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Helvetas water and sanitation ppt

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Helvetas water and sanitation ppt

  1. 1. Our Work in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Water, Sanitation and Hygiene HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation Agnes Montangero Director Water & Infrastructure
  2. 2. Who We Are •Founded in 1955 in Zurich: first private Swiss development NGO •2011 merger with Intercooperation •$136M annual budget •Politically and denominationally neutral •Over 100,000 members and Swiss donors •1,200 staff (17% Swiss & international experts) •US presence since 2012 •Fiscal sponsorship •NICRA, Registered with USAID • Long country presence (12+ years) • Build the capacity of local partners • Multi stakeholder approach • Cross-cutting themes: gender equality and social justice • Strong monitoring and evaluation: 11 impact assessments from 2009-2011 • Low overhead: 10-15% • Focus on rural and peri-urban areas • South-south collaboration • Implementation - Advisory Services - Advocacy
  3. 3. Our Programs Rural Economy Environment & Climate Change Water & Infrastructure Skills Development and Education Governance and Peace • Sustainabl e agriculture systems • Agriculture extension • Organic farming & fairtrade • Value chains • Citizen engagement & participation • Political accountability • Civil peace building & conflict sensitivity • Artistic expressions for an open society • South-south labour migration • Climate protection and conservation of resources (land, water, forests). • Risk reduction and adaption • Safe drinking water & sanitation • Irrigation & efficient use of water • Bridges, roads & trails for access to ideas, services and markets • Private-sector & labor market oriented training • Linkages: basic education & youth skills development • Mobile trainings • Life skills • Tracer study toolkit Cross-cutting themes: Gender & social equity, capacity development, learning & innovation
  4. 4. Where We Work 32 partner countries CRITERIA •High level of poverty •High potential for impact •Government collaboration •Relevance of our programs •Civil society or government as partners to collaborate •Donor interest
  5. 5. Past & Current U.S. Partners • IDB • US State Department • USDA • World Bank & World Bank Institute • USAID • CARE • Chemonics • Mercy Corps • RTI • Winrock • United Nations • UNCTAD • UNDP • UN Forum on Forests • UNICEF • UNIDO Foundations •Blue Moon Foundation (renewable energy) •Ellysium Foundation (Bhutan) •Ford Foundation (CATIE) •Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (water study) •McKnight Foundation (rural economy) •Open Society Foundations (governance) NGOs •Bridges to Prosperity (trail bridges) •KickStart International (water pumps) •Rights & Resources Institute (forests/rights) •Partnership for Transparency Fund •The Nature Conservancy (forests) •Women World Banking •Wildlife Conservation Society •World Resources Institute
  6. 6. International Associations Rural Economy •Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) •DCED •ICAC •IFOAM •FLO (Fairtrade Label Organisation) •ISEAL •Textile Exchange Education •Centre International d’Etudes Agricoles Microfinance •CGAP •Social Performance Task Force •Women World Banking Democracy & Peace •CIVICUS (World Alliance for Citizen Participation) •INTRAC (International NGO Training and Research Centre) Water •End Water Poverty (UK): Member Executive Committee •Global Water Challenge •World Water Council (France •Water Integrity Network •Rural Water Supply Network •WHO – International Network on Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage Roads & Bridges •International Forum for Rural Transport and Development Climate Change & Adaptation •Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change (IPCC) (HSI = lead author) •International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) •Global Environment Facility (GEF) •Rights and Resources Initiative 6
  7. 7. Financial Funds by Program Area % Rural Economy 35 Water & Infrastructure 27 Skills Development & Education 16 Governance & Peace 15 Environment & Climate 7 Total 100 Use of Funds % Asia 32.3 Africa 18.7 Latin America 16.9 Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia 9 Program coordination & support 2.4 Advisory Services 5.1 Swiss programs 3.8 Fair Trade 3.2 Head office 4 Fundraising 4.6 Total 100 Income: Sources % Swiss Development Corporation 61.0 Private 19.9 Other Official Development Aid 11.0 Advisory Services 4.8 Other 3.3 Total 100
