GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum
Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions
15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum...
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
GI2015 programme+proceedings
Nächste SlideShare
Wird geladen in …5
×

GI2015 programme+proceedings

630 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

15. Sächsisches GI/GIS/GDI Forum und Club of Ossiach Workshops,
Dresden: 15. September 2015

CLUB OF OSSIACH & GI2015 WORKSHOPS
PROGRAMME & PROCEEDINGS
Edited by F. HOFFMANN (IGN)

Veröffentlicht in: Präsentationen & Vorträge
0 Kommentare
0 Gefällt mir
Statistik
Notizen
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

  • Gehören Sie zu den Ersten, denen das gefällt!

Keine Downloads
Aufrufe
Aufrufe insgesamt
630
Auf SlideShare
0
Aus Einbettungen
0
Anzahl an Einbettungen
8
Aktionen
Geteilt
0
Downloads
4
Kommentare
0
Gefällt mir
0
Einbettungen 0
Keine Einbettungen

Keine Notizen für die Folie

GI2015 programme+proceedings

  1. 1. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 1 GGII22001155(( 1155.. SSääcchhssiisscchheess GGII//GGIISS//GGDDII –– FFOORRUUMM )) CLUB OF OSSIACH & GI2015 WORKSHOPS PROGRAMME & PROCEEDINGS EUROPEAN BORDER REGIONS - MAP © COURTESY BY AEBR, 2011 ( Compiled 2007 at IfL ) 15. SEPTEMBER 2015 DRESDEN GI2015 © IGN e.V.
  2. 2. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 2 SUSTAINABILITY OF INTER-REGIONAL COLLABORATION EU Support Programme for “Inter-Regional and Cross-border Collaboration” – Free State of Saxony GI2015 – INTERREGIONAL SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMME – COMMITTEE  SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMME MEMBERS:  Chairs: Doz. Dr. F. HOFFMANN (IGN/DE), Dr. K. CHARVAT (CCSS/CZ) & Dir.W.MAYER (PROGIS/AT)  Members: Prof. BEHR (HFT/DE), Dr. FURDIK (STUBA/SK), Dr. K. JANECKA (WBU/CZ)  ORG-COM-Members: Dr. G. HOFFMANN (IGN), Prof. S. KLOSS (IGN), Dr. K.-D. MICHAEL (IGN). ORGANIZER’S INFORMATION & INTERNET REFERENCE URL’S  GI2015-Contact-Address [ GI2015@IGN-SN.de | info@GDI-SN.de ]  IGN-Dresden [ http://GDI-SN.blogspot.com ]  CCSS-Praha [ http://www.CCSS.cz ]  PROGIS-Villach [ http://www.PROGIS.com ]  SOCIAL NETWORKS [ INSPIRE-FORUM ] + [ FACEBOOK ] + [ LINKEDIN ] + [ TWITTER ] IMPRESSUM: Herausgegeben von / Published by ( Founding Members of IGN e.V. ) Doz. Dr. Frank HOFFMANN, CSc IGN – Vorstandsvorsitzender, Dresden INNOVATION. Grenzüberschreitendes Netzwerk e.V. Dr. Karel CHARVAT, EU-Project-Manager CoO Vice President; Past President of CCSS, Praha (CZ) CCSS (Czech Center for Science and Society e.V.) Dipl.Ing. Walter H. MAYER, CEO Geschäftsführer / Director of PROGIS GmbH, Villach (AT) PROGIS GmbH INNOVATION. Grenzüberschreitendes Netzwerk ( Gemeinnütziger e.V. / Non-profit Organization ) c/o IGN-Vorstand, Martin-Andersen-Nexö-Str. 4 D – 01217 DRESDEN / Saxony / Germany  EMAIL: [ GI2015@IGN-SN.de | Vorstand@IGN-SN.de ]  SKYPE: [ fh_ign ]  INTERNET: [ http://www.IGN-SN.de ]  WEBLOG: [ http://GDI-SN.blogspot.com ]  TEL/FAX: [ +49-351-403.2729 # FAX: +49-351-401.4260 ] Copyright © 2015 by CCSS-Praha & IGN-Dresden & PROGIS-Villach – All rights reserved.
  3. 3. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 3 ISAF / Club of Ossiach & GI2015 Workshops @ 15.09.2015 ZINT – BUILDING – AGRI CAMPUS OF TUD – BERGSTRAßE 120 / *ENTRY KOHLENSTRAßE* ! FINAL PROGRAMME GI2015  5 CoO  10 09:00 – 09:30 Welcome & Introduction by Frank HOFFMANN (IGN-Vorstand) The Target of the Club of Ossiach (CoO) Overview of the Networking Event & Workshops / Development perspectives Ajit MARU, Senior Officer, Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR c/o FAO-RD) / Chair of CoO 09:30 – 10:00  13 ICT for a sustainable agriculture & forestry – Public support needs/SensorNet Karel CHARVAT, CEO WirelessInfo / Vice-Chair of CoO 10:00 – 10:30  20 ICT for a sustainable agriculture and forestry – Status and missing Walter H. MAYER, CEO PROGIS / Treasurer of CoO 10:30 – 11:00 Coffee Break GI2015 11:00 – 11:30  21 11:30 – 12:00  25 12:00 – 12:30  29 Workshop - Keynotes Jakub KARAS (UPVISION): THE POSSIBILITY OF USING UAS IN THE ENVIROMENT Lenka HLADIKOVA (CENIA): COPERNICUS PROGRAMME AND SENTINEL DATA FOR AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY Stefaan DeMEY & Grazia FIORE (EURISY): THE ADDED VALUE OF COPERNICUS AND GALILEO FOR GEO-INFORMATION AND LBS AT THE SERVICE OF AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY IN THE REGIONS 12:30 – 13:30 Lunch Break CoO 13:30 – 13:45 Workshops – Introduction by Ajit Maru (GFAR c/o FAO-RD), Chair of CoO 13:45 – 14:30 14:30 – 15:15 Workshop 1: Enabling Innovation for Informing Farmers Workshop 1 continuing 15:15 – 15:30 Coffee Break 15:30 – 16:15 16:15 – 17:00 Workshop 2: ICT supporting Innovative Advisory Services Workshop 2 continuing 17:00 – 17:15 17:15 – 17:45 17:45 – 18:00 Workshop 1 Summary Report Workshop 2 Summary Report CoO Networking & GI2015 - Conclusion of Day 2 "Get together" 19:00 – 23:00 Social "Get together" Evening at BOWLING-Arena, Südhöhe/Bergstraße
  4. 4. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 4 COO&GI2015 – ANMELDUNG # REGISTRATION TEILNEHMER / Participant ( )* STUDENT/ Aspirant ( )* RENTNER/ Pensioner ( )* Teilnahme / Participation @ Social Event "Get together" ( )* ? NAME, Vorname (Titel / Degree)* ORGANISATION (Abteilung / Department)* KONTAKT ADRESSE (Straße / PLZ / Ort / Street / ZIP / City)* KONTAKT PHONE* / Mobile KONTAKT EMAIL* / SKYPE *) Pflichtangaben / Mandatory info GI2015 & CoO Registration Deadline for Participants due latest at: 3311..0088..22001155 ! Registration by Email: [ GI2015 @ IGN-SN.de ] or Registration by FAX: ++4499 335511 440011 44226600 GI2015 is supported by EU Framework Program of Inter-regional Collaboration, therefore, Participation is FREE OF CHARGE ( ! ) but, a small FEE for not supported CATERING & SOCIAL “GET TOGETHER” SERVICES will be charged for Participants (25 €) and Students (10 €) at CoO / GI2015 Registration Desk upon arrival at 15. September ! Datum / Date : / / 2015 Unterschrift / Signatur : BEMERKUNGEN / Comments by IGN :
  5. 5. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 5 GI2015 – 15. Sächsisches GI/GIS/GDI – Forum GI2015 – WELCOME & INTRODUCTION GI2015 – MOTIVE & CONCEPT – INTRODUCTION TO OPEN DATA MANAGEMENT IN EUROPE OF REGIONS – Doz. Dr. Frank HOFFMANN, CSc – Vorstandsvorsitzender IGN e.V. Academician of International Eurasian Academy of Sciences (IEAS) ABSTRACT <> SUMMARY The European Commission has positioned itself as an innovative player in the field of multi-purpose use of OPEN GEO DATA (OGD) and PUBLIC SECTOR INFORMATION (PSI). The goal is to develop an open, dynamic Media industry that refine public data into valuable information and knowledge not only for ICT Experts, Public Administrators and Decision Makers, but also allowing transparency and participation for User Communities and Citizens. With EU DIRECTIVES PSI (2003/98/EC / updated 2013/XX/EC), INSPIRE (2007/02/EC) legal requirements were provided enabling new developments and opportunities for funding of projects beyond 2014 – 2020 in EUROPE OF REGIONS. The European Commission presented in 2011 the „Strategy of Open Data in Europe“ to push the growth of EU economy to nearly 40 Billions Euro/year. However, there is a need for more & better knowledge about new EU policies and strategies like "DIGITAL EUROPE & HORIZON 2020". Therefore, these awareness needs require more and comprehensive information and knowledge, as well as creative, innovative actions for continuing education and training: [ http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/11/1524&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en ] The Use of ICT's in agriculture, forestry & regional development to improve productivity (inclusive sustainability) has evidently and substantially lagged than it other spheres of economy and everyday life. The Development of ICT's in agriculture & forestry is at the moment largely for use in very large farms in economically developed countries though they would benefit equally if not more in small farms which are resource poor in developing countries. ICT's for SMART/Precision agriculture are not scale neutral for all farming. Developed and developing countries need to innovate, adapt and adopt ICT's to improve productivity of their small farmers but they do not have the capacities to do so. Neither is there investment to research and develop appropriate ICT's for small farmers.  The UN-FAO Webinar: [ https://www.asist.org/Webinars/2015-09-09-Webinar-DCMI-99bnG.pdf ] The institutions that are needing to support the use of ICT's in agriculture, for example, for more open access to data and information, are still not developed. FOODIE – Farm Oriented Open Data in Europe from the 7th Framework Program of the European Union with the target to get better access to data might be one step ahead:  to get better access to open data but also as data alone is not all,  to get better integration into stakeholder´s cooperation and  to support public AND private interests
