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www.armm.gov.ph
From ARMM to the Bangsamoro:
ISSUES, OPPORTUNITIES AND PERILS
Atty. Laisa Masuhud Alamia
Executive Secreta...
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
• 48.7% poverty incidence
• 30 municipalities prone to
armed conflict
• 36 municipali...
A. Overall Situation (ARMM)
• ARMM is the poorest region in the country at 48.7 poverty
incidence rate as of 2012. Lanao d...
Waves of displacement in the recent past include:
• At least 982,000 persons displaced during the 2000 “all-out-
war”;
• R...
Violent Conflict in ARMM
(2011-2014)
Source: Bangsamoro Conflict Monitoring System, World Bank
952
1,492
1,324
855
304
766...
Source: Bangsamoro Conflict Monitoring System, World Bank
11,305
200
32,662
666 10
Basilan Lanao del Sur Maguindanao Sulu ...
Source: Bangsamoro Conflict Monitoring System, World Bank
1.19 0.85
27.50 26.57
0.00
7.00
14.00
21.00
28.00
Conflict incid...
B. Overall Situation (Maguindanao)
• Maguindanao suffers most in terms of disaster,
both natural and manmade. Based on the...
B. Overall Situation (2nd District, Maguindanao)
• Owing to the long-running Bangsamoro struggle, Maguindanao is
home to v...
Poverty Incidence
FUNDING
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
48.70%
2012
POVERTY
INCIDENCE
MAGNITUDE
39.90%
2009
212,494
2009
271,35...
Trafficking-in-Persons (TIP)
TIP and GVB Cases, 2013-2015
2
1
Gender Based Violence (GBV)
2
1
3
1
2
3
PAPs Gap in ARMM
National
Agency PAPs
PAPs
implemented
in ARMM
No PAPs in
ARMM
23 PAPs 9 PAPs 14 PAPs
Delayed Fund
Release...
ARMM BUDGET
YEAR AMOUNT (M)
2004 5,124.66
2005 6,981.83
2006 6,826.25
2007 8,644.32
2008 8,178.45
2009 9,448.96
YEAR AMOUN...
Gaps in PAPs Implementation
2015 National
Programs
DEPED (23)
National
Programs in
ARMM
DEPED (9)
Not
Implemented in
ARMM
...
Gaps in PAPs Implementation
2015 National
Programs
DENR (28)
National
Programs in
ARMM
DENR (2)
Not
Implemented in
ARMM
DE...
Gaps in Health Facility
HFEP
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
38.0%
of
BHS
COVERAGE
62.0%
of
BHS
GAP
Lack of BHS (88/200 barangays or 44%)
Gap in Health Facilities (as of 2015)
2/16
6/14
6/10 7/13
2/17
10/11
4/11
Hospitals
...
Access to Safe Drinking Water and
Sanitary Toilets
Source: FHSIS, IPHO-Maguindanao
-
10.00
20.00
30.00
40.00
50.00
60.00
7...
Schools commonly used as evacuation centers
Enrolment (2nd District) S.Y. 2013-2014
Elementary: 79,085 pupils
Secondary: 1...
Dilapidated School Buildings
Dilapidated School Buldings
Rajah Buayan
1.Bakat ES
2.Sampao ES
3.Dansalan ES
Mamasapano
1.Pi...
NAT Mean Percentage Scores
66.93
57.83
70.37
74.22
70.3 67.99
48.88
44.68
72.16
53.67
72.94
56.62
63.11
52.10
0.00
10.00
2...
POLICE STATIONS IN AFFECTED AREAS
Municipal Police Stations
Mamasapano
Datu Unsay
Shariff Aguak
Rajah Buayan
Datu Hoffer
D...
FIRE STATION AND FIRE TRUCKS IN AFFECTED AREAS
Municipalities With Fire
Stations
Without
Fire
Stations
With Fire
Trucks
Wi...
LOCAL STRUCTURES IN THE AFFECTED MUNICIPALITIES
Municipalities
P/C/
M/
BDC
P/C/
M LUC
P/C/
MPMC
Maguindanao / / /
Mamasapa...
OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE
• Not implemented
• Devolution of agencies and departments in
ARMM not complete
• ARMM has no program ...
Devolution
• Incomplete devolution from national to
regional, regional to local government units
• Regional government doe...
Reforms in ARMM
• Governance: Good Governance Conditions, ISO
accreditation, GSIS issue resolution, “ghost-
busting”
• Edu...
But still….
• While corruption issues can be resolved, good
governance measures can be implemented,
and sustainable progra...
THANKS!
From ARMM to the Bangsamoro: Issues, Opportunities and Perils
From ARMM to the Bangsamoro: Issues, Opportunities and Perils
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From ARMM to the Bangsamoro: Issues, Opportunities and Perils

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Presented by ARMM Executive Secretary Laisa Alamia at the Muslim Mindanao Autonomy Roundtable Discussion Series at the Senate of the Philippines on Aug. 17, 2015.

The Institute for Autonomy and Governance is organizing the discussions in partnership with the Senate Economic Planning Office (SEPO), Local Government Development Foundation (LOGODEF) and the Senate-Muslim Advocates for Peace and Progress.

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From ARMM to the Bangsamoro: Issues, Opportunities and Perils

  1. 1. www.armm.gov.ph From ARMM to the Bangsamoro: ISSUES, OPPORTUNITIES AND PERILS Atty. Laisa Masuhud Alamia Executive Secretary, ARMM
  2. 2. Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao • 48.7% poverty incidence • 30 municipalities prone to armed conflict • 36 municipalities prone to hazard • 5 provinces • 2 cities • 116 municipalities • 2,490 barangays Source: ARMM HEART, Office on Civil Defense, GRM International (Survey Mapping the Conflict in Mindanao), DENR-MGB, PhiVolcS
  3. 3. A. Overall Situation (ARMM) • ARMM is the poorest region in the country at 48.7 poverty incidence rate as of 2012. Lanao del Sur is the poorest province in the country at 67.3 percent, and Maguindanao at 54.5 percent. • GRDP has grown to 3.6 percent as of 2013, from negative 0.3% GRDP in 2011. This has been attributed to improved delivery of services and a more favorable investment climate due to the ongoing reform agenda and the peace process. • However, the development challenges in the area remain. This is exacerbated by intergenerational cycles of conflict, insecurity, and displacement in the region since 1970’s.
  4. 4. Waves of displacement in the recent past include: • At least 982,000 persons displaced during the 2000 “all-out- war”; • Renewed AFP operations in the Buliok Complex in 2003 resulted in a net displacement figure of about 400,000 IDPs; • During the aftermath of the aborted Memorandum of Agreement on Ancestral Domain (MOA-AD) in 2008, the NDCC reported an estimated 145,730 families or 728,659 persons uprooted by the fighting; • Controlled special operations against the MILF breakaway group BIFF in the aftermath of the 25 January 2015 Mamasapano tragedy has caused the displacement of more than 125,000 people in the second district of Maguindanao.
  5. 5. Violent Conflict in ARMM (2011-2014) Source: Bangsamoro Conflict Monitoring System, World Bank 952 1,492 1,324 855 304 766 422 981 620 87- 400 800 1,200 1,600 Basilan Lanao del Sur Maguindanao Sulu Tawi-Tawi Conflict incidents Conflict deaths
  6. 6. Source: Bangsamoro Conflict Monitoring System, World Bank 11,305 200 32,662 666 10 Basilan Lanao del Sur Maguindanao Sulu Tawi-Tawi
  7. 7. Source: Bangsamoro Conflict Monitoring System, World Bank 1.19 0.85 27.50 26.57 0.00 7.00 14.00 21.00 28.00 Conflict incidents Conflict deaths Conflictincidentsordeathsper100km2 non-SPMS Box within Maguindanao SPMS Box 27 1090 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 non-SPMS Box within Maguindanao SPMS Box Displacedhouseholdsper100km2
  8. 8. B. Overall Situation (Maguindanao) • Maguindanao suffers most in terms of disaster, both natural and manmade. Based on the 2010 WB-WFP study on violent conflicts in Central Mindanao, Maguindanao is the province most affected by displacement. • A large segment of hostilities have focused on this area, both during the Marcos regime and in recent years. • Between 2000 and 2010, displacement affected four out of every five households in the province.
