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GI2014 ppt mayer oissach dresden_mayer

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14. Sächsisches GI/GIS/SDI-Forum - GI2014

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GI2014 ppt mayer oissach dresden_mayer

  1. 1. NEW INCLUSIVE ADVISORY SERVICES - NIAS PRIVACY AND CONFIDENTIALITY NOTICE Information contained in this communication is confidential, legally priviliged, patented or under patent registration and is proprietary to PROGIS. The receiving party agrees that it is not permitted to sell, license, develop or otherwise exploit any parts, products or services, documents or information of this document in whole or in part. The recipient is informed not to disclosure, copy, distribute or take any action in reliance on the content of this information. OPEN DATA MOVEMENT IN EUROPE OF REGIONS Dresden, Germany, 30. April 2014, time: 9.30 – 17.00 CLUB OF OSSIACH INCLUSIVE ICT SOLUTIONS INTEGRATING COMMONS
  2. 2. CLUB OF OSSIACH “Ossiach Declaration on the uptake of ICT for Agriculture, Forestry, Rural Viability and Environmental Management” • The “Club of Ossiach”, a group of agriculturists, agribusiness managers, agriculture technologists and agricultural ICT specialists from around the world, met at Ossiach between 17-19 June 2013 at the “AgriFuture Days” Conference. They reviewed current trends and possible discontinuities resulting from political, social, environmental and technological changes, potentially impacting on the future of agriculture, farming, rural viability, food and nutrition worldwide. • Charter members are: • Robin Bourgeois, Senior Foresight and Development Policies Expert, GFAR c/o FAO • Ajit Maru, Senior Officer on Agricultural Research, GFAR c/o FAO, Italy • Karel Charvat, WirelessInfo, Czech and former EFITA president • Ehud Gelb, Samuel Neaman Institute for National Policy Research, Israel; • Dieter Ott, Bundesverband der Deutschen Maschinenringe (BMR), Germany; • Markus F. Hofreither, Agricultural University Vienna, Austria; • Kyandoghere Kyamakya, Alpen Adria University, Austria; • Alphons Claessens, NIT Holding – Limited, Netherland; • Alfred Pitterle, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna; • Walter H. Mayer, CEO, PROGIS Software GmbH, Villach, Austria
  3. 3. CLUB OF OSSIACH 2. The Club of Ossiach focus on ICTs identified the following key points in adoption of ICT in agriculture • Agricultural contribution to rural communities is not limited to agro-technology and production efficiencies. To a large extent it is the result of ICT innovations and their implementation. • ICT adoption for agriculture impacts on rural community sustainability and an unlimited variety of products, economic benefits, technical improvements and social enhancement. • ICT will be most effective as an incentive and agent of change when used at points of stakeholder cooperation. Stakeholders can be expected to be a major motivating factor for adopting ICT supported agricultural production and rural sustainability. • Stakeholders participation in ICT development and implementation of innovative initiatives must include farmers, extension, scientists, agricultural and social services, students, rural residents and sector supporting entities. This “Bottom –Up” inclusion complements the now conventional “Top Down” model.
  4. 4. CLUB OF OSSIACH 3. The Club of Ossiach, recognized that these technologies: • Create promising choices including the change of the nature of information. This will make it easier to distribute, share and utilize data, information and knowledge. • Contribute to implementation of opportunities, addressing discontinuities, options; • Are most effectual as a means of change when effectively integrated at the points of collaboration between the various stakeholders. • The knowledge must be focused on people, sustainability, equity, welfare and “happiness”. • ICT produces ruptures through creative technological breakthroughs: from “constructive destruction to destructive construction”. It enables the transformation of concurrent practices driven by tradition, ulterior external interests and obsolete technologies. ICT will support partnerships and co-leadership. • The Club of Ossiach recognized further that by creative cooperation sustainable and responsible agriculture can be attained. This will demonstrate the feasibility of future evolution of Earth’s ecosystems. • The Club of Ossiach considered it as a responsibility to pursue technological change within agriculture.
