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G E N E T I C S
G L O S S A R Y
S c i e n t i f i c T e r m s a n d D e f i n i t i o n s
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic
acid)
Gene
Cell
Protein
Nucleotide
RNA (ribonucleic
acid)
w w w . f o o d i n s i g h t . o r g
@ f o o d i n s i g h t
The fundamental unit of heredity for
living organisms. A segment of DNA
that encodes for a protein or RNA
production. 
Produced from DNA, RNA functions
as an intermediate product as DNA is
used to produce proteins. 
All living things are made of cells.
Cells contain DNA, RNA and proteins.
Cell DNA is typically located in the
nucleus of the cell. 
The "letters" to make the "DNA words."
To form DNA, the different
nucleotides-adenine, guanine,
thymine, and cytosine are arranged in
a specified sequence.
The "sentence" made from DNA.
Proteins perform various tasks within
a cell to keep the cell thriving and
active.  
T h e " w o r d " m a d e u p o f
n u c l e o t i d e s . D N A g i v e s l i v i n g
t h i n g s t h e i r i d e n t i t y o r
c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .  

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Genetics Glossary: Scientific Terms and Definitions

  • 1. G E N E T I C S G L O S S A R Y S c i e n t i f i c T e r m s a n d D e f i n i t i o n s DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) Gene Cell Protein Nucleotide RNA (ribonucleic acid) w w w . f o o d i n s i g h t . o r g @ f o o d i n s i g h t The fundamental unit of heredity for living organisms. A segment of DNA that encodes for a protein or RNA production.  Produced from DNA, RNA functions as an intermediate product as DNA is used to produce proteins.  All living things are made of cells. Cells contain DNA, RNA and proteins. Cell DNA is typically located in the nucleus of the cell.  The "letters" to make the "DNA words." To form DNA, the different nucleotides-adenine, guanine, thymine, and cytosine are arranged in a specified sequence. The "sentence" made from DNA. Proteins perform various tasks within a cell to keep the cell thriving and active.   T h e " w o r d " m a d e u p o f n u c l e o t i d e s . D N A g i v e s l i v i n g t h i n g s t h e i r i d e n t i t y o r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .