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KU HIM Featured in JAHIMA

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The University of Kansas Department of Health Information Management is featured in the Journal of the American Health Information Management Association.

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KU HIM Featured in JAHIMA

  1. 1. BREAKING DOWNHEALTHCARE’S SILOS A FACULTY MEMBER in the health information management (HIM) department at the University of Kansas Medical Center (KUMC) attended a campus retreat in June 2011 that not only energized his personal perspective of HIM, but also shed new light on the future of HIM at the university. Norbert Belz, PhD, MHSA, RHIA, attended the interpro- fessional education (IPE) retreat not so much because he thought HIM would be a key player in the medical cen- ter’s journey to IPE, but because he had been asked by the dean to attend. It wasn’t long before a light bulb lit in Belz’s mind as he realized not only would HIM be involved in IPE at KUMC, but that HIM is essential to IPE because most of the activities surrounding patient care rely on coordination and collaboration of patients’ health information. The fol- lowing is a look at how the technique of IPE is being utilized at KUMC and the benefits both students and educators have seen from the program. Interprofessional Education Prepares Students for the ‘New HIM’ The World Health Organization (WHO) defines IPE as an ap- proach to education that “occurs when two or more profes- sions learn about, from, and with each other to enable effective collaboration to improve health outcomes.”1 The retreat in- 26 / Journal of AHIMA September 15 UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS MEDICAL CENTER’S INTERPROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOSTERING ‘HIM WITHOUT WALLS’ By Rosann M. O’Dell, DHSc, MS, RHIA, CDIP; Norbert Belz, PhD, MHSA, RHIA; Judy Bielby, MBA, RHIA, CPHQ, CCS, FAHIMA; Kay Folck, RHIA, CPEHR, CPHIT; Murad Moqbel, PhD, MBA; and Lauren Pulino, RHIA Copyright ©2015 by the American Health Information Management Association. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise without prior permission from the publisher.
  2. 2. Journal of AHIMA September 15 / 27 spired Belz and KUMC to embrace a culture of collaboration, resulting in the creation of the Center for Interprofessional Education and Simulation (CIPES) on campus.2 Planning for CIPES began in early 2012, around the time Belz was named HIM’s program director, and later department chair. As chair, Belz played a key role on several initial CIPES planning committees, and he believed so wholeheartedly in KUMC’s plan that he charged HIM faculty with immersing themselves in IPE. “The early vision of the HIM leadership and others across KUMC were really the impetus for much of our future success in making this program required curriculum for our student population,” says Kristy Johnston, MSW, CIPES program director. The IPE environment encourages HIM professionals to work outside the traditional walls that partition them from their clini- cal healthcare colleagues. IPE is relevant to AHIMA’s recent call and other industry initiatives focused on a new era of “HIM with- out walls”—which is also the theme of AHIMA’s 87th Annual Convention and Exhibit taking place this month in New Orleans, LA. This shift to managing health information outside traditional HIMdepartmentsmarksaturningpointfortheprofession,signi- fying that HIM expertise is needed in countless roles within vari- ous departments alongside a multitude of health professionals. Therefore, KUMC felt it was essential for students to be ready to work in an interprofessional environment. Healthcare Needs IPE Increased demands on healthcare providers to lower health- care costs while improving the quality of service, enhancing patient outcomes, and improving the overall health of the pop- ulation challenges industry leaders to rethink their approach to daily operations. Tackling today’s healthcare challenges re- quires a collaborative team of clinical and non-clinical profes- sionals learning and working together while appreciating the contributions each member brings to the table. Foundations of Interprofessional Collaboration: Introduction to TeamSTEPPS is one of the first exposures that HIM students have to IPE training at