  6. 6. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 6 We know very little of how actors, especially farmers, and stakeholders like consumers are being inclusively engaged to bring about effective management and use of ICT's in Agriculture & Forestry. Therefore, sustainable decision making requires greater Awareness of intellectual property rights (IPR) and Knowledge exchange on copyrights, open data licensing rules and creative commons bylaws for economic, ecological & social applications for agriculture & forestry in Europe of Regions. Finally, there is still yet a need for comprehensive information, communication, education and training actions, particularly at local, regional, cross-border and inter-regional levels. The Saxon State Minister of Environment, Agriculture and Forestry speaking at 2nd December 2014 in the Workshop »Innovationen für die Landwirtschaft« on presenting innovation ideas for the branches of Agriculture and Forestry decleared: „Solcher Wissenstransfer ist enorm wichtig... „Allerdings ist es wie so oft: wenn es an Kontakten zwischen den Akteuren fehlt, dann kommen sinnvolle Neuerungen nur schwer zur Anwendung“. Dabei hat Sachsen beste Voraussetzungen für Innovationen. Die sächsische Agrarstruktur ist so vielfältig wie in kaum einem anderen Bundesland, daher ist auch das Potential für Innovationen in der Landtechnik in Sachsen enorm... Source: Medienservice Sachsen - SMUL, 2.12.2014 [ http://www.medienservice.sachsen.de/ ]. See also: "Club of Ossiach - Vision & Mission": [ http://www.clubofossiach.com/coo/visionandmission.html ] The European Commission approved at 16th December 2014 the Working Programme 2015 as well other Supporting programmes for rural areas, among them the Federal Framework Programmes of Germany and other Programmes for States of Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt. The Rural development is the "second pillar" of the EU's agricultural policy. For Germany are available a total of 9.45 billion euros by 2020 including EU funds, which are supplemented with national funds from Germany which have to be managed in the provinces: [ http://ec.europa.eu/deutschland/press/pr_releases/12962_de.htm ] The GI2015 Forum should promote sustainable, cross-border and inter-regional exchange of experience in cooperation with the international "Club of Ossiach" (CoO). SUSTAINABILITY & INTEROPERABILITY OF AGRICULTURAL & FORESTRY DATA POLICY OPEN GEODATA MANAGEMENT IN EUROPE OF REGIONS Therefore, the Focus of the common CoO & GI2015 - Workshops content is intenting on inter-regional exchange of experience and information for integration and management of Open Geo DATA mainly at local, regional and cross-border levels. However, the most problematic field is the CROSS-BORDER ADAPTATION and SEMANTIC INTEROPERABILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY of OPEN DATA, SERVICES AND APPLICATIONS for effective governance, transparency and participation to create OPEN APPS for Agriculture, Forestry, Infrastructure and Environment ! Proposals for presentation (title+abstract, max. 250-300 words in German or English or Russian) had to be submitted by 15.07.2015 to allow composing of the final draft of programme framework, while extented Summary texts were due until 31.08.2015 using the DOC templates (available for downloading) from Weblog at [ http://GDI-SN.blogspot.com ] website !
  7. 7. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 7 OPEN CALL for PRESENTATIONS - Subsequently, following cross-border workshop topics were planned (as usually, in German, English or Russian): GI2015 – Call For Presentations – Proposed for Workshop TOPICS  UAV Technologies and Open Data for Precision Farming & Precision Forestry issues  COPERNICUS Program and SENTINEL Technologies for Agriculture and Forestry  INNOVATION and Technology transfer for International cross-border cooperation  MAPPING Technologies for Land use, Land cover and Rural Development  OPEN GEODATA Management for Environmental and Emergency GI2015 – Workshop SCHEDULES  31.05.2015: Publication of Open Call for Presentations  15.07.2015: Schedule for Proposals of Presentation Abstracts [ GI2015@IGN-SN.de ]  31.07.2015: Abstract Confirmation and Draft of GI2015 Workshop Programm  31.08.2015: Registration Schedule for Workshop Participants [ GI2015@IGN-SN.de ]  01.09.2015: Author's Delivery of Summary DOC's and Presentation PPT‘s [ GI2015@IGN-SN.de ]  14.09.2015: IGN's Invitation for Keynote speakers & VIP’s (by Invitation only)  15.09.2015 GI2015 Workshop Forum (“Konrad-Zuse"-Haus and/or TU Dresden) GI2015 – Contacts & Logistics  GI2015 Contact [ GI2015@IGN-SN.de | info@GDI-SN.de | Vorstand@IGN-SN.de ]  GI2015 is supported by EU Inter-regional Cooperation Programme and, therefore,  GI2015 Participation is FFRREEEE OOFF CCHHAARRGGEE ( ! ) Participants and target groups: Developers, Providers, Integrators and Users of Agricultural & Forestry Sector Information and Open GeoData, GeoService and GeoApplications for integrated Environmental Portals used in local / regional Governments, Administrations, Enterprises and for private Applications & Business (Enviro protection, agriculture, forestry, management, etc.). FFuurrtthheerr llooggiissttiiccss iinnffoorrmmaattiioonn uuppddaatteess && pprroocceeeeddiinnggss ttoo bbee ppuubblliisshheedd ffiinnaallllyy aatt IIGGNN''ss WWeebblloogg !! [[ hhttttpp::////GGDDII--SSNN..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm ]]
  8. 8. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 8 ABOUT THE X-BORDER IGN FOUNDERS – IGN (DE) & CCSS (CZ) IGN e.V. – INNOVATION.Grenzüberschreitendes Netzwerk ( X-border Network ) – is a non-profit Association ( NGO / gemeinnütziger Verein ) for Education, Development and Knowledge Transfer – founded in 2002 as “GDI-Sachsen” (i.G.) – the final outcome of the “OpenGIS Strategy Seminar” series in GI2000 & GI2002 at “Bildungswerk Ost-West” (BOW), but later on was re-founded as the follow-up “IGN” e.V. at September 2nd, 2003, by Czechia and Saxonia experts of Cartomatics, Cyberlaw, Cybernetics, Geomatics, Economics, Pedagogics, Regional Development and Spatial Sciences. Its main goals: supporting GEO – ENVIRO – SPATIO – oriented Awareness, Business and Openness in Training, Education and Research on GeoINSPIRE’d Interoperability, Sustainability, and Usability of spatial Data, Services and Applications for X- border-Infrastructures of Spatial Information in EUROPE of REGIONS. IIGGNN hhaass bbeeeenn rreeggiisstteerreedd bbyy DDrreessddeenn CCiittyy CCoouurrtt ooffffiicciiaallllyy aass aa NNoonn--pprrooffiitt AAssssoocciiaattiioonn,, OOccttoobbeerr 1166tthh ,, 22000033 [[ hhttttpp::////wwwwww..IIGGNN--SSNN..ddee//RReeggiissttrraattiioonn..ppddff ]] –– [[ MMaaiillttoo::VVoorrssttaanndd@@IIGGNN--SSNN..ddee ]] [[ CCooppyyrriigghhtt ©© 22000033--22001155 bbyy IIGGNN ee..VV..,, DDrreessddeenn –– AAllll rriigghhttss rreesseerrvveedd.. ]] IGN’s „GEOSPATIAL SAXONY“ WEBLOG STATISTICS AS PER 31. AUGUST 2015 Google Statistics updated 31. August 2015 @ 10:45 GMT Pageviews today = 195, last month = 2.906 and Totalviews since 2003 = 122.950 The CCSS – Czech Center for Science and Society – is an Association of high tech SMEs, the public administration and research organizations. It is an independent, non-profit and non-governmental organisation. It is a type of virtual centre of excellence with the focus on the implementation of new communication and navigation technologies which have potential for sustainable development. The CCSS co-operates with a wide range of institutions and individuals, home and foreign ones. It is focused on research & development activities in the field of international research projects and utilization of modern technologies. CCSS supports co- operation networks of the small and medium business within the framework of regional economies and helds intensive contacts, particularly in Europe, Asia, Africa and South America. The CCSS is focused on transfer, analyses and development of the most advanced GI & ICT technologies which are contributing to the growth of productivity not only in industrial enterprises but in the branch of small and medium business as well. CCSS is active in the agriculture, industry, trade and services, predominantly in agricultural regions. The priority of activities of CCSS is Environment protection and Crisis management. In this field CCSS is active in European FP7 research and “best practice” excellence & social networks. [[ CCooppyyrriigghhtt ©© 22000033--22001144 bbyy CCCCSSSS,, PPrraahhaa –– AAllll rriigghhttss rreesseerrvveedd.. ]] Access Statistics for IGN’s Weblog URL [ http://GDI-SN.blogspot.com ]
  9. 9. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 9 GGII22001155(( 1155.. SSääcchhssiisscchheess GGII//GGIISS//GGDDII –– FFOORRUUMM )) PPRROOCCEEEEDDIINNGGSS CLUB OF OSSIACH & GI2015 WORKSHOPS Abstracts & Summaries & Workshops DRESDEN 15. September 2015 Edited by IGN e.V. Doz. Dr. Frank HOFFMANN, CSc – IGN Dipl.Ing. Walter H. MAYER - PROGIS (Villach) Dr. Karel CHARVAT – CCSS (Praha) Dr. Klaus-Dieter MICHAEL – VSBI Dr. Gudrun HOFFMANN – IGN Prof. Dr. Siegmar KLOSS – IGN IIMMPPRRIIMMAATTUURR TTOO PPRRIINNTT 1144.. SSeepptteemmbbeerr 22001155 Copyright © 2015 by CCSS-Praha & IGN-Dresden & PROGIS-Villach – All rights reserved.
