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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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IDRC14-ppp-template-vollmer_140825

  1. 1. Innovative tools in crisis management – Dependency of their success from laws, policies, and institutional structures 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Maike Vollmer, Fraunhofer Institute for Technological Trend Analysis, Germany
  2. 2. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Contents • Context: Projects ACRIMAS and DRIVER → DRIVER overview • General challenges for legal and political conditions of aftermath CM in the EU (ACRIMAS results) • Laws, policies and institutional set-ups influencing the implementation of new tools in CM (part of DRIVER) • Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
  3. 3. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Context: Projects ACRIMAS and DRIVER The Aftermath Crisis Management System-of-Systems Demonstration Programme (EU-FP7) – Phase I, preparatory activity, performed amongst others by the project “Aftermath Crisis Management System-of-Systems – phase I, ACRIMAS (2011 – 2012) – Phase II, performed by the project “DRIVing Innovation in Crisis Management for European Resilience”, DRIVER (2014 – 2018)
  4. 4. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 607798 Driving Innovation in Crisis Management for European Resilience DRIVER OVERVIEW
  5. 5. DRIVER: Facts & figures Demo project for an improved crisis management Project started on May 1st 2014 37 partners from 15 countries Spanning from M1 to M54 Built on the needs and findings of the ACRIMAS and CRYSIS projects ~ 34 M € EU contribution ~ 45 M € in total budget Largest security research project in Europe Driving Innovation in Crisis Management for European Resilience
  6. 6. TNO ARTTIC DRIVER CONSORTIUM End Users Research Industry SMEs Organisations & authorities FOI ATOS PRIO DLR DRC TCS ARC POLE FHG-INT FHG-IAO BRC MDA THG THW MSB EDI GMV FRQ HKV CIES ITTI Q4PR ESM PSCE AIT JRC ARMINES WWU EUSC CSDM DWR CITET USTUTT EOS DIN
  7. 7. Science & Technology Objectives Development of a Pan-European Test-bed Physical & virtual components (exercise rounds, crisis labs, simulators) Methodology - analysis of the legal, political, Sustainability institutional environment of potential tools - derive requirements to be taken Development of a tested and validated portfolio of crisis management tools Solutions for civil resilience Solutions for professional response Methods and infrastructure for individual and organisational learning Organisational, policy & legal tools & standards Societal aspects/tools Creating a shared understanding of crisis management in Europe Driving Innovation in Crisis Management for European Resilience into account → to be able to develop promising solutions into fieldable CM tools
  8. 8. General challenges of legal and political conditions for 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org aftermath CM in the EU (part of ACRIMAS) • Political will and ability to contribute differs in MS → is key for the EU to develop as an actor in aftermath crisis management • Coordinative challenges, e.g. difficulties due to federal structures of MS (which mirrors somehow the situation on EU level), different levels of equipment, infrastructure and knowledge, unclear chains of command, high levels of bureaucracy, different uses of terminology, and improvable media management. • Conflicts of interests, e.g. influences of political goals on decisions to provide/ to accept assistance or not, or insufficient critical reflections on past crisis management actions. • Further challenges are e.g. financial restraints like the general economic situation of Member States, or the restriction that assistance is offered only under the condition that funding is provided.
  9. 9. Laws, policies and institutional set-ups influencing the 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org implementation of new tools in CM (part of DRIVER) General barriers (legal, political or institutional) for the implementation of new tools • e.g. lack of political interest, inadequate institutional mechanisms, shortcomings in knowledge availability, technical capacity, standardization (limited potential of standardization in CM → standardize implementation), and funding – Institutional barriers e.g. caused by competition and lack of communication between sectors or departments – Shortcomings in knowledge availability especially relevant when non-experts have to deal with difficult technical information, e.g. probabilistic forecasts of hazard events.1 Issues relevant for specific CM tools are investigated by • Consulting DRIVER partners, preparing respective tools (1st round completed) • “High-level” analysis (MS-, EU-, UN-level), including expert interviews 1 Basher, Reid (2013): Science and Technology for Disaster Risk Reduction: A review of application and coordination needs. Commissioned by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). http://www.preventionweb.net/posthfa/documents/Science-and-Technology-for-Disaster-Risk-Reduction.pdf
  10. 10. Laws, policies and institutional set-ups influencing the 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org implementation of new tools in CM (part of DRIVER) Examples of identified information needs for the implementation of specific CM tools, currently being investigated • Regulations on data sharing/ protection – For crisis management purposes, e.g. data on people with particular disabilities (wrt situation assessment tools) – Data on volunteers, e.g. particular capabilities, level of readiness/ availability, contact information (wrt volunteer management tools) • Responsibilities of local governments (wrt concepts for increasing resilience of local governments) • High-level decision making processes (wrt training concepts) • Planned/ anticipated use of private logistics providers (wrt decision-support tool for supply chain resilience) • Organisation of crisis communication to general public; inter-organisational coordination (wrt improved communication tools and strategies) • Use of data from social media/ crowd tasking; data protection regulations (wrt improved information gathering for crisis managers)
  11. 11. Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disaster Risk Reduction • How did your work support the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action: – Influence on CM performance → on resilience – Priority Action 5 of the HFA 2005-2015 “Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels” – Esp. key activity (a) “Strengthen policy, technical and institutional capacities in regional, national and local disaster management, including those related to technology, training, and human and material resources” • From your perspective what are the main gaps, needs and further steps to be addressed in the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction in – Research: barriers and chances of framework conditions, such as legal, political, institutional structures in CM – Implementation & Practice: facilitate implementation of new tools -> test, evaluate, integrate (cf. e.g. DRIVER test-bed) – Policy: adaptation of current structures according to research results to improve framework conditions for successful implementation of new CM tools
  12. 12. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Thank you for your attention! Maike Vollmer +49 2251 18-393 maike.vollmer@int.fraunhofer.de www.int.fraunhofer.de

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