KUMC. TeamSTEPPS, developed by the Department of Defense’s Patient Safety Program and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, is “an evidence- based set of teamwork tools aimed at optimizing patient out- comes by improving communications and teamwork skills among healthcare professionals, which includes a compre- hensive set of ready-to-use materials and a training curricu- lum to successfully integrate teamwork principles into any healthcare system.”3 During the activity—which involves more than 1,000 stu- dents from medicine, nursing, physical therapy, occupational therapy, clinical laboratory sciences, pharmacy, audiology, health policy, and other departments—HIM students are in- troduced to teamwork and communications concepts. Students gain an appreciation for the various roles health- care professionals play in the treatment of patients and how each contributes to the interprofessional team. KUMC HIM faculty member Lauren Pulino, RHIA, serves as a facilitator for the training. Students have been responsive to the inter- departmental training. One non-HIM student shared on her evaluation that she found it fascinating to learn about the role of HIM professionals through the IPE program. In addition to Pulino’s role as a facilitator, HIM faculty mem- bers Judy Bielby, MBA, RHIA, CPHQ, CCS, FAHIMA, and Mu- rad Moqbel, PhD, MBA, underwent training in TeamSTEPPS through the Kansas Reynolds Program in Aging Interprofes- sional Faculty Scholars Retreat. The retreat was funded by the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation, which is particularly inter- ested in efforts that have a transformational effect on “improv- ing the quality of life of America’s growing elderly population through better training of physicians in geriatrics.”4 The goal of the retreat, which included three two-day sessions, was to improve the ability of doctors to work with other health- care professionals in a “team-based” rather than “silo-based” environment in order to provide better care for older adults. Par- ticipants were from a range of professions, including HIM, geriat- ric and family medicine, pharmacy, law, dietetics and nutrition, occupational therapy, and speech-language pathology. Attend- ees took what they learned at the retreat and implemented it in interprofessional education, especially in caring for older adults. A portion of the retreat focused on curriculum development and the content was based off a book titled Curriculum Devel- opment for Medical Education, which explains a six-step ap- proach to curriculum development.5 An activity during this segment of the retreat included identifying a problem that could be addressed in curriculum and completing a needs as- sessment. This activity led to the current planning of an IPE activity which will be spearheaded by HIM faculty pertaining to documentation issues surrounding transition of care from acute settings to long-term and post-acute care settings. Program Expands HIM Exposure to Other Health Disciplines HIM students at KUMC routinely participate in clinical simu- lations alongside their peers in other areas of study. During the previous academic year, HIM students and faculty took part in the Interprofessional Plan of Care – Simulated E-hEalth Deliv- ery System (IPOC-SEEDS) simulation, which focused on clini- cal practice as well as effective use of electronic health records (EHRs). Students, including those in doctorate of nursing practice, dietetics and nutrition, HIM, occupational therapy, and pharmacy programs, were placed on interprofessional teams to complete a simulation scenario. The IPOC-SEEDS simulation involves: –– Each team member assessing a geriatric patient individu- ally and documenting their profession-specific encounter into the EHR –– Reviewing documentation entries of other professions –– Meeting as an interprofessional team to develop a plan of care for the patient, while documenting interprofession- ally in the EHR Bielby was involved in the development of the project alongside clinical faculty peers. One of the early IPOC-SEEDS simulations involved an inpatient scenario requiring transition of care. “I Breaking Down Healthcare’s Silos Copyright ©2015 by the American Health Information Management Association. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise without prior permission from the publisher.