  10. 10. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 10 OVERVIEW OF THE CLUB OF OSSIACH NETWORKING EVENT & WORKSHOPS INTRODUCTION Ajit MARU Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR / FAO-RD) ABSTRACT Keywords: Agriculture, Agrifuture, Brain storming, Club of Ossiach (CoO), Environment, Farming, Food, Forestry, ICT, Networking, Protection, Safety, Services Content: Agriculture and forestry are vital economic sectors producing food, feed, energy and provid environmental services through managing soil, water, air and biodiversity holistically. They also contribute to manage and reduce risks from natural disasters, provide the social infrastructure to maintain cultural heritage and are part of a complex agro-food/wood chain with many stakeholders that also need support by ICT. Vision (Objectives and goals): The CoO will develop into an internationally accepted think-tank on issues related to ICT use in agricultural development globally. Through its members, it will support effective use of ICTs, better knowledge management for sustainability in farming and in the protection of environment. Mission: (How to meet aims, objectives and goals): The CoO will regularly discuss collectively through Agrifuture Days, seminars etc. and collaboratively act on influencing to use ICT to improve productivity, profitability, contribution to food and nutritional security and safety globally along with the protection of the environment. Author Ajit MARU Global Forum on Agricultural Research - Senior Officer - FAO/RD - Roma Chair of Club of Ossiach (CoO) References [ http://www.egfar.org/contacts/maru-ajit ] [ http://www.ClubOfOssiach.org ] Contact E-mail: Ajit.Maru@fao.org
  11. 11. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 11 A FRAMEWORK FOR DATA AND INFORMATION SHARING FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH FOR DEVELOPMENT: A PERSPECTIVE FOR ITS DEVELOPMENT Ajit MARU Global Forum on Agricultural Research Secretariat (GFAR - Rome) In developing a framework for data and information sharing for agricultural research for development (ARD), the first question we need to ask is to why we need a framework, and prior to it, why do we need to share data and information for agricultural research for development? The answer lies in the fact that current and emerging challenges in agricultural development are global in their scope. Every community and country needs increased agricultural productivity from their farms, and just returns for their farmers and producers. They need to reduce hunger and malnutrition, alleviate extreme poverty and use natural resources such as land and water and energy more efficiently and sustainably. Climate change affects their agriculture now and will affect more in the future and they need to adapt their agriculture rapidly to it as also contribute, as responsible world citizens, to mitigating and reducing climate change and its effects. Desertification, trans-boundary diseases, loss of agrobiodiversity and equitable participating in global agricultural markets are also universal problems. And all need research and innovation to be solved. Data and information sharing for agricultural research for development enable, among many benefits:  New information and knowledge to be generated  Localize globally available information and knowledge and enable it to be used more effectively  Increase efficiency and effectiveness of research and its outputs and innovation in time, cost, quality and human effort  Reduce reinvention and repetition of research efforts  Allow greater inclusiveness and participation in research and innovation  Bring cross-disciplinary and specialized skills to agricultural research  Reduce “market failure” or inability to use research outputs effectively and/or efficiently  Create new research directions and avenues  Bring greater equity in using agricultural knowledge across and among communities The second question that needs to be asked is what do we do to improve data and information sharing in ARD? The answer, in part, lies in the potential of new information and communications technologies (ICTs). These ICTs have enabled new avenues to generating, processing, sharing and exchanging data and information. The processing power of computing devices has increased dramatically, doubling almost every two years while their size and energy consumption has reduced enabling more mobile use. Similarly, connectivity of these devices has increased not only in speed but in spread and is becoming ubiquitous facilitating further mobility in the use of these devices even in remote, rural areas. “Cloud” computing is enabling huge amounts of data to be stored, accessed and used remotely. “Crowd” computing enables communities to collectively generate, process and use information, many a times through mobile devices, to solve a community’s problems. The Web 2.0 technologies allow an interactive web and in the near future a “semantic” web, which provides information as a human mind understands “information” and further down in the near future, a “symbiotic” web, where the web symbiotically or through mutual benefits provides information to all who are dependent on it rather than only to those who can afford it.
  12. 12. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 12 To move faster in harnessing the potential of new ICTs in ARD, and it is important here, that information (and knowledge) is available and accessible to those who are dependent on it and that they can use information effectively, we need to start looking at the information related to agriculture available in the public domain and making it more accessible. And why the focus on the public domain? Because, a majority of information generators, assemblers, amalgamators and disseminators of agricultural information for development are from the public sector and funded through public funds. They are obliged to put their information in the public domain transparently. To make the information more easily accessible as also interoperatable so as to make its effective use in different situations possible and easier, we need to work at the level of information objects or data. And, therefore, we need to create open data repositories and couple them to concepts of “linked open data” or data objects that can be hyperlinked across common attributes. Of course, to develop these data repositories that can be located and used globally we will need standards, norms and regulations to govern effective, efficient, transparent and equitable flows and uses. We will need standard descriptors, mutually agreed taxonomies and vocabularies based on common ontologies to describe and organize the storage and access to the data. To reduce costs and time in assembling data to meet the information needs for meeting the most critical challenges to agricultural development, we may need to define Core Data Sets that Institutions and National Systems of agricultural research and Innovation universally may contribute and work in the spirit of global shared responsibility, collaboration and partnership. And for this we will need policies and strategies at Institute, Organization and Country level. We will need governance structures, legislation and International treaties to share data and information openly as also protect interests of all parties in information management and use. We may need to create Trust organizations that will manage the data and metadata that is shared openly at national and global levels. We will need to look at investments, financial and in human skills that will be needed to manage the entire information infrastructure in global ARD. And, of course, for all these ideas to take off, we will need advocacy and promotion and new capacities to advocate and manage open data repositories sustainably and all the issues related to them. The third question that we should ask is, how do we do all that is needed to be done for data and information sharing for ARD? In my opinion, we need to start, through inclusive dialogue, by creating a framework for data and information sharing for ARD for all involved to follow and contribute to systematically. A lot is already being done and we need not all do the same individually and independently. We simply do not have the resources for it. For example, the concept of open repositories is now well developed and there is constant development of the concept of “linked open data” with basic standards such as XML, RSS, RDF etc already in place. The taxonomies and vocabularies, such as AGROVOC, are being rapidly evolving. We need to look at Core Data Sets though some such as for weather and climate, plant germplasm and spatial data already exist and some for example in agronomy are in the making. The issue is who defines them? We need to look at Trust Organizations. The CIARD.RING led by GFAR is one of them. We need to look at implications of open data access in ARD at organizational and national levels and this can be done through GFAR and FAO. We need to advocate for increased investment in information infrastructure in global ARD. And much more already done, being done and need to be done can be mapped once we have a framework. SOURCE: http://www.fao.org/docs/eims/upload/295233/4709_A_Framework_for_Data_and_Information_sharing_for_ARD_Ajit_Maru.pdf
  13. 13. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 13 ICT FOR A SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY PUBLIC SUPPORT NEEDS THE CLUB OF OSSIACH RECOMMENDATIONS ABOUT ICT FOR FAMILY FARMING ABSTRACT Karel CHARVAT Club of Ossiach / Vice-Chair of CoO Keywords: ICT for Agriculture, Small farms, Club of Ossiach Content: The Club of Ossiach is a voluntary group of agriculturists, agribusiness managers, agriculture and forestry technologists, environmentalists and agricultural ICT specialists from around the world to collectively discuss and collaboratively act on influencing the use of information and communications technologies (ICTs) to improve agricultural productivity, profitability and contribution to food and nutritional security and safety globally. For ICTs to improve agricultural productivity, profitability and contribution to food and nutritional security and safety globally there will be a need for collaboration between the public, private and community sectors. The public sector provides the policies, Institutions and supports basic research, the private sector brings entrepreneurial skills and provides services and together with the community sector brings innovation that needs to be shared rapidly for development and progress. Author Dr. Karel Charvat (CEO of WirelessInfo / CZ) Reference http://www.wirelessinfo.cz Contact Karel Charvat, Cholinská 1048/19, 784 01 Litovel, Czech Republic Mobile: +420-605033596 EMail: [ mailto:charvat@wirelessinfo.czmailto:arnulf.christl@metaspatial.net ]
