SlideShare ist ein Scribd-Unternehmen logo
1 von 49
“I visited 385 agricultural programs in
95 countries.
Very few programs have scaled up.
The FMNR story is unique”.
Roland Bunch.
International Agricultural Consultant.
How big an impact do you want to have?
• Farmers group level?
• ADP level?
• Catchment level?
• Landscape level?
• Regional level?
• Country level?
• International level?
Dream/Pray!
Please write down your goal –
how big an impact
do you want to have?
2010
2015
2013
2015
2013
2012
Tony’s goal: FMNR in 100 countries by 2020.
“You need to see
cabbages in your head,
before you see them in
the ground.”
Sanchez. Human Farm
1.What was the environment (water supply,
weather, soil fertility, biodiversity, …) like
when you were a child?
2.What is the environment like now?
3.If we do nothing – what will the
environment be like for our children and
grandchildren?
“If you only focus on landscape restoration you
will fail. If you focus on changing mindsets you
will succeed.” Aba Hawi, Abreha Weatsbha, Tigray, Ethiopia.
Select desired tree
stumps and for each
stump, choose number
of (tallest and
straightest stems to
leave
Remove
unwanted stems
and side branches
Cull emerging
new stems and
prune side
branches from
time to time
FMNR: Systematic regeneration & management of trees
& shrubs growing from living tree stumps, roots &
seedlings on farmland, rangeland, forestland & even
wasteland.
REFORESTATION
WITHOUT PLANTING
TREES?
Niger – denuded farmland. Note – even
here there are tree stumps -
2. For each stump,
choose number of
stems to leave.
1. Select desired
tree stumps.
FMNR on
Farmland
Training of Trainers, May, 2012, Abote ADP.
FMNR on
grazing land
Grazing land.
Can you see the vast underground forest -
waiting to be released?
July 2010
May 2012
March, 2014
~ 3 year old growth!
FMNR in Forest
“We are too much happy.”
2,700 ha. Humbo Community
Managed Natural Regeneration
Project, Ethiopia.
 15 years old – very slow growth!
 No pruning, no thinning, no removal
of disease
Pruning + thinning + removal of
diseased wood.
- Very rapid growth (one year)
1.5
meters
growth in
12
months.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farmer_Managed_Natu
 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E9DpptI4QGY
http://www.fmnrhub.com.au
Certified Wood Market
established
Base price for wood: farmer
33% profit – farmer
33% profit – social committee
33% profit – forestry service.
F. Albida saplings - Strong, vigorous and
everywhere!
But -
“We are too much happy.”
Humbo, Ethiopia.
What methods have been tried in 
Tanzania?
Which ones work? Why do they work?
Which ones do not? Why don’t they 
work?
Discussion
1. What is required to introduce FMNR to Tanzania?
2.a) What are the existing laws on tree and land use?
2.b) Do these laws encourage or discourage FMNR?
3. How would you deal with issues such as:
• Fire
• Livestock
• FMNR on communal land
• FMNR on private land
• Charcoal making and wood cutting.

Weitere ähnliche Inhalte

Was ist angesagt?

Agriculture and Organic Farming
Agriculture and Organic FarmingAgriculture and Organic Farming
Agriculture and Organic FarmingSAKTHIVEL S
 
Water Management in Horticultural Crops
Water Management in Horticultural Crops Water Management in Horticultural Crops
Water Management in Horticultural Crops SHUATS
 
Principles of orchard establishment
Principles of orchard establishmentPrinciples of orchard establishment
Principles of orchard establishmentpavanknaik
 
Strawberry cultivation (Nepal)- production and insect pests
Strawberry cultivation (Nepal)- production and insect pestsStrawberry cultivation (Nepal)- production and insect pests
Strawberry cultivation (Nepal)- production and insect pestsshiva dhakal
 
The Role of Agriculture in Hunger and Poverty Reduction
The Role of Agriculture in Hunger and Poverty ReductionThe Role of Agriculture in Hunger and Poverty Reduction
The Role of Agriculture in Hunger and Poverty ReductionShenggen Fan
 
Methods of grapes cultivation انگور کی کاشت کے طریقے
Methods of grapes cultivation انگور کی کاشت کے طریقےMethods of grapes cultivation انگور کی کاشت کے طریقے
Methods of grapes cultivation انگور کی کاشت کے طریقےShujaul Mulk Khan
 
Environ policy lecture ppt
Environ policy lecture pptEnviron policy lecture ppt
Environ policy lecture pptSiddharth Laxman
 
Vegetables lecture 2017`
Vegetables lecture 2017`Vegetables lecture 2017`
Vegetables lecture 2017`bmrenner
 
Scope and importance of fruit crops & pollination mechanism
Scope and importance of fruit crops & pollination mechanismScope and importance of fruit crops & pollination mechanism
Scope and importance of fruit crops & pollination mechanismpavanknaik
 
Production technology of Lemon grass and citronella grass
Production technology of Lemon grass and citronella grassProduction technology of Lemon grass and citronella grass
Production technology of Lemon grass and citronella grasspavanknaik
 