  3. 3. 28 / Journal of AHIMA September 15 was happy to be invited to participate in developing this simula- tion,” Bielby says. “Transitioning a patient from one care setting to another requires collaboration with the various professions involved, including HIM. I knew this simulation would help the students from the various professions learn about other profes- sions and how to work together.” A more recent IPOC-SEEDS simulation entailed caring for a patient in an ambulatory setting. The patient had fallen at home and complained of pain during a doctor’s office visit subsequent to the fall, where it was determined the patient suffered a broken rib. During the visit, a variety of unmet needs were also revealed, including medication compliance, fall risks, and dietary concerns. The interprofessional teams collaborated and each member contributed to the patient’s care, while helping to educate their peers. HIM students, under the mentorship of HIM clinical as- sistant professor Kay Folck, RHIA, CPEHR, CPHIT, reviewed clinical documentation created by the students in each profes- sion to determine the quality of documentation from the per- spectives of reimbursement as well as the stage 2 “meaningful use” EHR Incentive Program. Feedback from the simulation was overwhelmingly positive and students from clinical disciplines found the HIM contri- butions to be eye-opening. Faculty from other departments on campus also appreciated the contributions of HIM and expressed interest in expanded opportunities for HIM to con- tribute to IPOC-SEEDS. “Currently, the HIM students function as part of the care team supporting technology use and observing how the care team collaborates. In future simulation rounds we hope to ful- ly utilize the HIM students’ expertise by asking them to pro- vide feedback on uni-professional and team documentation to improve communication skills as well as billing and coding knowledge,” says Kelli Kramer-Jackman, PhD, APRN, FNP, BC, clinical assistant professor of nursing. In another clinical simulation, HIM students demonstrated risk management knowledge. During this activity, nursing stu- dents were placed in a simulated acute care unit to practice clin- ical, patient management, and interpersonal skills while caring for multiple patients. HIM students observed clinical processes performed by nursing students to identify areas of potential risk or liability. This simulation enhanced HIM student exposure to the frontlines of healthcare. “I think the best part about the sim- ulation was simply being able to see the ‘action,’” says Kaitlyn Brown, an HIM student who took part in the IPE program. “Be- ing able to see what the basis of healthcare is all about.” HIM Shows Its Value HIMstudentshavealsoshownthevalueofeffectiveworkflowanal- ysis and quality management techniques by completing process improvement projects as part of IPE embedded into KUMC clinics. Last summer, leaders from the Geriatric Interprofessional Teaching Clinic (GITC) approached HIM faculty because they were faced with myriad challenges related to reimbursement, volume, time constraints, and technology that were limiting the achievement of goals related to growth and expansion. HIM faculty member Folck seized the opportunity to work with colleagues in GITC and created a process improvement project in her quality management course. During the project, each HIM student in the class rotated through the GITC and subsequently shadowed in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), child health and development, and family medicine interprofessional teaching clinics. HIM stu- dents worked alongside staff, clinicians, and other students in the clinics to learn about clinic operations, evaluate processes and workflow, and draw comparisons among the clinics. From there, the students were placed in small groups and assigned one of the clinics. The groups presented their findings to the clinics, including what appeared to be working effectively and modifications that might improve daily workflow. Shelley Bhattacharya, DO, MPH, assistant professor of geri- atric medicine at KUMC, who provides leadership and clinical service in the GITC, indicated that “the quality improvement project conducted by HIM students was thorough, analytical and thought-provoking.” “The project helped us see where each minute was spent dur- ing the 90- to 120-minute patient visit in our clinic. It gave us in- sight into how we could improve the patient experience,” Bhat- tacharya says. “Since the completion of their project, the GITC core faculty have met monthly to discuss how best to optimize the clinic. “We have reduced our patient’s ‘down-time’ by having other team members engage the patient with physical therapy exer- cises, further memory/depression testing, or gathering a deeper social history while the care team is developing their treatment plan. We have found this not only keeps the patient active with a Breaking Down Healthcare’s Silos What is Interprofessional Education? INTERPROFESSIONAL EDUCATION IS when students from two or more professions in healthcare learn together during their professional training. The objective is to di- versify one’s understanding of healthcare for the sake of collaboration and patient-centeredness once they enter the workforce. In a sense, it is a formalized “walk a mile in another person’s shoes” within an education program, allowing students studying different areas of healthcare to come together and learn their respective skills as well as the skills of other disciplines—side by side. By the time University of Kansas (KU) HIM students graduate, they will have participated in a variety of simu- lations and learning activities with students in nursing, medicine, PT, OT, and pharmacy programs. For example, the HIM students have conducted workflow analyses for clinics on campus and provided recommendations for change, as well as participated in root cause analyses, interprofessional care planning, etc. One area the faculty at KU are hoping to explore further is simulation between HIM students and clinical lab science students, since so much data interfaces from lab information systems into electronic health records. Copyright ©2015 by the American Health Information Management Association. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise without prior permission from the publisher.