  14. 14. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 14 SUMMARY The "Club of Ossiach" offers a platform for interaction and dialogue for representatives of all the 3 sectors, public, private and community which includes the cooperatives and producer organizations to improve agricultural productivity, profitability, sustainability and contribution to food and nutritional security and safety globally with the respect of environment protection. Members of Club of Ossiach considered the topic through expression of their research findings and collecting, experiences, opinions and knowledge on trends and disruptions influencing:  Family farming in different parts of the world which in general reflected trends globally  Development of information and communications technologies, especially those influencing agriculture  Family farming in the future that can be improved by the developments in information and communications technologies From this, they considered issues that are and would emerge for policy, Institutions, organizations, use of technology, in particular Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs), and the participation by agricultural and related communities in improving family farming. An important question is whether ICTs can contribute to reducing marginalization of family farming and abandonment of rural areas by these farmers. Participants pointed out that these farmers also play a vital role in preserving cultural heritage and ecosystems that enhance the quality of life of urban areas, a role that is not yet fully recognized by society and such marginalization and abandonment of family farming could have disastrous consequences for the society. Then, how can ICTs improve family farming in all these dimensions? The trends in ICT were identified as: • Exponential increase in computing power, memory, storage, capability (Moore’s Law) with lowering of costs • Near-ubiquity of mobile computing • Spread of broadband connectivity • More big/open/real-time data • More Cloud for data and apps • Content Co-Generation • Predictive Analytics and decision support systems • Semantic Web • Wearable Computers • Internet of Things • Telematics, Geographic information Systems with location services and more precise, real time earth observations • Use of field sensors/embedded computing • More and new social media • More crowd-sourcing models • 3D printing • Visualization • Automation, Linked Tools and Processes, Robotics • Drones • More smart phones and tablets
  15. 15. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 15 The ICTs that are currently impacting agriculture are: • Automation, Robotics, Autonomous, Linked Tools, Equipment and Process Monitoring, • Wearable Computing • Controller Area Networking/Sensor Networks/Grid Computing • Big data at different scales from field, farm to global • Farm Management Information System • Global Positioning System – Multi satellite • Drones and Low cost Satellites/Micro satellites • More precise geo-spatial data and 3D maps with elevation information • Humidity, Ambient Environment and Soil Nutrient sensors • Photometry • Visualization and Integrated Display • Social Media, MOOCs, Online Learning • Rural access to online financial services • Traceability systems using low cost RFIDs, NFC and other new technologies • Telematics • Variable rate Irrigation/Fertigation and prescriptive planting • Weed, Biodiversity and Pest Management through Integrated systems The participants drew attention to the current centrality the Smartphone with mobile connectivity and access to cloud based data and applications are bringing to new and innovative knowledge based services to rural communities. The uses of these ICTs individually and with other ICTs in systems are resulting in complex applications to improve productivity, resource use, reduce time and drudgery such as for farm management, forecasting, marketing, logistics and quality assurance. ICTs are increasingly improving access to information, knowledge, skills and technology for farmers and their communities, improving farm productivity and ability to participate in markets and in contributing to increased sustainability and resilience of farming systems while transforming them to meet new challenges. Participants drew attention that there were trends not only in digital ICTs but in all ICTs such as print media and in learning. There were trends such as in the democratization of science and education that enabled increasing flow of new information and learning to family farmers. This could be harnessed and lead to an exponential increase in innovation and capacity to adopt and adapt new ideas, skills and technologies to improve family farming. The possible disruption to the trends in farming and use of ICTs include: • Health scares (food, environment) • Trade disruptions and exclusions (Non-tariff, tariff, political, market failures) • Political upheavals • Information conflicts • Other Resource conflicts (water, land) • Developments in other technologies such as Nanotechnologies, Materials, Biotechnology, Space Technology • Emergence of alternative socio-economic values to short-term profit and productivity • Counter Movements such as for privacy and against intellectual property rights
  16. 16. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 16 Needs of Family Farmers for improving their Farming Systems through ICTs .There are various trends (and possible disruptions) in family farming and ICTs, their possible scenarios and the key driving forces, equitable participation in fair and just markets and the need for learning to learn and effectively use knowledge, skills and technology for continuously adapting and improving family farming to emerging challenges concluded that family farmers for improving their farming systems through ICTs needed: • Policies promoting and enabling aggregation of family farmers and farming systems such as through cooperatives, producer organizations, farmer organizations etc. ICTs can contribute to “virtual” aggregation of farms, synchronization of farm inputs, processes, outputs and logistics to participate in markets. • New Forms of advisory and support systems for knowledge, skills and technology • Trust Centers with Data and Information Agreements, Treaties with regulatory and enforcement mechanisms to share data at various levels and among multiple categories of users from plot, farm, farming system, region, national to global agricultural and related systems. • New business-models that integrate governments, farmers and banks, insurance, market intermediaries, cooperatives etc. for participation in markets • Inclusive Governance of flow of data, information, knowledge, skills and technology • Inclusive development of standards • Open Technologies – Open data, information, knowledge, learning • Increased democratization of science, learning and support to exponential innovation • Lower cost of Hardware, infrastructure and connectivity There are several dimensions in fulfilling these needs such as for investment through public, private, crowd and community, infrastructure such as for data, applications, analytics, hardware, software and connectivity, content, integration of data, information, information systems and applications and governance. To contribute to improving smallholder family farming, ICTs should make agriculture more knowledge driven and: 1. Enable family farmers to participate equitably and as entrepreneurs in markets that are just and fair 2. Reduce transaction costs, wastage, improve quality, save time and decrease drudgery 3. Enable and involve small and medium entrepreneurs to provide knowledge based services for these farmers 4. Enable gender and youth to access and share information and participate and engage effectively in all aspects of decision making in their farming and related livelihoods 5. Enable and support small holder farmers to aggregate into cooperatives, producer companies and organizations with similar functions 6. Support these farmers to continuously innovate their farming and participate in research 7. Help formulate policies, change Institutions, their structures and work processes
  17. 17. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 17 OPEN SENSOR NET Karel CHARVAT Wirelessinfo ABSTRACT Keywords: BigData, European projects, multi-disciplinary, OpenData, OpenSensorNet, Sensor Network, precision agriculture, value adding chain Content: Agriculture requires the collection, storage, sharing and analysis of large quantities of spatially referenced data. For this data to be effectively used, it must be transferred between different hardware, software and organisations. These data flows currently present a hurdle to uptake of precision agriculture as the multitude of data models, formats, interfaces and reference systems in use result in incompatibilities. Management of huge amounts of data is a challenge. Sensors in the fields, buildings, vehicles or satellites provide data on high time-frequency and fast accumulation of data. Without smart sensors and better developed data management (including data quality algorithms) the amount of data grows overwhelming and remains unused. OpenSensorNetwork is common initiative started by more European projects like SDIApps, FOODIE, FATIMA, and also supported by other activities national or Future Internet (ImatoP, SmartHoney). The aim of Open Sensors Network is to create an environment where different groups of volunteers (for example farmers) will be able to integrate low cost sensors (meteorological, quality of air, etc) into local and regional web sensor networks. Author Karel Charvat WirelessInfo Reference [ http://http://www.wirelessinfo.cz ] Contact Cholinská 1048/19, 784 01 Litovel, Czech Republic EMail: [ charvat (at) wirelessinfo.cz ]
  18. 18. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 18 SUMMARY Introduction Agriculture requires the collection, storage, sharing and analysis of large quantities of spatially referenced data. For this data to be effectively used, it must be transferred between different hardware, software and organisations. These data flows currently present a hurdle to uptake of precision agriculture as the multitude of data models, formats, interfaces and reference systems in use result in incompatibilities. Management of huge amounts of data is a challenge. Sensors in the fields, buildings, vehicles or satellites provide data on high time-frequency and fast accumulation of data. Without smart sensors and better developed data management (including data quality algorithms) the amount of data grows overwhelming and remains unused. Spatial data quality is considered to consist of several aspects, which may be categorised as data completeness (amount of missing features), Data Precision (positional accuracy or degree of details), Data accuracy (attribute accuracy) and Data Consistency (absence of conflicts of spatial elements). Agricultural data often also has a temporal dimension, thus called spatiotemporal data, consistency in time is also considered. Spatio-temporal data is increasingly collected by remote or in-situ sensors rather than by field campaigns. The wireless communications have several benefits, but also pose challenges to the data exchange reliability and power supply. Sensor calibration and deployment as well as maintenance of sensors need resources and technical skills and increase the costs of data acquisition). Both increasing the amount of data and awareness of data quality issues highlight importance that metadata are attached to sensor data. Objectives The OpenSensorNetwork is new initiative currently supported by more projects like SDI4Apps, FOODIE, and FATIMA. The aim of the OpenSensorsNetwork pilot is to create an environment where different groups of volunteers (farmers) will be able to integrate low cost sensors (meteorological, quality of air, etc.) into local and regional web sensor networks. The pilot application will integrate meteorological data and in-situ meteorological sensing networks based on small stations collecting agro-meteorological data to support the crop production systems. The OpenSensorNetwork defines a framework for taking advantage of intelligent sensor webs based on the converging technologies of standard meteorological sensors, micro sensors, computers, and wireless telecommunications with data management and analysis in support of agriculture production activities, such as the chemical protection, grape and wine production, fruit protection and production. The knowledge gained from integrated sensors sensing has the potential to empower managers and decision makers to act on crop and fruit production. The importance of meteorology advisory and measures in agriculture has been increasing during the last decades due to the emerging need to access appropriate information as a consequence of the rapid changes on weather conditions. Although the quality of weather forecasting has improved constantly and agriculture is benefiting from this achieved capability, in many European regions, the currently available meteorological data are not sufficient for crop production, as much additional local scale data is needed to be integrated into the specific agro-meteorological models and to take the correct decision in any farm management system.
