Lecture 05:Advanced Project Management PM Processes and Framework

Fida Karim 🇵🇰
Fida Karim 🇵🇰| Specialist-Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability & Learning-MEAL | Open for learning & job opportunities abroad | um Medical Emergency Resilience Foundation
Advanced Project Management
PM Processes and Framework
Lecture #5
Ghazala Amin
About Project Management
Project Management is a formalized and structured method
comprising a set of interrelated processes and tools, ranging
from simple to complex, and is based on the accepted
principles of management used for planning, estimating and
controlling work activities with a view to developing specifically
defined outputs that are to be delivered by a certain time, to a
defined quality standard and with a given level of resources so
that the project goal and outcomes/benefits are realized.
Effective project management is essential for the success of
any project – whether in the private or public sectors – and
irrespective of its category, size and complexity.
Management by projects treats many aspects of ongoing operations as projects in order to
apply project management techniques to them.
Project Management Context
• Representative Project Life Cycle (typical)
– Initiation/Concept/Feasibility
– Planning/Development
– Execution/Implementation
– Control/Monitoring
– Close-out/Termination/Finish
Project Management Context
Initiation Planning Execution Closeout
Control
Project Cost and
Project Staffing
Human resource and project cost need is greatest in the execution phase
Project Management Life Cycle: Planning Commission of Pakistan
The Project Management Context
• Characteristics of Project Phases or Process
group
– Each project phase is marked by completion of one
or more deliverables (a tangible piece of work)
– Phase End reviews determine if the project should
continue to the next phase.
• Characteristics of the Project Life Cycle
– Serves to define the beginning and the end of a
project
– Project Life cycle is collection of project phases
Process Interactions
• Process – Series of actions bringing about a result.
• Individual processes within a process group are linked by
their inputs and outputs
• Each process is defined by
– Inputs: Documents or documentable items that will be acted
upon
– Tools and Techniques: Mechanisms applied to the inputs to create
the outputs
– Outputs: Documents or documentable items that are a result of
the process
Project Management Processes
• Core Processes
– Have clear dependencies that require them to be performed
in essentially the same order on most projects
– Example : planning, estimating, development, test etc.
• Facilitating Processes
– Dependent on the nature of the project
– Performed intermittently as needed but are not optional
– Example: Quality assurance, CCB Meetings, sponsor review
etc.
Major Project Management Standards
(Conventional Types and Customized)
“Off-the-Shelf” Project Management
Standards
“In-House” Project Management
Standards and Methodology
PMBOK, Prince 2,
IMPA Baseline,
APMBOK, P2M, BS
6079, AGILE, Sofware
Process Models
Examples:
Developed in Organizations
based on their own specific
requirements, policies and
environment and may
incorporate processes and
tools from one or more off-
the-shelf standards
Project Management Methodology
A methodology is a framework of processes and tools tested
on diverse projects.
Some of the reputable International organizations for
maintaining world wide standards and certifications for project
management are;
PMI – Project Management Institute (www.pmi.org)
PRINCE2 – PRojects IN Controlled Environments
IPMA - The International Project Management Association
APM - The Association of Project Management
The Project Management Body of Knowledge
The Project Management Institute’s Body of
Knowledge – PMBOK – is perhaps the most
widely acknowledged and popular project
management standard in existence. It is the
basis for the PMI’s coveted PMP certification
examinations.
Presently in its fourth version (2008), PMBOK
offers a comprehensive and sophisticated best
practices and process-based standard which
can be applied to different categories of
projects. At the heart of the PMBOK are the
nine areas of knowledge and five process
groups which find application over the project
life-cycle.
Introduction to Project Management
» Project Management Knowledge Areas – Per
PMI (Project Management Institute)
› Describe Project Management knowledge and practice in terms of
its component processes
› Mapping of the 9 knowledge areas to the five process groups.
