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Capacity Development in Systems: Practice Briefs

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Poster prepared by Iddo Dror for the 7th Multi-Stakeholder Partnership Meeting of the Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 8–12 May 2017

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Capacity Development in Systems: Practice Briefs

  1. 1. Capacity development (CapDev) is increasingly acknowledged as a crucial part of agricultural development. In the CGIAR Strategic Results Framework(SRF), CapDev is included as a ‘cross-cutting issue’ and as a strategic enabler of Research for Development (R4D) impact for CGIAR and its partners. It goes far beyond the transfer of knowledge and skills through training, and cuts across multiple levels. Recognizing the importance of CapDev, the SRF established a dedicated Intermediate Development Outcome (IDO) on CapDev, targeting the enablement of national partners and other beneficiaries. A Seriesof Briefs about Developing Capacity Across Individual,Community, Organizational and System Levels Capacity Development in Agri-Food Systems Capacity Development in Systems - Practice Brief # 1 PhotoCreditbyVivianAtakos(CCAFS) Rationale In recent years, capacity development (CapDev) in agricultural research for development (AR4D) has seen a mix of traditional approaches along with experimentation and innovation that has been recognized as good practice. However, taking a ‘business-as-usual’ approach still seems to prevail when it comes to CapDev, with MSc/PhD training and ‘one-off’ workshops continuing to dominate activities and investments. Cross-cutting CapDev piloted in the CGIAR Research Program (CRP) on Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics (Humidtropics) included elements such as blended Leveraging AlternativeLearning Approachesand Technologies to Enhance R4D Outcomes Can Our Research Benefit From ‘Tech, Fun and Games’? Capacity Development in Systems - Practice Brief # 2 PhotobyVedChirayath(Samasource) Rationale Most recent agricultural research for development (AR4D) programs, including the second phase of CGIAR’s Research Programs (CRP), have a strong focus on addressing the drivers of poverty and malnutrition by tailoring interventions using an integrated systems approach. This approach also addresses existing social and gendered norms that may affect the ability of the poor to access and benefit from research resources and outcomes. Using an integrated systems approach has strong implications for the required capacities of researchers, who are experts in their own technical areas but may need help to integrate systems approaches in their work (i.e. gender and youth analysis Guided Action Learning on Agricultural Innovation Systems, Integrating Gender andYouth and Nutrition inAR4D Coaching Capacity Development in Systems - Practice Brief # 3 photo:©WorldFish Rationale Agri-food systems are complex and so are the problems that keep them from functioning optimally. Problems have different dimensions (e.g. biophysical, technological, institution- al) that are embedded across multiple levels (e.g. farm, community, regional, national). Further-more, multiple stakeholder groups are affected by the problem and involved in exploring solutions. In such a complex web of dimensions, levels and stakeholders, it is essen- tial to identify entry points for innovation that have a high potential return on investments in terms of achieving development impact, and are supported by different stakeholder groups. RAAIS (Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innova- tion Systems) is a tool that can do this. Integrated Analysis of Complex Agricultural Problems and Identification of Entry Points for Innovation in Agri-Food Systems Community Level Entry Points Capacity Development in Systems - Practice Brief # 4 PhotobyMarcSchut Rationale Everybody agrees that science alone cannot solve the complex agricultural problems that the world is facing and that multi-stakeholder processes (MSP) are needed to explore pathways to overcome these problems. The Learning System for Agricultural Research for Development (LESARD) provides integrated quantitative and qualitative data on MSP performances through an effective, accessible and affordable data management system. It contributes directly to monitoring and learning in order to improve the effectiveness and functioning of MSPs for achieving development impact. Measuring the Effectiveness of Multi-Stakeholder Processes and Partnerships for Innovationand Scaling Effective Multi-Stakeholder Processes Capacity Development in Systems - Practice Brief # 5 Photo:GeorginaSmithCIAT Rationale contacts with the partners provide sufficient context for framing and designing the work. However, there is a real risk that project design may be suboptimal, especially where CapDev investments are concerned, unless the project has clear and reliable information on basic questions such as: Whose capacities? Effective Targeting of Interventi Based on Capa Needs Assessme and Intervention Strategies Capacity Needs Assessments Capacity Development in Systems - Practice Brief # 6 PhotobyOllivierGirard(CIFOR) Rationale learning materials and approaches”, which most CRP have prioritized. This includes: content development, adult learning theory and instructional design, and harnessing technology for CapDev initiatives. However, it is still rare to find rigorous evaluations – both of effectiveness as well as return on investment – of investments in CapDev. Effectiveness Capacity Development Effectiveness Capacity Development in Systems - Practice Brief # 7 Photocredit:IFPRIFarhaKhan Rationale CGIAR Strategy and Results )2016-2030, siteintegration entities to“coordinate with sure that, in keygeographies, re aligned formaximum ers a valuable entry point ordinated, alignedand pacitydevelopment (CapDev) activities at country-level as a key delivery mechanism towardsimpact. Leveraging Building andThe starting point of any capacity Capacity Development (CapDev) inthe first According to the ons development (CapDev) planning process Instructional Design round of CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs) Sustaining Capacity Framework(SRF should be an assessment of existing capacities, saw a mix of traditional approaches along aims for CGIAR city and a comparison with the capacities needed and Experimental with experimentation and innovation that in National Systems each other to en to carry out the intended activities along a has been recognized as good practice. The (their) activitiesa nts project’s impact pathway. Currently, CGIAR Research Design CGIAR CapDev Framework takesa broad, Through Coordinated, impact.” Thisoff Research Programs (CRP) rarely carryout such holistic approach, with nine defined elements, for achieving co assessments, and instead assumethat previous including “Design and deliveryof innovative collaborativeca to Increase the Aligned and Collaborative CapDev of CapDev Interventions Site Integration and Capacity Development Capacity Development in Systems - Practice Brief # 8 Photocredit:ILRI/CammilleHanotte BRIEF# LEVEL TITLE OFBRIEF 1 Overview Capacity Development in Agri-Food Systems: A Series of Briefs about Developing Capacity Across Individual, Community, Organizational and System Levels 2 Individual Can Our Research Benefit From ‘Tech, Fun and Games’?: Leveraging Alternative Learning Approaches and Technologies to Enhance R4D Outcomes 3 Individual Coaching: Guided Action Learning on Agricultural Innovation Systems, Integrating Gender and Youth and Nutrition in AR4D 4 Community Community Level Entry Points: Integrated Analysis of Complex Agricultural Problems and Identification of Entry Points for Innovation in Agri-Food Systems 5 Community Effective Multi-Stakeholder Processes: Measuring the Effectiveness of Multi-Stakeholder Processes and Partnerships for Innovation and Scaling 6 Organizational Capacity Needs Assessments: Effective Targeting of Interventions Based on Capacity Needs Assessments and Intervention Strategies 7 Organizational Capacity Development Effectiveness: Leveraging Instructional Design and Experimental Research Design to Increase the Effectiveness of CapDev 8 System Site Integration and Capacity Development: Building and Sustaining Capacity in National Systems Through Coordinated, Aligned and Collaborative CapDev Interventions Capacity Development in Systems - Practice Briefs Aseriesof briefsfor CGIARResearch Programs andpartners This document is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.            November 2016 We thank all donors and organizations which globally support its work through their contributions to the CGIAR system

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