  19. 19. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 19 To meet the farmers’ ambitions, especially in the areas where the land parcels are relatively small and involving the growth of “expensive” cultivars (fruits), there is a need of establishing networks of local sensors and meteorological stations. The ongoing significant advancements in sensor technologies and in-situ sensing are expected to support also the development of more systematic capabilities for assimilating all sorts of in-situ measurements in agro-meteorological models, at relevant scales, to generate immediately (in real time) useful information for farmer’s decision making. The data will also be available for the public sector. It will help not only the farmers, but also protection services. Large monitoring networks will be built using neogeography and VGI principles for sensors. Tasks The OpenSensorNet scenario will collect and monitor data from in-field sensors coming from diferent owners and providers. The basic approach will be for web services to send various sensors’ proprietary protocols to a common database that is accessible with open protocols. The Scenario will be then extended to use the Future Internet tools to process/aggregate the data directly from the sensors "on the fly" in real-time. In all cases the end users will be able to monitor the ongoing situation using their PCs, tablets or Smartphones. There will be next steps supported by system:  Registration of sensors URI (every single sensor or WSN has to be registered) in catalogue describing sensors, measurement parameters, time period, uri and protocol for accessing data Discovery sensors in geographical context, time period and also in parameters for measurement  Accessing data from different sensor through one interoperable protocol  This will be supported by set of pilot applications mainly based on FOODIE data models and utilisation of Future Internet tools (IoT discovery). There will be used experience and results from other projects.
  20. 20. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 20 ICT FOR A SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY STATUS AND MISSING Walter H. MAYER CEO PROGIS / Treasurer of CoO ABSTRACT Keywords: Advisory services, integral solutions, location based services, environmental services, ICT, location based circular flow management, stakeholder cooperation Content: During the last decade, ICT solutions for the use within agriculture and forestry increased worldwide, day by day new technologies show up like ICT, mobile solutions, precision farming, drones, GIS, maps, ….. etc. What is missing in many cases is the integration of (1) the different technologies and (2) the existing know how of practice and sciences and (3) the better integration of scientific findings as well as (4) education, training and capacity building for (5) private and/or public advisory services, well educated, practical oriented and able to use these new technologies.(6) A better stakeholder cooperation is a must too. Further we know that farmers, small and big ones are part of environmental caretaking and management of natural risks. In many cases managing their areas, they can influence them in a positive or negative manner and also if we have in many countries private ownership we have a social responsibility that has to be defined better. IT will help to plan, measure and control these activities and compensate achievements above standard measures. We also need with the help of new technologies better information regards location based circular flow management – nature is based on it and we have step by step to understand these methods better – that e.g. gives me detailed data about the soil and humus, about feed and it chemical contents as well as detailed information about manure, chemical contents, pH etc.; only detailed information about these linked elements – feed, manure, soil – will give us with the help of IT all this information to optimize sustainable economic and ecologic targets. Author Dipl.Ing. Walter H. MAYER CEO PROGIS, Treasurer CoO References [ http://www.ClubOfOssiach.org | http://www.PROGIS.com/ ] Contact Dipl.Ing. Walter H. MAYER, Postgasse 6, A-9500 Villach/Austria E-mail: [ mailto:mayer@progis.com ], Skype: [ walter.h.mayer ] Tel: +43/4242/26332
  21. 21. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 21 THE POSSIBILITY OF USING UAS IN THE ENVIROMENT Jakub KARAS UPVISION ABSTRACT Keywords: UAS, RPAS, unmanned aerial vehicles, GIS, Remote sensing, orthophotomaps, digital surface model, aerial mapping and monitoring Content: Recently in mapping and remote sensing eclipsed classical spatial data collection methods (geodesy and photogrammetry), a new technology – UAS (unmanned aerial systems). The difference is in itself better and more quickly accessibility the UAS into the air and more flexible and cheaper scheduling aerial mapping or monitoring, due to single transportation up to the observed position. It is therefore possible to use them by sudden natural events immediately after their formation and possibly mapped in detailed high resolution, which was not possible until today. Presentation will show what are the possibilities of this technology and using UAVs for the environment. Author Jakub KARAS UPVISION References [ http://www.upvision.cz ] Contact Jakub KARAS, Klikatá 18, Praha 5 – 158 00, Czech Republic Mobile: +420 601 373 937 Email: [ jakub.karas (at) upvision.cz]
  22. 22. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 22 SUMMARY [ http://www.UPVISION.cz ] Unmanned aerial systems bring new opportunities how quickly and in detail, and actually perform aerial mapping and monitoring. Their main advantage is the flexibility of use, cost of services and much better availability than the use of conventional manned systems (planes, helicopters). Due to their size it can be anywhere transport by cars and mapping performed directly at the particular location. Simultaneously, in a more detailed view, given that the flying is at lower altitudes with conventional cameras, it is possible create for smaller localities current orthophoto in image resolution even below 1 cm / pixel!, which has not yet been possible otherwise. Likewise, it can create a lot of other outputs on the principles of photogrammetry - digital surface models, 3D models, volume calculations, mapping in other spectral - thermal imaging mapping, multispectral mapping, LiDAR etc. The use of UAV's is therefore highly suitable for agricultural use and nature protection, where a lot of these outputs applied very well and they are needed most recent remote sensing data as possible for the lowest price. Among the major projects where the UAV's can take advantage is precision agriculture, where it is possible for individual agricultural areas to create NDVI orthomosaics from them, to create application maps for smart fertilizing by agricultural machines, depending on the structure of the soil. Figure1: NIR orthomosaic Furthermore, it can very well use these funds for mapping the extent of the current crisis and prevent into the future damage to the soil - floods, erosion, landslides, calamities – windbreaks in forestry, bark beetle in forests etc. Likewise for identification of drainage systems in soil under certain climatic conditions.
  23. 23. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 23 Figure 2: Identification drainage systems by UAV With using special sensors can be identify animals before intensive harvesting of agricultural land with heavy machinery and prevent the death of animals or mapping the exact extent of damage to farmland wild pigs for the eventual recovery of damages farmers. Figure 3: Thermal identification animals in agricultural lands by UAV
  24. 24. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 24 Applications are dozens of uses, including an inventory of stumps after mining in forests or calculating volumes of timber at the dumps. Figure 4: mapping special dumps for volume calculating of timber Unmanned aerial vehicles are, under listed these several examples, very effective assistant in the environmental field and is on us to these modern technologies were not afraid, but took advantage of their best qualities for specific effective using in the environment. REFERENCES
  25. 25. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 25 COPERNICUS PROGRAMME AND SENTINEL DATA FOR AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY Lenka Hladíková CENIA, Czech Environmental Information Agency, Praha ABSTRACT Keywords: Copernicus, Sentinel satellites, remote sensing, services Content: Copernicus (previously known as GMES) is the most important EU programme for monitoring of environment and security from satellite data. It comprises from three main components – space component (Sentinel satellites constructed dedicatedly for the programme and third party missions), in- situ component (data from sensors on ground, sea etc.) and services (built upon the two previous components in six thematic domains). The programme itself is coordinated by the European Commission in close cooperation with European Space Agency and other entities for each component or service. Agriculture and forestry are two important areas, which should highly benefit from satellite images – meant in the way that information needed for these areas can be obtained in a more effective and timesaving way for larger areas than in case of using only ground data collection. Satellite images used to be rather expensive to obtain since the Landsat data were made accessible for free. However, if we need images with different parameters, the best open and free sources are data from the Copernicus Sentinel satellites. There are currently 6 satellites planned to be launched within the Copernicus programme, each providing unique set of optical or radar images of different spatial and spectral resolution. Each Sentinel will have two identical satellites (A and B units), ensuring very good time resolution needed in the field of agriculture. The most important parameter of these data is the sustainability, enabling regular monitoring of agriculture areas. In line with the open and free data policy of the Copernicus programme, all data from Sentinel satellites will be provided free for all categories of users. This principle results in cheaper applications created upon the satellite data and hopefully also in their wider use among different areas. Some products of the Copernicus services are directly determined for support of EU agricultural politics mostly on the European and global level. However many other downstream services, build for the specific user needs on national level, can be created upon the Sentinel data. Author Lenka HLADÍKOVÁ References [http://www.copernicus.gov.cz/en] [http://www.copernicus.eu] [http://www.konference-copernicus.cz/en] Contact Lenka HLADÍKOVÁ CENIA, Czech Environmental Information Agency Vršovická 1442/65, Praha 10, 100 10 mobile: +420 731 190 711 e-mail: lenka.hladikova@cenia.cz
  26. 26. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 26 SUMMARY Introduction Agriculture and forestry represent areas with high potential for utilization of remote sensing technologies. With growing availability of satellite images, the remote sensing technologies are used more often than in the past and especially in these fields they can bring significant savings. The Sentinel satellites, developed in the frame of the European Copernicus programme, are in line with the programme policy provided for free. In response to this fact, also services built upon these data can be substantially cheaper. This paper summarizes the main advantages of utilization of remote sensing in the field of agriculture and forestry, with special focus on the data and services from the Copernicus programme. The Copernicus programme – an overview Copernicus, the EU Earth Observation and Monitoring programme, provides timely and reliable information to support decision making mainly in the field of environment and security. These information – services – are delivered in six thematic domains: Land monitoring, Emergency Management, Atmosphere, Marine, Security and Climate Change. The services are built upon satellite images, delivered from the Sentinel satellites, which are constructed dedicatedly for the programme, and other satellites, so-called third party missions. Images are complemented by the ground measurements from the Copernicus in-situ component, which is also an important part of the programme. Agriculture and forestry from satellite images Agriculture and forestry can highly benefit from the remote sensing images and techniques. In the field of agriculture, we are able to monitor some parameters important to farmers: crop identification and status, soil moisture, health status or delineation of the field boundaries. In the case of forest monitoring, we can similarly obtain information on forest types and structure, grow, damage after windstorm or forest fire, identification of clear-cuts (Figure 1) or illegal logging. Therefore we can get information on large areas in short time, on regular basis and in some cases also map phenomenon not visible to human eyes. In conclusion, these information can help farmers to model crop prediction, use less fertilizers and maximize the crop yields, resulting in the cost reduction and more environment-friendly farming. Figure 1: Clear-cuts detection from the Landsat image, Source: Forest Management Institute, Czech Republic