  8. 8. Table of Contents 1. About us 2. HELVETAS’ WASH sector: an overview  In which countries do we work?  What are our key activities?  The WASH team  Partners and networks 3. Strategic orientation  A few lessons learnt  What is our strategic framework?  Safe Water  Sanitation 4. Selected key projects
  9. 9. 2. HELVETAS WASH Sector: An Overview Kyrgyzstan Vietnam Laos Nepal Pakistan Afghanistan Mali Niger BeninBurkina Faso Ethiopia Tanzania Mosambique HaïtiGuatemala Nicaragua Bolivia Togo Senegal Bhutan Working area/field # projects Budget 2012 (CHF) 26 13 Mio 3 3 Mio 5 2.5 Mio 11 10 Mio 6 2.5 Mio WASHWASH Water for FoodWater for Food Madagascar Bangladesh Honduras Governance & PeaceGovernance & Peace Agriculture & MarketAgriculture & Market Environment & Climate Environment & Climate Water-related projects in other sectors  Safe water (household water treatment, safe storage, hygiene)  Sanitation  Drinking water supply  Water for food  Integrated Water Resource Management
  10. 10. 2. HELVETAS WASH Sector: An Overview • International: e.g. steering committee EWP (SWA) • Advocacy in Switzerland • Policy development in the countries Internal & External • Project support (planning, evaluation, technical assistance) • Research & development • Documentation, publications • Impact assessment • Tool development • Training, Knowledge sharing • Development of partnerships • Development of networks and platforms
  11. 11. Short CV Agnes Experience Key competencies  sustainability assessment  management models of water and sanitation  strategic sanitation planning  decentralized sewage treatment  institution and capacity building  advocacy and policy development Countries of experience  Ghana, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast  Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, India, Nepal  Haiti, Argentina  Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Moldova Since 2010 HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation Director Water & Infrastructure 2007-2010 Skat Consulting Water & Sanitation Specialist 2003-2007 Eawag/Sandec Programme Officer Sanitation / PhD student 1998-2003 Eawag/Sandec Project Officer Sanitation A life without toilet? Unthinkable. Sanitation is a human right!
  12. 12. 3. Strategic orientation A few lessons learnt  Investing in empowerment, involving local population including disadvantaged groups in the planning process increases the level of functionality of water supply schemes (functionality study, Nepal, 2011)  Putting emphasis on understanding the determinants of behavior change helps design more effective behavior change interventions (e.g. use of Eawag RANAS behavior change model)  Behavior change interventions are key in increasing the impact on health of water projects (hygiene, sanitation, safe storage, household water treatment)  Rural sanitation: scaling up is a challenge, rather work at scale from the beginning (piloting at scale approaches)  Improving sanitation in small towns requires specific approaches, which may be different from the ones applied in rural or densely populated urban areas)  Water is a good entry point to improve local governance structures  Creating income generating activities (e.g. through multi-use systems providing drinking and irrigation water) helps communities invest in maintaining and improving/extending their water supply systems
  13. 13. 3. Strategic orientation  Safe water (household water treatment, safe storage, hygiene)  Sanitation  Drinking water supply  Water for food  IWRM
  14. 14. 3. Strategic orientation Water supply Sanitation Safe Water Treatment Safe Storage Hygiene Safe Water  Household water treatment (SODIS, filtration, chlorination, boiling)  Safe Storage (during transport and at home)  Hygiene Education (personal, household and environment) Objectives  Increase the health impact of WASH projects through integration of the Safe Water approach  Promote solutions for unserved households (pro- poor/innovative approaches) Working principles  National partner to facilitate scaling up (Ministry of Health)  Private sector/supply chains (products and services to reach the poorest, financing mechanisms)  Facilitate behaviour change  Partnership with Eawag (SODIS)
