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PHILIPPINE LITERATURE DURING THE
AMERICAN PERIOD
Group 4
English 7
Galileo
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Philippine Literature during the
American Period
Group 4
English 7 Galileo
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
•Philippine Independence
•Philippine-American Conflicts
•1900s-peace movements
THEMES OF LITERATURE
Philippine Literature during the
American Period
Group 4
English 7 Galileo
THEMES OF LITERATURE
•Desire for freedom
•Love of Country
•Fight against colonialism and imperialism
CHARACTERISTICS OF LITERATURE
Philippine Literature during the
American Period
Group 4
English 7 Galileo
CHARACTERISTICS OF LITERATURE
•Nationalism
•Freedom of Speech
•Experience
•Search and use of a new medium
INFLUENCES OF THE AMERICANS
Philippine Literature during the
American Period
Group 4
English 7 Galileo
INFLUENCES OF THE AMERICAN
•Schools
•New education system
•Cleanliness and Hygiene
•English Language
•Politics
•Freedom of...
NEWSPAPERS
Philippine Literature during the
American Period
Group 4
English 7 Galileo
NEWSPAPERS
El Grito Del Pueblo
•a pro-labor and radical nationalist newspaper advocates
independence under the protection ...
NEWSPAPERS
El Grito del Pueblo
1899
Pascual Poblete
NEWSPAPERS
El Nuevo Dia
•Founded by Sergio Osmena in 1900
•A Cebuano newspaper
•Lasted for 3 years
NEWSPAPERS El Nuevo Dia
1900
Sergio Osmena
NEWSPAPERS
El Renacimiento
•Rafael Palma is the editor
•The most influential newspaper in Manila during the
Spanish coloni...
NEWSPAPERS
El Renacimiento
1900
Rafael Palma
NEWSPAPERS
Manila Daily Bulletin
•The Philippines’ largest broadsheet newspaper by
circulation
•Now currently known as “Th...
NEWSPAPERS
Manila Daily Bulletin
1900
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS
Philippine Literature during the
American Period
Group 4
English 7 Galileo
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS
•Spanish
•English
•Filipino
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS:
SPANISH
Philippine Literature during the
American Period
Group 4
English 7 Galileo
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: SPANISH
•The writers in Spanish were accustomed to write on
nationalism like honoring Rizal and o...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: SPANISH
Cecilio Apostol
•Masterpiece: A Rizal
•His poems wee used to teach the Spanish Language (...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: SPANISH
Fernando Maria Guerro
•Masterpiece: Crisalidas
•Prince of Filipino lyric poets in Spanish...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: SPANISH
Claro M. Recto
•Masterpiece: Bajo Los Cocoteros (Under the Cocunut Trees)
•Bajo Los Cocot...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: SPANISH
Jesus Balmori
•Works: Mi Casa de Nipa, Mi Choza de Nipa
•Pen name Batikuling
•Poet Laurea...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: SPANISH
Manuel Bernabe
•Translated Rubaiyat by Omar Khayyam in
Spanish
•King of Balagtasan in Spa...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS:
TAGALOG
Philippine Literature during the
American Period
Group 4
English 7 Galileo
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG
POETS OF THE HEART (MAKATA NG PUSO)
Lope K. Santos, Inigo Ed. Regalado, Carlos
Gatmaitan,...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG
POETS OF LIFE (MAKATA NG BUHAY)
Lope K. Santos, Jose Corazon De Jesus,
Florentino Collant...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG
POETS OF THE STAGE (MAKATA NG TANGHALAN)
Aurelio Tolentino, Patricio Mariano,
Severino Re...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG
Lope K. Santos
•Masterpiece: Banaag at Sikat
•Father of the Filipino Grammar
•“Apo” of th...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG
Amado V. Hernandez
•Masterpiece: Luha ng Buwaya, Ang Panday
•First King of Balagtasan
•A ...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG
Jose Corazon De Jesus
•Masterpiece: Ang Isang Punongkahoy (A Tree)
•The Legendary Lyric P...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG
Aurelio Tolentino
•Masterpiece: Kahapon, Ngayon at Bukas
•Coined the word “dula”
•Father ...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG
Severino Reyes
•Masterpiece: Walang Sugat
•Father of the Tagalog Plays
•Father of the Tag...
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS:
ENGLISH
Philippine Literature during the
American Period
Group 4
English 7 Galileo
THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: ENGLISH
•The writers in English imitated the themes and methods of
the Americans.
•The Period of ...
ESSAYS
•Scholarly and characterized by sobriety, substance and structure
•Political, social reflective essays, critical es...
SHORT STORIES
•Imitation of foreign models
•Ignacio Manlapaz, Godfredo Rivera, Federico Mangahas,
Francisco B. Icasiano, J...
INFORMAL ESSAYS
•Works are spiced with humor, wit, and satire
•Ignacio Manalanpaz, Federico Mangahas, Francisco B. Icasian...
FRANCISO BENITEZ
•First editor of Philippine Journal of Education
•Became the Dean of UP College of Education
PAZ MARQUEZ BENITEZ
•First Filipino Modern English Language short story writer
•One of the founders of Philippine Women’s ...
ZOILO GALANG
•A Child of Sorrow (1921)-first Philippine novel written in
English
•Nadia (1929), Encyclopedia of The Philip...
JOSE GARCIA VILLA
•National Artist of the Philippines for Literature
(1973)
•Pen name- Doveglion
•Comma poet
MANUEL E. ARGUILLA
•How my Brother Leon Brought Home a Wife (1940)
•Epilogue to Reconciliation (1936)
•Republic Cultural H...
NICK JOAQUIN
•Republic Cultural Heritage Award (1961)
•National Artist of the Philippines for Literature (1976)
•MOST impo...
CARMEN GUERRERO NAKPIL
•Lifetime Achievement Award 2005 for her
outstanding achievement in history
•Icon of Philippine Lit...
N.V.M GONZALES
•Palanca Memorial Awardee for Literature
•National Artist Award for Literature (1997)
•Centennial Award for...
THANK YOU FOR VIEWING!
Made By: Giancarlo Trani
Group 4 Members:
Jennie Rose Mercullo Giancarlo Trani
Jamie Marie Matriz P...
SOURCES:
http://www.slideshare.net/thelma_villaflores/literature-during-the-american-period
Philippine Literature during the American Period (Group 4)
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Philippine Literature during the American Period (Group 4)

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Group 4
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SY 2015-2016

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Philippine Literature during the American Period (Group 4)

  1. 1. PHILIPPINE LITERATURE DURING THE AMERICAN PERIOD Group 4 English 7 Galileo
  2. 2. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Philippine Literature during the American Period Group 4 English 7 Galileo
  3. 3. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND •Philippine Independence •Philippine-American Conflicts •1900s-peace movements
  4. 4. THEMES OF LITERATURE Philippine Literature during the American Period Group 4 English 7 Galileo
  5. 5. THEMES OF LITERATURE •Desire for freedom •Love of Country •Fight against colonialism and imperialism
  6. 6. CHARACTERISTICS OF LITERATURE Philippine Literature during the American Period Group 4 English 7 Galileo
  7. 7. CHARACTERISTICS OF LITERATURE •Nationalism •Freedom of Speech •Experience •Search and use of a new medium
  8. 8. INFLUENCES OF THE AMERICANS Philippine Literature during the American Period Group 4 English 7 Galileo
  9. 9. INFLUENCES OF THE AMERICAN •Schools •New education system •Cleanliness and Hygiene •English Language •Politics •Freedom of Speech
  10. 10. NEWSPAPERS Philippine Literature during the American Period Group 4 English 7 Galileo
  11. 11. NEWSPAPERS El Grito Del Pueblo •a pro-labor and radical nationalist newspaper advocates independence under the protection of the United States. •Founded by Pascual Poblete in 1899 with a Tagalog version called “Ang Kapatid ng Bayan.”
  12. 12. NEWSPAPERS El Grito del Pueblo 1899 Pascual Poblete
  13. 13. NEWSPAPERS El Nuevo Dia •Founded by Sergio Osmena in 1900 •A Cebuano newspaper •Lasted for 3 years
  14. 14. NEWSPAPERS El Nuevo Dia 1900 Sergio Osmena
  15. 15. NEWSPAPERS El Renacimiento •Rafael Palma is the editor •The most influential newspaper in Manila during the Spanish colonial period
  16. 16. NEWSPAPERS El Renacimiento 1900 Rafael Palma
  17. 17. NEWSPAPERS Manila Daily Bulletin •The Philippines’ largest broadsheet newspaper by circulation •Now currently known as “The Manila Bulletin” •Founded in 1900 as a shipping journal •The second-oldest Philippine newspaper, second only to the Manila Times
  18. 18. NEWSPAPERS Manila Daily Bulletin 1900
  19. 19. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS Philippine Literature during the American Period Group 4 English 7 Galileo
  20. 20. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS •Spanish •English •Filipino
  21. 21. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: SPANISH Philippine Literature during the American Period Group 4 English 7 Galileo
  22. 22. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: SPANISH •The writers in Spanish were accustomed to write on nationalism like honoring Rizal and other heroes. •Some writers: Cecilio Apostol, Fernando Ma. Guerrero, Jesus Balomori, Manuel Bernabe and Claro M. Recto
  23. 23. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: SPANISH Cecilio Apostol •Masterpiece: A Rizal •His poems wee used to teach the Spanish Language (RA 1881) •Pen name - Catulo
  24. 24. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: SPANISH Fernando Maria Guerro •Masterpiece: Crisalidas •Prince of Filipino lyric poets in Spanish •Favorite theme – eternal sadness of things
  25. 25. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: SPANISH Claro M. Recto •Masterpiece: Bajo Los Cocoteros (Under the Cocunut Trees) •Bajo Los Cocoteros was published in 1911 •He is the Father of Philippine Consitution
  26. 26. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: SPANISH Jesus Balmori •Works: Mi Casa de Nipa, Mi Choza de Nipa •Pen name Batikuling •Poet Laureate in Spanish •Premio Zobel award for contributions to Philippine Literature
  27. 27. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: SPANISH Manuel Bernabe •Translated Rubaiyat by Omar Khayyam in Spanish •King of Balagtasan in Spanish
  28. 28. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG Philippine Literature during the American Period Group 4 English 7 Galileo
  29. 29. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG POETS OF THE HEART (MAKATA NG PUSO) Lope K. Santos, Inigo Ed. Regalado, Carlos Gatmaitan, Pedro Deogracias del Rosario, Ildefonso Santos, Amado V. Hernandez, Nemencio Carabana, and Mar Antonio
  30. 30. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG POETS OF LIFE (MAKATA NG BUHAY) Lope K. Santos, Jose Corazon De Jesus, Florentino Collantes, Patricio Mariano, Carlos Gatmaitan, and Amado V. Hernandez
  31. 31. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG POETS OF THE STAGE (MAKATA NG TANGHALAN) Aurelio Tolentino, Patricio Mariano, Severino Reyes, and Tomas Remigio.
