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BASKETBALL-HISTORY-PPT.pdf

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BASKETBALL-HISTORY-PPT.pdf

  1. 1. What is Basketball? Basketball is a game played between two teams of five players each on a rectangular court, usually indoors. Each team tries to score by tossing the ball through the opponent’s goal, an elevated horizontal hoop and net called a basket.
  2. 2. Basketball was invented by James Naismith on or about December 1, 1891, at the International Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) Training School, Springfield, Massachusetts, where Naismith was an instructor in physical education. Basketball is the only major sport strictly of U.S. origin (although Naismith was born in Canada). HISTORY
  3. 3. Basketball was invented by Dr. James Naismith in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts. The first games used peach baskets nailed to the wall for rims. The first ball used was a soccer ball. Dr. Naismith was a college professor who wanted to create a game that his physical education classes could play inside during the long winters. In 1893, he replaced the peach basket with iron hoops and a hammock-style basket.
  4. 4. • The very first ball that used was a soccer ball. • The first baskets that were used were two peach baskets with holes in the bottom.
  5. 5. JAMES NAISMITH James Naismith holding a ball and a peach basket, the first basketball equipment.
  6. 6. In 1913, a hoop with a net was invented so the basketball could fall freely to the ground. HOOP
  7. 7. • Basketball was introduced in the Philippines during the American colonial period with the first American teachers teaching the sport along with baseball through the YMCA and the school system • The Philippines became a member of FIBA through the Basketball Association of the Philippines in 1936. • The Philippines made their debut in the Olympic Games in 1936 where they finished fifth, the best result of an Asian team in Olympic basketball history. In the same year, the first basketball stamp in the world was released by the country. The first commercial league was the basketball tournament of the Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association (MICAA) which was established in 1938.
  8. 8. The Philippine basketball association is a men’s professional basketball league in the Philippines composed of twelve company-branded franchised teams. Founded in 1975, it is the first professional basketball league in asia and the 2nd oldest continuously professional basketball existing in the world after the NBA. PHILIPPINE BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION
  9. 9. Lane lines are boundaries running from the free throw line to the baseline. The width and shape of the lane lines vary on different levels of the game. The lane lines also contain lane spaces markings used to align and separate the non-shooters. The first lane space, on both sides of the basket, are occupied by the opposing team from the free throw shooter. Non-shooters cannot step into the three second area until the ball leave the free throw shooter's hand. LANE LINE
  10. 10. RULES AND REGULATION OF BASKETBALL
  11. 11. 13 ORIGINAL RULES 1.The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands. 2.The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands (never with the fist) 3.A player cannot run with the ball. The player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at a good speed if he tries to stop. 4.The ball must be held in or between the hands; the arms or body must not be used for holding 5.No shouldering, holding, pushing, or striking in any way the person of an opponent shall be allowed; the first infringement of this rule by any player shall count as a foul, the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made, or, if there was evident intent to injure the person, for whole of the game, no substitute allowed.
  12. 12. 6. A foul is striking at the ball with the fist, violation of Rules 3, 4, and such as described in rule 5. 7. If either side makes three consecutive fouls, it shall count a goal for the opponents (consecutive means without the opponents in the mean time making a foul) 8. A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the grounds into the basket and stays there, providing those defending the goal do not touch or disturb the goal. If the ball rests on the edges, and the opponents moves the basket, it shall count as a goal. 9. When the ball goes out of bounds, it shall be thrown into the field of play by the person first touching it. In case of dispute, the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The thrower-in is allowed five seconds; if he holds it longer, it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on that side. 10. The umpire shall be judge of the men and shall note the fouls and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. He shall have power to disqualify men according to Rule 5.
  13. 13. 11.The referee shall be judge of ball and shall decide when the ball is in play, in bounds, to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. He shall decide when a goal has been made, and keep account of the goals with any other duties that are usually performed by a referee. 12.The time shall be to 12-minutes halves, with five minutes’ rest between. Comment: Game formats including length and the number of periods played along with halftime periods vary according to level. 13.The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared as the winner. In case of a draw, the game may, by agreement of the captains, be continued until another goal is made.
  14. 14. The rules of basketball can vary slightly depending on the level of play (for example professional rules differ from college rules) or where the game is played (international rules are different from USA professional rules). These rule differences, however, are usually just variations on the basic game of basketball and the majority of the rules discussed below can be applied to most any game of basketball played. The winner of a basketball game is the team with the most points. You get points by throwing the basketball through the opponents hoop or basket. In regular play a basket made from within the three point line is worth 2 points and a basket shot from outside the three point line is worth 3 points. When shooting a free throw, each free throw is worth 1 point.
  15. 15. REFEREES HAND SIGNALS
  16. 16. VIOLATION FOUL Raise arm with open palm Raise arm with clenched fist
  17. 17. signal foul, hands on hips BLOCKING
  18. 18. CHARGING Clenched Fist
  19. 19. Waving Clenched Fist DOUBLE FOUL
  20. 20. HOLDING signal foul; grasp wrist
  21. 21. ILLEGAL DRIBBLE Patting Motion
  22. 22. JUMP BALL Thumbs Up
  23. 23. JUMP BALL Thumbs Up
  24. 24. PUSHING FOUL Signal Foul, Imitate Push
  25. 25. TECHNICAL FOUL Form T
  26. 26. TRAVELLING VIOLATION Rotate Fists

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