SlideShare ist ein Scribd-Unternehmen logo
1 von 23
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Stress Tests for Critical Transport
Infrastructure due to Natural Hazards: a
Case Study in Bologna, Italy
Julie Clarke, Robert Corbally, Mark Tucker,
Roughan & O’Donovan Innovative Solutions,
Ireland.
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Extreme Natural Hazard Events
Transport Infrastructure
• Physical damage
• Travel disruption
• Economic loss
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Novel indicators for identifying critical INFRAstructure
at RISK from natural hazards
• EU 7th framework
• 11 consortium partners
• Project coordinators
• Case studies
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Novel indicators for identifying critical INFRAstructure
at RISK from natural hazards
• Stress testing methodology
low probability, high consequence natural hazard events
• European road and rail infrastructure
• Earthquakes, floods and landslides
• Risk quantification
physical damage, transport delays, economic loss
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Case Study – Italian Road Network
• Bologna, Italy
 Important business centre
 > 600,000 road passenger trips
per day
 >13% Italian road freight
transport per year
• Scandinavian-Mediterranean
TEN-T corridor
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Case Study – Italian Road Network
• 990 km2 in Bologna region,
Italy
• 3410 km roadway
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Case Study – Italian Road Network
• 990 km2 in Bologna region,
Italy
• 3410 km roads
• Seismically active region
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Case Study – Italian Road Network
• 990 km2 in Bologna region,
Italy
• 3410 km roads
• Seismically active region
• Susceptible to landslides
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Stress Tests
• Used to determine the
losses due to an adverse
scenario
• May be defined in terms of
the hazards and/or the
consequences
• Specified using expert
judgement
• Performed according to
overarching risk assessment
methodology developed in
INFRARISK
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Stress Tests
• Used to determine the
losses due to an adverse
scenario
• May be defined in terms of
the hazards and/or the
consequences
• Specified using expert
judgement
• Performed according to
overarching risk assessment
methodology developed in
INFRARISK
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
System Representation: Seismic Hazard
Seismic hazard model developed in
INFRARISK
• Low probability, extreme events
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
System Representation: Seismic Hazard
Seismic hazard model developed in
INFRARISK
• Low probability, extreme events
• Ground-motion field
• Linked to critical network
element
 Betweenness centrality
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
System Representation: Cascading Landslide Hazard
Rigid sliding block
displacement approach
(Saygili and Rathje, 2009)
• Landslide yield acceleration
(ky)
 Represents horizontal
acceleration at which sliding
initiates
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
System Representation: Structural Vulnerability
Seismic vulnerability: bridges
and tunnels
• 340 bridges & 30 tunnels
along road network
• Structural data gathered
using Google Maps
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
System Representation: Structural Vulnerability
Seismic vulnerability: bridges and
tunnels
• Fragility functions assigned
based on structural
characteristics
• Existing database of fragility
functions employed
• Fragility functions defined in
terms of four damage states
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
System Representation: Structural Vulnerability
Vulnerability to landslides: roads
• Road network analysed according to
10m sections
• Fragility functions assigned based
on ky and road type
(Pitilakis, et al., 2011)
• Fragility functions defined in terms
of three damage states
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
System Representation: Infrastructure Events
• Associated functional capacity loss and restoration
information defined for each network element damage state,
e.g.
Bridge
Functional capacity
loss
(% lane closure)
Slight Damage 0
Moderate Damage 50
Extensive Damage 100
Complete Damage 100
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
System Representation: Infrastructure Events
• Associated functional capacity loss and restoration
information defined for each network element damage state,
e.g.
Bridge
Functional capacity
loss
(% lane closure)
Restoration
duration
(days)
Restoration cost
(€1000)
Slight Damage 0 60 100
Moderate Damage 50 120 750
Extensive Damage 100 150 1000
Complete Damage 100 365 2000
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
System Representation: Network Use Events
• Origin-Destination data
used to define road traffic
demand
 Obtained for Bologna region
from 2011 Italian census
 Passenger trips relate to
usual place of work or study
 21 O-D zones considered
• Traffic analysis performed
using NEXTA (Network
Explorer for Traffic Analysis)
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Estimate Risk
Network repair cost Network cumulative
restoration time
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Support for Infrastructure Managers / Owners
• INFRARISK Decision Support Tool
• Training course
More Information:
www.infrarisk-fp7.eu
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Date: 29th September 2016
Location: Madrid, Spain
Who should attend:
Consulting Engineers, Researchers,
Infrastructure Owners & Managers
FREE Registration
Contact: Dr. Maria Jose Jimenez
mj.jimenez@csic.es
Final Dissemination Conference
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Novel indicators for indentifying critical
INFRAstructure at RISK from natural hazards
This project has been funded by the European Union’s Seventh Programme
for research, technological development and demonstration according
to grant agreement No. 603960.

Weitere ähnliche Inhalte

Was ist angesagt?

Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...
Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...
Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...
Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...
Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
The Power of Communities in Coping with Natural Disasters The Case of El Morr...
The Power of Communities in Coping with Natural Disasters The Case of El Morr...The Power of Communities in Coping with Natural Disasters The Case of El Morr...
The Power of Communities in Coping with Natural Disasters The Case of El Morr...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
An Analysis of National Disaster Vulnerability, Risk and Resilience Indices, ...
An Analysis of National Disaster Vulnerability, Risk and Resilience Indices, ...An Analysis of National Disaster Vulnerability, Risk and Resilience Indices, ...
An Analysis of National Disaster Vulnerability, Risk and Resilience Indices, ...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Tehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEI
Tehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEITehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEI
Tehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEIGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
How Critical Infrastructure Orients International Relief in Cascading Disaste...
How Critical Infrastructure Orients International Relief in Cascading Disaste...How Critical Infrastructure Orients International Relief in Cascading Disaste...
How Critical Infrastructure Orients International Relief in Cascading Disaste...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Institutionalizing the Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...
Institutionalizing the  Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...Institutionalizing the  Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...
Institutionalizing the Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...
Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...
Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...
Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...
Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Zoning of Gas Pipeline Environmental Risk Assessment in Various Land Unit, Ma...
Zoning of Gas Pipeline Environmental Risk Assessment in Various Land Unit, Ma...Zoning of Gas Pipeline Environmental Risk Assessment in Various Land Unit, Ma...
Zoning of Gas Pipeline Environmental Risk Assessment in Various Land Unit, Ma...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Risk Assessment and Mapping of Harmful Algal Bloom in Farming Fisheries of So...
Risk Assessment and Mapping of Harmful Algal Bloom in Farming Fisheries of So...Risk Assessment and Mapping of Harmful Algal Bloom in Farming Fisheries of So...
Risk Assessment and Mapping of Harmful Algal Bloom in Farming Fisheries of So...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Public Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINS
Public Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINSPublic Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINS
Public Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINSGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...
Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...
Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...
Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...
Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...
Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...
Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Seismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIER
Seismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIERSeismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIER
Seismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIERGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Gas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYA
Gas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYAGas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYA
Gas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYAGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Operationalization of an ISO 31000-Compliant Resilience Engineering Method, A...
Operationalization of an ISO 31000-Compliant Resilience Engineering Method, A...Operationalization of an ISO 31000-Compliant Resilience Engineering Method, A...
Operationalization of an ISO 31000-Compliant Resilience Engineering Method, A...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
The Resilience of Territories to Disasters, Clara VILLAR
The Resilience of Territories to Disasters, Clara VILLARThe Resilience of Territories to Disasters, Clara VILLAR
The Resilience of Territories to Disasters, Clara VILLARGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...
Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...
Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 

Was ist angesagt? (20)

Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...
Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...
Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...
 
Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...
Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...
Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...
 
The Power of Communities in Coping with Natural Disasters The Case of El Morr...
The Power of Communities in Coping with Natural Disasters The Case of El Morr...The Power of Communities in Coping with Natural Disasters The Case of El Morr...
The Power of Communities in Coping with Natural Disasters The Case of El Morr...
 
An Analysis of National Disaster Vulnerability, Risk and Resilience Indices, ...
An Analysis of National Disaster Vulnerability, Risk and Resilience Indices, ...An Analysis of National Disaster Vulnerability, Risk and Resilience Indices, ...
An Analysis of National Disaster Vulnerability, Risk and Resilience Indices, ...
 
Tehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEI
Tehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEITehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEI
Tehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEI
 
How Critical Infrastructure Orients International Relief in Cascading Disaste...
How Critical Infrastructure Orients International Relief in Cascading Disaste...How Critical Infrastructure Orients International Relief in Cascading Disaste...
How Critical Infrastructure Orients International Relief in Cascading Disaste...
 
Institutionalizing the Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...
Institutionalizing the  Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...Institutionalizing the  Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...
Institutionalizing the Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...
 
Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...
Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...
Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...
 
Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...
Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...
Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...
 
Zoning of Gas Pipeline Environmental Risk Assessment in Various Land Unit, Ma...
Zoning of Gas Pipeline Environmental Risk Assessment in Various Land Unit, Ma...Zoning of Gas Pipeline Environmental Risk Assessment in Various Land Unit, Ma...
Zoning of Gas Pipeline Environmental Risk Assessment in Various Land Unit, Ma...
 
Risk Assessment and Mapping of Harmful Algal Bloom in Farming Fisheries of So...
Risk Assessment and Mapping of Harmful Algal Bloom in Farming Fisheries of So...Risk Assessment and Mapping of Harmful Algal Bloom in Farming Fisheries of So...
Risk Assessment and Mapping of Harmful Algal Bloom in Farming Fisheries of So...
 
Public Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINS
Public Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINSPublic Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINS
Public Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINS
 
Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...
Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...
Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...
 
Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...
Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...
Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...
 
Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...
Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...
Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...
 
Seismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIER
Seismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIERSeismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIER
Seismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIER
 
Gas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYA
Gas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYAGas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYA
Gas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYA
 
Operationalization of an ISO 31000-Compliant Resilience Engineering Method, A...
Operationalization of an ISO 31000-Compliant Resilience Engineering Method, A...Operationalization of an ISO 31000-Compliant Resilience Engineering Method, A...
Operationalization of an ISO 31000-Compliant Resilience Engineering Method, A...
 
The Resilience of Territories to Disasters, Clara VILLAR
The Resilience of Territories to Disasters, Clara VILLARThe Resilience of Territories to Disasters, Clara VILLAR
The Resilience of Territories to Disasters, Clara VILLAR
 
Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...
Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...
Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...
 

