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Teaching skills

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Teaching skills
Teaching skills
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Teaching skills

  1. 1. TEACHING SKILLS PRESENTED BY: HONEY BABU , ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN EDUCATION.
  2. 2. • Teaching is the art of blending Knowledge ,art , science and creativity . • It constitutes a number of verbal and non- verbal acts. • The set of related behaviours or teaching acts aiming at specific objectives and performed with an intention to facilitate pupil’s learning can be called a teaching skill. TEACHING SKILLS
  3. 3. • A professional teacher should identify what all are the skills needed and should practice to master those skills. • Professionals will always have some skills which are present in them ,which they have acquired through special training and practice. TEACHING SKILLS
  4. 4. • Dr. Passi (1976) has described the following 13 skills as follows :- 1. Writing instructional objectives 2. Introducing a lesson 3. Fluency in questioning 4. Probing questions 5. Explaining 6. Illustrating with examples 7. Stimulus variation TEACHING SKILLS
  5. 5. 8. Silence and non-verbal cues 9. Reinforcement 10.Increasing pupil participation 11.Using black board 12.Achieving closure 13.Recognizing attending behaviour. TEACHING SKILLS
  6. 6. • Although all skills are important and need practice, according to the convenience a student teacher can practice only a few selected skills during micro- teaching phase. • The knowledge about the skills help the teacher trainee to identify their strengths and weakness which will make them to be an expert in the profession. TEACHING SKILLS
  7. 7. Teaching skills Instructional skills Organizational skills TEACHING SKILLS
  8. 8. Skill of Reinforcement • The talent to appreciate the learner as they need social approval for their behaviour . • Appreciation for correct answer will make them more eager to respond with correct answers. • It will help them to increase their participation. TEACHING SKILLS
  9. 9. Pupil’s response Pupil’s response Reinforcement No Reinforcement Positive Behaviour modification Passive classroom And interactive classroom. TEACHING SKILLS
  10. 10. Skill of Reinforcement • Both verbal and non-verbal cues can be used . • Excellent, carry on, go ahead well, done ,good, right, fine etc are the verbal expressions . • Smiling, patting , friendly look etc are examples of non-verbal reinforcement. • Repeating and rephrasing the pupil’s answers. • Using Extra verbal cues like um um , aha etc. to make them continue . TEACHING SKILLS
  11. 11. Skill of Reinforcement • Writing the answers that are given by students on the Black board. • At the same time avoid negative reinforcements like staring, frowning. • Praise the students for their contribution and practice. • Inappropriate use of reinforcement should be avoided. TEACHING SKILLS
  12. 12. Skill of Illustrating with examples • Examples always should be specifically relating to concept • It may be concrete , every day or first –hand experiences. • It always gives the advantage of economy time and increase the pace of explanation. TEACHING SKILLS
  13. 13. Skill of Illustrating with examples • It may be positive or negative examples. • It can be a connective which serves for better understanding. • Examples always should be simple , interesting, and relevant . • Inductive and deductive approach can be applied while illustrating with examples. TEACHING SKILLS
  14. 14. Skill of Illustrating with examples Topic: Imbibition • Cotton dipped in water • White Chalk dipped in Coloured Ink • Biscuits dipped in Tea • Paper absorbing Oil. • Categorizing the materials involved in the examples given into solids and liquids. The concept of solids absorbing liquids are understood for the learner. Collecting more examples by themselves. TEACHING SKILLS
  15. 15. Skill of Explanation • Teacher should be confident about the concept • Its important to research about the same • Keep eye contact on the students • Should be simple ,clear , and logical • Enhance with the use of visual aids • Pace and pauses • Personal experiences may bring an explanation alive . TEACHING SKILLS
  16. 16. Skill of using instructional aids • Helps the teacher to add a new and concrete dimension. • They are primary tools and help for content specific orientation. • Teacher who needs creativity in the class room can not avoid their use. • Examples for instructional aids TEACHING SKILLS
  17. 17. • Types of instructional aids TEACHING SKILLS Visual aids Audio- model aids Audio- visual aids
  18. 18.  Images/Picture cards/Flash Cards  Charts  Flannel Boards  Puzzle Cards  Demonstration objects  OHP  Models  Presentation slides  Television  Films  Puppetry Important visual aids
  19. 19. Skills related with Evaluation Practice of Teaching is not complete without some form of evaluation. 1. Recognizing and assessing students 2. Objective specific evaluation 3. Diagnosing problems 4. Providing remedial measures 5. Encouraging self evaluation. 6. Evaluation should stress the application level TEACHING SKILLS
  20. 20. TEACHING SKILLS Core teaching skills Skill of Evaluation Skill of Introducing lesson Skill of Reinforcement Skill of achieving closure Skill of stimulus variation Skill of explaining Skill of illustrating with examples Skill of probing questions
  21. 21. Organisational Skills • Class room discipline  Maintain your dignity  Be consistent  Be firm  Use reinforcements(Positive and negative)  Be self –critical  Recognizing attention and lack of attention.  Displaying confidence while coping with multiple issues. TEACHING SKILLS
  22. 22. Suggestions for maintaining class control • Firm but friendly leadership • Relaxed but distinctive teacher-pupil relationships • Genuine concern for welfare of pupils • Minimum of bureaucracy • Approachable TEACHING SKILLS
  23. 23. 21st century teaching skills
  24. 24. 21st century teaching skills
  25. 25. “One time teaching means two times learning”

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