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Individuality & Community

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Individuality & community: philosophy and their connection to permaculture design.

Veröffentlicht in: Umweltschutz
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Individuality & Community

  1. 1. individuality & community
  2. 2. 2008
  3. 3. 2009
  4. 4. 2010
  5. 5. Climate breakdown
  6. 6. george theodorakis ● 2009 Athens Biennale - Art & Sustainability ● 2011 Urban Ecocommunity – astoiko.eu ● 2013 Transition Initiative of Plato's Academy – transition.gr ● 2015 Urban Flat in Transition – permaculture.top ● 2017 Core Flower Transition Centre Social cooperative – coreflower.eu ● 2017 Permaculture.School ● 2019 Communitism contact: gt@permaculture.school
  7. 7. george theodorakis ● Community building Community meetings and desicion making - Open Space technology - World cafe - Non violent communication - Sociocracy - Meetings Facilitation Community currencies (from paper and pen, to blockchain) ● Urban permaculture ● DIY Solar thermal, Rocket Heaters, Urban gardening & farming ● Sustainability & Contemporary Art
  8. 8. Community building In The Different Drum: Community-Making and Peace (1987) Scott Peck argues that the almost accidental sense of community that exists at times of crisis can be consciously built. Peck believes that conscious community building is a process of deliberate design based on the knowledge and application of certain rules. He states that this process goes through four stages:
  9. 9. Community building ● Pseudocommunity: When people first come together, they try to be "nice" and present what they feel are their most personable and friendly characteristics. ● Chaos: People move beyond the inauthenticity of pseudo-community and feel safe enough to present their "shadow" selves.
  10. 10. Community building ● Emptiness: Moves beyond the attempts to fix, heal and convert of the chaos stage, when all people become capable of acknowledging their own woundedness and brokenness, common to human beings. ● True community: Deep respect and true listening for the needs of the other people in this community.
  11. 11. individuality
  12. 12. individuality An individual is that which exists as a distinct entity Individuality (or selfhood) is the state or quality of being an individual; particularly of - being a person separate from other people - possessing their own needs or goals, rights and responsibilities wikipedia
  13. 13. Individuality - philosophy Buddhism In Buddhism, the concept of the individual lies in anatman, or "no-self." According to anatman, the individual is really a series of interconnected processes that, working together, give the appearance of being a single, separated whole. ● The individual in Buddhism is understood as an interrelated part of an ever-changing, impermanent universe
  14. 14. Individuality - philosophy Empiricism Early empiricists such as Ibn Tufail in early 12th century Islamic Spain, and John Locke in late 17th century England, introduced the idea of the individual as a tabula rasa ("blank slate"), shaped from birth by experience and education. This ties into the idea of the liberty and rights of the individual, society as a social contract between rational individuals, and the beginnings of individualism as a doctrine.
  15. 15. Individuality - philosophy Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel regarded history as the gradual evolution of Mind as it tests its own concepts against the external world. Each time the mind applies its concepts to the world, the concept is revealed to be only partly true, within a certain context; thus the mind continually revises these incomplete concepts so as to reflect a fuller reality (commonly known as the process of thesis, antithesis, and synthesis). The individual comes to rise above their own particular viewpoint, and grasps that they are a part of a greater whole insofar as they are bound to family, a social context, and/or a political order.
  16. 16. Individuality - philosophy Existentialism Søren Kierkegaard rejected Hegel's notion of the individual as subordinated to the forces of history. Instead, he elevated the individual's subjectivity and capacity to choose their own fate. Friedrich Nietzsche examines the individual's need to define his/her own self and circumstances in his concept of the will to power and the heroic ideal of the Übermensch. The individual is also central to Sartre's philosophy, which emphasizes individual authenticity, responsibility, and free will. In both Sartre and Nietzsche, the individual is called upon to create their own values, rather than rely on external, socially imposed codes of morality. ●
  17. 17. individualism Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual. Individualists promote the exercise of one's goals and desires and so value independence and self- reliance and advocate that interests of the individual should achieve precedence over the state or a social group, while opposing external interference upon one's own interests by society or institutions such as the government.
  18. 18. Individuality - philosophy Objectivism Ayn Rand regards every human as an independent, sovereign entity who possesses an inalienable right to their own life, a right derived from their nature as a rational being. Individualism and Objectivism hold that a civilized society, or any form of association, cooperation or peaceful coexistence among humans, can be achieved only on the basis of the recognition of individual rights — and that a group, as such, has no rights other than the individual rights of its members.
  19. 19. community
  20. 20. community A community is a small or large social unit (a group of living things) that has something in common, such as norms, religion, values, or identity. Communities often share a sense of place that is situated in a given geographical area (e.g. a country, village, town, or neighborhood) or in virtual space through communication platforms. wikipedia
  21. 21. Sense of community McMillan and Chavis identify four elements: ● Membership - feeling of belonging or of sharing a sense of personal relatedness, ● Influence - mattering, making a difference to a group and of the group mattering to its members ● reinforcement: integration and fulfillment of needs ● shared emotional connection.
  22. 22. Community - ecology In ecology, a community is an assemblage of populations of different species, interacting with one another. Species interact in three ways: competition, predation and mutualism. Competition typically results in a double negative—that is both species lose in the interaction. Predation is a win/lose situation with one species winning. Mutualism, on the other hand, involves both species cooperating in some way, with both winning.
  23. 23. Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation"
  24. 24. Manfred Max-Neef's (Human Scale Development) Fundamental Human Needs
  25. 25. Manfred Max-Neef's (Human Scale Development) Fundamental Human Needs
  26. 26. Non violent communication (Marshall Rosenberg) Human Needs Inventory
  27. 27. David Holmgren's Permaculture Flower – permacultureprinciples.com
  28. 28. individuality & community

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