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Presentation On Reading Skills.pptx

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Presentation On Reading Skills.pptx

  1. 1. TOPIC READING SKILLS
  2. 2. CONTENTS 1. Reading Purposes 2. Causes of Reading Problems 3. Reading Skills
  3. 3. READING PURPOSES •Reading for Tests. •Reading for Information. •Reading for Pleasure.
  4. 4. CAUSES OF READING PROBLEMS •Reading so Quickly. •Reading so slowly. •Reading word by word. •Feel terrible when see new words.
  5. 5. READING SKILLS •Word Guessing Skills. •Paragraph Reading Skills. •Reading skills at professional Level.
  6. 6. WORD GUESSING SKILLS •Guessing words from Context Clues. •Guessing words from Word Formation •Efficient Use of Dictionary
  7. 7. WHAT IS CONTEXT? • The Sentence and Paragraph in Which this word can discovered. How To decide the word from Context? 1. Use your Knowledge of Grammar. 2. Use your Understanding The author’s ideas
  8. 8. GUESSING WORDS FROM CONTEXT CLUE Information Provided my context • Definition • Examples • Restatement • Synonyms • Antonym
  9. 9. EFFICIENT USE OF DICTIONARY • Dictionary is the best language Teacher. • A good Dictionary Provide lots of information. • For Example 1. Lets Hang Up some paintings on these -------- Walls. A) Bare B) Empty C) Blank D) Vacant
  10. 10. EFFICIENT USE OF DICTIONARY • Bare: empty , not covered by anything , or not having any decorations. • Empty: An Empty Room , building e.t.c does not have any people in it. • Blank: Showing no expression , understanding or interest; without any writing • Vacant: A Vacant Seat , Room etc is empty and available for someone to use ; A vacant job or position in an organization is available for someone to start doing
  11. 11. EFFICIENT USE OF DICTIONARY • Example Sentences 1). This room looks very bare you need some pictures on the walls. 2). The House Had been empty For six months before we moved in. 3). Leave the Last Page Blank. 4). Only a still apartments were still vacant.
  12. 12. WORD FORMATION English Word Usually contain 3 parts •Prefixes: Change the Meaning of words. • Stem: Determine the meaning of Word. • suffix: Change the part of Speech of a word.
  13. 13. WORD FORMATION Note • Some words are created by combining parts of the other words Examples: 1. Workfare : work welfare 2. Medicare : Medical Care
  14. 14. PARAGRAPH READING SKILLS • Finding the Main idea i. Topic sentence The sentence that contain the main idea of the paragraph. ii. Location of topic Sentence Where is that main idea sentence or topic sentence is situated in the paragraph In the beginning In the middle of a paragraph In the end
  15. 15. EXAMPLE OF TOPIC SENTENCE • Whenever possible, a good listener prepare in advance for the speech or lecture he or she plans to attend. He or she studies the topic to be discussed and finds out about the speaker and his or her beliefs. On arriving at the place where the speech is to be given, he or she chooses a seat where seeing, hearing and remaining alert are easy. And when the speech is over, he or she reviews what was said and reacts to and evaluates the ideas expressed. Thus, an effective listener, in order to achieve the purpose of acquiring information, takes specific steps to achieve accurate understanding.
  16. 16. READING SKILLS AT PROFESSIONAL LEVEL •Skimming •Scanning •Prediction
  17. 17. SKIMMING • To skim is to read quickly in order to get a general idea of a passage. • When you skim, it is necessary to read only selected sentences in order to get the main idea.
  18. 18. SCANNING •To scan is to read quickly in order to location specific information. Steps involved in Scanning. 1. Decide exactly what information you are looking for think about the form it may take
  19. 19. PREDICTIONS • Reading is an active process. Meaning does not exist only on the page or in the mind of the reader it created by and active interaction between reader and text. • Good readers develop predictions about what they will read next, and they read to see if their prediction will become true or not if not good readers will have a new prediction.
  20. 20. PRESENTATION PRESENTED BY: Sameer Ahmad (Group Leader) M.Saqib Dua Fatima Zaid Akram Yusra Sajid Nida Fatima Faizan Arshad Rimsha Sattar Mujahid Ahmad Muqaddas Ahmad Umbreen Mushtaq

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