Agricultural Planning program
Agricultural Planning program Agricultural Planning program
Agricultural Planning program Sagolsem Mika
 
Urban Farming Technology
Urban Farming TechnologyUrban Farming Technology
Urban Farming TechnologyReneé Hubbard
 
47.Biodiversity and ntfp; a tool for livlihood A Presentation By Mr. Allah Da...
47.Biodiversity and ntfp; a tool for livlihood A Presentation By Mr. Allah Da...47.Biodiversity and ntfp; a tool for livlihood A Presentation By Mr. Allah Da...
47.Biodiversity and ntfp; a tool for livlihood A Presentation By Mr. Allah Da...Mr.Allah Dad Khan
 

Was ist angesagt? (20)

Training workshop on Implementing Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) C...
Training workshop on Implementing Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) C...Training workshop on Implementing Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) C...
Training workshop on Implementing Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) C...
 
Climate smart agriculture 2
Climate smart agriculture 2Climate smart agriculture 2
Climate smart agriculture 2
 
Horticulture
HorticultureHorticulture
Horticulture
 
Agriculture and Organic Farming
Agriculture and Organic FarmingAgriculture and Organic Farming
Agriculture and Organic Farming
 
Water Management in Horticultural Crops
Water Management in Horticultural Crops Water Management in Horticultural Crops
Water Management in Horticultural Crops
 
Principles of orchard establishment
Principles of orchard establishmentPrinciples of orchard establishment
Principles of orchard establishment
 
Strawberry cultivation (Nepal)- production and insect pests
Strawberry cultivation (Nepal)- production and insect pestsStrawberry cultivation (Nepal)- production and insect pests
Strawberry cultivation (Nepal)- production and insect pests
 
Organic Farming History and Techniques
Organic Farming History and TechniquesOrganic Farming History and Techniques
Organic Farming History and Techniques
 
The Role of Agriculture in Hunger and Poverty Reduction
The Role of Agriculture in Hunger and Poverty ReductionThe Role of Agriculture in Hunger and Poverty Reduction
The Role of Agriculture in Hunger and Poverty Reduction
 
Methods of grapes cultivation انگور کی کاشت کے طریقے
Methods of grapes cultivation انگور کی کاشت کے طریقےMethods of grapes cultivation انگور کی کاشت کے طریقے
Methods of grapes cultivation انگور کی کاشت کے طریقے
 
Guidelines for Organic in Sri Lanka
Guidelines for Organic in Sri LankaGuidelines for Organic in Sri Lanka
Guidelines for Organic in Sri Lanka
 
Environ policy lecture ppt
Environ policy lecture pptEnviron policy lecture ppt
Environ policy lecture ppt
 
Vegetables lecture 2017`
Vegetables lecture 2017`Vegetables lecture 2017`
Vegetables lecture 2017`
 
Scope and importance of fruit crops & pollination mechanism
Scope and importance of fruit crops & pollination mechanismScope and importance of fruit crops & pollination mechanism
Scope and importance of fruit crops & pollination mechanism
 
Production technology of Lemon grass and citronella grass
Production technology of Lemon grass and citronella grassProduction technology of Lemon grass and citronella grass
Production technology of Lemon grass and citronella grass
 
Soil erosion in nepal
Soil erosion in nepalSoil erosion in nepal
Soil erosion in nepal
 
Agricultural Planning program
Agricultural Planning program Agricultural Planning program
Agricultural Planning program
 
Urban Farming Technology
Urban Farming TechnologyUrban Farming Technology
Urban Farming Technology
 
47.Biodiversity and ntfp; a tool for livlihood A Presentation By Mr. Allah Da...
47.Biodiversity and ntfp; a tool for livlihood A Presentation By Mr. Allah Da...47.Biodiversity and ntfp; a tool for livlihood A Presentation By Mr. Allah Da...
47.Biodiversity and ntfp; a tool for livlihood A Presentation By Mr. Allah Da...
 
Cgiar
CgiarCgiar
Cgiar
 

Ähnlich wie FMNR: Definition

2014 11 caast net entebbe
2014 11 caast net entebbe2014 11 caast net entebbe
2014 11 caast net entebbePatrick Worms
 
Red Sanders Policy issues after BSI NDF report, Feb 2020
Red Sanders Policy issues after BSI NDF report, Feb 2020Red Sanders Policy issues after BSI NDF report, Feb 2020
Red Sanders Policy issues after BSI NDF report, Feb 2020Ganesan RP
 
Agroforestry and redd+ in Africa: potentials, challenges and the way forward
Agroforestry and redd+ in Africa: potentials, challenges and the way forwardAgroforestry and redd+ in Africa: potentials, challenges and the way forward
Agroforestry and redd+ in Africa: potentials, challenges and the way forwardWorld Agroforestry (ICRAF)
 
Why Agroforestry My Experience CAFRI 9th Nov 2020
Why Agroforestry My Experience CAFRI 9th Nov 2020Why Agroforestry My Experience CAFRI 9th Nov 2020
Why Agroforestry My Experience CAFRI 9th Nov 2020Ganesan RP
 
