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Drones and the Power of the Cloud

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  1. 1. Drones and the Power of the Cloud
  2. 2. Trends - Hype Cycle Gartner – August 2014 Trends – Economic Impact http://www.auvsi.org/resourcesold/economicreport
  3. 3. Trends: Voices
  4. 4. Civil UAS Obtaining a Special Airworthiness Certificate in the experimental category for a particular UAS is currently the only way civil operators of unmanned aircraft are accessing the NAS. Experimental certificate regulations preclude carrying people or property for compensation or hire, but do allow operations for research and development, flight and sales demonstrations and crew training. The FAA is working with civilian operators to collect technical and operational data that will help refine the UAS airworthiness certification process. The agency is currently developing a future path for safe integration of civil UAS into the NAS as part of NextGen implementation. Public UAS COAs are available to public entities that want to fly a UAS in civil airspace. Common uses today include law enforcement, firefighting, border patrol, disaster relief, search and rescue, military training, and other government operational missions. Applicants make their request through an online process and the FAA evaluates the proposed operation to see if it can be conducted safely. Model Aircraft Recreational use of airspace by model aircraft is covered by FAA Advisory Circular 91-57 (PDF), which generally limits operations for hobby and recreation to below 400 feet, away from airports and air traffic, and within sight of the operator. In June 2014, the FAA published a Federal Register notice (PDF) on its interpretation of the statutory special rules for model aircraft in the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012. The law is clear that the FAA may take enforcement action against model aircraft operators who operate their aircraft in a manner that endangers the safety of the national airspace system. In the notice, the FAA explains that this enforcement authority is designed to protect users of the airspace as well as people and property on the ground. The FAA estimated just last year that there could be 30,000 Drones in the skies by 2020. Regulations - FAA http://www.faa.gov/uas/regulations_policies/
  5. 5. Industry Applications Power Plants & Energy Oil & Gas –Minery Advanced Image processing Monitor power lines, turbines and pipelines. Surveying assets Access to remote areas Geophysical and geomagnetic surveys Calculate the nature of the magnetic rock structure Predict the location of mineral deposits. Oil, Gas and Mineral exploration Monitoring of the integrity of oil and gas pipelines and related installations. Infrastructure & Transport Inspect aging infrastructure across the nation: bridges, roads, buildings, railways, harbors, and ports. DEMs and orthophotography Understand, monitor, and optimize road and train track conditions, traffic patterns, mapping. Land surveying & Landslide measurement
  6. 6. Industry Applications Agriculture Public Satefy – City Next Determine seeding and harvesting periods or infestation or other crop damage. Spot crops that need water, fertilizer and pest control. Monitoring irrigation and water supplies, livestock, and crops while saving time, money, and manpower. Disaster relief and recovery, and search and rescue Emergency Situations Immediate BEV of Incidents. Aerial inspections at will to locate the cause of power outages. Not need the cumbersome safety procedures and gear when sending personnel. Sports & Events A drone’s mobility and aerial perspective allow dynamic, diverse and accurate videos of events. Precise and useful data can be extracted using the right video analytics and computer vision Solutions. They were used in the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi for filming skiing and snowboarding events.
  7. 7. The power of Apps: Plan, Flight, View Mapping drones
  8. 8. The power of the Cloud: Plan, Flight, Process Plan, Search, View Store, Process, Analyze
  9. 9. The power of the Data http://www.wired.com/2013/04/drone-sensors-big-data/ http://www.forbes.com/sites/centurylink/2014/07/28/how-drones- and-big-data-are-creating-winds-of-change-for-hurricane- forecasts/ http://modernfarmer.com/2014/01/precision-hawk/
  10. 10. The power of Media
  12. 12. Arr.drone 2.0 by Parrot HD Battery 1000 mAh Navigation Board Main Board VIDEOS •Low latency streaming •Video storage on the fly with remote device or with USB flash drive •JPEG photo capture •720p - 30FPS - H264 encoding base profile All parts and instructions for repairing available on the internet • Wi-Fi connection to the Ground Control System (App) •Outdoor and Indoor Hull 1GHz 32 bit ARM Cortex A8 processor with 800MHz video DSP TMS320DMC64x Linux 2.6.32 1GB DDR2 RAM at 200MHz USB 2.0 high speed for extensions http://ardrone2.parrot.com/
  13. 13. Iris+ by 3DRobotics http://3drobotics.com/iris/
  14. 14. Remote Sensing: Current … Futures UAV remote sensing functions include electromagnetic spectrum sensors, gamma ray sensors, biological sensors, and chemical sensors. A UAV's electromagnetic sensors typically include visual spectrum, infrared, or near infrared cameras as well as radar systems. Biological sensors are sensors capable of detecting the airborne presence of various microorganisms and other biological factors. Chemical sensors use laser spectroscopy to analyze the concentrations of each element in the air. Today, sUAS make accurate, high resolution point clouds representing the “surface” of things. LiDAR sensors will become common in the next 1-3 years, and will produce high resolution point clouds of the earth, not only the surface of things.
  15. 15. Open Source & Community – Potential
  16. 16. Appendix
  17. 17. Jerga  Drone or UAV - unmanned aerial vehicle, also unpiloted aerial vehicle Or UAS - unpiloted air system or RPA - remotely piloted aircraft  FAA - Federal Aviation Administration  BEV- Bird eye view  GCS - Ground Control Station  GDT – Ground Data Terminal  FPV – First Person View  FMV – Full Motion Video  APM Advanced Power Management Support
  18. 18. Commercial Applications for Drones • UAVs for “Three D” (Dull, Dirty or Dangerous) Work • Surveying & Mapping • Civil Infrastructure and Engineering • Mining • Construction • Agricultural Monitoring – Precision • Process, Power & Utilities: pipeline security – Thermal Infrared • Wildfire Mapping • Disaster Management • Law Enforcement/Security/Emergency Response • Aerial Surveying of crops • Acrobatic aerial footage in filmmaking • Search and rescue operations • Crowd monitoring – Surveillance, Home Security and Road Patrol • Television News coverage, moviemaking • Freight Transport • Telecomunications • Law enforcement • Weather monitoring • Livestock monitoring
  19. 19. Links http://www.forbes.com/sites/forbesleadershipforum/2014/10/10/drones-in-hollywood-what-industry-is-next/ https://www.energyvoice.com/oilandgas/51543/robot-flying-machines-set-make-oil-industry-mark/ http://www.ted.com/talks/sergei_lupashin_a_flying_camera_on_a_leash http://irjci.blogspot.com/2014/04/energy-industry-using-drones-as.html http://www.motiondsp.com/Stories/#View Inside the Well http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/22/business/energy-environment/drones-are-becoming-energys-new-roustabouts.html?_r=1 http://www.wired.com/2014/11/faas-drone-rules-narrow-theyre-better-nothing/ http://live.huffingtonpost.com/r/segment/drones-drone-technology-dji-innovations/546171692b8c2adc30000001 http://fukushimaupdate.com/drones-to-monitor-radiation-at-crippled-fukushima-plant-in-2015/ https://www.skycatch.com/data.html http://news.yahoo.com/sochi-drone-shooting-olympic-tv-not-terrorists-152517775.html
  20. 20. Guada Casuso -@guadacasuso gcasuso@microsoft.com http://azure.microsoft.com