Andere mochten auch

Evaluation of Different System Identification Methods for Assessment of RC St...
Evaluation of Different System Identification Methods for Assessment of RC St...Evaluation of Different System Identification Methods for Assessment of RC St...
Evaluation of Different System Identification Methods for Assessment of RC St...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Risks of Industry 4.0 - An Information Technology Perspective, Thomas USLÄNDER
Risks of Industry 4.0 - An Information Technology Perspective, Thomas USLÄNDERRisks of Industry 4.0 - An Information Technology Perspective, Thomas USLÄNDER
Risks of Industry 4.0 - An Information Technology Perspective, Thomas USLÄNDERGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Risk-informed Urban Planning, Anton Geogiev ANDONOV
Risk-informed Urban Planning, Anton Geogiev ANDONOVRisk-informed Urban Planning, Anton Geogiev ANDONOV
Risk-informed Urban Planning, Anton Geogiev ANDONOVGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Turning Black into Green - Incorporating DRR into Social and Economic Develop...
Turning Black into Green - Incorporating DRR into Social and Economic Develop...Turning Black into Green - Incorporating DRR into Social and Economic Develop...
Turning Black into Green - Incorporating DRR into Social and Economic Develop...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Defining Resilience Trends in Continuity, Chloe DEMROVSKY
Defining Resilience Trends in Continuity, Chloe DEMROVSKYDefining Resilience Trends in Continuity, Chloe DEMROVSKY
Defining Resilience Trends in Continuity, Chloe DEMROVSKYGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Development of Comunity-Based Tsunami Emergency Response Plan for Penang, Mal...
Development of Comunity-Based Tsunami Emergency Response Plan for Penang, Mal...Development of Comunity-Based Tsunami Emergency Response Plan for Penang, Mal...
Development of Comunity-Based Tsunami Emergency Response Plan for Penang, Mal...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Thailand Business Risk Assessment for Disaster Management, Patcharavadee THAM...
Thailand Business Risk Assessment for Disaster Management, Patcharavadee THAM...Thailand Business Risk Assessment for Disaster Management, Patcharavadee THAM...
Thailand Business Risk Assessment for Disaster Management, Patcharavadee THAM...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Bottom-up Organizing and Empowerment in Post-Disaster Work, Sara Eliisa BONDE...
Bottom-up Organizing and Empowerment in Post-Disaster Work, Sara Eliisa BONDE...Bottom-up Organizing and Empowerment in Post-Disaster Work, Sara Eliisa BONDE...
Bottom-up Organizing and Empowerment in Post-Disaster Work, Sara Eliisa BONDE...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...
Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...
Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Preventing and Managing Large-Scale Disasters in Swiss Cities, Florian ROTH
Preventing and Managing Large-Scale Disasters in Swiss Cities, Florian ROTHPreventing and Managing Large-Scale Disasters in Swiss Cities, Florian ROTH
Preventing and Managing Large-Scale Disasters in Swiss Cities, Florian ROTHGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Risk Communication by Government and the Role of the Social Media in Crisis C...
Risk Communication by Government and the Role of the Social Media in Crisis C...Risk Communication by Government and the Role of the Social Media in Crisis C...
Risk Communication by Government and the Role of the Social Media in Crisis C...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...
Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...
Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Organizational Learning from Disastrous Events A Case Study of a Multi-Utilit...
Organizational Learning from Disastrous Events A Case Study of a Multi-Utilit...Organizational Learning from Disastrous Events A Case Study of a Multi-Utilit...
Organizational Learning from Disastrous Events A Case Study of a Multi-Utilit...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
The Role of New and Traditional Media in Alerting and Risk Communication, Bri...
The Role of New and Traditional Media in Alerting and Risk Communication, Bri...The Role of New and Traditional Media in Alerting and Risk Communication, Bri...
The Role of New and Traditional Media in Alerting and Risk Communication, Bri...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Green Development and Complex Risk Governance , Andreas RECHKEMMER
Green Development and Complex Risk Governance , Andreas RECHKEMMERGreen Development and Complex Risk Governance , Andreas RECHKEMMER
Green Development and Complex Risk Governance , Andreas RECHKEMMERGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Global Multiple Natural Hazards Risk Landscape and Climate Change Regionaliza...
Global Multiple Natural Hazards Risk Landscape and Climate Change Regionaliza...Global Multiple Natural Hazards Risk Landscape and Climate Change Regionaliza...
Global Multiple Natural Hazards Risk Landscape and Climate Change Regionaliza...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Social Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMA
Social Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMASocial Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMA
Social Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMAGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Qualitative Risk Assessment for Business Continuity Management in University,...
Qualitative Risk Assessment for Business Continuity Management in University,...Qualitative Risk Assessment for Business Continuity Management in University,...
Qualitative Risk Assessment for Business Continuity Management in University,...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...
Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...
Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Stress Testing Cities - How to Live and Plan with New Risks, Theo KOETTER
Stress Testing Cities - How to Live and Plan with New Risks, Theo KOETTERStress Testing Cities - How to Live and Plan with New Risks, Theo KOETTER
Stress Testing Cities - How to Live and Plan with New Risks, Theo KOETTERGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 

Andere mochten auch (20)

Evaluation of Different System Identification Methods for Assessment of RC St...
Evaluation of Different System Identification Methods for Assessment of RC St...Evaluation of Different System Identification Methods for Assessment of RC St...
Evaluation of Different System Identification Methods for Assessment of RC St...
 
