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• To know more about Shakespeare’s life.
• To learn more about sonnets wroten by
• To know more about Shakespeare’s plays.
• To learn more about Shakespeare’s
influence on the literature of the world.
William Shakespeare was baptized on April 26, 1564, in
Stratford-upon-Avon, England. From 1594 onward he was an
important member of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men company of
theatrical players. Written records give little indication of the
way in which Shakespeare’s professional life molded his
artistry. All that can be deduced is that over the course of 20
years, Shakespeare wrote plays that capture the complete
range of human emotion and conflict.
• William Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway on November 28,
1582, in Worcester, in Canterbury Province. Hathaway was from
Shottery, a small village a mile west of Stratford. William was 18 and
Anne was 26, and, as it turns out, pregnant. Their first child, a
daughter they named Susanna, was born on May 26, 1583. Two
years later, on February 2, 1585, twins Hamnet and Judith were
born. Hamnet later died of unknown causes at age 11.
• After the birth of the twins, there are seven years of William
Shakespeare's life where no records exist. Scholars call this period
the "lost years," and there is wide speculation on what he was doing
during this period. One theory is that he might have gone into hiding
for poaching game from the local landlord, Sir Thomas Lucy. Another
possibility is that he might have been working as an assistant
schoolmaster in Lancashire. It is generally believed he arrived in
London in the mid- to late 1580s and may have found work as a
horse attendant at some of London's finer theaters, a scenario
updated centuries later by the countless aspiring actors and
playwrights in Hollywood and Broadway.
Tradition has it that William Shakespeare died on his
birthday, April 23, 1616, though many scholars believe this
is a myth. Church records show he was interred at Trinity
Church on April 25, 1616.
In his will, he left the bulk of his possessions to his eldest
daughter, Susanna. Though entitled to a third of his estate,
little seems to have gone to his wife, Anne, whom he
bequeathed his "second-best bed." This has drawn
speculation that she had fallen out of favor, or that the
couple was not close. However, there is very little evidence
the two had a difficult marriage. Other scholars note that
the term "second-best bed" often refers to the bed
belonging to the household's master and mistres—the
marital bed—and the "first-best bed" was reserved for
• Shakespeare's Sonnets is the title of a collection of 154 sonnets.
William Shakespeare cover themes such as the passage of
time, love, beauty and mortality.
• The first 126 sonnets are addressed to a young man; the last 28
to a woman.
• The sonnets were first published in a 1609 with the full title:
• The sonnets to the young man express overwhelming,
obsessional love. .
• The sonnets are almost all constructed from three quatrains.
• The rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef gg. Sonnets using this
scheme are known as Shakespearean sonnets.
• When analysed as characters, the subjects of the sonnets are
usually referred to as the Fair Youth, the Rival Poet, and the
• Shakespeare's Sonnets can be seen as a prototype, or even
the beginning, of a new kind of "modern" love poetry.
• Antony and Cleopatra
• Coriolanus (1607-1608)
• Hamlet (1600-1601)
• Julius Caesar (1599-1600)
• King Lear (1605-1606)
• Macbeth (1605-1606)
• Othello (1604-1605)
• Romeo and Juliet (1594-
• Timon of Athens (1607-
• All's Well That Ends Well
• As You Like It (1599-1600)
• The Comedy of Errors
• Cymbeline (1609-1610)
• Love's Labour's Lost (1594-
• Measure for Measure
• The plays written by English poet, playwright, and actor William
Shakespeare (1564 – 1616) have the reputation of being among the
greatest in the English language and in Western literature.
• They have been translated into every major living language, in
addition to be continually performed all around the world.
• As was common in the period, Shakespeare based many of his plays
on the work of other playwrights and recycled older stories and
• The ‘Bard’ William Shakespeare never published any of his plays
and therefore none of the original manuscripts have survived.
• These enduring works feature many famous and well loved
• The language used today is , in many ways ,different to that
used in the 16 th century .
• Plays were big ! There was money to be made
• As soon as plays were written , they were immediately
• William Shakespeare is considered one of the best English
language writers ever .
• He wrote some of the most famous and studied literature
written in English language .
• He wrote comedies ,tragedies and histories.
• Shakespeare wrote at a time when the feudal, aristocratic
world was being replaced by a new one based on commercial
expansionism and individualism
• The plays of William Shakespeare were grouped into three
categories: comedies, histories, and tragedies, though today
many scholars recognize a fourth category, romance, to
describe the specific types of comedies that appear as
Shakespeare's later works.
• Shakespeare's tragedies often hinge on a fatally flawed character or
system, that is, a flaw ultimately results in death or destruction.
• Scholars divide the plays into periods. A first-period tragedy (from
1590-1594) is Titus Andronicus. Shakespeare's greatest tragedies
come from his second and third period
• In the third period, Shakespeare wrote Hamlet, Othello, King
Lear, Macbeth, Antony and Cleopatra.
• Titus Andronicus first performed in 1594 (printed in 1594),
Romeo and Juliet 1594-95 (1597),
Hamlet 1600-01 (1603),
Julius Caesar 1600-01 (1623),
Othello 1604-05 (1622),
Antony and Cleopatra 1606-07 (1623),
King Lear 1606 (1608),
Coriolanus 1607-08 (1623), derived from Plutarch
Timon of Athens 1607-08 (1623), and
Macbeth 1611-1612 (1623
• A Shakespearean comedy is one that has a happy ending,
usually involving marriages between the unmarried
characters, and a tone and style that is more light-hearted
than Shakespeare's other plays
• Shakespearean comedies tend to also include:
• A greater emphasis on situations rather than characters (this
numbs the audience's connection to the characters, so that
when characters experience misfortune, the audience still
finds it laughable)
• A struggle of young lovers to may overcome difficulty, often
presented by elders
• Separation and re-unification
List of comedies
• All's Well That Ends Well**
• As You Like It
• The Comedy of Errors
• Love's Labour's Lost
• Measure for Measure
• The Merchant of Venice
• The Merry Wives of Windsor
• A Midsummer Night's Dream
• Much Ado About Nothing
• Pericles, Prince of Tyre
• The Taming of the Shrew
• The Tempest*
• Twelfth Night
• The Two Gentlemen of Verona
• The Two Noble Kinsmen*
• The Winter's Tale*
• King John
• Edward III
• Richard II
• Henry IV, Part 1
• Henry IV, Part 2
• Henry V
• Henry VI, Part 1
• Henry VI, Part 2
• Henry VI, Part 3
• Richard III
• Henry VIII
• William Shakespeare's influence extends from theatre and
literature to present-day movies, Western philosophy, and the
English language . He is widely regarded as the greatest writer
in the history of the English language.
• Shakespeare transformed European theatre by expanding
expectations about what could be accomplished through
innovation in characterization plot, language and genre).
• Shakespeare has also influenced a number of English poets,
especially Romantic poets such as Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
Shakespeare's writings were so influential to English poetry of
the 1800s. George Steiner has called all English poetic dramas
"feeble variations on Shakespearean themes.
• When Shakespeare's plays became popular in the late
seventeenth and eighteenth century, they helped contribute
to the standardization of the English language, with many
Shakespearean words and phrases becoming embedded in the
• We learned about Shakespeare's tragedies comedies and
• We learned about Shakespeare's sonnets ,their structure and
what are they about.
• We learned how important Shakespeare and his influence.
• We learned about his plays.
• We learned about his life.