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City As A Living Environment From A Viewpoint Of Disaster Management Osamu MURAO

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Presentation at 3rd GRF One Health Summit 2015
Session Plenary I: One Health and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction

Veröffentlicht in: Gesundheit & Medizin
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City As A Living Environment From A Viewpoint Of Disaster Management Osamu MURAO

  1. 1. International Strategy for Disaster Mitigation Lab. International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS) Tohoku University, Japan Osamu MURAO “City” as a living environment from a viewpoint of disaster management
  2. 2. Community Detection in Co-occurrence Network of Words in Sendai Framework (Murao, 2015) I II III IV V VI VII VIII Minimum appearance frequency: 20 The number of the words used: 52
  3. 3. Community Detection in Co-occurrence Network of Words in Sendai Framework (Murao, 2015) I II IV VII VIII Minimum appearance frequency: 20
  4. 4. A City
  5. 5. Health http://mincla.org/tag/free/
  6. 6. What is the relationship between city and health? CityHealth ?
  7. 7. Istanbul
  8. 8. Dhaka
  9. 9. Shanghai
  10. 10. Lima
  11. 11. Tried to search “city” and “health”
  12. 12. Tagum City’s main health center gets facelift, Philippines http://www.e-architect.co.uk/images/jpgs/china/green-health-city-p040613-10.jpg
  13. 13. Green Health City, China http://www.e-architect.co.uk/images/jpgs/china/green-health-city-p040613-10.jpg
  14. 14. Dubai aspiring to be a global health tourism hub, UAE http://www.arabiangazette.com/dubai-aspiring-global-health-tourism-hub-20130225/
  15. 15. Several clues to specify the relationship between “city” and “health”
  16. 16. World Health Organization Indispensable elements for maintaining a high quality of life  Safety  Health  Convenience  Amenity (WHO, 1964)
  17. 17. Plague in Medieval Europe
  18. 18. Poussin, Nicolas: Die Pest von Azoth (1630–1631) http://www.zeno.org/Kunstwerke/B/Poussin,+Nicolas%3A+Die+Pest+von+Azoth
  19. 19. Vom Mittelalter zum Dreißigjährigen Krieg https://www.in-die-zukunft-gedacht.de/icoaster/files/i_pest_ullstein_00613374_2.jpg © Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales 2015
  20. 20. Pest Mask for Doctors http://dailynewsagency.com/2013/12/02/plague-doctors-xss/
  21. 21. Development of Modern City Since the Industrial Revolution, the population flow to urban areas from rural accelerated, and urban environment had deteriorated. Smokestacks in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1890s © Bettmann/CORBIS
  22. 22. Ebenezer Howard (1850-1928) • To-morrow;APeaceful Path to Real Reform (1898) • Garden CitiesofTomorrow (1902)
  23. 23. Garden CitiesofTomorrow (1902)
  24. 24. Letchworth (1903-)
  25. 25. Le Corbusier (1887-1965) • "Contemporary City" for three million inhabitants (1922) • PlanVoisin (1925) • Ville Radieuse (1935)
  26. 26. Vill Contemporaine Plan for Paris,1922
  27. 27. Grid System Open Space Separated Highway and Pedestrian Business Center as abrain Cultural District as a heart Residential Areas as lungs Four Basic Functions 1. living 2. Labour 3. Recreation 4. Exercise
  28. 28. Clarence Perry (1872-1944) • The Neighborhood Unit (1924)
  29. 29. Radburn System
  30. 30. Radburn,New Jersey (1929-)
  31. 31. I learned when I was a student that  City planning starts with developing the sewage system. http://www.ktr.mlit.go.jp/city_park/machi/city_park_machi00000048.html
  32. 32. Purpose of Modern City Planning  To promote the sound development and the orderly management of the city,  To prevent the public health problems caused by poor living environment, and  To improve the urban landscape with good maintenance.
  33. 33. Tokyo
  34. 34. What is the relationship between city and health? CityHealth ?
  35. 35. CityHealth Disaster
  36. 36. What is the relationship between city and health? CityHealth Disaster Something new
  37. 37. After the 1923 Great Tokyo Earthquake
  38. 38. Activities of DMAT (Japan Disaster Medical Assistance Team)
  39. 39. Future Discussion in Architecture and Urban Planning Research Field  Architectural planning of medical relief facilities,  Sanitary system for temporary evacuation place,  Post-disaster urban sanitary system in the emergency search & rescue phase,  Etc.
  40. 40. MUSE (Murao, 2000)
  41. 41. MUSE (Murao, 2000)
  42. 42. MUSE (Murao, 2000)
  43. 43. Thank you for your kind attention! “City” as a living environment from a viewpoint of disaster management murao@irides.tohoku.ac.jp

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