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Ethiopia small ruminant value chain initial ideas for integrated core project

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Presented by Barbara Rischkowsky, ICARDA, at the Livestock CRP Priority Countries Planning Meeting, Nairobi, 26–27 March 2019

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Ethiopia small ruminant value chain initial ideas for integrated core project

  1. 1. Ethiopia Small Ruminant Value Chain Initial ideas for Integrated Core Project Barbara Rischkowsky, ICARDA Livestock CRP Priority Countries Planning Meeting 26 – 27 March 2019 Nairobi, Kenya
  2. 2. 1. Consultative site selection process (June-Oct 2012) – seven sites selected 2. Complimentary reviews and assessments (July 2012-Dec 2014) 3. Rapid Value Chain Analysis (VCA); Rapid Integrated Food Safety assessments (Nov 2012-May 2013); Situation Analysis (2013); Quantitative VCA (2013-2014) 4. Multi-stakeholder meetings for prioritization and planning of site-specific interventions and research (March/April 2013) 5. Development of research and development partnerships for implementing prioritized interventions (continuous) 6. Testing/Implementation/Evaluation of prioritized best-bet interventions (July 2013-?) and complimentary Cap Dev ; financial feasibiliy 7. Theory of Change and impact pathways for Ethiopian VC and MEL (2014-2016) 8. Testing of integrated packages of proven best-bet technologies/interventions (2016- 2019) 9. Development of business models (3 models so far) Achievements: framework for VCT What we have learned so far
  3. 3. Achievements • Toolbox for VCA including gender analysis • Assessments and reviews related to Health, Genetics and Feeds • Multi-stakeholder process to select sites, identify intervention areas and best-bet interventions and intervention packages • Best bets tested and partly evaluated addressing four major intervention areas • A number of best-bets are ready for scaling (including knowledge products) • Increased capacity of national research partners What we have learned so far
  4. 4. Lessons learnt • Poor dcumentation of interventions of earlier projects in Ethiopia prevented efficient learning • Theory of Change and MEL framework were too complex to be applied, monitoring of changes in partners difficult if they have poor documentation • Institiutional interventions are costly and require substantial buy- in from public sector and development partners • Community based approaches ensured to get the necessary buy- in of the farmers, and bridged the gap between researchers and farmers • Significant differences in progress between sites were observed: individual researcher responsible for site activities makes a difference and engagement of regional research center • Cross-country analysis requires adequate experimental design What we have learned so far
  5. 5. What could we reasonably expect to achieve as outcomes by December 2021? • Vision: By 2023, people in Ethiopia benefit from equitable, sustainable and efficient sheep and goat value chains: their animals are more productive, livestock markets work for producers, consumers and business, there are more, more affordable and healthier small ruminant products, and the livelihoods and capacities of people involved in the whole chain are improved Expected Outcomes: • Higher productivity • Livestock markets work for producers • Improved livelihoods • Improved capacities of producers, researchers and development agents
  6. 6. What an integrated intervention could look like Site specific intervention plans: example Doyogena site • The goal of the overall interventions will be strengthening community based sheep breeding program integrated with better management (nutrition, health, marketing and equal gender participation) for improved livelihoods of the farming community which are facing extreme land shortage and high human population. Outline of the desired integrated package of 12 interventions: • Strengthen CBBP to be used as entry point for other interventions • artificial insemination in connection with ultrasound • community based GIT parasites control, integrated herd health approach to reduce respiratory diseases, reproductive performance • Sheep fattening • Pulse crops with food-feed traits to support sheep productivity. • Improved market facilities • Training women in small ruminant husbandry and health • Tapping the knowledge of women in small ruminant disease surveillance and management
  7. 7. What an integrated intervention could look like Key challenges • Design to measure added value of integration of interventions • Some important enabling interventions are too costly to implement by us • Packages were not designed by producers
  8. 8. Site-specific Intervention packages designed at MS SmaRT WS in April 2017 Some selected interventions need co-investment Current situation: Diverse combination of interventions by each household (driven by type of best-bet intervention) Integrated packages of interventions 2 28 60 33 24 7 2 156 52 248 331 136 128 63 41 999 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 F M
  9. 9. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock livestock.cgiar.org The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock aims to increase the productivity and profitability of livestock agri-food systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and eggs more available and affordable across the developing world. This presentation is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. The program thanks all donors and organizations which globally support its work through their contributions to the CGIAR system