Risks of Industry 4.0 - An Information Technology Perspective, Thomas USLÄNDER
Risks of Industry 4.0 - An Information Technology Perspective, Thomas USLÄNDERRisks of Industry 4.0 - An Information Technology Perspective, Thomas USLÄNDER
Risks of Industry 4.0 - An Information Technology Perspective, Thomas USLÄNDER
 
Risk-informed Urban Planning, Anton Geogiev ANDONOV
Risk-informed Urban Planning, Anton Geogiev ANDONOVRisk-informed Urban Planning, Anton Geogiev ANDONOV
Risk-informed Urban Planning, Anton Geogiev ANDONOV
 
Turning Black into Green - Incorporating DRR into Social and Economic Develop...
Turning Black into Green - Incorporating DRR into Social and Economic Develop...Turning Black into Green - Incorporating DRR into Social and Economic Develop...
Turning Black into Green - Incorporating DRR into Social and Economic Develop...
 
Defining Resilience Trends in Continuity, Chloe DEMROVSKY
Defining Resilience Trends in Continuity, Chloe DEMROVSKYDefining Resilience Trends in Continuity, Chloe DEMROVSKY
Defining Resilience Trends in Continuity, Chloe DEMROVSKY
 
Development of Comunity-Based Tsunami Emergency Response Plan for Penang, Mal...
Development of Comunity-Based Tsunami Emergency Response Plan for Penang, Mal...Development of Comunity-Based Tsunami Emergency Response Plan for Penang, Mal...
Development of Comunity-Based Tsunami Emergency Response Plan for Penang, Mal...
 
Thailand Business Risk Assessment for Disaster Management, Patcharavadee THAM...
Thailand Business Risk Assessment for Disaster Management, Patcharavadee THAM...Thailand Business Risk Assessment for Disaster Management, Patcharavadee THAM...
Thailand Business Risk Assessment for Disaster Management, Patcharavadee THAM...
 
Bottom-up Organizing and Empowerment in Post-Disaster Work, Sara Eliisa BONDE...
Bottom-up Organizing and Empowerment in Post-Disaster Work, Sara Eliisa BONDE...Bottom-up Organizing and Empowerment in Post-Disaster Work, Sara Eliisa BONDE...
Bottom-up Organizing and Empowerment in Post-Disaster Work, Sara Eliisa BONDE...
 
Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...
Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...
Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...
 
Preventing and Managing Large-Scale Disasters in Swiss Cities, Florian ROTH
Preventing and Managing Large-Scale Disasters in Swiss Cities, Florian ROTHPreventing and Managing Large-Scale Disasters in Swiss Cities, Florian ROTH
Preventing and Managing Large-Scale Disasters in Swiss Cities, Florian ROTH
 
Risk Communication by Government and the Role of the Social Media in Crisis C...
Risk Communication by Government and the Role of the Social Media in Crisis C...Risk Communication by Government and the Role of the Social Media in Crisis C...
Risk Communication by Government and the Role of the Social Media in Crisis C...
 
Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...
Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...
Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...
 
Organizational Learning from Disastrous Events A Case Study of a Multi-Utilit...
Organizational Learning from Disastrous Events A Case Study of a Multi-Utilit...Organizational Learning from Disastrous Events A Case Study of a Multi-Utilit...
Organizational Learning from Disastrous Events A Case Study of a Multi-Utilit...
 
The Role of New and Traditional Media in Alerting and Risk Communication, Bri...
The Role of New and Traditional Media in Alerting and Risk Communication, Bri...The Role of New and Traditional Media in Alerting and Risk Communication, Bri...
The Role of New and Traditional Media in Alerting and Risk Communication, Bri...
 
Green Development and Complex Risk Governance , Andreas RECHKEMMER
Green Development and Complex Risk Governance , Andreas RECHKEMMERGreen Development and Complex Risk Governance , Andreas RECHKEMMER
Green Development and Complex Risk Governance , Andreas RECHKEMMER
 
Global Multiple Natural Hazards Risk Landscape and Climate Change Regionaliza...
Global Multiple Natural Hazards Risk Landscape and Climate Change Regionaliza...Global Multiple Natural Hazards Risk Landscape and Climate Change Regionaliza...
Global Multiple Natural Hazards Risk Landscape and Climate Change Regionaliza...
 
Social Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMA
Social Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMASocial Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMA
Social Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMA
 
Qualitative Risk Assessment for Business Continuity Management in University,...
Qualitative Risk Assessment for Business Continuity Management in University,...Qualitative Risk Assessment for Business Continuity Management in University,...
Qualitative Risk Assessment for Business Continuity Management in University,...
 
Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...
Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...
Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...
 
