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The Future of mHealth - Jay Srini - March 2011

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Jay Srini's presentation of her take on the Future of mHealth, presented at the 3rd mHealth Networking Conference, March 30, 2011. Aside from being one of the preeminent thought leader in the area of innovation and mhealth, she holds a number of positions including Assistant Professor at the University of Pittsburgh and CIO for LifeWIRE Corp.

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The Future of mHealth - Jay Srini - March 2011

  1. 1. Jay Srini <br />jsrinij@gmail.com<br />jas378@pitt.edu<br />412 760 9593<br />Chief Strategist SCS Venutures<br />
  2. 2. What we know today?<br />What are we doing today?<br /> Where is the future headed to <br />Challenges and opportunities<br />Agenda<br />
  3. 3. McKinsey quarterly- Impact of Chronic Conditions-75% of healthcare Spend<br />
  4. 4. Dramatic Increase in Diabetes Disease Burden<br />
  5. 5. Hospitalization is expensive yet rehospitalization is not under control<br />The rates include all patients in fee-for-service Medicare programs who were discharged between October 1, 2003, and September 30, 2004. The rate for Washington, DC, which does not appear on the map, was 23.2%.<br />
  6. 6. The P’s of HealthCare<br />Predictive <br />Proactive<br />Participatory<br />Personalized<br />Preventative<br />Precision Medicine<br />
  7. 7. The C’s (criteria)of Health Care Delivery<br />Content<br />Context<br />Collaboration<br />Communication<br />Convenience<br />Customization<br />Community<br />
  8. 8. The Right Principles<br />Right Care ( Right to access and right to waive)<br />Right Time <br />Right Place<br />Right Delivery Mode/Channel<br />Right Price<br />Right Personnel<br />Right Partnerships<br />
  9. 9. What do we know today?<br />What are we doing today?<br />Where is the future headed to? <br />What are Challenges and opportunities<br />Agenda<br />
  10. 10. Let us start with Definitions<br />Mobile eHealth or mHealth broadly encompasses the use of mobile telecommunication and multimedia technologies as they are integrated within increasingly mobile and wireless health care delivery systems and is part of a movement towards citizen-centered health service delivery. <br />The most widely cited and definitive definition is by Istepanian et al. as ‘emerging mobile communications and network technologies for healthcare.’ <br />Other later citations include Bardram et al. as m-health is focused on embedded wireless devices that track health-related parameters:<br />
  11. 11. Washington Post<br />The tsunami looms: By 2050, nearly 90 million Americans will have passed age 65, and every corner of society will feel the impact. With our inadequate health-care workforce, outmoded retirement ideas and rigid housing policies, how can our country prepare? Beyond rethinking ways to ensure retirement savings (mandatory government savings plans?) and redefining retirement (phased retirements? working longer?), researchers and professionals are trying out, and in some cases reviving, some ideas.<br />
  12. 12. VA Saves with Health Buddy--- Moral Keep the Patient at Home <br />
  13. 13. Text Messaging in HealthCare<br />
  14. 14. Lifestyle management<br />
  15. 15. Text messaging-Simple yet Effective<br />University of Oregon study published in the journal Health Psychology found that a series of eight anti-smoking text messages per day over a three week period was highly effective in stimulating the parts of the brain that fight cravings. <br /> The researchers wrote, "Text messaging may be an ideal delivery mechanism for tailored interventions because it is low-cost, most people already possess the existing hardware and the messages can be delivered near-instantaneously"<br />
  16. 16. Episodic Care to Continuous Care<br />
  17. 17. Wearable wireless <br />
  18. 18. Wound healing status<br />Shape of things to come Smart: bandage tells doctors about state of wound healing<br />Published 8 April 2009<br />Dutch researchers develop a smart bandage which updates doctors about the wound healing process; bandage made of printed electronic sensors; the researchers' next goal: add an antenna to transmit information about the patient's health remotely to the attending physician<br />Here is good news for soldiers and first responders who are injured in the line of duty, patients in hospitals, and the medical staff that takes care of them: a bandage that makes use of printed electronics could soon alert doctors to changes in the wound-healing process without the need to undergo extensive check-up appointments. <br />By using techniques currently employed in glucose monitoring, the Smart Bandage is claimed to employ advanced scalable printing to enhance patient monitoring by regulating how often a bandage needs to be changed<br />
  19. 19. Corventis- Proactive Preventative and Individualized<br />What Corventis is trying to do is fundamentally create a new type of machine intelligence that serves to manage the patient's overall health,“ CEO Ed Manicka<br />
  20. 20. Electronic Knee since 2004<br />The new study funded by NIH ( 600,000) is being conducted in collaboration with researchers at the University of Florida, Stanford University and University of Western Australia.<br />
  21. 21. Monitor over the age rangesFetal monitoring to Fall monitoring From Home to Hospitals<br />
  22. 22. Every breath you take every move you make( awake or asleep) I will be watching you!!<br />
  23. 23. Phone Booths and Stethoscopes- relics of the past <br />
  24. 24. Cell phone + Imaging device<br />Using a filter the scope can now spot microscopic critters tagged with dye that glows under fluorescent light -- things like Mycobacterium tuberculosis A software app is able to then count the number of cells within a given sample<br />
  25. 25. Communities in health<br /><ul><li>Some interesting facts from the article- 550 million members thus far.
