1. DISCOVER . LEARN . EMPOWER
UNIVERSITY INSTITUTE OF LEGAL STUDIES
SUBJECT : Socio-Economic Offences
Topic: Socio-Economic Offences- Nature and
Co 1 Students will be able to understand the various Socio-
Co 2 Students will be able to understand the legislations
related to Socio-Economic Offences
Co 3 Students will be able to understand the impact of
Socio-Economic Offences on society
• Socio-Economic Offences are the manifestation of criminal acts done
either solely or in an organized mannar with or without
associates/gangs with an intent to earn wealth through illegal means.
• Socio-Economic Offences refer to any act which is affecting the
economy of a nation as well as society at large.
• Though all crimes are anti-social but all anti-social acts are not crimes.
• All offences which affect the wealth of an individual victim do not
constitute socio-economic crimes.
4. SALIENT FEATURES OF SOCIO-
• Mode of Operation
• Act (Absence of Mens rea)
• Offenders’ Class/strata
• Violation of General/Special Laws
5. • Stigma
• Public apathy
• Burden of Proof
• Detection and Investigation
• Sentencing System
6. WHITE COLLAR CRIME
• The concept is associated with E.H. Sutherland who pointed out that besides
the traditional crimes there are certain anti-social activities which the
persons of upper strata carry on in the course of their occupation or
• Sutherland demonstrated that a pattern of crime can be found to exist
outside the focus of both popular meaning of crime and scientific
investigation of crime and criminality
• Sutherland defined a white collar criminal as “a person of the upper socio-
economic class who violates the criminal law in the course of his
occupational or professional activities.
• Sutherland asserted that White Collar crimes are different from the
8. IMPACTS OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC
• Increase in inflationary pressure
• Uneven distribution of resources and creation of elitism
• Marginalization of tax base
• Generation of abundant black money
• Creation of a parallel economy
• Development efforts are undermined
• Country’s economic equilibrium is at stake.
• Breeding ground of corruption