PMBOK Knowledge Areas
» Project Integration Management
» Project Scope Management
» Project Time Management
» Project Cost Management
» Project Quality Management
» Project Human Resource Management
» Project Communications Management
» Project Risk Management
» Project Procurement Management
The 9 PMBOK Areas & 5 Process Groups
Integration Management
Scope Management
Time Management
Cost Management
Quality Management
Human Resource Management
Communication Management
Risk Management
Procurement Management
ProjectManagementKnowledgeAreas(PMBOK)
Initiation
Planning
Implementation/
Execution
Closure
P
R
O
C
E
S
S
E
S
42
Monitoring, Evaluation &
Control
9
Knowledge
Areas
5
Process
Groups
42
Processes
Lecture 05:Advanced Project Management   PM Processes and Framework
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Lecture 05:Advanced Project Management PM Processes and Framework

  • 1. Advanced Project Management PM Processes and Framework Lecture #5 Ghazala Amin
  • 2. About Project Management Project Management is a formalized and structured method comprising a set of interrelated processes and tools, ranging from simple to complex, and is based on the accepted principles of management used for planning, estimating and controlling work activities with a view to developing specifically defined outputs that are to be delivered by a certain time, to a defined quality standard and with a given level of resources so that the project goal and outcomes/benefits are realized. Effective project management is essential for the success of any project – whether in the private or public sectors – and irrespective of its category, size and complexity. Management by projects treats many aspects of ongoing operations as projects in order to apply project management techniques to them.
  • 3. Project Management Context • Representative Project Life Cycle (typical) – Initiation/Concept/Feasibility – Planning/Development – Execution/Implementation – Control/Monitoring – Close-out/Termination/Finish
  • 4. Project Management Context Initiation Planning Execution Closeout Control Project Cost and Project Staffing Human resource and project cost need is greatest in the execution phase
  • 5. Project Management Life Cycle: Planning Commission of Pakistan
  • 6. The Project Management Context • Characteristics of Project Phases or Process group – Each project phase is marked by completion of one or more deliverables (a tangible piece of work) – Phase End reviews determine if the project should continue to the next phase. • Characteristics of the Project Life Cycle – Serves to define the beginning and the end of a project – Project Life cycle is collection of project phases
  • 7. Process Interactions • Process – Series of actions bringing about a result. • Individual processes within a process group are linked by their inputs and outputs • Each process is defined by – Inputs: Documents or documentable items that will be acted upon – Tools and Techniques: Mechanisms applied to the inputs to create the outputs – Outputs: Documents or documentable items that are a result of the process
  • 8. Project Management Processes • Core Processes – Have clear dependencies that require them to be performed in essentially the same order on most projects – Example : planning, estimating, development, test etc. • Facilitating Processes – Dependent on the nature of the project – Performed intermittently as needed but are not optional – Example: Quality assurance, CCB Meetings, sponsor review etc.
  • 9. Major Project Management Standards (Conventional Types and Customized) “Off-the-Shelf” Project Management Standards “In-House” Project Management Standards and Methodology PMBOK, Prince 2, IMPA Baseline, APMBOK, P2M, BS 6079, AGILE, Sofware Process Models Examples: Developed in Organizations based on their own specific requirements, policies and environment and may incorporate processes and tools from one or more off- the-shelf standards
  • 10. Project Management Methodology A methodology is a framework of processes and tools tested on diverse projects. Some of the reputable International organizations for maintaining world wide standards and certifications for project management are; PMI – Project Management Institute (www.pmi.org) PRINCE2 – PRojects IN Controlled Environments IPMA - The International Project Management Association APM - The Association of Project Management
  • 11. The Project Management Body of Knowledge The Project Management Institute’s Body of Knowledge – PMBOK – is perhaps the most widely acknowledged and popular project management standard in existence. It is the basis for the PMI’s coveted PMP certification examinations. Presently in its fourth version (2008), PMBOK offers a comprehensive and sophisticated best practices and process-based standard which can be applied to different categories of projects. At the heart of the PMBOK are the nine areas of knowledge and five process groups which find application over the project life-cycle.
  • 12. Introduction to Project Management » Project Management Knowledge Areas – Per PMI (Project Management Institute) › Describe Project Management knowledge and practice in terms of its component processes › Mapping of the 9 knowledge areas to the five process groups.
  • 13. PMBOK Knowledge Areas » Project Integration Management » Project Scope Management » Project Time Management » Project Cost Management » Project Quality Management » Project Human Resource Management » Project Communications Management » Project Risk Management » Project Procurement Management
  • 14. The 9 PMBOK Areas & 5 Process Groups Integration Management Scope Management Time Management Cost Management Quality Management Human Resource Management Communication Management Risk Management Procurement Management ProjectManagementKnowledgeAreas(PMBOK) Initiation Planning Implementation/ Execution Closure P R O C E S S E S 42 Monitoring, Evaluation & Control