  5. 5. 4. Recommended/expected ICT Adoption priorities and their potential benefits for future agricultural communities: • Innovation adoption • Know-how transfer • Technology integration • New business models • Stimulating innovations – technical, environmental, social and more..... • Cooperation at the various production and social levels • Universal benefit for all chain members • Support a “European Innovation Partnership (EIP): Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability” initiative. The Club of Ossiach will meet regularly, to jointly consider the future of agriculture, farming, food and nutrition and rural viability. The meetings will include documenting the process, its progress and regular publication of its findings. CLUB OF OSSIACH
  6. 6. CLUB OF OSSIACH 5. A possible business-model • A new business model for a country-wide Agro-ICT-adoption was introduced and reviewed at the conference. The model was titled an “Agro-ICT-Infrastructure concept”. It is designed to be initiated by the government or a public-private consortium within a country. It will collate and integrate basic data like ortho-images, agro-meteorological data and ICT-technologies accessible to the country’s agro- community. This community will include farmers, smallholders, their suppliers, customers, advisors, supporting science, education bodies and other public authorities. They all represent the food-, feed-, biomass- or log-production chain and are linked together with applications supporting their information needs.
  7. 7. NIAS – FACTS I THE FACTS I 1. Agriculture, forestry, environment- or natural risk management will always be a combination of private and public interests! 2. Also private land has social responsibility but society has to understand that the farmers/foresters can not provide services free of charge! 3. How can we in future countrywide manage with the private “drive” to do things better because of personal motivation to have also a better income - not only cash – but also work under sustainability principals that cover beside necessary “cash-crops” also social responsibility for the commons? 4. With these new targets, farmers/foresters will be able beside production of crops, meat or logs also support - within a group and group targets - also service oriented environment- and risk-targets, defined based on general international or national and fine-tuned regional and local targets. 5. Such models will need more know how, better data and the related information for the definition, implementation and control of the defined environmental- and risk-related targets.
  8. 8. NIAS FACTS II THE FACTS II 1. Advisory Services are today mainly public with a strong trend to do more private advisory services. 2. The studies of M. Rivera and John W. Carry (2002) give detailed overview about trends and tendencies with sample of NL, UK, US, NZ, Aus, F etc. 3. The study of Mangheni/Uganda(2007) about problems happening due to the transfer from public to private describes challenges and needs. 4. The Danish Advisory service with 36 local centers and 3.600 advisors, that means at 42.000 farmers one advisor for 12 farmers (the rest of EC up to 10% and less only) focus as bridge between research and farmers and can be used as best practice. 5. A model like German Machine Cooperatives(BMR) support 193.000 farmers managing 7,8 Mio ha with 263 offices, a turnover of 1,1 Bio € with 2.423 people = 80 farmers/person organize machinery use and do some advise. 6. In Turkey we have 10.500 “advisors” for 5 Mio farmers = one advisor at 475 farmers
  9. 9. ICT ENABLED INCLUSIVE ADVISE ICT ENABLED INCLUSIVE ADVISE • Analyzing the problems documented within the study of Mangheni (2007) when Uganda changed from public to private services, we analyzed that >80% of mentioned problems can be solved with a help of ICT, e.g.: • Advising and teaching methods, building capacity, assist farmers to develop plans, documenting and provide reports, develop organizational capacities, make farmers demand services, have a pool of services interrelated, support qualities and holistic knowledge and skills, technology and training development, monitoring and evaluation, manage demonstrations, agro- business incl. costs/benefits, general- and business-management, link to research, entrepreneurship, innovation, natural resource, environmental and livelihood issues, link pay to performance, link to markets, link end-users and farmers etc.. • From understood needs of today, qualified and managed advisors must: • give youth a motivation due to demanded skills to stay in rural areas • manage beside farmers complete rural areas supporting parallel • environment and risks deriving from natural resources!