REDD - A Narrative Too Good to be True?
REDD - A Narrative Too Good to be True?REDD - A Narrative Too Good to be True?
REDD - A Narrative Too Good to be True?SIANI
 
Timber Board Under Agriculture is a Wholistic Solution
Timber Board Under Agriculture is a Wholistic SolutionTimber Board Under Agriculture is a Wholistic Solution
Timber Board Under Agriculture is a Wholistic SolutionGanesan RP
 
Norbert akolbila talensi farmer managed natural regeneration (fmnr)-fara-aasw...
Norbert akolbila talensi farmer managed natural regeneration (fmnr)-fara-aasw...Norbert akolbila talensi farmer managed natural regeneration (fmnr)-fara-aasw...
Norbert akolbila talensi farmer managed natural regeneration (fmnr)-fara-aasw...World Agroforestry (ICRAF)
 
Shri Modiji, Do not Say Grow Trees, Till you Remove Hurdles for it
Shri Modiji, Do not Say Grow Trees, Till you Remove Hurdles for itShri Modiji, Do not Say Grow Trees, Till you Remove Hurdles for it
Shri Modiji, Do not Say Grow Trees, Till you Remove Hurdles for itGanesan RP
 
Timber Development Board of India Required under MoAFW, Ministry of Agricul...
Timber Development Board of India   Required under MoAFW, Ministry of Agricul...Timber Development Board of India   Required under MoAFW, Ministry of Agricul...
Timber Development Board of India Required under MoAFW, Ministry of Agricul...Ganesan RP
 
Representation to India's Members of Parliament on Hurdles for Tree growing
Representation to India's Members of Parliament on Hurdles for Tree growingRepresentation to India's Members of Parliament on Hurdles for Tree growing
Representation to India's Members of Parliament on Hurdles for Tree growingGanesan RP
 
FMNR: Achieving Scale Up
FMNR: Achieving Scale UpFMNR: Achieving Scale Up
FMNR: Achieving Scale UpFMNR Hub
 
[Challenge:Future] Uganda chapter 2012 - Tororo Green map
[Challenge:Future] Uganda chapter 2012 - Tororo Green map[Challenge:Future] Uganda chapter 2012 - Tororo Green map
[Challenge:Future] Uganda chapter 2012 - Tororo Green mapChallenge:Future
 
RPG Representation to CITES Plants committee members before PC meet july 2018
RPG Representation to CITES Plants committee members before PC meet july 2018RPG Representation to CITES Plants committee members before PC meet july 2018
RPG Representation to CITES Plants committee members before PC meet july 2018Ganesan RP
 
social connect ppt.pptx
social connect ppt.pptxsocial connect ppt.pptx
social connect ppt.pptxDevendrappaGM
 
Addressing land degradation and desertification
Addressing land degradation and desertificationAddressing land degradation and desertification
Addressing land degradation and desertificationFrancois Stepman
 
[Challenge:Future] TororoGreen Map Uganda chapter 2012
[Challenge:Future] TororoGreen Map Uganda chapter 2012[Challenge:Future] TororoGreen Map Uganda chapter 2012
[Challenge:Future] TororoGreen Map Uganda chapter 2012Challenge:Future
 
Africa RISING in the Ethiopian Highlands: An overview
Africa RISING in the Ethiopian Highlands: An overviewAfrica RISING in the Ethiopian Highlands: An overview
Africa RISING in the Ethiopian Highlands: An overviewafrica-rising
 
CDP PPT (End Term Practical).pptx
CDP PPT (End Term Practical).pptxCDP PPT (End Term Practical).pptx
CDP PPT (End Term Practical).pptxAyush626295
 

Ähnlich wie FMNR: Definition (20)

2014 11 caast net entebbe
2014 11 caast net entebbe2014 11 caast net entebbe
2014 11 caast net entebbe
 
Would you bet on restoration?
Would you bet on restoration?Would you bet on restoration?
Would you bet on restoration?
 
Red Sanders Policy issues after BSI NDF report, Feb 2020
Red Sanders Policy issues after BSI NDF report, Feb 2020Red Sanders Policy issues after BSI NDF report, Feb 2020
Red Sanders Policy issues after BSI NDF report, Feb 2020
 
Agroforestry and redd+ in Africa: potentials, challenges and the way forward
Agroforestry and redd+ in Africa: potentials, challenges and the way forwardAgroforestry and redd+ in Africa: potentials, challenges and the way forward
Agroforestry and redd+ in Africa: potentials, challenges and the way forward
 
Why Agroforestry My Experience CAFRI 9th Nov 2020
Why Agroforestry My Experience CAFRI 9th Nov 2020Why Agroforestry My Experience CAFRI 9th Nov 2020
Why Agroforestry My Experience CAFRI 9th Nov 2020
 
REDD - A Narrative Too Good to be True?
REDD - A Narrative Too Good to be True?REDD - A Narrative Too Good to be True?
REDD - A Narrative Too Good to be True?
 