  9. 9. B. Overall Situation (2nd District, Maguindanao) • Owing to the long-running Bangsamoro struggle, Maguindanao is home to various revolutionary armed groups such as the MNLF and the MILF. Also included are the BIFF and suspected private armed groups of influential clans in the province. • At the core of the 2nd district of Maguindanao is the so-called “SPMS Box”, which has been historically designated by security forces as a “no-man’s land”. • Of the 24 municipalities in the second district, a total of 15 municipalities were affected by military operations from March to May 2015, displacing 125,000 persons at its peak.
  10. 10. Poverty Incidence FUNDING 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 48.70% 2012 POVERTY INCIDENCE MAGNITUDE 39.90% 2009 212,494 2009 271,355 2012 Back
  11. 11. Trafficking-in-Persons (TIP) TIP and GVB Cases, 2013-2015 2 1 Gender Based Violence (GBV) 2 1 3 1 2 3
  12. 12. PAPs Gap in ARMM National Agency PAPs PAPs implemented in ARMM No PAPs in ARMM 23 PAPs 9 PAPs 14 PAPs Delayed Fund Releases/ Thru RO IX, X, XII Fully funded in the GAA No fund Allocation
  13. 13. ARMM BUDGET YEAR AMOUNT (M) 2004 5,124.66 2005 6,981.83 2006 6,826.25 2007 8,644.32 2008 8,178.45 2009 9,448.96 YEAR AMOUNT (M) 2010 9,285.09 2011 11,788.46 2012 11,717.71 2013 17,290.17 2014 19,615.03 2015 24,299.81 Hussin Admin, 2002-2005 Ampatuan Admin, 2005-2009 Adiong Admin, 2010-2011 Hataman Admin, 2012 to date
  14. 14. Gaps in PAPs Implementation 2015 National Programs DEPED (23) National Programs in ARMM DEPED (9) Not Implemented in ARMM DEPED (14) DWSD (9) DSWD (6) DSWD (1) DOH (20) DOH (0) DOH (15) DA (40) DA (34) DA (16) DAR (19) DAR (17) DAR (2) DILG (18) DILG (13) DILG (5) DTI (7) DTI (0) DTI (7) Back
  15. 15. Gaps in PAPs Implementation 2015 National Programs DENR (28) National Programs in ARMM DENR (2) Not Implemented in ARMM DENR (26) DOLE (16) DOLE (0) DOLE (16) DOST (4) DOST (2) DOST (2) DOT (6) DOT (0) DOT (6) DOTC (7) DOTC (0) DOTC (7) TESDA (2) TESDA (2) TESDA (0) BFAR (20) BFAR (14) BFAR (1) Back
  16. 16. Gaps in Health Facility HFEP 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 38.0% of BHS COVERAGE 62.0% of BHS GAP
  17. 17. Lack of BHS (88/200 barangays or 44%) Gap in Health Facilities (as of 2015) 2/16 6/14 6/10 7/13 2/17 10/11 4/11 Hospitals 1 Rural Health Units per municipality 6/8 3/11 5/15 3/9 4/7 21/34 5/16 4/10
  18. 18. Access to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitary Toilets Source: FHSIS, IPHO-Maguindanao - 10.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 70.00 80.00 32.30 - - 64.41 34.68 65.89 - 64.61 40.50 62.43 - 40.96 - - - 16.1 0 0 71.9 34.8 27 - 56.3 19.6 22.6 - 12.1 - - - Household with Access to Safe Drinking Water Household with Sanitary Toilet
  19. 19. Schools commonly used as evacuation centers Enrolment (2nd District) S.Y. 2013-2014 Elementary: 79,085 pupils Secondary: 16,364 students Number of Schools Elementary: 275 Secondary: 34 Madaris: 17
  20. 20. Dilapidated School Buildings Dilapidated School Buldings Rajah Buayan 1.Bakat ES 2.Sampao ES 3.Dansalan ES Mamasapano 1.Pidsandawan ES 2.Linantangan ES 3.Libutan ES 4.Mamasapano CES Shariff Saydona 1.Gumbay ES 2.Pamalian ES 3.Pikeg ES Datu Piang 1.Liong PS 2.Alongan PS 3. Dado ES 4. Damabalas ES Datu Saudi 1.Madia ES 2.Kitapok PS Guindulungan 1.Kalumamis ES 2.Muslim ES DAM 1.Nunangen ES