  27. 27. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 27 Remote sensing is an important tool for the so-called precision farming. Precision farming is a modern approach of farming in a cost-effective and more environment friendly way. Information from the satellite images, in combination with the global positioning system (GPS) allow to adapt some of the farming operations to local conditions. In general, there are two main groups of users, who may benefit from satellite data in this field. Information on the local level, i.e. from satellites with high resolution or aerial images, better serves for farmers themselves. On the other hand, data of regional or global scale bring information needed for governments to control allocation of subsidies or support shaping of national and European agricultural policies, or for national landscape protection agencies mapping the grassland or forest management. Parameters of the satellite images required for agricultural applications vary according to the purpose – for some activities images with very high resolution (meters) are crucial, on the other hand for the crop yield estimation the medium spatial resolution together with the frequent revisit time are needed. Long- term data series also allow for analysis of changes and trends in the health of the forests. In some cases, the satellite images can reduce or replace large-scale field surveys. Copernicus for agriculture and forestry And what can the Copernicus programme bring to these issues? Firstly, it offers satellite data of various parameters (radar or optical images, different spectral and spatial resolution), which will scan the Earth with a frequent revisit time. There are already 5 Sentinel missions (see Table 1), each of them having 2 identical units (A and B, later C and D) to provide optimal spatial and temporal resolution of the images. One of the main benefits of the Sentinel satellites is the sustainability due to the identical units, enabling creation of longer time-series of the monitored parameter. To this time, first two satellites are in orbit, already delivering the images. In some cases, data from Sentinel satellites can replace currently used aerial images with very high spatial resolution, but acquired only once in several years and having significantly lower spectral resolution. Table 1: Main characteristics of the Sentinel satellites Sentinel 1 Sentinel 2 Sentinel 3 Sentinel 4 Sentinel 5 characteristics radar mission multispectral high resolution mission 4 sensors (multispectral, radar, microwave) of medium resolution multispectral geostationary mission for atmosphere monitoring multispectral polar orbit mission for atmosphere monitoring spatial resolution 5 – 40 m 10, 20, 60 m 300 – 500 m 8 km 5 – 15 km temporal* resolution 6 days 5 days 27 days 60 min 29 days launch date (A/B unit) April 2014 June 2015 November 2015 2018 2019 February 2016 March 2016 February 2017 2018 2027 * for 2-satellite constellation, source: https://sentinel.esa.int On regional and global scale, also some of the Copernicus services can be useful – particularly the Land Monitoring Service: Corine Land Cover database about land cover and its changes since 1990, High Resolution Layers with forest types or tree cover density or near-real time biophysical variables such as leaf area index (Figure 2), energy budget, water cycle etc., provided on regular basis.
  28. 28. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 28 Figure 2: Leaf Area Index (LAI) derived from the satellite image (red – lowest LAI, blue – highest LAI). Source: AQUAPATH-SOIL project. To conclude, the Copernicus programme with its data and services has a great potential in the agriculture domain; hopefully the number of its utilization in this field will grow steadily with more Copernicus satellites and services becoming operational. References: Copernicus briefs – ESA: http://www.copernicus.eu/sites/default/files/documents/Copernicus_Briefs/Copernicus_Brief_Issue35_Ag ricultureMonitoring_Sep2013.pdf http://www.copernicus.eu/sites/default/files/documents/Copernicus_Briefs/Copernicus_Brief_Issue14_Fo restDamage_Sep2013.pdf http://lms.seos-project.eu/learning_modules/agriculture http://www.gisat.cz/content/cz/aplikace/zemedelstvi
  29. 29. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 29 THE ADDED VALUE OF COPERNICUS AND GALILEO FOR GEO-INFORMATION AND LBS AT THE SERVICE OF AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY IN THE REGIONS Stefaan DE MEY & Grazia FIORE EURISY / Paris, France ABSTRACT Keywords: Copernicus, Galileo, EGNOS, GNSS, free open data, value adding chain, multi-disciplinary Content: European space flagship programmes. Europe invests in satellite infrastructure through two major programmes, Galileo and Copernicus. The resulting applications are expected to bring growth, jobs, and better quality of life for Europe's citizens. Galileo, Europe' own state-of-the-art Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), provides accurate and guaranteed positioning for all types of civilian applications. Copernicus, Europe's own Earth Observation system, provides free, full and open access to a wealth of important environmental data from a variety of different sources, including satellite imagery. A global view for local actions: from open and free data to info that has a price. The use of satellite-derived information is not any longer the privilege of global/national authorities. With more sources of data, including from satellites, being more accessible to more people than ever before, the understanding of places, spaces, and spatial phenomena is potentially better than ever. But making sense of all this data is proportionally more complex for those whose job is not to analyse data, but to simply make sense of a situation, sometimes in real time. More than ever, to become useful, data needs to be turned into info. This requires a multidisciplinary approach involving the entire adding-value chain and embracing a variety of applications such as Satnav-assisted farm management technologies, geographical information systems, internet and IT technologies, space and terrestrial imaging and sensor technologies, and expert knowledge on crop growth processes. This does not come for free. How to get the information to the local users? Today, many initiatives to create (open) data sharing platforms exist. New tools should rely on what is already there as much as possible and preferably integrate in already existing platforms that are effectively and operationally used by public and private entities. Those who work on such solutions not only have a role to play as facilitators of technology transfer, but also as stakeholders’ brokers and federators. Authors Grazia Fiore, EURISY - Research and project coordinator Stefaan De Mey EURISY - Secretary General References [ http://www.eurisy.org ] Contact Grazia Fiore, 94bis avenue de Suffren, 75015 Paris, France EMail: [ Grazia.Fiore (at) eurisy.org ]
  30. 30. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 30 SUMMARY Satellite applications are already changing our economies and societies More than a thousand active satellites - both government and private - are currently out of space. These devices are providing us with data and signals which have become essential to ensure transport, communication and global monitoring of environmental phenomena on Earth. Weather forecast is today largely based on satellite data. Satellites are used to create digital maps showing soil composition and crop health. They determine the rate of water evaporation in irrigated crops, allowing farmers to optimise the use of time, water, nitrates and human resources. Earth observation is also used to measure carbon storage in forests, to monitor the vegetation cover, and even to spot illegal forest cuts. Satellite navigation is employed in large farms and forests to guide trucks through the fields, while satellite communication delivers reliable broadband services to ensure communication and to manage water reservoirs, pumps and other equipments in remote locations. Galileo and Copernicus Acknowledging the potential of satellite-based services to create jobs, foster economic development and support a sustainable management of the environment and of natural and anthropogenic disasters, the European Union has being investing large resources in the implementation of its own satellite systems. The EU allocated around EUR 6.3 billion to Galileo, the European satellite navigation programme, and EUR 4.3 billion to the European Earth observation system GMES-Copernicus for the period 2014-2020. Moreover, the European Space Agency alone is investing EUR 309.2 million, i.e. 7% of its budget for 2015 to telecommunications and integrated applications, supporting the development of market-oriented space services. Also the Horizon 2020 EU Research and Innovation programme dedicates EUR 1.73 billion to space research and development. Eurisy: working to prepare the European society to make the most of satellite applications by showcasing examples of what is already available and operationally used These investments aim at supporting the operational use of satellite-based data and signals to meet current and future policy and societal needs. During the last 25 years, Eurisy, an association of over 30 governmental space agencies and offices, has been working to prepare public and private users to fully grasp the potential benefits of satellite-based applications. The association has been doing this by raising awareness on available services based on satellites which can support the work of public and private managers in sectors ranging from transport to environmental protection, tourism, agriculture, forestry, and water management, to quote only a few of the fields in which satellite applications find a use. Eurisy does not merely communicate on services which are available on the market, but invites private companies and public authorities (such as ministries and city and regional administrations) to speak about their operational use of satellite technologies in front of their peers. They explain what their initial needs were, how they got to use a satellite-based service, which difficulties they encountered and how they solved them, how much it cost to adopt and use these services and how they could be improved. How can satellites help improving farming and forestry? Agriculture has been one of the first sectors in which satellite-based data and signals have been consistently showing their benefits. Weather data largely come from satellites, while “precision farming” has become today one of the main themes among farmers and agriculture decision-makers. Indeed, satellites improve the quality and quantity of the information available on water reserves, soil, crops, weather and infrastructure, allowing public and private stakeholders to match water availability to water demand, to precisely assess irrigation needs, to map and monitor cultivated fields and to advice farmers on where and how to distribute water and fertilisers. Geospatial technology, such as satellite imagery and GIS are also widely used by government and private organisations to better manage forests.