Timber Board Under Agriculture is a Wholistic Solution
Timber Board Under Agriculture is a Wholistic SolutionTimber Board Under Agriculture is a Wholistic Solution
Timber Board Under Agriculture is a Wholistic Solution
 
Norbert akolbila talensi farmer managed natural regeneration (fmnr)-fara-aasw...
Norbert akolbila talensi farmer managed natural regeneration (fmnr)-fara-aasw...Norbert akolbila talensi farmer managed natural regeneration (fmnr)-fara-aasw...
Norbert akolbila talensi farmer managed natural regeneration (fmnr)-fara-aasw...
 
Shri Modiji, Do not Say Grow Trees, Till you Remove Hurdles for it
Shri Modiji, Do not Say Grow Trees, Till you Remove Hurdles for itShri Modiji, Do not Say Grow Trees, Till you Remove Hurdles for it
Shri Modiji, Do not Say Grow Trees, Till you Remove Hurdles for it
 
Timber Development Board of India Required under MoAFW, Ministry of Agricul...
Timber Development Board of India   Required under MoAFW, Ministry of Agricul...Timber Development Board of India   Required under MoAFW, Ministry of Agricul...
Timber Development Board of India Required under MoAFW, Ministry of Agricul...
 
Wed 2015 think before you eat
Wed 2015 think before you eatWed 2015 think before you eat
Wed 2015 think before you eat
 
Representation to India's Members of Parliament on Hurdles for Tree growing
Representation to India's Members of Parliament on Hurdles for Tree growingRepresentation to India's Members of Parliament on Hurdles for Tree growing
Representation to India's Members of Parliament on Hurdles for Tree growing
 
FMNR: Achieving Scale Up
FMNR: Achieving Scale UpFMNR: Achieving Scale Up
FMNR: Achieving Scale Up
 
[Challenge:Future] Uganda chapter 2012 - Tororo Green map
[Challenge:Future] Uganda chapter 2012 - Tororo Green map[Challenge:Future] Uganda chapter 2012 - Tororo Green map
[Challenge:Future] Uganda chapter 2012 - Tororo Green map
 
RPG Representation to CITES Plants committee members before PC meet july 2018
RPG Representation to CITES Plants committee members before PC meet july 2018RPG Representation to CITES Plants committee members before PC meet july 2018
RPG Representation to CITES Plants committee members before PC meet july 2018
 
social connect ppt.pptx
social connect ppt.pptxsocial connect ppt.pptx
social connect ppt.pptx
 
Addressing land degradation and desertification
Addressing land degradation and desertificationAddressing land degradation and desertification
Addressing land degradation and desertification
 
[Challenge:Future] TororoGreen Map Uganda chapter 2012
[Challenge:Future] TororoGreen Map Uganda chapter 2012[Challenge:Future] TororoGreen Map Uganda chapter 2012
[Challenge:Future] TororoGreen Map Uganda chapter 2012
 
Africa RISING in the Ethiopian Highlands: An overview
Africa RISING in the Ethiopian Highlands: An overviewAfrica RISING in the Ethiopian Highlands: An overview
Africa RISING in the Ethiopian Highlands: An overview
 
CDP PPT (End Term Practical).pptx
CDP PPT (End Term Practical).pptxCDP PPT (End Term Practical).pptx
CDP PPT (End Term Practical).pptx
 

Mehr von FMNR Hub

Nasfam Presentation on CSA
Nasfam Presentation on CSANasfam Presentation on CSA
Nasfam Presentation on CSAFMNR Hub
 
COMESA-CCAFS Malawi Beating Famine: CSA Session
COMESA-CCAFS Malawi Beating Famine: CSA SessionCOMESA-CCAFS Malawi Beating Famine: CSA Session
COMESA-CCAFS Malawi Beating Famine: CSA SessionFMNR Hub
 
FAO Presentation on CSA
FAO Presentation on CSAFAO Presentation on CSA
FAO Presentation on CSAFMNR Hub
 
BERL- Concern Worldwide presentation on CSA
BERL- Concern Worldwide presentation on CSABERL- Concern Worldwide presentation on CSA
BERL- Concern Worldwide presentation on CSAFMNR Hub
 
CIMMYT presentation on CSA
CIMMYT presentation on CSACIMMYT presentation on CSA
CIMMYT presentation on CSAFMNR Hub
 
Fruit trees for improved nutrition and livelihoods
Fruit trees for improved nutrition and livelihoodsFruit trees for improved nutrition and livelihoods
Fruit trees for improved nutrition and livelihoodsFMNR Hub
 
Improving access to fruits for improved nutrition through better fruit orchar...
Improving access to fruits for improved nutrition through better fruit orchar...Improving access to fruits for improved nutrition through better fruit orchar...
Improving access to fruits for improved nutrition through better fruit orchar...FMNR Hub
 
Opening alice&constance-beating famine 14-4-15-rev compress
Opening   alice&constance-beating famine 14-4-15-rev compressOpening   alice&constance-beating famine 14-4-15-rev compress
Opening alice&constance-beating famine 14-4-15-rev compressFMNR Hub
 