  21. 21. NAT Mean Percentage Scores 66.93 57.83 70.37 74.22 70.3 67.99 48.88 44.68 72.16 53.67 72.94 56.62 63.11 52.10 0.00 10.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 70.00 80.00 NATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT TEST FOR ELEMENTARY,SY 2013-2014 Source: DepEd-ARMM
  22. 22. POLICE STATIONS IN AFFECTED AREAS Municipal Police Stations Mamasapano Datu Unsay Shariff Aguak Rajah Buayan Datu Hoffer Datu Saudi Ampatuan Guindulungan Talayan Talitay (Sultan Sumagka) Datu Anggal Midtimbang Datu Odin Sinsuat Datu Piang Datu Abdullah Sangki With Structure Without Structure
  23. 23. FIRE STATION AND FIRE TRUCKS IN AFFECTED AREAS Municipalities With Fire Stations Without Fire Stations With Fire Trucks Without Fire Trucks Mamasapano   Datu Unsay   Shariff Aguak   (1 Isuzu Morita pumper and 1 penetrator) Datu Salibo  Rajah Buayan  Datu Hoffer  Datu Saudi Ampatuan   (1 Isuzu NPR mini pumper) Guindulungan  Talayan   (1 Fire truck owned by LGU) Talitay  Datu Anggal Midtimbang  Datu Odin Sinsuat   (1 Isuzu Morita Pumper and 2 firetrucks owned by LGU) Datu Piang   (1 Nissan Pumper and 1 KIA CERES mini pumper) D. Abdullah Sangki   Shariff Saydona Mustapha  With Fire Station Without Fire Station
  24. 24. LOCAL STRUCTURES IN THE AFFECTED MUNICIPALITIES Municipalities P/C/ M/ BDC P/C/ M LUC P/C/ MPMC Maguindanao / / / Mamasapano / / / Datu Unsay / / Non- Functional Shariff Aguak / Non- Functional / Datu Salibo / / / Rajah Buayan Non- Functi onal Non- Functional Non- Functional Datu Hoffer / Non- Functional / Datu Saudi Ampatuan / / / Guindulungan / Non- Functional Not Organized Talayan / Non- Functional Non- Functional Talitay / Non- Functional / Datu Anggal Midtimbang / Non- Functional Non- Functional Datu Odin Sinsuat / / / Datu Piang / Non- Functional Non- Functional Datu Abdullah Sangki / / / Shariff Saydona Mustapha Functional LDC Non Functional LDC
  25. 25. OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE • Not implemented • Devolution of agencies and departments in ARMM not complete • ARMM has no program funds; these are matters that are supposed to be discussed in the oversight committee as part of the devolution process
  26. 26. Devolution • Incomplete devolution from national to regional, regional to local government units • Regional government does not have direct authority over LGUs, particularly on utilization of funds (IRA) and implementation of programs
  27. 27. Reforms in ARMM • Governance: Good Governance Conditions, ISO accreditation, GSIS issue resolution, “ghost- busting” • Education • Public Works/Infrastructure • Civil Service • Investments/Economy • Employment/Livelihood Programs • Land issues: Cadastral Survey • Increased budget/program funds
  28. 28. But still…. • While corruption issues can be resolved, good governance measures can be implemented, and sustainable programs/projects can be implemented with impact at the grassroots level, there are structural defects within ARMM that can be resolved through the passage of the BBL.
  29. 29. THANKS!

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