2. Job seeking /key note/
Job seekers look for work in the job market; employers
offer jobs to people with the right qualifications and
experience. People who know what kind of job they want can
look at job advertisements for a suitable position. Others may
go to careers advisers to ask for help in starting or managing
their careers. Large companies have Human Resources
Department, which deals with recruitment and hiring
employees, and also manages career development within the
• Vocabulary: Starting a career
• Listening: Get started careers
• Reading: The online job market
• Vocabulary: Activities, The application process,
Finding a job
• Reading2: Human resources Assistant -
• Language check: The Imperative
4. Match the words and phrases 1-3 with the definitions a-c.
2. work placement
3. graduate trainee scheme
A. Students often take a temporary job
during their studies- for little or no
pay- because they want to get
B. Big companies accept a number of
newly qualified people to work for one
year. They get general experience by
working in different departments.
C. A young person learns a skill or trade
by working under supervision in a
company. They have a contract to work
there for a fixed number of years.
6. Listen to Michael Kohl and Sanjay Patel describing how
they got started in their careers and answer the questions.
1. What reason does Michael give for choosing the company
where he works?
2. How did Sanjay find a work placement?
3. What is Michael’s job?
4. How many applicants did VW accept on the apprenticeship
5. Michael got a qualification in what subject?
6. What subject did Sanjay study?
7. When did Sanjay do his work placement at Meridian?
8. What is his job now?
7. Read the text and answer the question?
1. Does Monster.com make a profit?
2. What two advantages does Monster.com offer to job-
3. Find 2 advantages for employers of using the
4. Which 2 kind of business are losing money because
5. What advice does the article give to people who want
to use the site to find a job?
10. Vocabulary: Activities
Who does the following activities? Write E for employer
and J for job-seeker.
Search job ads
Post a job ad
Use career management
Join a firm
11. The application process
Complete the diagram with the following words.
/accepts, attend, apply, advertisement, candidates, invites,
1. Employer posts a job …………on a website or in a
2. Job seekers…….. for the post.
3. The employer selects suitable……..
4. The employer……..the selected candidates for interview.
5. Candidates………..their interview.
6. The employer……the job to the best candidate.
7. The candidate……….or declines the offer.
12. Finding a job
Complete the text with the following words and phrases.
(accept, applications, interview, job ads, recruit, selected, resume,
Esther Garcia graduated from university with a degree in
telecommunications. But finding her first job was very hard. She
searched all the______ in the newspapers and on the internet. She
made lots of_____ to different companies. She also sent
her________ to all the big telecommunications companies. But
most companies didn’t even invite her for_________. It seemed
that they only wanted to____________ people with job
experience. After several months, a finance company in
Madrid_________ Esther a place on a three-month graduate
trainee scheme. At the end of the three months, Esther was the
only person out of the ten trainees to be__________ for a
permanent job. Of course, Esther was very happy to_________.
13. Read the ad from the Monster.com site. Would this
job be good for someone who…
1. … wants to live in New York?
2. … wants a part-time job?
3. … is looking for their first job?
4. … has experience in office administration but not in
5. … doesn’t have any specific human recourse
6. … has a university qualification?
15. Find a word or phrase in the ad which means:
1. most suitable applicants
2. a minimum of
3. a high level of ability or skill
4. ability to express yourself clearly and understand the needs of
6. something you get in addition to salary /health insurance,
17. The imperative
Match the example of the imperative
1. Check that your resume is clear.
2. Pass me that book
3. Don’t touch
4. Lets take a break
5. If you aren’t sure, ask for help.
a. A polite instruction
b. An instruction not to do something
c. A conditional instruction
e. An informal suggestion
18. Complete the sentences with Let’s, Don’t, or Please.
1. This equipment is very expensive. ………….be careful with it1
2. I don’t want anyone to know about my new job yet. ……tell
3. Its one o clock. ……… go for lunch.
4. Its good to try different kinds of work. …….. be afraid to
5. It’s a good job and we are offering you very good salary. …..
think about it.
6. We don’t have time to discuss this question now. ……..leave it
7. ... turn off all the lights when you leave the office.
19. Complete the instructions with the correct form of
the verbs in brackets.
1. If the machine breaks down (phone)…….. The maintenance
2. If you (not understand) …. A word, look it up in a dictionary.
3. Please(tell)……. Your head of department if you want to
attend the similar.
4. Please(not enter)…….the room if the red light is showing.
5. If you cant find the room, (ask)……. at reception
6. If you (be) …… tired, lets take a break.
Work with a partner. Choose one of the following
situations and prepare six ‘dos and don’ts’ to help
someone. Report your list to the rest of the class.
• Finding the right university or college. Search the
• Finding the right course or training programme
• Choosing a good company to work for