  10. 10. Orthoimages Weatherstations PROGIS-IT technologies + + • Ministry • Regional and local admin • Advisory organizations • Subsidy organizations • Chambers if av. • Land consolidation units • R&D and education • Farmers, cooperatives • Agro banks, insurance • Certification bodies • Control organizations • Supply agencies • Transport sector • Food – feed industry  Geoinfo – maps: LPIS – WinGIS - orthoimages  Precision Farming: many PF-tools &machinery  Land consolidation, enviro-, risk-mgmt: tools  Logistic: Logistic-HQ & mobGIS & communication  Farm- & Forest-management: DokuPlant & ForestOffice Individual projects Standardized 3-4 y NIAS INFRASTRUCTURE I
  11. 11. INCLUSIVE ICT USER - INTERFACE locationtime information WHERE WHEN WHAT patents pend. EXPERT-INFO AGRO: machines, crops, fertilizers, herbicides, cultivation methods, …. EXPERT-INFO FOREST: machines, trees, growth- tables,methods, …. EXPERT-INFO ENVIRO/RISK: torrent, mudflow, drought, flood, avalanche, rockfall, …  COOP with LOCAL EXPERTS (GROUPS)  MANAGED SUSTAINABLE (UPDATE!!!)  COOP WITH internat. ORGANISATIONS patents pend. patents pend.
  12. 12. patents pend. WHEN WHERE WHAT Here … ..I grow (crop/forest) – target/enviro/risk 1 2 I. FARMER/ADVISOR/FOREST • planing, documentation of activities • energy-, carbon-, nutrient-balance • cost- profit calculation, inventory • localized subsidy management • business plan, insurance data • thematic maps, ….. II. REGIONAL SOLUTIONS • INTEGRATE VERTICAL/HORIZONTAL: • Logistics + mobGIS, Precise Farming • Virtual Farming, integrate industry • Environment-, risk-management • (Sub-)regional SAFER-centers • GlobalGAP, FSC, PEFC, TC, ..... EXPERT-INFO AGRO: machines, crops, fertilizers, herbicides, cultivation methods, …. patents pend. EXPERT-INFO FOREST: machines, trees, growth- tables, methods, …. EXPERT-INFO ENVIRO/RISK: torrent, mudflow, drought, flood, avalanche, rockfall, … INCLUSIVE FARM- (ADVISORY-) MANAGEMENT III. COUNTRY SOLUTIONS • MOVE BOTTOM TO TOP: • OPEN DATA for users • TRUST CENTER (TC) • for public and private use • coop with large ICT organizations • coop with telecom, „last mile“, .....
  13. 13. LOCAL EXPERT DATA and TRUST CENTER 2,7 ha Crop A 4,6 ha Crop B 2500 Machinery data KTBL 2500 Organic/Inorganic fertilizer PROGIS / ZALF 850 Pesticides PROGIS / BMR to be modified with local partner for all countries 1.3.2014 5.5.2014 30.9.2014 Tractor plough Tractor Seeding machine NPK fertilizer Tractor Sprayer Pesticide Harvester Farmer decides, what can be downloaded by controller , certifyer, buyer etc.TRUST CENTER . . . Expert- and/or user- defined crop models 4000 seeds/varieties PROGIS / BMR Crop db = model
  14. 14. Harvester GPRS/UMTS Truck Mobile Office Largest EC project: 45 cooperatives, using 100+ harvesters with mobGIS handling 100K+ datasets for 40.000 farmers on 40.000km² – all online with update all 30 seconds! Loader/Forwarder PLAN: 2014 GERMANY • Country coverage in 2014 (170 stations) • Precision farming on top • Mobile devices (tablet-PC, smartphone) • links farmers to logistic. ……….… LOGISTIC – BY INCLUSIVE ADVISE
  15. 15.  WinGIS + BING  DokuPlant + Contract  Logistics Central Unit (CLOUD)  mobGIS  Interface to terminals (e.g. AMATRON+,…) PRECISION FARMING BY NIAS Not the tractor, the map is intelligent, PF for all – today!