Stress Testing Cities - How to Live and Plan with New Risks, Theo KOETTER
Stress Testing Cities - How to Live and Plan with New Risks, Theo KOETTERStress Testing Cities - How to Live and Plan with New Risks, Theo KOETTER
Stress Testing Cities - How to Live and Plan with New Risks, Theo KOETTER
 

Ähnlich wie Stress Tests Critical Infrastructure

Development of Urban Flood Analysis Model for Real-time Urban Flood Forecasti...
Development of Urban Flood Analysis Model for Real-time Urban Flood Forecasti...Development of Urban Flood Analysis Model for Real-time Urban Flood Forecasti...
Development of Urban Flood Analysis Model for Real-time Urban Flood Forecasti...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Resilience in High-Speed Train Networks - Promising, New Approach, Florian ST...
Resilience in High-Speed Train Networks - Promising, New Approach, Florian ST...Resilience in High-Speed Train Networks - Promising, New Approach, Florian ST...
Resilience in High-Speed Train Networks - Promising, New Approach, Florian ST...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Vulnerability Assessment Using Spatial Information in terms of Chemical Relea...
Vulnerability Assessment Using Spatial Information in terms of Chemical Relea...Vulnerability Assessment Using Spatial Information in terms of Chemical Relea...
Vulnerability Assessment Using Spatial Information in terms of Chemical Relea...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...
Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...
Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...
A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...
A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...
Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...
Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...
Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...
Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Dynamic factors influencing the post-disaster resettlement success Lessons fr...
Dynamic factors influencing the post-disaster resettlement success Lessons fr...Dynamic factors influencing the post-disaster resettlement success Lessons fr...
Dynamic factors influencing the post-disaster resettlement success Lessons fr...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...
Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...
Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...
Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...
Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...
Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...
Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...
Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...
Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Rain Project - European Transport Conference 2016
Rain Project - European Transport Conference 2016Rain Project - European Transport Conference 2016
Rain Project - European Transport Conference 2016Milenko Halat Pardo
 
Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...
Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...
Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Assessment of Resiliency in Urban Fabrics against Earthquake in Iran (Case St...
Assessment of Resiliency in Urban Fabrics against Earthquake in Iran (Case St...Assessment of Resiliency in Urban Fabrics against Earthquake in Iran (Case St...
Assessment of Resiliency in Urban Fabrics against Earthquake in Iran (Case St...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
GSTAIGER-VABENE multi-sensor approach to support crisis management-ID1435-IDR...
GSTAIGER-VABENE multi-sensor approach to support crisis management-ID1435-IDR...GSTAIGER-VABENE multi-sensor approach to support crisis management-ID1435-IDR...
GSTAIGER-VABENE multi-sensor approach to support crisis management-ID1435-IDR...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Untangling the Drivers of Disaster Resilience Developing a Context, Capacity ...
Untangling the Drivers of Disaster Resilience Developing a Context, Capacity ...Untangling the Drivers of Disaster Resilience Developing a Context, Capacity ...
Untangling the Drivers of Disaster Resilience Developing a Context, Capacity ...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 

Ähnlich wie Stress Tests Critical Infrastructure (17)

Development of Urban Flood Analysis Model for Real-time Urban Flood Forecasti...
Development of Urban Flood Analysis Model for Real-time Urban Flood Forecasti...Development of Urban Flood Analysis Model for Real-time Urban Flood Forecasti...
Development of Urban Flood Analysis Model for Real-time Urban Flood Forecasti...
 
Resilience in High-Speed Train Networks - Promising, New Approach, Florian ST...
Resilience in High-Speed Train Networks - Promising, New Approach, Florian ST...Resilience in High-Speed Train Networks - Promising, New Approach, Florian ST...
Resilience in High-Speed Train Networks - Promising, New Approach, Florian ST...
 
Vulnerability Assessment Using Spatial Information in terms of Chemical Relea...
Vulnerability Assessment Using Spatial Information in terms of Chemical Relea...Vulnerability Assessment Using Spatial Information in terms of Chemical Relea...
Vulnerability Assessment Using Spatial Information in terms of Chemical Relea...
 
Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...
Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...
Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...
 
A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...
A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...
A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...
 
Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...
Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...
Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...
 
Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...
Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...
Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...
 
Dynamic factors influencing the post-disaster resettlement success Lessons fr...
Dynamic factors influencing the post-disaster resettlement success Lessons fr...Dynamic factors influencing the post-disaster resettlement success Lessons fr...
Dynamic factors influencing the post-disaster resettlement success Lessons fr...
 
Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...
Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...
Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...
 
Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...
Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...
Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...
 
Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...
Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...
Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...
 
Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...
Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...
Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...
 
Rain Project - European Transport Conference 2016
Rain Project - European Transport Conference 2016Rain Project - European Transport Conference 2016
Rain Project - European Transport Conference 2016
 
Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...
Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...
Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...
 
Assessment of Resiliency in Urban Fabrics against Earthquake in Iran (Case St...
Assessment of Resiliency in Urban Fabrics against Earthquake in Iran (Case St...Assessment of Resiliency in Urban Fabrics against Earthquake in Iran (Case St...
Assessment of Resiliency in Urban Fabrics against Earthquake in Iran (Case St...
 
GSTAIGER-VABENE multi-sensor approach to support crisis management-ID1435-IDR...
GSTAIGER-VABENE multi-sensor approach to support crisis management-ID1435-IDR...GSTAIGER-VABENE multi-sensor approach to support crisis management-ID1435-IDR...
GSTAIGER-VABENE multi-sensor approach to support crisis management-ID1435-IDR...
 
