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Areas of Autonomy

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Areas of Autonomy

  1. 1. Areas of Autonomy in Muslim Mindanao: Implication on Governance Presented by: ATTY. ANWAR A. MALANG Secretary, DILG-ARMM
  2. 2. Outline of the Presentation • Map of the ARMM • ARMM Basic Statistical Data • ARMM Brief History and Legal Basis • Governance Challenges and Implication to Autonomy • The ARMM Intergovernmental Relations • ARMM Agencies Classification • Ways Forward
  3. 3. ARMM Baseline Data ARMM Basic Statistical Data Land Area 33,511.29 Population 3,256,140 No. of Province 5 No. of City 2 No. of Municipality 116 No. of Barangay 2,490
  4. 4. ARMM Brief History and Legal Basis • Tripoli Agreement on Dec. 23, 1976, which provided for the creation of Regional Autonomous Governments 9 and 12. It was implemented through PD No. 1618. • 1987 Constitution which provides for the creation of ARMM and Cordilleras. • RA 6734 (Organic Act for ARMM) in 1989 was passed into law with 4 provinces. • The Final Peace Agreement to implement the Tripoli Agreement was signed on Sept 2, 1996 resulted in the amendment of RA 6734 through the RA 9054 known as expanded ARMM Organic Act with the inclusion of City of Marawi and Province of Basilan for the new ARMM.
  5. 5. Governance Challenges and Implications to Autonomy • The proximity of the areas of autonomy • The cultural differences of the people within the Autonomous Region - However, it was overcome and surpassed since the establishment of formal organization of Moro fronts.
  6. 6. Governance Challenges and Implications to Autonomy The Real Challenges: 1. LGU oversight agencies treated ARMM LGUs as if there is no autonomous region. LGUs in Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi are being supervised by DBM-9 while Maguindanao and Lanao by DBM-12. 2. Nationally funded programs implemented by national government in ARMM also treated as if there is no autonomy. DWPH-X for national road projects in Lanao del Sur, DPWH-XII for national road projects in Maguindanao and DPWH-IX for projects in BaSulTa.
  7. 7. Governance Challenges and Implications to Autonomy 3. CSC, COA and other regulatory agencies share their findings/reports to ARMM hoping that the region will act on it as part of its supervisory power. After 25 years, shortcomings in governance practices remain unaccounted for. 4. Program monitoring is costly due to non-proximity of the area. 5. ARMM Fiscal Dependency to National Government 6. Lack of clarity in jurisdictional boundaries
  8. 8. ARMM Intergovernmental Relation Areas Current Policy/Practice Result National Government to ARMM The President exercises general supervision over the regional governor (RA 9054) The Oversight Committee is not reviewing the provisions of ARMM. ARMM to its component Local Government Units The Regional Governor exercises general supervision over LGUs through DILG- ARMM (RA 9054 and MMAA 25) LGU oversight and regulatory agencies (DBM, CSC, COA, DOF) are not devolved to region. In effect, LGU policies related to it are still governed by national laws. However, these non-devolved agencies are expecting the regional government to ensure faithful LGU compliance as part of its devolved supervisory functions over them. National Government to ARMM Component LGUs The local budget is regulated through DBM policies. LGU budget is reviewed directly by DBM (RA 7160) The lack of power of the regional government to review local budget reduces its supervisory power over LGUs to persuasion. It practically resulted to the creation of autonomy within the autonomous region.
  9. 9. Classification of ARMM Agencies 1. Non-Devolved Agencies – These are national agencies operating in the region or have field office in the ARMM, i.e. COA-ARMM, CSC- ARMM, NSO-ARMM and etc. The relation of regional government over these agencies is limited to coordination and partnership. 2. Devolved but Nationally Funded agencies – These are devolved agencies but its financial requirements are subject to approval of national government (i.e. DILG-ARMM, DENR-ARMM, DPWH- ARMM and etc.) These are agencies under the direct supervision and control of regional government. 3. Locally created offices but nationally funded agencies – These are agencies required for operation of the region (i.e. ORT and RPDO). 4. Locally created and locally funded offices – these are agencies found to be necessary in the operation of autonomy (i.e. BCH, CDO/BYA, BWC, RRUC and etc.
  10. 10. Ways Forward • Complete devolution of LGU oversight and regulatory agencies to empower the region to be fully responsible to governance affairs • Empowerment of regional government to prioritize, allocate, utilize its available resources to the critical development programs in the region • Provide clear partnership and coordination mechanism on the effective implementation of good governance policies by the national government and the regional government • Improvement of transportation and communication systems in the region • Strengthened government structure of the Autonomous Region to be responsive and functional in accordance with its needs.
  11. 11. END OF PRESENTATION

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