The Impact of Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration
The Impact of Farmer Managed Natural RegenerationThe Impact of Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration
The Impact of Farmer Managed Natural RegenerationFMNR Hub
 
The Vision for Southern Africa’s Small holder Farmers
The Vision for Southern Africa’s Small holder FarmersThe Vision for Southern Africa’s Small holder Farmers
The Vision for Southern Africa’s Small holder FarmersFMNR Hub
 
Transformational Opportunities in Landscape Regeneration in Southern Africa: ...
Transformational Opportunities in Landscape Regeneration in Southern Africa: ...Transformational Opportunities in Landscape Regeneration in Southern Africa: ...
Transformational Opportunities in Landscape Regeneration in Southern Africa: ...FMNR Hub
 
Practical aspects of implementing FMNR
Practical aspects of implementing FMNRPractical aspects of implementing FMNR
Practical aspects of implementing FMNRFMNR Hub
 
The Practical Aspects of Implementing FMNR: Scale Up at National and Regional...
The Practical Aspects of Implementing FMNR: Scale Up at National and Regional...The Practical Aspects of Implementing FMNR: Scale Up at National and Regional...
The Practical Aspects of Implementing FMNR: Scale Up at National and Regional...FMNR Hub
 
FMNR: Dealing with Obstacles
FMNR: Dealing with ObstaclesFMNR: Dealing with Obstacles
FMNR: Dealing with ObstaclesFMNR Hub
 
FMNR: Dos & Donts
FMNR: Dos & DontsFMNR: Dos & Donts
FMNR: Dos & DontsFMNR Hub
 
BLEANSA - An EverGreen Agriculture & Agroforestry Network for Southern Africa
BLEANSA - An EverGreen Agriculture & Agroforestry Network for Southern AfricaBLEANSA - An EverGreen Agriculture & Agroforestry Network for Southern Africa
BLEANSA - An EverGreen Agriculture & Agroforestry Network for Southern AfricaFMNR Hub
 
Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative Scaling Action 2015-2017
Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative Scaling Action 2015-2017Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative Scaling Action 2015-2017
Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative Scaling Action 2015-2017FMNR Hub
 
The African Landscapes Action Plan
The African Landscapes Action PlanThe African Landscapes Action Plan
The African Landscapes Action PlanFMNR Hub
 
African Landscapes Action Plan: Process and Results in Tanzania
African Landscapes Action Plan: Process and Results in TanzaniaAfrican Landscapes Action Plan: Process and Results in Tanzania
African Landscapes Action Plan: Process and Results in TanzaniaFMNR Hub
 
Results of Landscapes for People, Food & Nature in Africa
Results of Landscapes for People, Food & Nature in Africa Results of Landscapes for People, Food & Nature in Africa
Results of Landscapes for People, Food & Nature in Africa FMNR Hub
 

Mehr von FMNR Hub (20)

Nasfam Presentation on CSA
Nasfam Presentation on CSANasfam Presentation on CSA
Nasfam Presentation on CSA
 
COMESA-CCAFS Malawi Beating Famine: CSA Session
COMESA-CCAFS Malawi Beating Famine: CSA SessionCOMESA-CCAFS Malawi Beating Famine: CSA Session
COMESA-CCAFS Malawi Beating Famine: CSA Session
 
FAO Presentation on CSA
FAO Presentation on CSAFAO Presentation on CSA
FAO Presentation on CSA
 
BERL- Concern Worldwide presentation on CSA
BERL- Concern Worldwide presentation on CSABERL- Concern Worldwide presentation on CSA
BERL- Concern Worldwide presentation on CSA
 
CIMMYT presentation on CSA
CIMMYT presentation on CSACIMMYT presentation on CSA
CIMMYT presentation on CSA
 
Fruit trees for improved nutrition and livelihoods
Fruit trees for improved nutrition and livelihoodsFruit trees for improved nutrition and livelihoods
Fruit trees for improved nutrition and livelihoods
 
Improving access to fruits for improved nutrition through better fruit orchar...
Improving access to fruits for improved nutrition through better fruit orchar...Improving access to fruits for improved nutrition through better fruit orchar...
Improving access to fruits for improved nutrition through better fruit orchar...
 
Opening alice&constance-beating famine 14-4-15-rev compress
Opening   alice&constance-beating famine 14-4-15-rev compressOpening   alice&constance-beating famine 14-4-15-rev compress
Opening alice&constance-beating famine 14-4-15-rev compress
 
The Impact of Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration
The Impact of Farmer Managed Natural RegenerationThe Impact of Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration
The Impact of Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration
 
The Vision for Southern Africa’s Small holder Farmers
The Vision for Southern Africa’s Small holder FarmersThe Vision for Southern Africa’s Small holder Farmers
The Vision for Southern Africa’s Small holder Farmers
 
Transformational Opportunities in Landscape Regeneration in Southern Africa: ...
Transformational Opportunities in Landscape Regeneration in Southern Africa: ...Transformational Opportunities in Landscape Regeneration in Southern Africa: ...
Transformational Opportunities in Landscape Regeneration in Southern Africa: ...
 