  16. 16. 1. GIS-linked sensors-agrometeorological climate station (+soil,water): 3. Trust centres for food chains, for banks/insurance, for ministries/authorities: Sensors for temperature, relative humidity, water level, rain gauge, solar radiation, wind speed and direction, water temperature, barometric pressure, soil moisture etc. 2. Mobile and GPS based operating data logging: Time, activities, locations, tracks, link to cost centres, with PDAs or Handys, HTTP or GPRS, Inter-, Intranet, CSV export, modelling, locating, geo-objects, time- server with calender, reporting, ….. • trust centres for storing selected farmers data acc. legal or bilateral agreements for (geo-)traceability 3. Consulting companies (public, private, NGOs): • The PROGIS model is configured to cooperate and integrate local experts like institutes, universities, etc. • The PROGIS model is configured to cooperate with international reputated consultance companies • The PROGIS model is configured to cooperate with NGOs, international organisations, … PESSL ILOGS FUJITSU, ATOS, MICROSOFT, GLOBAL TRACE • track and trace technologies for tracking along the whole food chain – from farmer-forwarder-foodsupplier • integration models for banks (businessplans) and insurance companies (index insurance data, policy data,…) • public-private organisation models for integrating ministries or other agro-forestry-environment organisations forCert, public & private consultants, ..… NIAS INFRASTRUCTURE II
  17. 17. Forestry failures!Agricultural failures! Agricultural Failures! Bioremediation= costs+time Bioremediation= costs+time SERVICES WOOD & TIMBER CO2 - SEQUESTRATION WATER QUALITY, -STORAGE, -SUPPLY SOURCE OF BIO-ENERGY RECREATION LOCAL CLIMATEAIR QUALITY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS RISK MANAGEMENT – RISK REDUCTION AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY = S E R V I C E S Forestry failures! INCLUSIVE ADVISE FOR ENVIRONMENT- & RISK-MANAGEMENT According Swisss RE: Prof. DDr. Peter HÖPPE • Since 1980 large problems (storm /flood) increase: 400 to 1000 • Ceres/US:large +small: damage: 380 Bio$/y • World: 15 bio ha land or 1,5 bio ha arable land • Damage = $25,-- /ha/y on landmass or $250.--/ha/y on arable land!!! • Data for 2012 • Interest 4+4+6
  18. 18. KG_NR BFLGSTNRUTNRG MBL-BEZ BA FLAECHE EMZ VHW GB-NR EZ 3205 195 0128-05 Landw. genutzt 18902 8964 Aug 69 23 3205 197 0128-05 Landw. genutzt 7636 2557 Aug 69 23 3205 198 0128-05 Landw. genutzt 21281 10614 23 3205 199 0128-05 Landw. genutzt 9387 4772 23 3205 200 0128-05 Landw. genutzt 712 364 23 3205 201 0128-05 Landw. genutzt 1449 700 23 3205 202 1 0128-05 Landw. genutzt 9138 3118 Aug 69 23 3205 202 2 0128-05 Wald 3581 Aug 69 23 3205 203 0128-05 Landw. genutzt 15221 7345 12 3205 204 0128-05 Landw. genutzt 25676 11099 12 3205 207 0128-05 Landw. genutzt 14289 7238 12 KG_NR GB_NR EZ LNR SNR Z N Eigentümerdaten 3025 3025 1 1 1 1 1 Pfarre Neuhofen ___Neuhofen 1 _3364 3025 3025 11 1 1 1 2 Schmid_Eveline Mag._1956-07-19_Neuhofen an der Ybbs 14_3364 3025 3025 11 1 1 1 2 Schmid_Hannes Dr.Mag._1953-11-24_Neuhofen an der Ybbs 14_3364 3025 3025 12 2 1 1 1 Leimhofer _Christa _1957-01-12_Neuhofen an der Ybbs 15_3364 3025 3025 16 1 1 1 1 Testname17_Vorname __Ort, Strasse _3364 3025 3025 19 1 1 1 2 Kogler_Elisabeth _1956-10-26_Niederneuhofen 117 _3364 3025 3025 19 2 1 1 2 Kogler_Johann_1949-05-10_Niederneuhofen 117 _3364 3025 3025 29 2 1 1 2 Hausberger_Leopold _1940_Niederneuhofen 33_3364 3025 3025 29 1 1 1 2 Hausberger_Margarete __Niederneuhofen 33_3364 3025 3025 30 2 1 1 2 Zehetgruber _Josef _1968-01-01_Neuhofen an der Ybbs 34_3364 Cadastre import Soil investigation Groundbook import Geodetic measurement LANDCONSOLIDATION WITH Z-GIS (A) INCLUSIVE ADVISE SUPPORTS (VIRTUAL) LAND CONSOLIDATION Land Consolidation with ZGIS (PROGIS has the technology and the methode © - international sales rights of Austrian methode)