  32. 32. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG Lope K. Santos •Masterpiece: Banaag at Sikat •Father of the Filipino Grammar •“Apo” of the Tagalog writers
  33. 33. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG Amado V. Hernandez •Masterpiece: Luha ng Buwaya, Ang Panday •First King of Balagtasan •A pillar in the Tagalog Literature
  34. 34. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG Jose Corazon De Jesus •Masterpiece: Ang Isang Punongkahoy (A Tree) •The Legendary Lyric Poet •King of Balagtasan
  35. 35. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG Aurelio Tolentino •Masterpiece: Kahapon, Ngayon at Bukas •Coined the word “dula” •Father of Tagalog Drama •CCP theater was named after him-Tanghalabg Aurelio Tolentino
  36. 36. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: TAGALOG Severino Reyes •Masterpiece: Walang Sugat •Father of the Tagalog Plays •Father of the Tagalog Zarzuela •Pen name- Lola Basyang
  37. 37. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: ENGLISH Philippine Literature during the American Period Group 4 English 7 Galileo
  38. 38. THREE GROUPS OF WRITERS: ENGLISH •The writers in English imitated the themes and methods of the Americans. •The Period of Re-Orientation (1898-1910) •The Period of Imitation (1910-1925) •The Period of Self-Discovery (1925-1941)
  39. 39. ESSAYS •Scholarly and characterized by sobriety, substance and structure •Political, social reflective essays, critical essays, personal or familiar essays •Carlos P. Romulo, Vicente Hilario, Jorge C. Bocobo, and Mauro Mendez
  40. 40. SHORT STORIES •Imitation of foreign models •Ignacio Manlapaz, Godfredo Rivera, Federico Mangahas, Francisco B. Icasiano, Jose Lansang, Salvador P. Lopez, and Amando G. Dayrit
  41. 41. INFORMAL ESSAYS •Works are spiced with humor, wit, and satire •Ignacio Manalanpaz, Federico Mangahas, Francisco B. Icasiano, Godefredo Rivers, Salvador P. Lopez, Jose Lansang and Amando G. Dayrit
  42. 42. FRANCISO BENITEZ •First editor of Philippine Journal of Education •Became the Dean of UP College of Education
  43. 43. PAZ MARQUEZ BENITEZ •First Filipino Modern English Language short story writer •One of the founders of Philippine Women’s College •Dead Stars (1925)
  44. 44. ZOILO GALANG •A Child of Sorrow (1921)-first Philippine novel written in English •Nadia (1929), Encyclopedia of The Philippines (1957) •Filipino encyclopedist and the 1st English-language Filipino Novelist
  45. 45. JOSE GARCIA VILLA •National Artist of the Philippines for Literature (1973) •Pen name- Doveglion •Comma poet
  46. 46. MANUEL E. ARGUILLA •How my Brother Leon Brought Home a Wife (1940) •Epilogue to Reconciliation (1936) •Republic Cultural Heritage Award 1972
  47. 47. NICK JOAQUIN •Republic Cultural Heritage Award (1961) •National Artist of the Philippines for Literature (1976) •MOST important Filipino writer in ENGLISH •Pen name- Quijano de Manila •May Day Eve (1947), The Woman Who Had Two Navels (1961), A Portrait of the Artist as a Filipino (1966), Summer Solstice (1971)
  48. 48. CARMEN GUERRERO NAKPIL •Lifetime Achievement Award 2005 for her outstanding achievement in history •Icon of Philippine Literature and Journalism
  49. 49. N.V.M GONZALES •Palanca Memorial Awardee for Literature •National Artist Award for Literature (1997) •Centennial Award for Literature (1998) •The Winds of April, The Bamboo Dancers, A Season of Grace, Children of the Ash-Covered Loam
  50. 50. THANK YOU FOR VIEWING! Made By: Giancarlo Trani Group 4 Members: Jennie Rose Mercullo Giancarlo Trani Jamie Marie Matriz Princess Daniell Yambao Yohj Gabriel Orzame Joshua Ortiz Xavier”Ashky” Badong
  51. 51. SOURCES: http://www.slideshare.net/thelma_villaflores/literature-during-the-american-period

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