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Policy & institutional factors influencing innovation and value-addition in Malawian legume sector

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Policy & institutional factors influencing innovation and value-addition in Malawian legume sector

  1. 1. Policy & institutional factors influencing innovation and value- addition in Malawian legume sector Domenico Dentoni Management Studies, School of Social Sciences Wageningen University 21/08/2014 Slides complementing GCFSI Megatrend 3 Evolution in Skills in the Food System
  2. 2. Introduction How does Wageningen University action in Year 2 complement GCFSI partners’ action for food systems innovation in Malawian legume sector? Figure displays multiple levels of legume systems innovation Wageningen University focus in Year 2 is across ORANGE boxes. GCFSI Partners’ focus in Year 2 is across BLUE boxes. Wageningen University action examines and provides recommendations for action on policy and institutional factors constraining innovations and value-added activities that would benefit disadvantaged legume (soy, groundnut, pigeon pea & cowpea) farm communities.
  3. 3. Methods Which activities have we designed? Why? At which stage of implementation are we? April 2014: Research concept and seeking complementarity with GCFSI partners May 2014: Malawi legume sector literature review; stakeholder engagement in Malawi June 2014: Sample selection and interview protocols with LUANAR and MSU teams July-August 2014: Field interviews and production of transcripts/notes August-September 2014: Data analysis: Net-Mapping Net-Maps are visual tools to assess networks of influences among key actors. Thus, Net- Maps help identifying viable forms of collaboration among multiple actors to stimulate innovations of benefit for the weakest actors in the legume system. September 2014: Action points for GCFSI; other policy and managerial implications
  4. 4. Partial Results: Net-Mapping based on three in-depth interviews (1 processing & trading company; 2 farmers’ associations) out of 24 completed 2. National policies are more influential in terms of regulation than in terms of public investments. Regulation on export bans, seed certification and cooperative & business licences create constraints to innovation in legume sector. 1. Knowledge provision to legume farmers has shifted from public extension services to processors and input suppliers. Knowledge sharing across universities, farm associations and NGOs without Government funding is still weak. 3. Processors are strong actors in the supply chain but face raw product supply and processing constraints because of public regulation and infrastructure (road & electricity) limitations.
  5. 5. Action Points (tentative): Net-Mapping based on three in-depth interviews (1 processing & trading company; 2 farmers’ associations) out of 24 completed 1. SHORT-RUN action (Year 3-4 of GCFSI): develop a GCFSI hub that connects LUANAR, farmers’ associations, civil society, farmers and input suppliers with commodty-specific platforms for knowledge sharing (as a complement to public extension services). 2. MEDIUM-RUN action (Year 4-5 of GCFSI): expand the GCFSI hub role in commodity-specific platforms role from knowledge-transfer at farm level to advocacy at institutional and policy level.
  6. 6. Thank you! For questions please contact email below. We look forward to receiving your feedback. Dr. Domenico Dentoni, Assistant Professor & GCFSI Principal Investigator Prof. Onno Omta, Full Professor in Management Studies Mr. Felix Krussmann, MSc student and GCFSI Research Assistant Management Studies, School of Social Sciences Wageningen University Email: domenico.dentoni@wur.nl

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