  31. 31. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 31 Indeed, satellite images provide information on land cover, species, habitats, soil conditions, land uses, and forest productivity, among others, which are essential to both protect and exploit forests. Satellite imagery and GIS data proved to be effective tools to quantify deforestation and to monitor our forests. Moreover, satellite imagery, navigation and communication consistently support fire and emergency personnel in case of natural or anthropogenic disasters, when timely and accurate data are essential. In the event of a disaster, like a fire, satellite imagery also helps forest managers to design and monitor restoration measures. Examples of use of satellite applications to improve agriculture and forestry Satellite imagery and navigation are more and more integrated into GIS which allow farmers to better manage their crops. In the region of La Mancha Oriental, in Spain, the Central Irrigation Board (JCRMO), the Júcar River Basin Authority, the regional Government and the University of Castilla La Mancha agreed to use information derived from satellite imagery to map the spatial distribution of land covers and build a Geographic Information System. Since 2010, the JCRMO has been using time series of satellite images (12- 14 images per year) provided by the EU GMES-funded project SIRIUS (http://sirius-gmes.es/), to map and estimate irrigation water needs of cultivated plots according to precipitations, atmospheric demand and irrigation methods. Satellite information is used to assign water abstraction rights to farmers, according to crops and field’s extension, and to monitor the enforcement of the Exploitation Plan of the Aquifer. Enforcement of the AEP is in fact essential to ensure sustainability. Moreover, a web-GIS provides farmers with routine reports on irrigation needs. Thanks to these results, historical water rights were assigned on 95% of the territory, discouraging new non-authorised cultivations and allowing a recovery of groundwater levels in the last three humid years. The classification process to identify irrigated areas based on satellite imagery has been recognised as evidence by the Spanish Supreme Court in 2012. Combined with in situ observations, satellite imagery also permits to acquire data on evapotranspiration and soil moisture, which is useful to provide farmers with timely advice on the irrigation needs of each cultivated parcel. The use case of the Campania Region, in Italy, shows that this information can be sent directly to the mobile phones of the farmers subscribed to this free service. Indeed, through “IrriSat” (www.consulenzairrigua.it), the Agriculture Department of the Campania Region provides customised irrigation information, based on high spatial resolution satellite data (10-20 m), on the actual irrigation needs of each plot managed by the farmers. This information, delivered every 7-10 days, indicates to farmers how much irrigation water to use, without compromising yield. In addition, farmers get a map of the development of the crop, indicating non-uniform growth due to irregularities in agronomic inputs (not only water, but also fertilisers) and soil heterogeneity. The service is available to farmers and other water managers at all levels, who can subscribe for free, and receive the information through text messages, MMS or on the web. In addition to providing the service, the Agriculture Department accompanies the programme with particular communication efforts to get an ever bigger number of farmers to subscribe, including through TV ad campaigns. In the case of the Directorate for Territories of the Deux-Sèvres County, in France, satellite imagery is combined with in-situ measurements to reduce the amount of fertilisers spread over cultivated fields. The Directorate started using satellite-derived maps to detect whether parcels are covered with catch crops, in cooperation with the Earth Observation and Geoinformation for Land and Environment laboratory (TETIS) of the National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture (IRSTEA), and GEOSUD (GeoInformation for Sustainable Development, http://geosud.teledetection.fr/) – a French database of satellite data, free for public authorities. These data enable to better spot the areas with no cover and to prioritise site inspections. Thanks to satellite information, the Directorate is able, for the first time in France, to build priority maps focusing on areas most affected by nitrates pollution risk, thus optimising field inspections and saving time. Satellite navigation also represents a precious tool to accurately map thermal field measurements made in situ or through airplanes or airborne platforms, a method successfully implemented in Israel by the Volcani Centre, and it can even be employed to automatically guide irrigation machinery.
  32. 32. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 32 An innovative example of a use of satellite applications for fire detection and response is the FireHub service (http://195.251.203.94/seviri/), developed by the National Observatory of Athens (NOA) within the BEYOND initiative, aiming at building a centre of excellence for Earth observation-based monitoring of natural disasters in South-Eastern Europe. FireHub is a fire early-warning service which relies on meteorological information, Earth observation data and other geospatial information. The General Directorate for the Development and Protection of Forests and Rural Environment of the Greek Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change uses this service to monitor fire extent in real time (fire monitoring data are produced every five minutes) and to forecast the smoke dispersion 15 minutes ahead. Through a dedicated web-GIS application, the service also provides information on fires that occurred in Greece during the last 30 years and generates burnt scar maps during and after wildfires. Moreover, FireHub maps burnt areas for damage and deforestation assessment. The maps are used by the DG to implement relief activities, to estimate carbon balance, monitor fire and soil erosion risk, and to plan urban developments. The basic FireHub, free of charge, is particularly useful in case of fires originating outside Greek borders. Recently, a fire that started in Albania close to the Greek border was not officially notified to Greek authorities. The accident was instead detected via FireHub, allowing the Fire Brigades to intervene even before the fire entered the Greek territory. The DG is currently working with the FireHub team to enhance the service, to hasten the damage assessment process and to identify reforestation areas within two months after the end of the fire season, in line with Greek legislation. These examples highlight the current and potential contributions of satellite applications to better manage agriculture and forestry. Moreover, they illustrate how satellite-based services can support public managers to comply with national and European policies and legislation, such as the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), the Water Framework Directive, the Nitrates Directive and the Soil Thematic Strategy, among others. Which data are currently available? (Copernicus and Galileo) The first pillar of Europe's navigation programme, the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS), enhancing GPS signals, is operational since 2009. It sharpens the accuracy of GPS signals across Europe to make it usable for e.g. goods tracking and precision farming. Europe is currently deploying the Galileo satellite navigation system. In 2012 Galileo had four operational satellites in orbit for the in-orbit validation, providing already early services with reduced performance from mid 2014. Full operational capability with about 30 satellites in orbit is expected by 2019/2020. The Copernicus services are also progressively reaching their operational phase. The Land Monitoring Services (http://land.copernicus.eu/), operational since 2012, provide geographical information on land cover and on variables related, for instance, to the vegetation state or the water cycle. They support applications in a variety of domains, such as spatial planning, forest management, water management, agriculture and food security, etc. The Copernicus services represent a unique opportunity to develop more accurate and reliable applications for agriculture and forestry. A closer cooperation between data providers, machine makers and farmers is necessary to integrate all these technologies into easy-to-use tools for farmers. This process of mutual collaboration will be a step of outmost importance to prepare both users and service providers to make the most of the information provided by EGNOS, Galileo and Copernicus once these programmes will have reached their full operational stage.
  33. 33. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 33 References: Copernicus (2015), Copernicus website, Products and Services. Consulted in August 2015 at: www.copernicus.eu/main/services Eurisy (2011), Eurisy website, Good Practices, Campania: Encouraging the sustainable use of irrigation water in the region. Consulted in August 2015 at: www.eurisy.org/good-practice-campania-encouraging-the- sustainable-use-of-irrigation-water-in-the-region_85 Eurisy (2013), Conclusions and recommendations of the conference “Satellite applications for multi-level irrigation management: Capitalising on experience to drive regional innovation”, 31 October 2013, Badajoz, Spain. Eurisy (2013), Satellites Going Local: Water edition. Consulted in August 2015 at: http://www.eurisy.org/data_files/publications-documents/4/publications_document-4.pdf?t=1391443756 Eurisy (2015), Eurisy website, Good Practices, The Greek Ministry of Environment uses real-time satellite data to detect fires. Consulted in August 2015 at: www.eurisy.org/good-practice-the-greek-ministry-of- environment-uses-real-time-satellite-data-to-detect-fires_158 Eurisy (2015), Eurisy website, On Satellite Applications. Consulted in August 2015 at: www.eurisy.org/on- satellite-applications.php Eurisy (2015), Operational uses of satellite-based applications in the public sector: a case study review, Paris, France, 2015. ISBN 978-2-9551847-0-7. Eurisy (2015), Summary and Conclusions of the workshop “Precision Agriculture: the added-value of geoinformation and LBS, Vienna, Austria, 21 April 2015. Consulted in August 2015 at: www.eurisy.org/event-precision-agriculture-the-added-value-of-geoinformation-and-lbs_32/summary-and- conclusions European Space Agency (2013), Copernicus Brief, Issue 2, Preserving Forests Cutting Carbon, September 2013. Consulted in August 2015 at: www.copernicus.eu/sites/default/files/documents/Copernicus_Briefs/Copernicus_Brief_Issue2_Carbon_Sep 2013.pdf European Space Agency (2013), Copernicus Brief, Issue 35, Food Watch From Space: How satellites support agriculture, September 2013. Consulted in August 2015 at: www.copernicus.eu/sites/default/files/documents/Copernicus_Briefs/Copernicus_Brief_Issue35_Agriculture Monitoring_Sep2013.pdf European Space Agency (2014), European Space Agency website, Our Activities, Navigation, Galileo and EGNOS. Consulted in August 2015 at: www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Navigation/Galileo_and_EGNOS European Space Agency (2015), European Space Agency website, ESA budget by domain for 2015. Consulted in August 2015 at: http://www.esa.int/For_Media/Highlights/ESA_budget_2015 OECD (2014), The Space Economy at a Glance 2014, OECD Publishing. Satellite Applications Catapult Ltd (2014), Satellites for everyone, The big picture, Consulted in August 2015 at: www.spaceforsmartergovernment.uk/workspace/assets/files/satellites-for-everyone-s4e-br- 5404e13017bd5.pdf Satellite Imaging Corporation (2001-2015), Satellite Imaging Corporation website, Applications, Natural resources, Forestry. Consulted in August 2015 at: http://www.satimagingcorp.com/applications/natural- resources/forestry Multimedia Presentation Online: https://prezi.com/ytb6-4lnn2l2/the-added-value-of-geoinformation-and-lbs-for-agriculture-and- forestry/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
  34. 34. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 34 GGII22001155(( 1155.. SSääcchhssiisscchheess GGII//GGIISS//GGDDII –– FFOORRUUMM )) CClluubb ooff OOssssiiaacchh NETWORKING WORKSHOPS DRESDEN 15. September 2015 Edited by CCSS-Praha & IGN-Dresden & PROGIS-Villach Doz. Dr. Frank HOFFMANN, CSc – IGN Dipl.Ing. Walter H. MAYER - PROGIS (Villach) Dr. Karel CHARVAT – CCSS (Praha) IMPRIMATUR TO PRINT 14. September 2015 Copyright © 2015 by CCSS-Praha & IGN-Dresden & PROGIS-Villach – All rights reserved.
