Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

Nuclear Disaster and a Weakened Resilience - Reconstructing Agriculture With Aged Farmers Keiichi ISHII

333 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

Presentation at 3rd GRF One Health Summit 2015
Session Plenary I: One Health and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction

Veröffentlicht in: Gesundheit & Medizin
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

  • Gehören Sie zu den Ersten, denen das gefällt!

Nuclear Disaster and a Weakened Resilience - Reconstructing Agriculture With Aged Farmers Keiichi ISHII

  1. 1. Nuclear disaster and a weakened resilience ― Reconstructing agriculture with aged farmers ― Keiichi ISHII Tohoku University Graduate School of Agricultural Science / Faculty of Agriculture 3rd GRF One Health Summit 2015 04-06 October 2015・ Davos・ Switzerland Plenary 1: One Health and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
  2. 2. A aged farmer and his farmland under test cultivation, Odaka district. 17 Jun,2013 1) Introduction
  3. 3. Nuclear Regulation Authority, Airplane Radiation Monitoring Map, as of November 7, 2014 http://radioactivity.nsr.go.jp/ja/contents/11000/10349/24/150213_9th_air.pdf Minamisoma city Odaka District 30 km 20 km Space dose rate at 1 m from the surface (μSV/h) Map 1 Space dose rate is relatively low in coastal areas. Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station Restricted area: April 2011 - April 2012 Zone in preparation for the lifting of the evacuation order: April 2012 – March 2016 (?) 2) Current status of recovery and reconstruction
  4. 4. Tsunami flooded areas in Minamisoma city Odaka District 30 km from Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station Tsunami flooded areas 20 km from Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station Haramachi District Kashima District Map 2
  5. 5. 南相馬市総合復興計画、2015.3. (Minamisoma city, Comprehensive Reconstruction Plan) Number of inhabitants by age in Minamisoma city (before the disaster and at present) Figure 1 2) Current status of recovery and reconstruction
  6. 6. Intention to return by age Minamisoma city, survey on the wishes of residents lived in Odaka district. May 2015. Figure 2 2) Current status of recovery and reconstruction
  7. 7. Figure 3 3) Agriculture in the area affected by the nuclear disaster
  8. 8. The situation of agriculture in Japan, especially rice production ○ Small scaled structure and aging of farmers Decline in demand due to change of diet, stable population and aging ⇒Overproduction and lower prices ⇒Low profitability in rice production Trade agreement negotiation on Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) ⇒ Future reduction or elimination of tariff barriers on agricultural products 3) Agriculture in the area affected by the nuclear disaster
  9. 9. How does small scaled farming continue to exist in rice production? Group farming system in rice production created by small scaled farmers ⇒Collective investment in machinery ⇒Crop rotation in a village scale ⇒Profit sharing among members Green: 2010 Soybean (25.2ha) Yellow: 2011 Soybean (20.7ha) Red: 2012 Soybean (32.0ha) Map of rice-soy bean rotation plan in a village scale Soybean field in 2010 in Odaka district 3) Agriculture in the area affected by the nuclear disaster
  10. 10. Discussing the measurement of radiation on the farmland, Odaka district. 29 Nov. 2012
  11. 11. Measuring space dose rate on the farm land, Odaka district. 13 Feb. 2013
  12. 12. Blocking resilience… Why does social capital fostered before the disaster remain inactive and why is it incapable of demonstrating resilience? 1) Passage of time. The period of time during which they are absent from agricultural activities has been so long… 2) A bad image of action to restart agricultural activities. 3) Poor sales of agricultural products. Even though any radiation which exceeds regulation levels is not detected in the products under control system. 4) Blocking resilience
  13. 13. Standard limits for radioactive cesiums (Unit : Bq/kg) Category Limit Drinking Water 10 Milk 50 General Foods 100 Infants Foods 50 Enforced on April 1, 2012. 6 farmers, 4.5 ha of rice production 2014 hervested rice screening examination region: Minami Soma City periode 2014.9.26~2014.11.27 items 11,442 (1 item = a rice bag of 30kg) under lower limit 25~50 51~75 76~100 (<25 Bq/kg) Bq/kg Bq/kg Bq/kg Items 11,125 16 1 0 11,142 % 99.85% 0.14% 0.01% 0% 100% of which, Odaka Distrikt under lower limit 25~50 51~75 76~100 (<25 Bq/kg) Bq/kg Bq/kg Bq/kg Items 453 0 0 0 453 % 100% 0% 0% 0% 100% Source: https://fukumegu.org/ok/kome/  計  計 Table 1 Table 2
  14. 14. Blocking resilience… Why does social capital fostered before the disaster remain inactive and why is it incapable of demonstrating resilience? 1) Passage of time. The period of time during which they are absent from agricultural activities has been so long… 2) A bad image of action to restart agricultural activities. 3) Poor sales of agricultural products. Even though any radiation which exceeds regulation levels is not detected in the products under control system. 4) A lack of public policies considering aged farmers as personnel who can support local agricultural development... 4) Blocking resilience
  15. 15. Agricultural reconstruction and development passing through aged farmers From the period prior to the disaster, Japanese agriculture have been characterized by its small scale and aging. Therefore, principal objective of agricultural policy is to enlarge farm business size and to promote core famers. Agricultural reconstruction policies proposed by the government have sought; to enlarge farm business size rapidly, to improve competitiveness and to construct a model for next generation agriculture (Master plan of agricultural and rural reconstruction, 2011). The Fukushima local government has expressed; agricultural reconstruction in the areas under evacuation orders should demonstrate a completely new model of agriculture and establish a new frontier of Japanese agriculture. (Vision for Revitalization in Fukushima Prefecture, 2011) 4) Blocking resilience
  16. 16. Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Annual Report on Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas in Japan. 2013, 2014. What is a model for next generation agriculture ? For example, high technology and enlarged farmland…
  17. 17. Concluding remarks: -Can aged farmers be actors for “Build Back Better”- There are (many…?) aged farmers who want to try to restart small scale rice production and subsistence agriculture. How we make their willingness realized would be crucial for locally effective recovery and reconstruction. Not only the agricultural reconstruction in line with industrial policies, but we need to think of agricultural activities within the usual lifestyle. 5) Concluding remarks
  18. 18. Reference Works regarding Agricultural Activities Bachev Harabin, Ito Fusao., March 2011 Earthquake, Tsunami, and Fukushima Nuclear Disaster. Impacts on Japanese Agriculture and Food Sector. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 400 pages, 2015. * They used abundant data and described events on food sectors from production to consumption after the disaster. Ishii Keiichi, Morlans Shantala., La reprise des activités agricoles dans les régions contaminées. Après l’accident de Fukushima. Géographie et cultures n°86 «Désastres et alimentation : le défies japonais», L’Harmattan, pp.65-82, 2014. * They observed actions taken by some farmers to restart their agricultural activities just after the Fukushima dai-ichi nuclear disaster.
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention

×