Tuberculosis is one of the leading causes of
mortality in india- killing -2 persons every three
minute, nearly 1,000 every day.
tuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease
caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis which was
discovered by ROBERT KOCH also known as koch’s
it left untreated, a person with sputum positive
TB will infect an average of 10-15 people in a
1962 – national TB Program (NTP)
1992 – revised national tuberculosis control
4. World Scenario
• TB continues to be one of the most important
public health problem worldwide.
• in 2014 an estimated 9.6 million people
developed TB and 1.5 million died from the
disease, 4,00000 of whom were HIV positive.
• In 2014 an estimated 3.2 million cases were
• Globally about 1.1 million new cases and
1,30,000 deaths occur annually due to TB among
children ( acc. to global TB report 2015)
5. Indian Scenario
• India is the highest TB burden country
according for more than one fifth of the global
• everyday about 20,000 people become
infected, 5000 develop TB and more than
1000 die due to the disease.
• In simple terms, 2 persons become sputum
infected for the TB and almost 1 person is
killed every minute due to the disease.
7. Revised National Tuberculosis Control
The government of india, WHO and world
bank together reviewed the NTP in the year
1992. based on the findings a revised strategy
for NTP was evolved.
-To reduce mortality and morbidity from TB.
-To interrupt chain of transmission.
8. STRATEGY :-
Achievement of at least 85% cure rate of
Detection of at least 70% of estimated cases.
Information, education, communication and
improved operation research activities.
9. • ORGANIZATION-PROFILE AT STATE LEVEL
OFFICE - STATE TUBERCULOSIS
DEMONSTRATION CENTRE - DIRECTOR
CENTRE (DTC) - DISTRICT TUBERCULOSIS
TUBERCULOSIS UNIT - MEDICAL OFFICER
- SENIOR TREATMENT
- SENIOR TB LAB SUPERVISOR(STLS)
MICROSCOPY CENTRES AND TREATMENT CENTRES
• Provide drug free of cost
• Three components:-
- appropriate medical treatment
- supervision and motivation
- monitoring of the disease status
DOTS depend on the five components
Good quality sputum microscopy
Uninterrupted supply of good quality drugs
Directly observed treatment
12. DOTS PROVIDER:-
o May be a peripheral health staff or voluntary
workers (teachers, social workers, anganwadi
workers, Ex-patient ,etc.)
o They are known as “DOTS AGENT”
o Paid an incentive of rs. 150 per patent
completing the treatment.
14. RNTCP PHASE I (1997-2006)
• To ensure high quality DOTS expansion in the
country, addressing the five primary
components of the DOTS strategy
• Political and administrative commitment
• Good quality diagnosis through sputum
• Directly observed treatment
• Systematic monitoring
15. RNTCP PHASE II (2006-2011)
Consolidate the achievements of phase I
Maintain its progressive trend and effect
further improvement in its functioning.
16. • TB HIV CO-ORDINATION
• RNTCP AND NACO – “JOINT ACTION PLAN”
TO REDUCE TB ASSOCIATED MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY IN TB-HIV
FOR EFFECTIVE PREVETION AND CONTROL OF BOTH THE DISEASES
• PHASE I
IN 6 HIGH HIV PREVALENT STATES(AP, KARNATAKA, MAHARASHTRA,
MANIPUR, NAGALAND, TN)
• PHASE II
8 ADDITIONAL STATES(DELHI, GUJARAT, HP, KERALA, ORISSA,PUNJAB,
PLAN TO BE EXTENDED TO ALL OTHER STATES IN DUE COURSE
17. • Early detection and treatment of at least 90
%of estimated TB case in the community,
including HIV-associated TB
• Initial screening of all re treatment smear
positive cases for drug resistant TB &
18. • Offer of HIV counseling and testing for all TB
patients and linking HIV-infected TBpatients
to HIV care and support
• Successful treatment of at least 90 percent
of all new TB patients
• Extend RNTCP services to patients diagnosed
and treated in the private sector
20. • Strengthening and improving the
quality of basic DOTS services
• Further strengthen and align with
the health system under National
Rural Health Mission (NRHM)
21. • Improve communication and
outreach and social mobilization
• Promote research for development
and implementation of improved
tools and strategies
• To achieve 90% notification rate for all
• To achieve 90% success rate for all new
& 85% for re treatment cases.
23. • To achieve decreased morbidity & mortality if
HIV associated TB.
• To improve outcomes of TB care in private
• To significantly improve the successful
outcomes of treatment for drug resistant
• Death rate has been brought down seven
folds (29% to 4%).
• The programme involves more than 1971
NGOs, >10894 private practitioners, >297
medical colleges & >150 corporate health
facilities are involved