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Presented By: Hina Kaynat
ESSENTIALISM
* Extremely important
or necessary
* Very Basic
(Suffix)
* Belief, style,
attitude, etc.
A belief that someth...
Philosophy
 Essentialism is an American philosophy of
education which began in the 1930’s and 1940’s.
 The two origins o...
Philosopher
 William Bagley introduced the
philosophy of essentialism in
education in the 1930’s.
 William Bagley was an...
Essentialists Beliefs
 Essentialism tries to instill all students with the
most basic knowledge, skills, and character
de...
Purpose of Schooling
 Prepare students to be productive,
contributing members of society.
 For essentialist, the aim of ...
Curriculum of Essentialism
Teacher’s Role
 The teacher teaches
discipline and hard
work.
 The teacher is an
expert of content
knowledge.
 The teac...
Teaching Strategies
 Use instructional strategies
 Lecture
 Memorization
 Homework
 Teacher and subject centered
 Ma...
Role of the Student
 Students should be
passive and be ready
to learn what the
teacher presents to
them.
Student’s Role
...
Curriculum
 Strong emphasis on basic skills in
elementary schools and on disciplined
knowledge and scholastic achievement...
O For the students to acquire basic
knowledge, skills, and values
O To hopefully transmit the traditional moral
values and...
Criticism of Essentialism in
education
Positive:
Stability of education
Negative:
Students take more on the passive role
o...
References
 http://www.k12academics.com/educational-
philosophy/educational-essentialism
 http://www.slc.sevier.org/5edp...
Essentialism
Essentialism
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Essentialism

Basics concepts of Existentialism

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Essentialism

  1. 1. Presented By: Hina Kaynat
  2. 2. ESSENTIALISM * Extremely important or necessary * Very Basic (Suffix) * Belief, style, attitude, etc. A belief that something is necessary
  3. 3. Philosophy  Essentialism is an American philosophy of education which began in the 1930’s and 1940’s.  The two origins of essentialism is from idealism and realism.  Essentialists refers to “Basic Education”.  Essentialists believe in teaching the basic subjects.
  4. 4. Philosopher  William Bagley introduced the philosophy of essentialism in education in the 1930’s.  William Bagley was an American philosopher.
  5. 5. Essentialists Beliefs  Essentialism tries to instill all students with the most basic knowledge, skills, and character development.  Essentialists believe that students should be taught to be a model citizen.  Essentialists believe that teachers should teach traditional moral values and virtues.  Essentialists believe in mastery learning.
  6. 6. Purpose of Schooling  Prepare students to be productive, contributing members of society.  For essentialist, the aim of education is to teach the young the essentials they need to live well in the modern world.  Essentialists teach the basic subjects.
  7. 7. Curriculum of Essentialism
  8. 8. Teacher’s Role  The teacher teaches discipline and hard work.  The teacher is an expert of content knowledge.  The teacher is accountable for student learning. Teacher’s Role  As an expert  Impart essential knowledge  Direct focused tasks Essentialism as a teacher-centered philosophy
  9. 9. Teaching Strategies  Use instructional strategies  Lecture  Memorization  Homework  Teacher and subject centered  Mastery learning
  10. 10. Role of the Student  Students should be passive and be ready to learn what the teacher presents to them. Student’s Role  Listen and learn  Trust that the teacher knows best
  11. 11. Curriculum  Strong emphasis on basic skills in elementary schools and on disciplined knowledge and scholastic achievement in secondary schools.  There should be a common core curriculum that is taught to all students.  Essentialists believe that the core knowledge could change.
  12. 12. O For the students to acquire basic knowledge, skills, and values O To hopefully transmit the traditional moral values and intellectual knowledge that students need to become model citizens.
  13. 13. Criticism of Essentialism in education Positive: Stability of education Negative: Students take more on the passive role on their education
  14. 14. References  http://www.k12academics.com/educational- philosophy/educational-essentialism  http://www.slc.sevier.org/5edphils.htm  http://www.siue.edu/~ptheodo/foundations/essentia lism.html  http://www.lancs.ac.uk/staff/twine/ecofem/essentiali sm.html  http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/ed416/PP3.html

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