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Greek civilization

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Greek civilization

  1. 1. Hadj Mohammed Mokrani High-School Class:3 PHL2 Group:04 Theme: The Greek Civilization Directed by: Miss.Kourd El Oued .KH School year:2014/2015 Prepared by: Fekih Ines
  2. 2. The Greek Civilization
  3. 3. Work Plan: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 History Economy Government Architecture Religion Lifestyle Location
  4. 4. Introduction: One of the most famous, rich and unique civilizations the world had ever known is the : Ancient Greek civilization
  5. 5. Located in southeastern Europe, Greece is defined by a series of mountains and surrounded on all sides by water except the north. 1-Location :
  6. 6. 2- History : • Greek CIVILIZATION started ,the Greek people had built fortified cities in the major valleys around 2000 B.C. By 1600 B.C • the Greeks UNITED to defeat the invading Persians In 480 B.C • two city-states, ATHENS AND SPARTA are built. Around 477 B.C • Greece had its GOLDEN AGE in Athens. around 477 - 431 B.C • ALEXANDER THE GREAT, leader of the country of Macedonia to the north.In 334 B.C
  7. 7. Based on Agriculture: The most important crops were: olives, grapes, and barley. CROPS: The Greeks used OLIVES for eating and to make olive oil. GRAPES:to make wine. BARLEY: was used to make bread . LIVESTOCK: The ancient Greeks kept CHICKENS, PIGS, SHEEP, and GOATS (for milk and meat). Generally, they did not eat a lot of meat, but instead depended on FISH and Vegetables. 3- Economy :
  8. 8. 4- Government : The Greeks had a lot of different kinds of governments, because there were many different city-states in ancient Greece. TYPES OF GOVERNMENT: Democracy (rule of the people) Monarchy (rule of a king) Oligarchy (rule of the few)
  9. 9. 5- Architecture : the Greeks created a wonderful and lasting legacy of architecture. Types of buildings: Besides just houses and marketplaces, Greek cities had many different types of specialized buildings. Theater of DionysiusParthenon Stoa of Eumenes
  10. 10. 6- Religion: The Greeks were POLYTHEISTIC and did not all worship the same gods. Some of the most famous gods were :Zeus, Hera, Apollo, Artemis, Poseidon, Aphrodite, Athena , Ares, and Hades.
  11. 11. 7- Lifestyle: MEN did most of the hard works The WOMEN took care of THE HOUSEHOLD and CHILDREN , grow SMALL GARDENS around the house GREEK HOUSING: Citizens wanted to live within the CITY because it was the CENTER OF CIVIC LIFE GREEK CLOTHING: Greek clothing was very SIMPLE. Men and women wore LINEN IN THE SUMMER and WOOL IN THE WINTER. Clothes were MADE BY THE MOTHER, her daughters, and female slaves. the first OLYMPICS took place in 776 BC. They became a central aspect of Greek culture .
  12. 12. The Greeks were the first Europeans to learn to write with an alphabet, and from them alphabetic writing spread to the rest of Europe. They adopted the alphabet of the Phoenician script. Greek Writing when paper was hard to get, they did actually use goat and sheep skins to write on.
  13. 13. Aristotle: Student of Plato and father of the system called “logic” Plato: Student of Socrates and wrote down Socrates teachings in Dialogues. Socrates: Founded the Socratic method or questioning process. Greek Philosophy

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