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CIMMYT presentation on CSA

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CIMMYT presentation on CSA

  1. 1. A Practical Guide to CSA technologies Christian Thierfelder
  2. 2. „It is not possible to do the same things in the same way and expect different results.....“ „We are running the danger of being too vague – we therefore need concrete examples....!“
  3. 3. The Rationale of a Practical Guide to Climate Smart Agriculture ● Organizations need practical hands- on extension guidelines – no mixed messages – no confusion ● Information is needed for practitioners on  what technologies we have  where we should put them  how climate smart the technologies are and  how do we get them out to the farmers
  4. 4. Different visual ways of quantifying and describing a climate smart technology 9.0 5.07 -5 -3 -1 1 3 5 7 9 P AM
  5. 5. Agroforestry Nutrition security Poverty alleviation Natural resource management Improved cook-stove Conservation agriculture Increased yields Soil quality & carbon Reduced degradation & erosion Dietary diversity Intercropping Market access Increase income Participatory approach Landscapes with multiple CSA options
  6. 6. Evolution from Toolbox Version 1.0 ● First toolbox information was considered useful but not inclusive enough (too narrow) ● Too much confusion - what do we mean by a toolbox? ● Change of name from a toolbox to a “Practical Guide”
  7. 7. What will our Practical Guide consist of? ● A set of tools to help users to determine farming practices that are climate smart (targeting) ● Farmers’ own agro-ecosystems and circumstances are taken into account ● Selected farming practices lead to improved productivity, adaptation and resilience to the effects of climate change. ● The Guide will help to choose techniques and practices and assess the “climate-smartness” of the technology ● The Guide includes extension approaches
  8. 8. Community profiling of climatic risks to agriculture Tools to analyse and articulate an evidence- based understanding of the local agro-ecosystem and farming systems Provides understanding of the risks and vulnerabilities towards climate change Segment 1 Climate smart farming technologies and practices A description of farming techniques and practices from which practitioners and decision makers can select most suitable practices. The description will provide information on the climate “smartness” of the technologies and practices Segment 2 Participatory selection of climate smart farming technologies and practices Selection tools to choose a combination of techniques/ practices from Segment 2, taking the agro-ecosystems and climate vulnerability risks from Segment 1 into account Segment 4 An Africa-specific CSA Guide for Practitioners and Decision Makers Methodologies and approaches for CSA extension Provides a list of methodologies/approach es for working with farmers and communities to facilitate adoption of CSA practice. Aide to extension of CSA technologies Segment 3
  9. 9. Which CSA technologies and practices we will be include at this stage? CA (including CAWT) Stress-tolerant germplasm Zai pits and other water harvesting systems Improved and targeted fertilizer use Crop diversification Fodder shrubs for improved cattle feeding Alternate wetting and drying in rice Farmer management natural regeneration (FMNR)
  10. 10. ● Task teams have been identified ● A series of eight CSA systems have been prioritized and are currently summarized following a template ● Decision support systems are being developed ● A writeshop is scheduled for May 04-08, 2015 in Johannesburg ● Outcome expected: almost final CSA Practical Guide needing design ● Final product ready by June 2015 The CSA Practical Guide – where are we?
  11. 11. Work stream March April May June July Aug Sept Oct 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Nominate and commission task teams to work on each Segment General Stakeholder consultation on what is expected in a tool box - (done by task teams) Joint task team working session to review and technically validate the Practical Guide – COMESA Region Expert team refine and finalise the Practical Guide; publication and printing Use the West Africa CSA Regional Workshop to interrogate the Practical Guide and align/domesticate to regional circumstances and needs Launch of the Practical Guide at the Africa CSA pan-African forum Dissemination and training programmes for users The 3rd international Conference on Financing for Development will be held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, The 25th AU Summit Timelines – the Guide will be ready by June