  15. 15. 3. Strategic orientation Sanitation  Focus on rural areas and small towns Key principles  Creating demand (programmatic approaches such as CLTS)  Developing a dynamic private sector (producing affordable latrines, sanimarts, business skills, competition)  Appropriate policies  Financing mechanisms (ODF incentives, cross-subsidies, etc.) Challenges  Scaling up rural sanitation  CLTS in schools (as part of a broader approach; linking with a community component for more effective taking up)  Post-ODF monitoring and interventions (climbing up the ladder, SWM, etc.)  Sanitation in small towns
  16. 16. 4. Selected key projects Kyrgyzstan Vietnam Laos Nepal Pakistan Afghanistan Mali Niger BeninBurkina Faso Ethiopia Tanzania Mosambique HaïtiGuatemala Nicaragua Bolivia Togo Senegal Bhutan Madagascar Bangladesh Honduras Water & sanitation in fragile states Clean water and healthy schools Rainwater harvesting Enhancing participation Water for healthy schools Blue schools Improving rural sanitation Supporting sanitation entrepreneurs Equitable use of water resources Improving transparency Improving rural sanitation More crops per drop More crops per drop Safe Water
  17. 17. Water and sanitation in fragile states Improving access to water supply and sanitation in fragile states – the case of Haiti  Improved access to water supply and sanitation  Building capacity of the local actors (communities, water committees, local authorities, private sector, decentralized services)  Improved sector policy
  18. 18. Clean water and healthy schools in Guatemala Building capacity to better plan and implement water projects and intro “  Construction of water supply systems, drainage and waste disposal infrastructure, as well as latrines, with the active participation of local people  Capacity building at municipalities and village level officers and water committees for operating and maintaining the infrastructure.  Women’s participation in decision- making is explicitly encouraged  Healthy schools
  19. 19. Rainwater harvesting in Ethiopia Rural Roof Water Harvesting Initiative  Tigray region in Northern-Ethiopia characterized by water shortage  Design and test low-cost roof water harvesting systems (ferro-cement cistern with a storage volume of 7.2 m3)  Improving domestic hygiene, skills development and job creation  Blue schools
  20. 20. Enhancing participation Enhancing political participation and improving service provision in Mozambique  The project focuses on enhancing political participation through capacity building of civil society organizations in development planning and linking up to district governmental tiers (demand side).  It facilitates improved public service provision through technical assistance and the provision of sector funding at district level for projects in the area of water & sanitation (supply side).  The project contributes to minimizing conflicts (humans and wildlife) and reduces water-borne diseases such as diarrhea and cholera.
  21. 21. Water for healthy schools and safe births Transforming wells to improve water quality in schools and health centers (Bénin)  Cleaning, consolidating and closing existing large shallow open wells  Installing small-piped network to school or health centre  Handpump for community  Accompanying measures such as hygiene promotion, handwashing with soap, chlorination (WATA) in health centres Cleaning and closing existing wells is a cost-effective measure to improve water quality. Winner 2006 Development Marketplace
  22. 22. Blue schools Blue schools in Bénin  Sustainable access to safe drinking water,  Sustainable access to sanitation and hygiene,  A school garden as practical place to show relationships between food production and an efficient management of water,  A demonstrative place for watershed and land management practices, wherever it is suitable (depending on the surrounding of the schools).  Benin: lessons learnt on management (pupils, teachers, parents committee), protection of vegetable gardens and reforestation  Ongoing projects in Bénin, Ethiopia and Nicaragua
  23. 23. Improving rural sanitation in Burkina Faso SaniFaso (Burkina Faso)  Establishing and training water and sanitation commissions in 3 communes (Manni, Thion et Bogandé)  Training 64 village development committees  Identification of more than 1500 beneficiaries  Supply of sanitation products by local private sector  Supporting the development of communal development plan (water and sanitation) in Thion  Training 30 health agents and 234 community mobilizers to work in 117 villages  More than 600 latrines implemented  SaniFaso at AfricaSan - YouTube
  24. 24. Supporting small sanitation entrepreneurs Said – the latrine man (Mali)  Support to latrine emptying entrepreneur (Bougouni, Mali)  Said the latrine man - YouTube
