Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) includes
various healing approaches and therapies that originate
from around the world and that are not based on
conventional western medicine.
3. These therapies are called alternative medicine when they are used
alone and complementary medicine when they are used with
Alternative medicine includes therapies
and health care practices not widely
taught in most medical schools;
however, many such practices are
Popular, and some are used
HOLISM: The idea that the whole of the sick person including their
body , mind and way of life , should be considered when treating them ,
and not the just the symptom of the diseases.
●HUMANISM: A system of thought that considers the solving of human
problems with the help of religious beliefs, it emphasizes the fact that
basic nature of human is good .
5. BALANCE : A Situation in which different things exist in equal , correct
or good amount.
ENERGY : The ability to put effort and enthusiasm into an activity ,
HEALING: The process of returning to normal function after a period
of disease or injury.
“It is any of a range of medical therapies that are
not regarded as orthodox by the medical profession, such as herbalism,
naturopathy, and crystal healing”
“Complementary medicine: A group of
diagnostic and therapeutic disciplines that are used together with
conventional medicine. An example of a complementary therapy is
using acupuncture in addition to usual care to help lessen a patient's
discomfort following surgery.”
7. Difference Between
Complimentary and Alternative
Complimentary Therapy Alternative Therapy
• Used together with conventional
•An example of a complimentary
therapy is using meditation to help
lessen a patient’s discomfort following
• Used in place of conventional
• An example of an alternative therapy
is using a special diet to treat cancer
instead of undergoing surgery,
radiation, or chemotherapy that has
been recommended by a conventional
AYURVEDA is a system of healing
based on homeopathy and naturopathy,
with an extensive use of
11. • In Sanskrit , word ayurveda consists of the word Ayes meaning life and
veda meaning related to knowledgeor science.
The aim is to remove the cause of disorders, prevent illness and
harmonize body, mind and consciousness.
● Ayurveda aids is maintaining good
overall qualityof life.
Black pepper And long pepper
are combined with ginger to
form the traditional trikatu
mixture in Ayurveda.
This mixture increase appetite,
promotes the secretion of
digestive juices, and cures
certain gastric disorders
particularly Achlorhydria and
The siddha is a form of south indian
tamil traditional medicine , the system is
believed to be developed by the 9 nath
and 84 siddhas in the north and 18
siddhas in the south called siddhar.
14. Siddharas were the concept that a healthy body, the treatment in
siddha medicines in aimed at keeping the three humours in
equilibrium and maintenance of seven elements it is assumed that
when the normal equilibrium of three humours vatha, pitha & kapha is
15. Unani and tibbi
As an alternative form of medicine
unani has found in favour in asia,
especially in india. Unanithey are
considered to earth be a fire, water
andin the human body.
The theory postulates the presence in
the human body of phelgm, blood,
yellowbile and black bile,
its imbalance can result in disease. Based on Hippocratic Theory
Developed in geremany in the late
1700s .It is a therapy based on the
concept that disease can be treated
with drugs (minute dose) .
• Homeopathy developed is based on
the principles that cures like, a
substance that when it is given in
Remedies used in homeopathy are
derived from naturally occuring
subsatnce, such as plant extracts and
17. Example: Homeopathic remedy Rhus toxicodendron, derived from
poison ivy substance prepared with particular procedure and intended
for treating patient.
Nosodes : Made from pathological product such as fecal, uirnary, and
respiratory discharges, blood and tissue.
Sarcodes : Homeopathic remedies prepared from healthy specimens.
Nutrition and Dietetic
Healthy life style
→ It is a system of therapy based on preventative care, and on the use
of heat, water, light, of the whole patient, and use use of the body’s
natural healing abilities.
20. Biologically based
Herbal medicine: has always attracted some interest many well known
drugs are plant dervied.
digoxin from foxglows and morphine from poppies
• St John’s Wort is a safe and effective treatment for mild to moderate
depression. It may also help fatigue possibly because fatigue is a
common aspect of depression.