  26. 26. If Facebook was a country, it will be the third largest in population after India and China- 1 of 12 people on Earth has a Facebook account- Nearly half of Americans have a Facebook account- 70% of Facebook members live outside of the United States- Facebook members speak 75 different languages- About 700,000 people join Facebook each day</li></li></ul><li>From Patients like me to Facebook communities for Cancer /Diabetes<br />from mhealth360.com <br />from alterian.com<br />
  27. 27. Tsunami Damage- Health Wealth and Happiness at Stake <br />
  28. 28. Clinical world is easier to handle with mobility <br />
  29. 29. Clinical reference libraries on the go<br />
  30. 30. There is an app for that!!<br />March 22, 2011 | Terry Sharrer<br />                                                                                <br />Eldercare Mobility <br />App for iPad<br />
  31. 31. The Stark Current Reality <br />There are now more than 250,000 apps available for the iPhone, more than 30,000 such apps for smart phones running Android, and several thousand for those who have Blackberry devices. <br /> According to a pretty recent survey by the Pew Internet and American Life Project, 17% of cell phone users have used their phone to look up health or medical information but only 9% have software applications or “apps” on their phones that help them track or manage their health<br />
  32. 32. What we know today?<br />What are we doing today?<br /> Where is the future headed to <br />Challenges and opportunities<br />Agenda<br />
  33. 33. Mhealth Market 2015<br />revenue from digital health technology and services would exceed $5.7 billion in 2015, compared with $1.7 billion in 2010, fueled by devices that monitor chronic conditions like hypertension and diabetes and by wellness and fitness applications and programs- Park Associates<br />
  34. 34. Cell Phone Penetration in US<br />
  35. 35. Frenetic Adoption of Mobile DevicesChilimark Research<br />
  36. 36. Year Man Becomes ImmortalWhen Humans Transcend Biology<br />
  37. 37. The future to come<br />Organic Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence Blur cannot be Unblurred<br />Imagine a computer scientist that was itself a super-intelligent computer. It would work incredibly quickly. It could draw on huge amounts of data effortlessly. It wouldn't even take breaks to play Farmvillehttp://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,2048138,00.html#ixzz1GVo4h2aC<br />
  38. 38. Cough into your phone<br />
  39. 39. Cancer Diagnostics<br />96% accuracy for establishing a cancer diagnosis, surpassing conventional clinical analyses by immunohistochemistry<br />Cost 200 dollars<br />
  40. 40. Accurate Information at the right time <br />Smart phones equipped with what are essentially hand-held MRI scanners can accurately diagnose life-threatening tumors, researchers say.<br />
  41. 41. CellNOVO: ITUNES for Diabetes<br />http://www.cellnovo.com/CellNovoInVivoArticle.pdf<br />
  42. 42. Vitality Glow Caps- Coordinated CareIt is not just about the Technology!!<br />
  43. 43. Wearable Wireless to Smart Bandages<br />Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) connects independent nodes (e.g. sensors and actuators) that are situated in the clothes, on the body or under the skin of a person. The network typically expands over the whole human body and the nodes are connected through a wireless communication channel. According to the implementation, these nodes are placed in a star or multihop topology<br />
  44. 44. Blown to bits<br />evaluate respiratory status on Mt Everest. <br />The doctor studied the ultrasound image of the patient’s lungs. Sure enough, the telltale signs of altitude sickness were apparent. That was not a surprise. The patient was a climber at base camp on Mount Everest, 6,400 meters above sea level. Doctor was in Detroit<br />
  45. 45. Can we then impact brain performance<br />Wireless EEG enables continuous remote monitoring-Mar 11, 2011 11:28 AM <br />Imec, Leuven, Belgium, a nano-electronics research company, and R&D provider Holst Centre, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, demonstrated a prototype headset that records high-quality EEG signals and wirelessly transmits real-time data to a receiver located 10 m from the system<br />
  46. 46. What else is your phone meant for?<br />
  47. 47. T2 – DCoEIphone 4’s Face Time Application<br />Researchers with the National Center for Telemedicine and Telehealth are exploring how smart phones and cargo containers equipped with two-way video technology can link soldiers to care across long distances. Tests are underway for smart phones, and the first converted cargo container is already in use<br />