  25. 25. Equitable use of water resources Water Use Master Plan (WUMP) An approach to participatory and inclusive planning for integrated water resources management (Nepal)  Identification of available water resources  Identification of water needs  Prioritization of water-related infrastructure  Inclusion and empowerment of disadvantaged groups in the planning process Planning/prioritizing the use of available water resources (drinking water, irrigation, water for nature and other uses) as a basis for sound investments, conflict prevention and empowerment.2012 World Water Forum Solution
  26. 26. Ensuring transparency Public audit practice (Nepal)  Public audit practice consists of three events (Public Hearing, Review, Audit)  Contributes to enhance participation of poor and excluded communities in planning, implementation and monitoring. “Public audits are very important to ensure transparency. Through these events, the public is aware of the costs of the project. Furthermore, Public Audit Practice prevents any misuse of the funds, as people can control the fund flows. So it strengthens the relationship and trust between the Water and Sanitation User Committee and the users.” ALINe Farmers Voice Award 2010
  27. 27. How latrines became a status symbol Promoting the development of ODF communities in Nepal  Training of latrine builders (including people from disadvantaged social groups)  Villages where at least 50% of households already have a latrine can apply for other small projects for farm irrigation, drinking water supply or catchment protection.  The programme supported three VDCs to declare ODF in the first half of 2012 „We’ve long wanted a latrine. It’s not good to go in the jungle. It’s difficult because of the snakes. And as a woman I’m scared when I have to go out in the open to relieve myself. I finally had enough money for the low cost latrine.“
  28. 28. Efficient small-scale irrigation systems Prospects towards prosperity with farmer managed irrigation systems in Nepal  Construction and rehabilitation of farmer managed irrigation schemes  Increased annual income of approx. $ 500 per hectare.  By the end of December 2011, a total of 230 Farmer Managed Irrigation Systems have been completed, irrigating 1,800 hectares and benefiting 11,500 households of which 60% belong to disadvantaged groups. Factsheet Food Security: Every Drop counts
  29. 29. Safe Water Using sunlight to purify water in Vietnam  HELVETAS has introduced the SODIS water disinfection method in Vietnam  A simple and scientifically proven technique for disinfecting drinking water at home  Contaminated water is put in transparent PET or glass bottles, which are then left in the sun for at least six hours. During this time, UV radiation from the sun kills the germs in the water  HELVETAS offers training and assistance to local people to raise awareness about this simple and efficient method
  30. 30. Efficient small-scale irrigation systems Saving water through drip irrigation in Kyrgizstan  HELVETAS strengthens and trains local organizations, cooperatives and private companies involved in agricultural extension  Men and women farmers learn on demonstration plots how to use short furrows to spread water more equally and thus save water; or how they can distribute a defined quantity of water directly to the plant by means of a perforated plastic tube.  Thanks to this simple drip irrigation method, farmers use two to three times less water, but harvest up to three times more crops. This is very important in a region where vegetables are scarce.
  31. 31. Swiss Water & Sanitation NGO Consortium Swiss NGOs join hands to contribute to solving the water and sanitation crisis  Drinking water supply, sanitation, hygiene and small-scale irrigation  16 million CHF (2011-2013)  27 projects in 16 countries  3 regional hubs: technical assistance and knowledge sharing  Pooling resources and know how, stronger voice
  32. 32. Swiss Water Partnership A new platform of Swiss water organisations from academia, civil society, public and private sector The Swiss Water Partnership intends to:  Exchange information and promote networking between its members  Advance the discussion of important international water policy issues  Draw together the substantial and diverse range of Swiss experience and knowledge in water issues into a single voice  Promote the Swiss water perspective and expertise in international conferences and networks
  33. 33. Thank you!