Practical aspects of implementing FMNR
Practical aspects of implementing FMNRPractical aspects of implementing FMNR
Practical aspects of implementing FMNR
 
The Practical Aspects of Implementing FMNR: Scale Up at National and Regional...
The Practical Aspects of Implementing FMNR: Scale Up at National and Regional...The Practical Aspects of Implementing FMNR: Scale Up at National and Regional...
The Practical Aspects of Implementing FMNR: Scale Up at National and Regional...
 
FMNR: Dealing with Obstacles
FMNR: Dealing with ObstaclesFMNR: Dealing with Obstacles
FMNR: Dealing with Obstacles
 
FMNR: Dos & Donts
FMNR: Dos & DontsFMNR: Dos & Donts
FMNR: Dos & Donts
 
BLEANSA - An EverGreen Agriculture & Agroforestry Network for Southern Africa
BLEANSA - An EverGreen Agriculture & Agroforestry Network for Southern AfricaBLEANSA - An EverGreen Agriculture & Agroforestry Network for Southern Africa
BLEANSA - An EverGreen Agriculture & Agroforestry Network for Southern Africa
 
Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative Scaling Action 2015-2017
Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative Scaling Action 2015-2017Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative Scaling Action 2015-2017
Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative Scaling Action 2015-2017
 
The African Landscapes Action Plan
The African Landscapes Action PlanThe African Landscapes Action Plan
The African Landscapes Action Plan
 
African Landscapes Action Plan: Process and Results in Tanzania
African Landscapes Action Plan: Process and Results in TanzaniaAfrican Landscapes Action Plan: Process and Results in Tanzania
African Landscapes Action Plan: Process and Results in Tanzania
 
Results of Landscapes for People, Food & Nature in Africa
Results of Landscapes for People, Food & Nature in Africa Results of Landscapes for People, Food & Nature in Africa
Results of Landscapes for People, Food & Nature in Africa
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen

'Upcycling Research' presentation for SNU GSES
'Upcycling Research' presentation for SNU GSES'Upcycling Research' presentation for SNU GSES
'Upcycling Research' presentation for SNU GSESKyungeun Sung
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Geert Fremout
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Geert FremoutCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Geert Fremout
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Geert FremoutOECD Environment
 
Title-Role of forestry in restoration of degraded lands.pptx
Title-Role of forestry in restoration of degraded lands.pptxTitle-Role of forestry in restoration of degraded lands.pptx
Title-Role of forestry in restoration of degraded lands.pptxSagar Chaudhary
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Alban Kitous
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Alban KitousCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Alban Kitous
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Alban KitousOECD Environment
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Chiara Falduto
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Chiara FaldutoCCXG global forum, April 2024, Chiara Falduto
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Chiara FaldutoOECD Environment
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Sirini Jeudy-Hugo
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Sirini Jeudy-HugoCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Sirini Jeudy-Hugo
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Sirini Jeudy-HugoOECD Environment
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, David Mutisya
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  David MutisyaCCXG global forum, April 2024,  David Mutisya
CCXG global forum, April 2024, David MutisyaOECD Environment
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Beatrice Cyiza
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Beatrice CyizaCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Beatrice Cyiza
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Beatrice CyizaOECD Environment
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Annett Möhner
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Annett MöhnerCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Annett Möhner
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Annett MöhnerOECD Environment
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Nino Tkhilava
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Nino TkhilavaCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Nino Tkhilava
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Nino TkhilavaOECD Environment
 
Planning and Designing Green buildings-.issues, options and strategies
Planning and Designing Green buildings-.issues, options and strategiesPlanning and Designing Green buildings-.issues, options and strategies
Planning and Designing Green buildings-.issues, options and strategiesJIT KUMAR GUPTA
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Julio Cordano
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Julio CordanoCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Julio Cordano
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Julio CordanoOECD Environment
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Mentimeter results
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Mentimeter resultsCCXG global forum, April 2024, Mentimeter results
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Mentimeter resultsOECD Environment
 
Get inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial Symbiosis
Get inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial SymbiosisGet inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial Symbiosis
Get inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial Symbiosissymbaprojecteu
 
NO1 Certified Rohani Amil In Islamabad Amil Baba in Rawalpindi Kala Jadu Amil...
NO1 Certified Rohani Amil In Islamabad Amil Baba in Rawalpindi Kala Jadu Amil...NO1 Certified Rohani Amil In Islamabad Amil Baba in Rawalpindi Kala Jadu Amil...
NO1 Certified Rohani Amil In Islamabad Amil Baba in Rawalpindi Kala Jadu Amil...Amil baba
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Adriana Bonilla
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Adriana BonillaCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Adriana Bonilla
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Adriana BonillaOECD Environment
 
Air Pollution Control Technique and application.
Air Pollution Control Technique and application.Air Pollution Control Technique and application.
Air Pollution Control Technique and application.yadavsuyash008
 
