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  1. The 3 Models of Curriculum Design Group II Kenneth D. Gallego Jayson De Jose Siegfried Elicot
  2. There are three models of curriculum design: Subject-Centered Learner-centered Problem-centered design
  3. Subject-Centered  A model where the curriculum is divided into subject areas, and there is little flexibility for cross-curricular activity. Subjects are siloed. Emphasis is placed on acquisition, memorization, and knowledge of each specific content area.  Subject-centered curriculum design revolves around a particular subject matter or discipline. For example, a subject-centered curriculum may focus on math or biology. This type of curriculum design tends to focus on the subject rather than the individual.  What is the purpose of this curricula? In subject-centered curricula, the subject matter itself serves as the organizing structure for what is studied and how it is studied. In its purest form, the curriculum for each subject-area is designed by subject-matter experts and is intended to be studied using subject-specific methods and tools of inquiry.
  4. Learner-centered  A learner- centered curriculum utilizes various educational experiences but the student becomes a participant in the decision- making process of design- ing and selecting educational experiences. In the process this approach also recognizes the developmental level of students.  In contrast, learner-centered curriculum design takes each individual's needs, interests, and goals into consideration. In other words, it acknowledges that students are not uniform and adjust to those student needs. Learner-centered curriculum design is meant to empower learners and allow them to shape their education through choices.
  5.  Some examples of these activities include open debates, writing of newspaper articles, field trips, student-chosen projects, presentations, and written reflections on learning. These types of activities centralize learners and give them choices, fostering interest and passion in the subject.
  6. Problem-centered design  Like learner-centered curriculum design, problem-centered curriculum design is also a form of student-centered design. Problem-centered curricula focus on teaching students how to look at a problem and come up with a solution to the problem. Students are thus exposed to real-life issues, which helps them develop skills that are transferable to the real world.  Problem-centered curriculum design increases the relevance of the curriculum and allows students to be creative and innovate as they are learning. The drawback to this form of curriculum design is that it does not always take learning styles into consideration.
  7. EIGHT CONTEMPORARY CURRICULUM MODELS Written curriculum  is what is formally put down in writing and documented for teaching. These materials can include an educator’s instruction documents, films, text and other materials they need. These materials come from the larger school district or the school itself. Often, they contract or employ a curriculum specialist to develop a plan that meets specific goals and objectives. Taught Curriculum This type of curriculum refers to how teachers actually teach. This is a less predictable and less standardized type of curriculum because how an educator delivers material can vary from one to the next. It can also change based on the types of tools a teacher has at their disposal. This can include experiments, demonstrations and other types of engagement through group work and hands-on activities. Taught curriculum is extremely critical for students in special education or those who require another kind of specialized support.
  8. Supported Curriculum A supported curriculum involves the additional tools, resources and learning experiences found in and outside a classroom. These include textbooks, field trips, software and technology, in addition to other innovative new techniques to engage students. Teachers and other individuals involved with the course are also a component of the supported curriculum. Assessed Curriculum An assessed curriculum is also known as a tested curriculum. It refers to quizzes, tests and other kinds of methods to measure students’ success. This can encompass a number of different assessment techniques, including presentations, a portfolio, a demonstration as well as state and federal standardized tests.
  9. Recommended curriculum This type of curriculum stems from what experts in education suggest. Recommended curriculum can come from a variety of different sources, including nationally recognized researchers, policy makers and legislators, and others. It focuses on the content, skill sets and tools educators should prioritize in the classroom. Hidden Curriculum A hidden curriculum is not planned, but it has a significant impact on what students learn. This type of curriculum is not always communicated or formally written down and includes implicit rules, unmentioned expectations, and the norms and values of a culture.
  10. Excluded Curriculum The excluded curriculum is also known as the null curriculum. It refers to what content is not taught in a course. Often an educator or curriculum specialist believes that a certain skill or concept is less important or does not need to be covered. Sometimes what is left out, intentionally or unintentionally, can shape students as much as what is included. For example, students might not be taught about an ongoing debate among experts in the field or not encouraged to think critically about a text. Learned Curriculum A learned curriculum refers to what students walk away with from a course. This includes the subject matter and knowledge they learned from a course, but it can also include additional changes in attitude and emotional wellbeing. Teachers need to shrink the gap between what they expect students to learn and what students actually do learn.
  11. The 11 Types Of Curriculum (1) overt, explicit or written, (2) social curriculum or societal (3) hidden curriculum (4) phantom curriculum (5) Null curriculum (6) rhetorical curriculum (7) Concomitant curriculum (8) received curriculum (9) curriculum curriculum (10) electronic curriculum (11) internal curriculum.
  12.  References: questions/read/21890-what-are-the-11-types-of- curriculum  definition-4154176  components.html