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • We are the biggest Swiss NGO, since the merger with Intercooperation in 2011. We are also one of the oldest, founded in 1955. We are a membership-based organisations, with over 100’000 members and Swiss donors. We have around 1200 people working for us, around 100 at Headoffice. We work in 34 countries, where we have country offices, often one in the capital and then small field offices for operations. We always work with and through local partners, often in a multistakeholder approach, where we bring the different actors together around a common objective, be it drinking water supply, forestry management, agricultural services, etc. We have M&E systems in place, more and more impact assessments are done, because we really want to know what works and what doesn’t. And we want to ensure quality of our work. We are proud of our achievements so far to promote South South collaboration, especially in trailbridge building, between Npl and ET.
  • We have organised ourselves around five main themes. Many of them actually overlap, so they are rather fluid categories. For each working area, we have a team of advisors. Each project we have is categorised according to one of these five working areas. Those actually responsible for the programs are organised geographically. I just mentioned the Trailbridges, this falles under Water & Infrastructure. We think safe drinking water is really important but also more needs to be done around sanitation. So we are happy that there is now a convention? Signed on Right to Water. Skills development and education, focuses on vocational education and teacher training. You know, the Swiss are really good at vocational training, they find it really important to have skilled labour, children from 15 years on normally go do an apprentiship for 3-4 years. You can see it, everything is done to perfection in Switzerland. Then my working area, which I am heading, is Governance and Peace, which I willl explain later. Rural economy focuses on sustainable agriculture, fairtrade, organic, preferably both along value chains. We also use a M4P approach, which is an integrated approach to value chains which benefit the poor, looking at all the actors along the chain, the inputs required and the governance aspects. Advisors are now looking more at food security issues, as well. Finally, environment and climate change, encompasses forestry, risk reduction and adaptation, and climate change. Land issues is a theme that we starting to look at more seriously. We have cross-cutting themes of gender and social equity, capacity development, and learning & innovation. We have a team working on these issues.
  • We are in 34 countries, since the merger. The oldest one is Nepal, the newest one is Myanmar. The size of the programme differs according to mandates, potential for fundraising, and relevance of our presence. Vietnam is sizing down, Bhutan is small, but Bangladesh is increasing.
  • We are well connected across the globe. But these are some of the US partners that we have worked with now or in the past.
  • We are a member of CIVICUS, which is based in South Africa, and a global civil society organisation. We also work with Swisspeace and KOFF on peacebuilding and conflict sensitivity. And even though this organisation falls under water, we have a partnership with Water Integrity Network to implement integrity projects in three countries, because integrity and anti-corruption is so closely related to governance. ISEAL -- Describes objectives, which are to improve social auditing processes in agriculture. Also organizational details and partner information.
  • We are growing in size and financial volume. Private spending has again increased this year. We have a steady amount of mandates from various donors. Our main donor continues to be Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, SDC.
  • 1CHF=1,07 USD
  • Add pictures to illustrate the three fields colors
  • Behavior change: The RANAS Model: Risk, Attitude, Norm, Ability, Self-Regulation Factors
  • EPA SDC funded Since 2003 1.7 Mio (2012)
  • AJIN Own funding 300,000 CHF (2012)
  • RRWHI Since 2011 SDC + Own funding 200,000 (2012)
  • EPECS Since 2006 SDC, Own Funding Budget 2012: 800,000
  • Blue schools: SDC funding Nicaragua: 240 blue schools (1,650,000 CHF 3 years) Benin: 80 blue schools (300,000 CHF) Ethiopia: 15 blue schools
  • SaniFaso Since 2011 EU 3.8 Mio CHF for 4 years
  • Project completed
  • WARMP Since 2001 DFID, SDC, Own Funding Budget 2012: 375,000
  • LILI SDC funded 2 Mio CHF per year
  • LILI SDC funded 2 Mio CHF per year
  • Since 2011 SDC funded 12 million + 4 million own funding