LCCXG global forum, April 2024, Lydie-Line Paroz
LCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Lydie-Line ParozLCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Lydie-Line Paroz
LCCXG global forum, April 2024, Lydie-Line ParozOECD Environment
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Davi Bonavides
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Davi BonavidesCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Davi Bonavides
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Davi BonavidesOECD Environment
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen (20)

'Upcycling Research' presentation for SNU GSES
'Upcycling Research' presentation for SNU GSES'Upcycling Research' presentation for SNU GSES
'Upcycling Research' presentation for SNU GSES
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Geert Fremout
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Geert FremoutCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Geert Fremout
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Geert Fremout
 
Title-Role of forestry in restoration of degraded lands.pptx
Title-Role of forestry in restoration of degraded lands.pptxTitle-Role of forestry in restoration of degraded lands.pptx
Title-Role of forestry in restoration of degraded lands.pptx
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Alban Kitous
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Alban KitousCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Alban Kitous
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Alban Kitous
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Chiara Falduto
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Chiara FaldutoCCXG global forum, April 2024, Chiara Falduto
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Chiara Falduto
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Sirini Jeudy-Hugo
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Sirini Jeudy-HugoCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Sirini Jeudy-Hugo
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Sirini Jeudy-Hugo
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, David Mutisya
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  David MutisyaCCXG global forum, April 2024,  David Mutisya
CCXG global forum, April 2024, David Mutisya
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Beatrice Cyiza
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Beatrice CyizaCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Beatrice Cyiza
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Beatrice Cyiza
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Annett Möhner
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Annett MöhnerCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Annett Möhner
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Annett Möhner
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Nino Tkhilava
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Nino TkhilavaCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Nino Tkhilava
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Nino Tkhilava
 
Planning and Designing Green buildings-.issues, options and strategies
Planning and Designing Green buildings-.issues, options and strategiesPlanning and Designing Green buildings-.issues, options and strategies
Planning and Designing Green buildings-.issues, options and strategies
 
Biopesticide. pptx.
Biopesticide. pptx.Biopesticide. pptx.
Biopesticide. pptx.
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Julio Cordano
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Julio CordanoCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Julio Cordano
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Julio Cordano
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Mentimeter results
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Mentimeter resultsCCXG global forum, April 2024, Mentimeter results
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Mentimeter results
 
Get inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial Symbiosis
Get inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial SymbiosisGet inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial Symbiosis
Get inspired by SYMBA Project: promoting Industrial Symbiosis
 
NO1 Certified Rohani Amil In Islamabad Amil Baba in Rawalpindi Kala Jadu Amil...
NO1 Certified Rohani Amil In Islamabad Amil Baba in Rawalpindi Kala Jadu Amil...NO1 Certified Rohani Amil In Islamabad Amil Baba in Rawalpindi Kala Jadu Amil...
NO1 Certified Rohani Amil In Islamabad Amil Baba in Rawalpindi Kala Jadu Amil...
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Adriana Bonilla
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Adriana BonillaCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Adriana Bonilla
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Adriana Bonilla
 
Air Pollution Control Technique and application.
Air Pollution Control Technique and application.Air Pollution Control Technique and application.
Air Pollution Control Technique and application.
 
LCCXG global forum, April 2024, Lydie-Line Paroz
LCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Lydie-Line ParozLCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Lydie-Line Paroz
LCCXG global forum, April 2024, Lydie-Line Paroz
 
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Davi Bonavides
CCXG global forum, April 2024,  Davi BonavidesCCXG global forum, April 2024,  Davi Bonavides
CCXG global forum, April 2024, Davi Bonavides
 

