP and other programs of the GoE • Livestock and irrigated agriculture are high value commodities with huge potential and promise to transform smallholders from subsistence to market- orientation • Piloting for learning and scaling up
  9. What is special about LIVES? • A unique model for partnerships between CGIAR centers, MoA, NARS and development institutions to work on developmental outcomes • Helps to integrate high value irrigated crops and livestock production for system intensification • Provides opportunity for testing and developing irrigated fodder production • Creates a chance to improve water use efficiency • A model for enhanced nutrient management and cycling system through use of manure for horticultural crops • A platform to test water governance through water users associations
  10. LIVES – Goal and Ultimate Outcome Goal • To contribute to enhanced income and gender equitable wealth creation for smallholders and other value chains actors through increased and sustained market-off-take of high value livestock and irrigated crop commodities. Ultimate Outcome • Increased economic well-being for male and female smallholder producers in 30 districts in 10 target Zones in Amhara, Oromia, Tigray, and SNNPR through the development of livestock and irrigated value chains
  11. Intermediate Outcomes • Increased use of improved knowledge and capacity by male and female livestock and irrigated agriculture value chains and service providers to develop gender sensitive and environmentally friendly sustainable market- oriented livestock and irrigated value chains. • Increased adoption of gender sensitive and environmentally sustainable market-oriented value chain interventions by male and female livestock and irrigated agriculture value chain actors and service providers.
  12. LIVES Objectives • Introduction/adaptation of tested and new value chain interventions for targeted value chains/areas (value chain development) • Capacity development of value chain actors, service providers and educational institutions (capacity development) • Introduction/adaptation of tested and new knowledge management interventions in support of value chain development (knowledge management) • Generation and documentation of new knowledge on value chain interventions through diagnosis, action and impact research studies (action research) • Promotion of knowledge generated for scaling out beyond the project areas (promotion for scaling out)
  13. Project Focus Participatory selection of commodities and Zones Commodities: • Livestock (dairy, beef, sheep and goats, poultry, apiculture) and high value irrigated crops (vegetables, fruits, fodder) Geographical: • Ten (10) zones with clusters of Districts producing selected commodities
  14. LIVES Project Zones
  15. Livestock Resources in the Project Zones
  16. Priority commodity value chains and their zonal location in the four LIVES Regions Beef – 3; Dairy 9; Shoats 7; Poultry5; Apiculture 4; irrigation 10
  17. Direct value chain beneficiaries -LIVES Input Output Traders/ Producers/ Producers Processors Supplier s POLICY Research Education Public Support Services
  18. Indirect beneficiaries • Producers and service providers in AGP, HABP, PSNP programs through (joint) capacity development, field visits, learning events. • Producers and service providers in adjoining districts which form part of natural clusters – milk shed, irrigation schemes and watersheds through learning events, capacity development and field visits.
  19. Commodity Value Chain Development – a continuous process… A Long VC G AG - Agribusiness Fed/Reg A F - Farmer G Short VC A A A A G G G G District F F F F D1 D1 D2 D3 IPMS LIVES
  20. What are the possible interventions? • Technological: eg. seeds, animal genetics, drugs, fertilizers, pumps, e-readers, computers • Organizational: eg. organizational forms (public, private, individual, cooperative, government, PLCs) • Institutional: eg. rules & regulations, behavior, linkages
  21. Capacity Development Strengthening capacity public sector staff through MSc/BSc education In service training based on TOT/BDS approach: regional – zone/district (eg)  Rapid value chain assessment for potential interventions -teams  Participatory market oriented extension – extension staff  Gender mainstreaming – extension staff  Knowledge management – extension staff  Results based monitoring – specialist staff  Irrigation technologies – specialist staff  Irrigated crop value chain development – specialist staff  Livestock value chain development – specialist staff
  22. Knowledge Management Federal level  Strengthening EAP  National learning events/conferences  Video production  e-extension Regional/zonal/District level  Knowledge center development  Learning events/conferences/workshops  Study tours  Exhibitions  Field days  New IT technologies
  23. Research LIVES Rapid assessment of value chains and public support services Value chain interventions on supply/production Knowledge Mngt and of inputs, production/processing/marketing of capacity development outputs interventions Learning Learning Diagnosis Action Impact RESEARCH/STUDIES
  24. Promotion for scaling up • Facilitate project visits by key policy makers and donors • Participation in government/non- government national, regional learning platforms, conferences and workshops • Use of mass media • Publications • Newsletters • Promotional materials • Leveraging new investment into value chain development.
  25. Cross-cutting Issues In both livestock and irrigated agriculture – Gender – Environment
  26. Project Management • Coordinating Team – (MoA, EIAR, LIVES, IWMI) • Steering Committee – (MoA, MoWE, EIAR, BoA, BoWE, LA, LIVES, IWMI, CIDA) • Regional Project Implementation Committee (RPIC) • Project staffing – HQ, Regional, Zonal • Counterpart staff at Federal, Regional and Zonal level • Project team meetings • Project Advisory committee meetings • Project technical committee meetings
  27. We can’t do it alone…Partnership is key
  28. Major Partners MoA MoWE EIAR BoWE RARIs Livestock Univ Agencies LIVES NGOs CGIAR Dev’t Projects Farmers, Private CIDA Coops, CBOs Sector
  29. Thank You!