Untangling the Drivers of Disaster Resilience Developing a Context, Capacity ...
Untangling the Drivers of Disaster Resilience Developing a Context, Capacity ...Untangling the Drivers of Disaster Resilience Developing a Context, Capacity ...
Untangling the Drivers of Disaster Resilience Developing a Context, Capacity ...
 

Mehr von Global Risk Forum GRFDavos

Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian Doherty
Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian DohertyDisaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian Doherty
Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian DohertyGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...
Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...
Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...
Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...
Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...
The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...
The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...
Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...
Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...
IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...
IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANO
Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANOGlobal Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANO
Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANOGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Capacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDA
Capacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDACapacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDA
Capacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDAGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...
Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...
Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Disaster Risk Perception in Cameroon and its Implications for the Rehabilitat...
Disaster Risk Perception in Cameroon and its Implications for the Rehabilitat...Disaster Risk Perception in Cameroon and its Implications for the Rehabilitat...
Disaster Risk Perception in Cameroon and its Implications for the Rehabilitat...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...
Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...
Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...
A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...
A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Architecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGER
Architecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGERArchitecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGER
Architecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGERGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...
Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...
Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...
Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...
Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...
Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...
Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...
Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...
Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...
Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...
Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 

Mehr von Global Risk Forum GRFDavos (20)

Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian Doherty
Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian DohertyDisaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian Doherty
Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian Doherty
 
Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...
Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...
Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...
 
Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...
Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...
Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...
 
The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...
The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...
The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...
 
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...
 
Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...
Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...
Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...
 
IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...
IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...
IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...
 
Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANO
Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANOGlobal Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANO
Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANO
 
Capacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDA
Capacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDACapacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDA
Capacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDA
 
Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...
Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...
Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...
 
Disaster Risk Perception in Cameroon and its Implications for the Rehabilitat...
Disaster Risk Perception in Cameroon and its Implications for the Rehabilitat...Disaster Risk Perception in Cameroon and its Implications for the Rehabilitat...
Disaster Risk Perception in Cameroon and its Implications for the Rehabilitat...
 
Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...
Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...
Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...
 
A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...
A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...
A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...
 
Architecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGER
Architecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGERArchitecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGER
Architecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGER
 
Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...
Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...
Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...
 
Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...
Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...
Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...
 
Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...
Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...
Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...
 
Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...
Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...
Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...
 
Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...
Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...
Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...
 
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
 

Stress Tests Critical Infrastructure

  • 1. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Stress Tests for Critical Transport Infrastructure due to Natural Hazards: a Case Study in Bologna, Italy Julie Clarke, Robert Corbally, Mark Tucker, Roughan & O’Donovan Innovative Solutions, Ireland.
  • 2. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Extreme Natural Hazard Events Transport Infrastructure • Physical damage • Travel disruption • Economic loss
  • 3. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Novel indicators for identifying critical INFRAstructure at RISK from natural hazards • EU 7th framework • 11 consortium partners • Project coordinators • Case studies
  • 4. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Novel indicators for identifying critical INFRAstructure at RISK from natural hazards • Stress testing methodology low probability, high consequence natural hazard events • European road and rail infrastructure • Earthquakes, floods and landslides • Risk quantification physical damage, transport delays, economic loss
  • 5. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Case Study – Italian Road Network • Bologna, Italy  Important business centre  > 600,000 road passenger trips per day  >13% Italian road freight transport per year • Scandinavian-Mediterranean TEN-T corridor
  • 6. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Case Study – Italian Road Network • 990 km2 in Bologna region, Italy • 3410 km roadway
  • 7. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Case Study – Italian Road Network • 990 km2 in Bologna region, Italy • 3410 km roads • Seismically active region
  • 8. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Case Study – Italian Road Network • 990 km2 in Bologna region, Italy • 3410 km roads • Seismically active region • Susceptible to landslides
  • 9. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Stress Tests • Used to determine the losses due to an adverse scenario • May be defined in terms of the hazards and/or the consequences • Specified using expert judgement • Performed according to overarching risk assessment methodology developed in INFRARISK
  • 10. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Stress Tests • Used to determine the losses due to an adverse scenario • May be defined in terms of the hazards and/or the consequences • Specified using expert judgement • Performed according to overarching risk assessment methodology developed in INFRARISK
  • 11. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org System Representation: Seismic Hazard Seismic hazard model developed in INFRARISK • Low probability, extreme events
  • 12. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org System Representation: Seismic Hazard Seismic hazard model developed in INFRARISK • Low probability, extreme events • Ground-motion field • Linked to critical network element  Betweenness centrality
  • 13. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org System Representation: Cascading Landslide Hazard Rigid sliding block displacement approach (Saygili and Rathje, 2009) • Landslide yield acceleration (ky)  Represents horizontal acceleration at which sliding initiates
  • 14. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org System Representation: Structural Vulnerability Seismic vulnerability: bridges and tunnels • 340 bridges & 30 tunnels along road network • Structural data gathered using Google Maps
  • 15. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org System Representation: Structural Vulnerability Seismic vulnerability: bridges and tunnels • Fragility functions assigned based on structural characteristics • Existing database of fragility functions employed • Fragility functions defined in terms of four damage states
  • 16. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org System Representation: Structural Vulnerability Vulnerability to landslides: roads • Road network analysed according to 10m sections • Fragility functions assigned based on ky and road type (Pitilakis, et al., 2011) • Fragility functions defined in terms of three damage states
  • 17. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org System Representation: Infrastructure Events • Associated functional capacity loss and restoration information defined for each network element damage state, e.g. Bridge Functional capacity loss (% lane closure) Slight Damage 0 Moderate Damage 50 Extensive Damage 100 Complete Damage 100
  • 18. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org System Representation: Infrastructure Events • Associated functional capacity loss and restoration information defined for each network element damage state, e.g. Bridge Functional capacity loss (% lane closure) Restoration duration (days) Restoration cost (€1000) Slight Damage 0 60 100 Moderate Damage 50 120 750 Extensive Damage 100 150 1000 Complete Damage 100 365 2000
  • 19. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org System Representation: Network Use Events • Origin-Destination data used to define road traffic demand  Obtained for Bologna region from 2011 Italian census  Passenger trips relate to usual place of work or study  21 O-D zones considered • Traffic analysis performed using NEXTA (Network Explorer for Traffic Analysis)
  • 20. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Estimate Risk Network repair cost Network cumulative restoration time
  • 21. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Support for Infrastructure Managers / Owners • INFRARISK Decision Support Tool • Training course More Information: www.infrarisk-fp7.eu
  • 22. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Date: 29th September 2016 Location: Madrid, Spain Who should attend: Consulting Engineers, Researchers, Infrastructure Owners & Managers FREE Registration Contact: Dr. Maria Jose Jimenez mj.jimenez@csic.es Final Dissemination Conference
  • 23. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Novel indicators for indentifying critical INFRAstructure at RISK from natural hazards This project has been funded by the European Union’s Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration according to grant agreement No. 603960.

