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Better lives through livestock: ILRI overview

Presentation, December 2018.

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Better lives through livestock: ILRI overview

  1. 1. Better lives through livestock ILRI overview 2018
  2. 2. Global commodity values: on average animal source foods, five of the top ten 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 350000 Rice, paddy Meat, pig Milk, whole fresh cow Meat, cattle Maize Meat, chicken Wheat Potatoes Eggs, hen, in shell Sugarcane Current million USD (average annual values 2007-2016; animal source foods: USD 830 billion)
  3. 3. 0 50 100 150 200 250 E.AsiaPacific China SouthAsia SSA Highincome % growth in demand for livestock products to 2030 3 0 50 100 150 200 250 E.AsiaPacific China SouthAsia SSA Highincome 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 E.AsiaPacific China SouthAsia SSA Highincome 0 50 100 150 200 250 E.AsiaPacific China SouthAsia SSA Highincome Estimates of the % growth in demand for animal source foods in different World regions, comparing 2005 and 2030. Estimates were developed using the IMPACT model, courtesy Dolapo Enahoro, ILRI. Beef Pork Poultry Milk Increases not because of overconsumption! EU average 2016 = 69 kg/capita SSA average 2016 = 8 kg/capita
  4. 4. Livestock build global and national economies • The global livestock sector on average makes up 40% of agricultural gross domestic product (GDP). • In developing countries, livestock contributions to agricultural GDP varies greatly, from 15–80%— and is growing. • It’s estimated that the market value of Africa’s animal-source foods will grow to some USD151 billion by 2050. • Varied activities all along the world’s numerous livestock value chains provide uncommonly large numbers of jobs. Herrero et al. 2014
  5. 5. Various sources: BMGF, FAO, ILRI Smallholders still dominate livestock production in many countries Region (definition of ‘smallholder’) % production by smallholder livestock farms Beef Chicken meat Sheep/goat meat Milk Pork Eggs East Africa 60-90 (≤ 6 milking animals) Bangladesh (< 3ha land) 65 77 78 65 96 77 India (< 2ha land) 75 92 92 69 most 71 Vietnam (small scale) 90 65 80 70 Philippines (backyard) 85 41 99 44 64 25
  6. 6. Livestock provide livelihoods • 70% of the world’s rural poor rely on livestock for important parts of their livelihoods. • Of the >750 million poor livestock keepers in the world, about two-thirds are rural women. • >100 million landless people keep livestock. • For the vulnerable, up to 40% of benefits from livestock keeping are non- market, intangible benefits, mostly insurance and financing. • In the poorest countries, livestock manure is essential for soil fertility • Many poor people are employed in local informal livestock product markets. • 90% of animal products are produced and consumed in the same country or region. • Over 70% of livestock products are sold ‘informally’.
  7. 7. Opportunities and challenges in the livestock sector Provides food and nutritional security BUT overconsumption can cause obesity Powers economic development BUT equitable development can be a challenge Improves human health BUT animal-human/emerging diseases and unsafe foods need to be addressed Enhances the environment BUT pollution, land/water degradation, GHG emissions and biodiversity losses must be greatly reduced ILRI/Stevie Mann
  8. 8. Meeting demand in developing economies Importing livestock products Importing livestock industrial production know-how Transforming smallholder livestock systems
  9. 9. Agenda 2030’s Sustainable Development Goals • Livestock contribute to all 17 of the SDGs and directly to at least 8 of the goals.
  10. 10. Agenda 2030’s Sustainable Development Goals • Livestock contribute indirectly to all 17 of the SDGs and directly to at least 8 of the goals. • Negative press about, and low investments in, livestock development jeopardize Agenda 2030.
  11. 11. Total Official Development Assistance disbursements to developing countries, USD million 0 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000 120000 140000 160000 180000 200000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 ODA Agric Livestock
  12. 12. Percentage ODA disbursements for agriculture and livestock 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 agric % ODA Livestock % ODA (without UAE)
  13. 13. Reduce poverty Improve food and nutrition security Improve natural resources and ecosystem services ILRI’s mission is to improve food and nutritional security and to reduce poverty in developing countries through research for efficient, safe and sustainable use of livestock — ensuring better lives through livestock. CGIAR and ILRI mandates
  14. 14. CGIAR on the ground: 15 research centres; over 70 countries
  15. 15. ILRI in CGIAR research programs (‘CRPs’) *PIM = Policies, Institutions and Markets **WLE = Water, Land and Ecosystems ILRI is also a member of the cross-cutting gender platform 4 Global Integrating programs Excellence in Breeding * ** Grain legumes and dryland cereals
  16. 16. ILRI’s livestock research: solutions for food and nutritional security, poverty, environmental and human health Mitigating climate change, enhancing resilience and increasing livestock productivity Sustainable Livestock Systems Taking livestock solutions to scale for inclusive development Impact at Scale Delivering solutions for livestock, zoonotic and foodborne diseases Animal and Human Health Efficient livestock production driving inclusive growth and employment Policies, Institutions & Livelihoods (including gender) Improving genetics for better productivity and profitability Livestock Genetics Accelerating Africa’s agricultural development through biosciences BecA-ILRI hub Better nutrition for improved animal productivity Feed and Forage Development Capacity development; communications; knowledge management
  17. 17. Main campuses: Nairobi, Kenya and Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Offices in 14 other countries ILRI offices
  18. 18. Staff: 630+ Budget: about US$82 million Senior scientists from over 30 countries One third of ILRI staff are women ILRI resources 2018
  19. 19. Capacity development: capacity to undertake research  Fellowships  Internships  Training courses  Institutional development  Alumni-led Communities of Practice (CoP) In a typical year: • 70 research fellows • 150 graduate (MSc., PhD) fellows • 50 interns • 1200 short course trainees • > 50 journal papers by fellows
  20. 20. This presentation is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. better lives through livestock ilri.org ILRI thanks all donors and organizations who globally supported its work through their contributions to the CGIAR system

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