  19. 19. • WinGIS gives detailed size of the fields/forest areas as base for exact calculation • WinGIS gives an exact location of the field or forest area for later logistics use • DokuPlant allows with underlaying expert data planning and documentation • DokuPlant allows nutrient- and CO²-balance and is a subsidy tool if needed • ForestOffice for forest inventory (plot or statistical model) on local growth tables • DokuPlant and ForestOffice allow calculations (cost, contribution margin etc.) • DokuPlant&Forest Office: access to traceability(§§), document sustainability(§§) • Forest Office, DokuPlant and WinGIS allow setup of modern advisory services • Logistic and mobGIS allow detailed logistic planning of complete regions • Logistic and mobGIS serve farmers-foresters AND chain partners with mobCOM • WinGIS integrates meteodata = better decisions: Precision Farming/Forestry • WinGIS – Fertilizer, pesticide optimisation - Precision Farming • DokuPlant/ForestOffice: businessplans for banks and infos for insurance comp. • Machine interfaces (IsoBUS) allow further integration of Precision FF • DokuPlant/ForestOffice for advisors allow statistical regional analysis • EnvirOffice: upgrade with environmental caretaking incl. farmers integration • EnvirOffice: upgrade with risk management solutions incl. farmers integration • Trust Centre allows to integrate countrywide agro-forest-enviro-information • Z-GIS as tool for land consolidation for complete countries • Allover fights poverty, supports rural areas, reduces risks (rural areas & cities) ICT ENABLES INCLUSIVE ADVISE • 3 x benefits: • Economic benefits • Ecologic benefits • Increased value of the land
  20. 20. ELINOR OSTROM, COMMONS and INCLUSIVE ADVISE Elinor Ostrom – Nobel-price for business science 2009 Codification of the common law was necessary: –1. Trial: ABGB 1811 in Austria - Liberation of the farmer since 1848/49 –2. Trial: Reichsgemeindegesetz 1862 (Community admin §§) –3. Trial: provisorische Gemeindeordnungen (Commune law) –4. Trial: Neuanlegung des Grundbuches 1871 (new groundbook) - 1883: „§§ partitioning of common ground and define use rights - 1883 – 1925 general regulation and implementation CARINTHIA (Southern region of Austria): - 1885: 3013 Cooperatives in 230 Communities - 1913: 2065 Cooperatives with 136.175 ha - 2014: 1715 Cooperatives with 138.083 ha According Ostrom we need: - Precise defined borders - Congruence between rules of acquisition and - rules of allocation - Local requirements - Org-structures for collective decisions - Control and penalty - Conflict solving mechanism - Minimum organization structure - 12 Alpine Centres - 5-6 x way-length - 5-6 x water-pipes - More fountains - 5000m+ fences CARINTHIA (Southern region of Austria): - A cooperative acc. Austrian legislation is able to manage commons acc. the rules of Elinor Ostrom!
  21. 21. INCLUSIVE ICT CAN MANAGE COMMONS MANAGING COMMONS • INCLUSIVE ICT together with cooperative structures will be able to manage commons • To manage commons is in most cases a question of precise information management • Farmers can support to manage them together with experts and locally defined targets und an umbrella of international, national and regional targets • Experts can together with the local population define targets under the precise know how of the carrying capacity of pieces of land and • Farmers can complete or partly implement the “todos” into reality and do this in a sustainable manner • Control institutions will have to cross-check the results from time to time and farmers get more or less paid for the implementation acc. the quality of the results • ELINOR OSTROM – nobel price 2009 - described the model how commons have to be managed • We find this model today in cooperative structures in rain forests and at indigenious people as well as at cooperatives in Switzerland or Austria • People will overuse the commons as long as they are not aware that they might disappear due to being wrong managed or being not managed! • New inclusive advisory services will with inclusive ICT be enabled to manage commons together with experts and farmers!
  22. 22. WinGIS - software that shows ! KONFUZIUS: Search for a job you like and you will never have to work again!