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. Good evening ladies and gentlemen. My name is Julie Clarke and I’m here on behalf of Roughan and O’Donovan Innovative Solutions; a specialist consulting engineers with particular expertise in the field of risk-based asset management. In this presentation, I’m going to discuss stress tests for critical transport infrastructure due to natural hazards. In particular, I’m going to focus on the application of a stress testing methodology to a case study that consists of a road network in Northern Italy.
  2. Extreme natural hazard events, such as earthquakes, floods and landlsides can have potentially devastating consequences, as we are all too aware. In addition to the tragic loss of human life, natural hazards events can cause significant damage to transport infrastructure, resulting in travel disruption and potential economic losses. For example, the 6.8 magnitude Northridge earthquake that occurred in California in 1994 significantly impacted the regional transportation system in the area of Los Angeles and generated a year’s worth of highway repair work as a result of the single event.
  3. The EU-funded INFRARISK project, entitled ‘Novel Indicators for Identifying Critical Infrastructure at Risk from Natural Hazards’, has developed a stress testing methodology to establish the resilience of critical transport infrastructure against extreme natural hazard events. The project consortium consists of 11 partners from across Europe that include SMEs, research institutes & universities, and one large entreprise. Roughan & O’Donovan Innovative Soltions are coordinators of the INFRARISK project and are also leading the case studies technical work package. I am going to introdcuce one of the INFRARISK case studies in this presentation. The objective of the case study is to demonstrate the systematic application of the methodologies and procedures that have been developed in the INFRARISK project.
  4. This stress testing methodology being developed as part of the INFRARISK project is concerned with low probability, high consequence natural hazard events. Stress tests are commonly employed in the other sectors, such as the finance and nuclear power industries, to determine the impact of abnormal shocks on systems. Stress tests can be used to provide important insights in relation to critical transport infrastructure that can facilitate the decision making process with regard to the protection of these assets. The INFRARISK project is focused on trans-European road and rail corridors. For Europe in particular, the singe market depends on an effective transport system to bring people together and to facilitate trade. It is estimated that road and rail networks account for 80% of passenger transport and 50% of goods transport throughout the EU. The natural hazards that have been considered in the project include earthquakes, floods and landslides, and their cascading effects have also been considered, For example, earthquake-triggered landslides. Stress tests enable the risk to be quantified in terms of the cost of physical infrastructure damage, the resulting delays for passenger and freight transport, and the associated economic losses due to the transport disruption.
  5. The selected Italian road network case study is located in the province of Bologna, in the Emilia-Romanga region of Italy. The city of Bologna comprises a metropolitan area of approximately 1 million people and is one of the most important business centres in Italy. There are over 600,000 work or study related passenger trips per day within the province of Bologna and the Emilia-Romagna region supports over 13% of Italy’s road freight transport per year. The selected road network is located along the Scandinavian-Mediterranean TEN-T corridor; a crucial north-south axis for the European economy that provides an important transport link from the city of Bologna to the neighbouring Italian cities of Florence and Milan.
  6. This slide shows the selected case study road network, which covers an area of nearly 1000km2 and consists of nearly 3500km of roadway. The motorway along the Scandinavian-Mediterranean TEN-T corridor is shown here in pink. The remaining roads are classified as either primary, secondary, tertiary, or local roads.
  7. The province of Bologna is located in a seismically active region, as shown here according to the seismic hazard map that was developed as part of the European SHARE project.
  8. Additionally, the province is moderately susceptible to landslides. Therefore, the stress tests were performed for the road network in terms of the seismic hazard and the associated earthquake-triggered landslide cascading effects.
  9. The objective of the stress tests is to determine the losses associated with an adverse scenario. This scenario may be defined in terms of the hazards and/or the consequences, as will be shown for the Italian case study, and it is anticipated that the appropriate stress tests for transport infrastructure using this methodology in general will be specified using expert judgement. The stress testing methdology developed in the INFRARISK project is performed according to a structured overarching risk assessment methodology, as shown in this diagram.
  10. This methodology has been adopted for the Italian case study and a quantitative approach has been employed for the stress tests.
  11. Initially, the system representation was specified in term of the hazards. As previously mentioned, the INFRARISK project is focused on low probability, extreme natural hazard events. For earthquakes, ‘low probability’ refers to return periods that exceed those that are included in current design codes and an ‘event’ refers to a measure of ground motion intensity.