  35. 35. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 35 THE CLUB OF OSSIACH THE BRIDGE FOR ICT IN AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY BETWEEN DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES WALTER H. MAYER & KAREL CHARVAT PROGIS, VILLACH (AT) & CCSS, PRAHA (CZ) ABSTRACT The “Club of Ossiach”, a group of agriculturists, agribusiness managers, agriculture technologists and agricultural ICT specialists from around the world, met at Ossiach between 17- 19 June 2013 at the “AgriFuture Days” Conference. They reviewed current trends and possible discontinuities resulting from political, social, environmental and technological changes, potentially impacting on the future of agriculture, farming, rural viability, food and nutrition worldwide. This Presentation describes:  The Recognition of the “OISSACH” Club  The Focus on ICT and Keypoints of its Adoption in Agriculture  The Technologies recognized by the “OISSACH” Club  The Priorities of ICT Adoption for Future Agriculture Communities  The Business Model  The Charter Members Authors Ajit MARU Chair of the Club of Ossiach (CoO) Dipl.-Ing. Walter H. MAYER CEO of ROGIS GmbH, Villach (AT) Dr. Karel CHARVAT EU Project Manager of HSRS, Benesov (CZ) Contact Club of Ossiach”, Postgasse 6, A-9500 Villach Email [ office@agrifuturedays.com | clubofossiach@agrifuturedays.com ]
  36. 36. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 36 SUMMARY THE OSSIACH – DECLARATION ON THE UPTAKE OF ICT FOR AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, RURAL VIABILITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Dipl.Ing. Walter H. MAYER CEO of PROGIS GmbH, Italienerstr. 3, A-9500 VILLACH The “Club of Ossiach”, a group of agriculturists, agribusiness managers, agriculture technologists and agricultural ICT specialists from around the world, met at Ossiach between 17-19 June 2013 at the “AgriFuture Days” Conference. They reviewed current trends and possible discontinuities resulting from political, social, environmental and technological changes, potentially impacting on the future of agriculture, farming, rural viability, food and nutrition worldwide. 1. The Club of Ossiach recognized that:  Almost a third of the world’s population is vulnerable to poverty and malnutrition, respectively is marginal in its current food and nutritional security, has concerns of its food safety and reliability of its supply.  The resource poor small holder farmers of the world are the poorest and the bottom of the heap of the hungry.  The world today faces severe environmental changes and damages. In addition it cannot continue to exploit natural resources in the current unsustainable manner.  Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), nanotechnology, biotechnology, materials and space technology among many other technological innovations, individually and jointly, are essentially unsynchronized. This negatively influences human progress and development including agriculture, food security and rural viability. We have to create a bio-based economy (accepting the sustainability rules of nature) transforming industry, business and services.  The potential to feed the world, to use natural resources and safeguard the environment depends on judicious change and use of technology.  However, the poorest of the world not only suffer the most but may miss from benefitting from this economic and technological transformation. 2. The Club of Ossiach focus on ICTs identified the following key points in adoption of ICT in agriculture • Agricultural contribution to rural communities is not limited to agrotechnology and production efficiencies. To a large extent it is the result of ICT innovations and their implementation. • ICT adoption for agriculture impacts on rural community sustainability and an unlimited variety of roducts, economic benefits, technical improvements and social enhancement. ICT will be most effective as an incentive and agent of change when used at points of stakeholder cooperation. Stakeholders can be expected to be a major motivating factor for adopting ICT supported agricultural production and rural sustainability. • Stakeholders participation in ICT development and implementation of innovative initiatives must include farmers, extension, scientists, agricultural and social services, students, rural residents and sector supporting entities. This “Bottom-Up” inclusion complements the now conventional “Top- Down” model.
  37. 37. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 37 3. The Club of Ossiach, recognized that these technologies:  Create promising choices including the change of the nature of information. This will make it easier to distribute, share and utilize data, information and knowledge.  Contribute to implementation of opportunities, addressing discontinuities and new options;  Are most effectual as a means of change when effectively integrated at the points of collaboration between the various stakeholders. They enhance development by introducing new elements of flexibility in production, development of innovations and facilitating their implementation.  Dictate caution and care in access and use of ICT supported knowledge especially during introductory stages. The knowledge must be focused on people, sustainability, equity, welfare and “happiness”. “Sustainability” in this context must be understood as furthering economical development, lifelong learning, social justice and environmental integrity.  ICT produces ruptures through creative technological breakthroughs: from “constructive destruction to destructive construction”. It enables the transformation of concurrent practices driven by tradition, ulterior external interests and obsolete technologies. ICT can support individuals in motivating, integrating and sustaining change in communities. With this understanding ICT will contribute to create choices and processes of change especially through partnerships and co-leadership.  The Club of Ossiach recognized further that by creative cooperation sustainable and responsible agriculture can be attained. This will demonstrate the feasibility of future evolution of Earth’s ecosystems. They will enhance health and well-being globally inaddition to attaining more effective distribution of the food produced and minimizing food waste.  The Club of Ossiach considered it as a responsibility to pursue technological change within agriculture. 4. Recommended/expected ICT Adoption priorities and their potential benefits for future agricultural communities: • Innovation adoption • Know-how transfer • Technology integration • New business models • Stimulating innovations – technical, environmental, social and more..... • Cooperation at the various production and social levels • Universal benefit for all chain members • Support a “European Innovation Partnership (EIP): Agricultural Productivity and • Sustainability” initiative. The Club of Ossiach will meet regularly, to jointly consider the future of agriculture, farming, food and nutrition and rural viability. The meetings will include documenting the process, its progress and regular publication of its findings. 5. A possible business-model A new business model for a country-wide Agro-ICT-adoption was introduced and reviewed at the conference. The model was titled an “Agro-ICT-Infrastructure concept”. It is designed to be initiated by the government or a public-private consortium within a country. It will collate and integrate basic data like ortho-images, agro-meteorological data and ICT-technologies accessible to the country’s agro- community. This community will include farmers, smallholders, their suppliers, customers, advisors, supporting science, education bodies and other public authorities. They all represent the food-, feed-, biomass- or log-production chain and are linked together with applications supporting their information needs.
  38. 38. GI2015 – GI/GIS/GDI – Forum Open GeoData Management in Europe of Regions 15. Grenzüberschreitendes Sächsisches GIS – Forum – 15. September 2015 in Dresden CoO / GI2015-Workshop on OGD Management for Agriculture & Forestry in Europe of Regions NNR-Special-Edition-2015 PROCEEDINGS – “GI2015-X-border-GI/GIS/GDI-FORUM” – DRESDEN ISSN 1801-6480 38 The Club of Ossiach - Charter Members Robin Bourgeois Senior Foresight and Development Policies Expert, Secretariat of the Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR c/o FAO- #RD),Italy; Ajit Maru Senior Officer, Secretariat of the Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR c/o FAO) Italy, Karel Charvat, Project Manager of Help Service Remote Sensing s.r.o., WirelessInfo Czech Centre for Science and Society, Czech Republic and CEO of Baltic Open Solution Centre Latvia and former EFITA president; Ehud Gelb Samuel Neaman Institute for National Policy Research,Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, Israel; Dieter Ott, Bundesverband der Deutschen Maschinenringe (BMR), Germany; Markus F. Hofreither, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Institute for Sustainable Economic Development, Austria; Kyandoghere Kyamakya,Smart System Technologies-Transportation Informatics, Alpen Adria University, Austria; Alphons Claessens, NIT Holding – Limited, Netherland; Alfred Pitterle, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Institute of Silviculture and CEO of ForCert GmbH, Vienna, Austria; Walter Mayer, Chief Executive Officer, PROGIS Software GmbH, Villach, Austria For more information and comments please contact office@agrifuturedays.com “Club of Ossiach”, Postgasse 6, A-9500 Villach clubofossiach@agrifuturedays.com

×