FMNR: Definition

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. FMNR is tried and proven. It is scalable and once introduced can continue to scale up without ongoing project input. You are not taking a gamble here – if you introduce it, and do it well, there is high likelihood that it will spread.
  2. What level impact do you see yourself having?
  3. It is estimated that in Niger 60 million trees were planted from nurseries over 20 year period with less than 20% survival. I felt very discouraged. I looked North, South, East, West – and thought, using this nursery and tree planting technique, at this rate – it was impossible revegetate the land on a large enough scale to make an impact. How many million dollars would I need? How many staff would I need? How many decades would it take? For me the solution came as an answer to prayer, and I saw for the first time, what I had seen all along but hadn’t recognized for what it was. There are millions of living tree stumps in farmlands, grazing lands and degraded forests across Africa and other countries with the potential to re-grow into trees, if we give them a chance. Insert: this ‘bush’ is actually regrowth from a tree stump and has the potential to rapidly grow into a tree if pruned and cared for properly.
  4. All we see after clearing are the tree shoots. In fact, these shoots are supported by a mature root system full of stored energy which can feed shoot growth and cause them to grow very quickly.
  5. FMNR – regeneration of trees from existing stumps. 1st year.
  6. Step 2. Select desired tree stump Step 3. Remove unwanted stems and side branches. Again, exactly how many stems will be left will depend on the objective – do you want a single stemmed fruiting or timber tree, or do you want multi-stemmed trees so that some stems can be harvested each year for firewood or other purposes. Step 4. Where branches and stems have been pruned they will often re-sprout, so emerging new stems and side branches will need to be pruned from time to time. How many stems the farmer leaves and how heavily and in what manner the regrowth is pruned will depend on the farmers needs, the particular species and the local conditions.
  7. Previously barren landscape. In year one, the pruned trees are growing quickly. Notice that this farmer has also begun leaving crop residues on the field. This will also reduce wind speed and temperature, reduce evaporation and increase organic matter going back into the soil.
  8. Even in the first year of FMNR there is a benefit. Even though this is a small amount of firewood it is significant and it reduced the number of trips and the distance travelled in search of firewood. Notice also all the organic matter laying on the ground. This has a vey large impact on soil fertility.
  9. Left: two to three year old growth with FMNR. Notice, this farmer is allowing a single trunk to grow and will harvest selected branches each year so that there will always be tree cover. He found that re-growth from trees is faster and less vulnerable to livestock damage than regrowth from tree stumps. Right – there need be no gender or age or culture barrier – anybody can practice and benefit from FMNR. It is important to be intentional about facilitating this in some cultures though.
  10. Within three years, farmers were managing trees on their land sustainably. - Soil fertility increased, soil structure improved, and hence crop yields also. Income from wood and fodder there was greater moisture infiltration and retention in the soils. Farmers began to see trees as a sustainable cash crop in their own right. Halidou has a rotation system here – cut and bundled branches can be seen in the background. The trunk on his right will be harvested this year and in front of him are replacement stems. The trees are growing in a healthy field of millet.
  11. A cleared forest might look like this. Exactly how we do FMNR is flexible and depends on the objective (e.g. Do we want to restore a biodiverse forest, do we want the land for cultivation or for pasture), the species available, and the end uses of those species (timber, firewood, fruits, fodder, habitat, beauty, etc). So, there is no one way of doing FMNR. But there are principles or guides.
  12. So depending on our goal, we may leave many or few stumps to regrow. We may leave all or selected species occurring. We may leave certain stumps which are aligned in rows to aid cultivation, or we may leave stumps randomly.
  13. Top left: NW Tigray – farmers are practicing FMNR with this particular species (A. etbica) along contour lines only. A. etbica is valued for its firewood and small poles, but it competes heavily with food crops, therefore they only leave it on farm borders and on contours. However, they do leave other valued species (e.g. Faidherbia and zyzyphus) within fields – because they do not compete negatively with crops and in fact, crops benefit from their presence. Bottom right – farmers in Niger mostly cultivate their land with hand held implements, and so are less concerned about having trees in rows.
  14. Yellow marks indicate young Faidherbia trees emerging.
  15. Top left: even seemingly barren land can harbour stumps, roots and seeds with the ability to grow, if given a chance. Bottom Left: during the first year since pruning and allowing the re-growth from stumps to grow. Notice also that farmers are now able to leave crop residues on the field – for they are beginning to realize the benefits of agro-forestry – more fuel wood and more fodder. Top Right: 3-4 years after commencing FMNR, trees have transformed the landscape, and are contributing to a more favourable environment for crops and livestock. Bottom right: This farmer is happily growing indigenous trees with his annual grain crop. Notice behind him – there are bundles of wood for sale. The tree trunk to his right will be harvested next year, and he is grooming numerous shoots (to his right and in front of him) to be harvested in future years. Notice also that the crop is growing well, beneath and right up to the trunk of the tree.
  16. Second – on grazing land, livestock pressure is high and constant.
  17. Yet – there are literally thousands of Faidherbia trees in this landscape.
  18. Farmers in Abreha Atsbeha, Tigray are leaving fodder trees (Faidherbia albida) on grazing land. Eventually they will thin trees down to approximately 10m by 10 m spacing.
  19. Contrary to popular belief, the growth rates are quite rapid.
  20. This community (Humbo, Ethiopia) have allowed all tree stumps to regrow in this forest setting. They have also deliberately left multiple stems growing from each tree stump in order to be able to harvest firewood and poles while maintaining a forest.
  21. Large mountain range – was forest probably as recently as the 1960’s, was completely cleared by 1999 (top left). Through organizing the communities utilizing this mountain, providing legally binding user rights, providing training and follow up, communities have realized rapid reforestation and are benefiting in many ways.
  22. Their tree work was so successful that wood markets sprung up where there was only sand before. They charge a membership fee and farmers are paid a guaranteed price for the wood. Profits over and above the guaranteed price are then divided up between the farmer, organizing committee and the forestry department.
  23. This is the case in Abreha Atsbeha. Faidherbia trees are everywhere.
  24. Large mountain range – was forest probably as recently as the 1960’s, today, no standing trees on this 15,000 ha. Site.
  25. Exchange visit / FMNR training time and time for farmers to ask other farmers questions. Exchange visits have proven to be one of the most powerful means of spreading FMNR from farmer to farmer.