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GLOBAL CENTRE FOR DISASTER
Director, Global Centre for Disaster Statistics
(Prof. and Assistant Director of the International Institute of Disaster Science)
- A new joint initiative of
UNDP and IRIDeS
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
help countries strengthen and develop
national disaster damage and loss data system
Policy making in disaster risk
reduction without knowing what is
going on in the country
One important piece of the
disaster damage and loss
Larger-scale disasters are well reported while smaller-
scale ones are not
Insurance: Developed countries
100 affected or 10 deaths
Who should collect the data?
FACT: Not many governments do so
Who should own the data?
FACT: Not many governments do so
Climate Change and DRR
Press Conference on the launch of the Global Centre for Disaster Statistics
15 March 2015
UNSG to give a congratulatory remarks on the launch of the Centre
15 March 2015, during the World Conference on
Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai, Japan
I am especially grateful for Tohoku
University’s collaboration with a number of
United Nations agencies on a new Global
Centre for Disaster Statistics.
I count on this valuable Centre to help
monitor progress on the new global
disaster risk reduction framework. It can
also keep track of how we are doing on the
future sustainable development goals.
Global Centre for Disaster Statistics
Storage of data
SFDRR and MDGs monitoring
Global Centre for Disaster
Assisting countries for
disaster loss database
Build national disaster
loss database for generating
Better DRR policy
For monitoring the SDGs and
Sendai Framework for
Disaster Risk Reduction
Standardization on disaster
statistics / data
Asia and Pacific Regional Driver
GCDS will help countries monitor and evaluate the
progress in the implementation of the SFDRR and
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by supporting
establishment of a country-level national disaster loss
UNDP and IRIDeS will support capacity development of
countries by providing technical and policy advice as well
as training in cooperation with potential partner agencies
based on the needs of countries
The Outline of GCDS
UNDP has been supporting the
development of national disaster
loss databases and currently
disaster loss data is available for
more than 82 countries.
Utilizing UNDP’s knowledge
and experience, a new global
database will be established at
the GCDS by integrating
disaster loss data from countries.
India (in some state)
Current situation of the development of
national disaster loss databases in Asia
A new global database can serve as a platform for international
data sharing in a standardized format and application, which will
make it easier for countries to monitor progress in the SFDRR
implementation and to utilize disaster loss data for decision
GCDS will support the UNISDR in monitoring and evaluation of
the progress in implementing the SFDRR particularly in
achieving outcome targets
We will support the monitoring by;
(1) collecting and integrating
disaster loss data with a
standardized format developed
based on indicators and
standards to be agreed (ongoing
process led by UNISDR)
(2) providing inputs to the Global
Assessment Reports and other
advocacy materials on disaster
Adopted targets in the Sendai Framework for Action
18. To support the assessment of global progress in achieving the outcome and goal of this framework, seven
global targets have been agreed. These targets will be measured at the global level and will be complemented
by work to develop appropriate indicators.
National targets and indicators will contribute to the achievement of the outcome and goal of this framework.
The seven global targets are:
(a) Substantially reduce global disaster mortality by 2030, aiming to lower average per 100,000 global
mortality between 2020-2030 compared to 2005-2015.
(b) Substantially reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030, aiming to lower the average global
figure per 100,000 between 2020-2030 compared to 2005-2015.
(c) Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP) by 2030.
(d) Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them
health and educational facilities, including through developing their resilience by 2030.
(e) Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by
(f) Substantially enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable
support to complement their national actions for implementation of this framework by 2030.
(g) Substantially increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster
risk information and assessments to the people by 2030.
SFDRR targets Contribution of the
①Number of death ✓ Yes
②Number of affected people ✓ Yes
③Direct disaster economic loss ✓ Yes
④Disaster damage to critical infrastructure
△ Partly Yes
⑤Number of countries with DRR strategies × No
⑥International cooperation × No
⑦Access to multi-hazard early warning systems and
disaster risk information and assessments
GCDS will provide support of scientific analyses which
enable countries to utilize disaster loss data for
governance and decision-making. The support can
(1) macro-economic analyses to evaluate the effect of pre-
(2) analyses based on data disaggregated by social,
demographic, and economic characteristics.
The exact areas of the support will be decided based on
consultation with countries.
DR2AD model, developed by JICA, to quantitatively estimate the
effect of pre-disaster investment to economic development.
SFDRR Target (d):
‘Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical
infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among
them health and educational facilities, including through
developing their resilience by 2030.’
Crucial to identify causes of disaster deaths and injuries
Do we have data?
Maybe as patient records at hospital
Used for policy making?
Then understood by public?
Example: Tornado disasters
Causes of deaths and injuries: flying objects hit people
or people being flying objects, things collapse on people,
in particular causing head injuries and multi-cut injuries
Safety measures are to be developed based on good
- how people should behave during tornadoes
- tornado drills, and awareness/education
- how medical service people should prepare for
In Bangladesh, iron-corrugated tin sheets as building
materials in recent decades put tornado risks higher
- introducing tornado shelters, etc.
Hospitals and health facilities should be fortresses to
save disaster victims,
if not well prepared to disasters, things will be worsen
A case soon after the 13 May 1996 Tornadoes in Bangladesh:
- Local hospitals lost power for days and weeks
- Patients could not reach to health facilities soon due to lost means of
- A few lucky ones were sent to Dhaka by helicopters
- But most patients flooded to local hospitals did not receive adequate
- Surgical operations halted in critical hours and days
- Not enough space in hospitals and most patients were on the floor
- Sanitary conditions at hospital were not good
Some good solutions could be generated based
on stock of sound evidence (data and statistics)
- Buildings of health facilities need to be
- Emergency information management system
among health facilities
- A designated coordinator’s role is crucial
Value of the Centre
• Data Based on Official Sources
• Provide incentives to data entry efforts
Example: See impacts of entering data
DB of the countryCountry
Global Centre for
Data entry by local or national Gov. Officers
Semi-automatically, officers could complete local/national White Book on
Disaster Risk Reduction
Disaster Worst 5
1.Earthquake xx,Feb Death: x,x00
2.Drought xx,Aug Death: xx0
3.Flood xx,Oct Death: x
Economic loss: xxmillion US$
Disaster in 2015
Poverty and Disaster Progress on SDGs & SFDRR
According to the database, ・・・・・・・・・・
・・・・・・・ is needed to by developed.