What is Basketball?
Basketball is a game played between
two teams of five players each on a
rectangular court, usually indoors.
Each team tries to score by tossing
the ball through the opponent’s
goal, an elevated horizontal hoop
net called a basket.
Basketball was invented by James Naismith on or
about December 1, 1891, at the
International Young Men’s Christian
Association (YMCA) Training
School, Springfield, Massachusetts, where
Naismith was an instructor in physical education.
Basketball is the only major sport strictly of U.S.
origin (although Naismith was born in Canada).
invented by Dr.
James Naismith in
The first games
baskets nailed to
the wall for rims.
The first ball used
was a soccer ball.
Dr. Naismith was
wanted to create
a game that his
could play inside
during the long
In 1893, he
peach basket with
iron hoops and a
• The very first ball that used
was a soccer ball.
• The first baskets that were used
were two peach baskets with
holes in the bottom.
James Naismith holding a ball and a peach basket,
the first basketball equipment.
In 1913, a hoop with a
net was invented so the
basketball could fall freely
to the ground.
• Basketball was introduced in the Philippines during the American colonial
period with the first American teachers teaching the sport along with
baseball through the YMCA and the school system
• The Philippines became a member of FIBA through the Basketball
Association of the Philippines in 1936.
• The Philippines made their debut in the Olympic Games in 1936 where
they finished fifth, the best result of an Asian team in Olympic basketball
history. In the same year, the first basketball stamp in the world was
released by the country. The first commercial league was the basketball
tournament of the Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic
Association (MICAA) which was established in 1938.
The Philippine basketball association is a men’s
professional basketball league in the Philippines
composed of twelve company-branded franchised
Founded in 1975, it is the first professional
basketball league in asia and the 2nd oldest
continuously professional basketball existing
in the world after the NBA.
Lane lines are boundaries running from
the free throw line to the baseline. The
width and shape of the lane lines vary on
different levels of the game.
The lane lines also contain lane spaces
markings used to align and separate the
non-shooters. The first lane space, on
both sides of the basket, are occupied by
the opposing team from the free throw
shooter. Non-shooters cannot step into
the three second area until the ball leave
the free throw shooter's hand.
13 ORIGINAL RULES
1.The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands.
2.The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands (never with
3.A player cannot run with the ball. The player must throw it from the spot on
which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball
when running at a good speed if he tries to stop.
4.The ball must be held in or between the hands; the arms or body must not
be used for holding
5.No shouldering, holding, pushing, or striking in any way the person of an
opponent shall be allowed; the first infringement of this rule by any player
shall count as a foul, the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is
made, or, if there was evident intent to injure the person, for whole of the
game, no substitute allowed.
6. A foul is striking at the ball with the fist, violation of Rules 3, 4, and such as described in rule
7. If either side makes three consecutive fouls, it shall count a goal for the opponents
(consecutive means without the opponents in the mean time making a foul)
8. A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the grounds into the basket and
stays there, providing those defending the goal do not touch or disturb the goal. If the ball
rests on the edges, and the opponents moves the basket, it shall count as a goal.
9. When the ball goes out of bounds, it shall be thrown into the field of play by the person first
touching it. In case of dispute, the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The thrower-in is
allowed five seconds; if he holds it longer, it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in
delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on that side.
10. The umpire shall be judge of the men and shall note the fouls and notify the referee when
three consecutive fouls have been made. He shall have power to disqualify men according to
11.The referee shall be judge of ball and
shall decide when the ball is in play, in
bounds, to which side it belongs, and shall
keep the time. He shall decide when a goal
has been made, and keep account of the
goals with any other duties that are usually
performed by a referee.
12.The time shall be to 12-minutes halves, with
five minutes’ rest between. Comment: Game
formats including length and the number of
periods played along with halftime periods vary
according to level.
13.The side making the most goals in
that time shall be declared as the
winner. In case of a draw, the game may,
by agreement of the captains, be
continued until another goal is made.
The rules of basketball can vary slightly depending on the level
of play (for example professional rules differ from college rules)
or where the game is played (international rules are different
from USA professional rules). These rule differences, however,
are usually just variations on the basic game of basketball
and the majority of the rules discussed below can be applied
to most any game of basketball played.
The winner of a basketball game is the team with the most
points. You get points by throwing the basketball through the
opponents hoop or basket. In regular play a basket made
from within the three point line is worth 2 points and a basket
shot from outside the three point line is worth 3 points. When
shooting a free throw, each free throw is worth 1 point.
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