  12. 12. An Example: Conservation Agriculture
  13. 13. CA – decision tree Manual systems Animal traction systems Manual direct seeding Rip-line seeding Direct seeding Maize, sorghum, groundnuts, cowpea, Vulnerable farmers Manual farmers without access to draft power Cash constraint farmers with access to draft power Emerging commercial farmers Maize, sorghum, groundnuts, cowpea, beans sunflower Maize, groundnuts, cowpea, beans, soybean, cotton, sunflower Maize, groundnuts, cowpea, beans, soybean, cotton, sunflower Farm typology Recommended crops Rainfall regime Seeding system Traction source Rainfall: 500-700 mm; Plant population: 36,000 plants/ha Rainfall: 700-1200 mm; Plant population: 44,000- 53,000 plants/ha Rainfall: 800-1400 mm, Plant population: 44,000 - 53,000 plants/ha Rainfall: 800-1400 mm, Plant population 44,000 - 53,000 plants/ha Maize, sorghum, groundnuts, cowpea, Maize, sorghum, groundnuts, cowpea, beans sunflower Basin planting Manual systems Animal traction systems Manual direct seeding Rip-line seeding Direct seeding Maize, sorghum, groundnuts, cowpea, Vulnerable farmers Manual farmers without access to draft power Cash constraint farmers with access to draft power Emerging commercial farmers Maize, sorghum, groundnuts, cowpea, beans sunflower Maize, groundnuts, cowpea, beans, soybean, cotton, sunflower Maize, groundnuts, cowpea, beans, soybean, cotton, sunflower Farm typology Recommended crops Rainfall regime Seeding system Traction source Rainfall: 500-700 mm; Plant population: 36,000 plants/ha Rainfall: 700-1200 mm; Plant population: 44,000- 53,000 plants/ha Rainfall: 800-1400 mm, Plant population: 44,000 - 53,000 plants/ha Rainfall: 800-1400 mm, Plant population 44,000 - 53,000 plants/ha Maize, sorghum, groundnuts, cowpea, Maize, sorghum, groundnuts, cowpea, beans sunflower Basin planting
  14. 14. How will the system be described? ● Manual seeding systems ● Animal traction seeding systems ● Climate smartness of CA ● Different crops to be grown under the system at different intensities ● Challenges in the implementation Figure 2: CSA potential of CA systems in sub-Saharan Africa CSA potential of CA systems in southern Africa
  15. 15. •Basin planting •Jab-planter •AT Direct seeder •Dibble stick •Hoe-planter •Magoye ripper
  16. 16. TLC, 2014 ICRAF
  17. 17. There is still work to be done….! ● Targeting tool – how can we best describe and understand the agro- ecosystem, the farmer circumstances and the risk mitigation potential? ● Extension tool – what extension methods and practises are likely to lead to best response and uptake of technologies?
  18. 18. How can this be achieved? ●Who will be the users of the practical guide? ●What will be the measurements for specific CSA technologies implemented in Malawi? ●How will we report these and what will be the overall effects and outcomes? ●What key indicators need to be collected? ● What additional technical support would be needed for an implementation plan? E.g. tools, methods, analyses…etc.
  19. 19. Thank you very much!

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • So ultimately, there is a lot of discussion about CSA in conference hasllls such as this. But what might it look like on the ground
    Here is an example from a collaboration between CARE-ICRAF and the FAO in the same landscape seein the fist slide.
    Through a stakeholder process a menu of CSA options that can lead to series of CSA priority outoomes were identified that address the risks identified such as intra-seaonsonal droughts and extended new land management options including conservation agriculture, improved cookstoves, with the agenda to affect nutrition outcomes and
     
    In conclusion, I return to my original statement. Flexibility is the strength of climate smart agriculture, not a weakness. Through participatory processes that includes stakeholders across levels from farmers to national level and continental elvel policy makers, the AU-iNGO Alliance will work toward affecting equitable and locally-relevant change at scale.
     
     
     

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