  12. The ground motion field shown in this slide was specified using a seismic hazard model that was specifically developed within the project. The ground motion field is linked to a critical network element along the network – this element was identified using a method known as betweenness centrality, which is used to identify elements that, if removed, would effectively divide the network and cause significant transport disruption. In this case, the critical network element is a bridge along the TEN-T motorway.
  13. The earthquake-triggered landslide cascading effects were considered by defining landslide yield acceleration values for the region. The landslide yield acceleration paraneter – ky - was specified using a rigid sliding block approach that determines the horizontal acceleration at which sliding initiates. Ky values were determined for the case study region based on slope values and geological information.
  14. The system representation was also specified according to the structural vulnerability of the road network. In this case, the seismic vulnerability of the network bridges and tunnels was considered. To do so, the location of the network bridges and tunnels was initially identified. In total, there are 340 road bridges and 30 road tunnels located along the selected case study network. Structural characteristics were subsequently obtained for these bridges and tunnels according to a visual survey using Google maps. However, in many cases network managers will already have an existing database available.
  15. Fragility functions were subsequently assigned to each structural element based on its structural characteristics. As shown here, fragility functions provide the probability of exceeding a defined damage state for a given level of loading due to the particular natural hazard being considered. For example, here the fragility functions indicate the probability of damage induced in a bridge as a result of ground shaking from an earthquake. The fragility functions assigned to the bridges and tunnels along the Italian case study road network were obtained from existing databases that were developed in the European SYNER-G project and are defined in terms of four damage states: 1. Slight, 2. Moderate, 3. Extensive and 4. Complete damage.
  16. In addition, the vulnerability of the roads to earthquake-triggered landslides was considered in the case study. To characterise the structural vulnerability of individual road sections to landslide-induced physical damage, the road network was initially divided up into road sections – 10m segments were considered in this case. The fragility functions were defined in terms of three damage states: 1. Slight, 2. Moderate and 3. Complete damage and were subsequently assigned based on the value of ky and the road type using a method described by the reference shown here.
  17. The system representation was also defined in terms of the infrastructure events, in other words, the potential funtionality loss of the road network. This was characterised in terms of the defined damage states. For example, the following slide shows the functionality loss of the road in terms of % lane closure at the location of a bridge due to seismic-induced damage.
  18. Additionally, the restoration duration and costs were defined for each damage state. Example durations and costs are shown here for a network bridge.
  19. Finally, the system representation was defined in terms of the network use events; in other words the traffic demand for the road network. To do so, origin-destination data was obtained for the Bologna region, which provided details of daily work- or study- related passenger trips and the associated origin and destination zones. For the selected case study region, 21 O-D zones were considered, as shown in this slide, and traffic modelling was performed using NEXTA software. The traffic analysis consisted of a comparison of ‘normal’ network operations, in other words, no damage, to various post-hazard damage scenarios to quantify the associated impact in terms of journey delay times. Quantified travel time increases were subsequently used in conjunction with GDP values to determine the associated economic loss.
  20. In this slide, example risk estimates are shown in terms of the total repair costs for the case study road network and the total cumulative restoration time. Of course, the actual duration of the restoration period will depend on the number of repair crews and the resources available. The estimates are shown in terms of a probabilistic output as the uncertainty relating to the vulnerability of the network elements (the bridges, tunnels and road sections) was considered in the analysis (as characterised using fragility functions). Evaluation of the risk will of course depend on the network manager or owner. However, such results can be used to assist in the decision-making process with regard to the prioritisation of intervention measures to improve the resiliance of critical infrastructure to extreme natural hazard events.
  21. I hope this presentation has given you some insight into the methodologies and procedures that have been developed in the INFRARISK project. It is worth noting that the project has also developed an online decision support tool to perform stress tests on road and rail networks. In addition, the project is currently developing a training course for infrastructure managers/owners, decision makers, and others who may be interested in this subject matter. More information can be found online – the website address is shown here.
  22. I would like to briefly mention the final INFRARISK dissemintation conference, which will be held in Madrid at the end of next month. There is free registration for this event and those who are interested can contact our project partner CSIC at the address shown here or else you can contant myself. Many thanks for listening and if anyone has any questions I’d be happy to answer them now.