  4. 4. Journal of AHIMA September 15/29 team member, but also helps us further solidify our plan.” Faculty from across KUMC have noted the contributions made by HIM, and the department routinely receives requests to participate in IPE activities, simulations, and trainings. “The IPE efforts have been instrumental in helping other health professions to understand the value and skillset that HIM pro- fessionals contribute to patient care,” Belz says. “Our depart- ment now receives requests from colleagues across campus to participate in clinical and interprofessional learning activities because of our recognized expertise.” HIM faculty is also increasingly sought out for scholarly collaborations by faculty in other departments. During the 2014-2015 academic year, Moqbel from HIM and Lauren Little, PhD, OTR/L, from the occupational therapy depart- ment presented their research titled “Social Networking Site Use among Caregivers of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders” at the International Conference on Information Systems. Recently, Rosann O’Dell, DHSc, MS, RHIA, CDIP, clinical assistant professor in HIM, and Dory Sabata, OTD, OTR/L, SCEM, from the occupational therapy department fi- nalized a manuscript titled “Interprofessional Collaboration to Maximize Documentation of Health Outcomes in a Digi- tal Age.” This manuscript was developed for an organization that creates modules for continuing education credits for various health professions, including occupational therapy. HIM Continuing to Grow The HIM faculty at KUMC believes that the more other health- care professionals understand the variety of things HIM can contribute, the more widely utilized health information pro- fessionals will become throughout the healthcare ecosys- tem. As the profession progresses into an era of “HIM without walls,” there will be challenges as colleagues struggle to un- derstand health information management. But these chal- lenges are opportunities for emerging and existing profession- als to take the lead in demonstrating the many ways a person with an HIM skillset can contribute to an interprofessional healthcare team. Now that the value of HIM is beginning to be understood in an environment of collaboration across the spectrum of healthcare professions, health information management has the opportunity to grow and thrive in places never considered possible in the past.  Notes 1. World Health Organization. “Framework for Action on Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice.” 2010. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2010/WHO_HRH_ HPN_10.3_eng.pdf. 2. University of Kansas Medical Center. “Center for Inter- professional Education and Simulation.” www.kumc. edu/center-for-interprofessional-education-and-simula- tion.html. 3. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. “TeamSTEPPS: National Implementation.” http://teamstepps.ahrq.gov/. 4. Donald W. Reynolds Foundation. “Mission Statement.” www.dwreynolds.org. 5. Kern,DE,PAThomas,andMTHughes(eds.).CurriculumDe- velopment for Medical Education: A Six-Step Approach. 2nd ed.Baltimore,MD:TheJohnsHopkinsUniversityPress,2009. Rosann M. O’Dell (rodell@kumc.edu) is clinical assistant professor and academic progression manager, department of health information man- agement, Norbert Belz (nbelz@kumc.edu) is department chair and clinical assistant professor, department of health information management, Judy Bielby (jbielby@kumc.edu) is clinical assistant professor, department of health information management, Kay Folck (kfolck@kumc.edu) is clini- cal assistant professor, department of health information management, Murad Moqbel (mmoqbel@kumc.edu) is assistant professor, department of health information management and center for health informatics, and Lauren Pulino (lpulino@kumc.edu) is clinical instructor and student sup- port manager, department of health information management and appli- cation analyst, center for health informatics, at the University of Kansas Medical Center. Breaking Down Healthcare’s Silos Journal of AHIMA Continuing Education Quiz Quiz ID: Q1528609 | EXPIRATION DATE: SEPTEMBER 1, 2016 HIM Domain Area: Performance Improvement Article—“Breaking Down Healthcare’s Silos” TAKE THE QUIZ AT WWW.AHIMASTORE.ORG NOTE: MAILED-IN PAPER QUIZZES WILL NO LONGER BE ACCEPTED REVIEW QUIZ QUESTIONS AND TAKE THE QUIZ BASED ON THIS ARTICLE ONLINE AT WWW.AHIMASTORE.ORG NOTE: AHIMA CE QUIZZES HAVE MOVED TO AN ONLINE-ONLY FORMAT. Copyright ©2015 by the American Health Information Management Association. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise without prior permission from the publisher.