  48. 48. The Internet of Things Ambient Assisted Living<br />
  49. 49. Health, Wealth and Incentives<br />
  50. 50. Power of CollaborationWisdom of the Crowds<br />James Yang Illustration<br />
  51. 51. UCLA Wireless Health Community <br />
  52. 52. West Wireless Institute<br />
  53. 53. WLSA<br />
  54. 54. Holst Center<br />
  55. 55. The Eye to the FutureFrom Health Monitoring to Bionic Sight<br />basic image processing and Internet access, a contact-lens display could unlock whole new worlds of visual information, unfettered by the constraints of a physical displayRead more: Solar Powered Augmented Contact Lenses Cover Your Eye with 100s of LEDs Augmented Reality Contact Lens – Inhabitat - Green Design Will Save the World<br />
  56. 56. What we know today?<br />What are we doing today?<br /> Where is the future headed to <br />Challenges and opportunities<br />Agenda<br />
  57. 57. Technology causes Technical Issues<br />Mickey McManus- Maya<br />
  58. 58. Privacy Wars– Who knows about YouWho wants to know about You<br />EXelate<br />Reputation.com<br />Rapleaf<br />BlueKai<br /> Intellidyn<br />http://www.time.com/time/business/article/0,8599,2058114-2,00.html<br />
  59. 59. Holst –Imagine a Future <br />
  60. 60. Lifestyle Continuous Sensors<br />
  61. 61. Challenges<br />Dr. Eric Topol, vice chairman and chief innovation officer of the West Wireless Healthcare Institute and director of the Scripps Translational Science Institute at Scripps Health.<br />"In addition to that overarching challenge, we will need to work together as an industry to overcome regulatory, reimbursement and legislative barriers. Enlightened policies are desperately needed to change outdated, inefficient models of healthcare deliveryRead more: Leaders in San Diego m-health community discuss wireless innovation, roadblocks - FierceMobileHealthcarehttp://www.fiercemobilehealthcare.com/story/leaders-san-diego-m-health-community-discuss-wireless-innovation-roadblocks/2010-06-22#ixzz1GRuRy1id<br />
  62. 62. Mobile Etiquette<br />
  63. 63. Wrapping Up<br />
  64. 64. Nov 2010 Conference on m-health<br />Bill Gates keynoted the conference and was clear about the future or mobile health. "Diagnosis of malaria and TB will likely be the first ones you can assign a number to and say without this mobile phone app these people would have died," Gates said. "In the diagnostics areas we're seeing some very good stuff come through." <br />And Aneesh Chopra, U.S. Chief Technology Officer, told attendees at the summit that cloud computing and improved connectivity are likely to speed up the process by which mobile health innovations go from ideas to implementation. <br />http://www.fastcompany.com/1701769/mhealth-summit-wraps-reveals-booming-industry<br />
  65. 65. The Perfect Storm<br />Continuous cycle of learning analyzing measure treating and testing- <br />Measure ->Test_> EBD/CDSS-> Treat-> Learn not a linear path<br />
  66. 66. The GoalLive Like your Life depends on it<br />What you do not measure you cannot manage- <br />Birth of Personal Health Management Systems-- Behavioral and Life Style Modification through Education, Engagement and Incentives <br />
  67. 67. A must readUnwired to wired to wireless <br />http://www.globalproblems-globalsolutions-files.org/unf_website/assets/publications/technology/mhealth/mHealth_compendium_full.pdf<br />http://www.globalproblems-globalsolutions-files.org/unf_website/assets/publications/technology/mhealth/mHealth_for_Development_full.pdf<br />http://www.economist.com/node/13437950<br />
  68. 68. A must watch<br />http://www.ted.com/talks/eric_topol_the_wireless_future_of_medicine.html<br />
  69. 69.
  70. 70. Mobile phones- A piece of the puzzleTowards Integrated Healthcare Access<br />
  71. 71. Tele or E or MTime to drop the Prefix<br />It is time for integration – Provide a multi modal delivery of care which is personalized and pertinent to the patient and is cost effective<br />It is time for Prevention to take Center stage<br />It is time for Coordinated Care integrating physicians, nurse practitioners, Diabetes educators, dieticians and smoking cessation specialist etc.<br />Health Literacy and Individual Engagement is Critical<br />It is time to provide the RIGHT care for all<br />
  72. 72. WSJ segment – Innovations in Healthcare<br />http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704608504576208533502726292.html<br />