21. • Ginger is an effective remedy for the nausea and vomitting.
22. Nutritional therapy:
Nutritional therapy is a system of healing based on the belief that food,
as nature intended, provides the medicine we need to obtain and
maintain a state of health.
Many condition can be relived effectively with nutritional therapy.
These include disorders ranging from chronic fatigue, energy loss,
insomnia and depression, backache, skin complaints, asthma, and
Nutritional therapy will also benefit you if you have no specific illness,
but want to maintain a state of optimum health.
23. Mind Body Technique
Meditations: In meditation people regulatetheir
attention or systematically focus on particular
aspects of inner or outer experience.
Meditation usually involves
sitting or resting quietly,
often with the eye closed.
24. Meditation has been shownto have favorable effects on heart and blood
vessel function, immunity and brainactivity, suchas increasing activity in
parts of the brain associated with mental clarity.
25. Relaxation technique : practice to relieve tension and strain . The
specific techniques are aimed to reducing activity of the nerves that
control the stress response, lowering blood pressure, easing muscle
tension, slowning metabolic processes, or altering brain activity.
26. Guidedimagery : Imagneryinvolves the Use of mental images to
promote relaxation and wellness , reduce pain or facilitate healing of a
particular ailment, such as cancer or psychological trauma.
27. Hypnotherapy: In
hypnotherapy people are
guided into an advanced state
of relaxation and heightened
It helpful many conditions in
psychological factors can
influents physical symptoms
like phobia, asthma, headache
29. • Yoga:
The fundamental idea behindthe practice of yoga is to unite the
individual self (jiva) with a supreme or pure consciousness (brahma)
factual of yoga is Unification.
Yoga is one of the most helpful and
Healthy form of experience to manage
the infuence of thinking ny turning
psychological and physical force into
31. ● Chiropractice :
• In chiropractice, the relationship between the structure of the spine and
function of the nervous system is thought to be the key in maintaining or
restoring health. The main method for achieving balance is spinal
• Chiropractice is often useful in
treating low back pain, headaches,
and nerve impingement syndromes.
33. Tai Chi & Qigong:
• It has recently been considered as an alternative method for lowering
the blood pressure levels.
• The potential of tai chi therapy to lower the high blood pressure is
growing, as we are continuing to live in high streess condition.
35. Massage therapy:
Body tissues are manipulated to promote wellness and reduce ;ain and
Massage has been shown to help relieve muscle soreness, pain due to
back injuries, and fibromyalgia and to help relieve anxiety in cancer
Massage therapy also effective in
treating low birth weight infants,
preventing injury to the mother’s
genitals during childbirth,
relieving chronic constipation,
A therapywithin traditional chinese medicine is one of the most widely
accepted alternative therapies in western world.
Specific points on the body are stimulated, usually by inserting thin
needles into the skin and underlying tissues.
Sometimes additional stimulation
is added by using a very low voltage
electrical current, by twisting the
needle or by warming the needle.
Variant of massage
therapy relies on manual
pressure applied to a
specific area of the foot.
These area are believe to correspond to different organs or body system
The reflexologist will assess the feet and stimulatevarious points to
identify areas of tenderness or tension.
39. Hand mediated bio field therapy:
Therapeutic touch (TT) is a mostly secular variant of faith healing,
started by dolarse Krieger in the early 1970’s.
The therapeutic touch practitioner moves his hands over the patients
body, specifically the affected area without actually touching the
“No Evidence Of Effectiveness Has BeenFound”
40. Other Therapies
(1) Traditional Chinese Medicine (6) Humor and Laughter
(2) Curanderismo (7) Bioelectromegnatic therapy
(3) Aroma therapy (8) Photo energy therapy
(4) Spiritual therapy (9) Detoxification therapy
(5) Music therapy (10) Animal assisited therapy
(11) Horticultural therapy