Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.
Pulses for
nutrition and
health
Ruth Charrondiere, Raíssa do Vale,
Fernanda Grande
What are pulses?
• Annual leguminous crops yielding from one to 12 grains
or seeds of variable size, shape and colour with...
Pulses are part of may traditional diets
Why are they important?
• Pulse crops such as lentils, beans, peas and chickpeas are an important source
of plant-based pr...
World production
Source: FAOSTAT, 2015
Food supply of pulses – World and Regions
Source: FAOSTAT, 2015
Food supply quantity – pulses (kg/capita/yr)
0
2
4
6
8
10
...
Nutrient profile (per 100g EP)
Pulse
Energy
(kcal) kJ
Protein
(g)
Fat (g)
CHOAV
L (g)
Dietary
Fiber (g)
Fe (mg) Zn (mg) Fo...
Importance in human nutrition - Composition
• High protein content in their structure and significant importance in terms ...
Importance in human nutrition – Health
benefits
• Association between consumption of pulses and reduced risk of
obesity, d...
Authorative Food composition Databases on Pulses
First step - Collection of analytical data
• To be published in the FAO/I...
FAO/INFOODS Food Composition Database for
Biodiversity -BioFoodComp
Foods counting for
biodiversity:
• foods below species...
Possible uses of the Food composition Databases on Pulses
• Promote pulses, incl. ‘forgotten’ pulses, for their nutritiona...
Thank you for your attention
Pulses for nutrition and health
Pulses for nutrition and health
Pulses for nutrition and health
Nächste SlideShare
Wird geladen in …5
×

Pulses for nutrition and health

14.048 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

http://www.fao.org/pulses-2016/en/
Pulses have important benefits for human health and nutrition. They are a critical source of plant-based proteins and amino acids, and there is an association between consumption of pulses and reduced risk of obesity, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, components of metabolic syndrome and cancer.

© FAO: http://www.fao.org

Veröffentlicht in: Bildung
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE Format, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Antworten 
    Sind Sie sicher, dass Sie …  Ja  Nein
    Ihre Nachricht erscheint hier
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Antworten 
    Sind Sie sicher, dass Sie …  Ja  Nein
    Ihre Nachricht erscheint hier
  • I recovered from bulimia. You can too! learn more... ♣♣♣ http://scamcb.com/bulimiarec/pdf
       Antworten 
    Sind Sie sicher, dass Sie …  Ja  Nein
    Ihre Nachricht erscheint hier
  • Suffer from Kidney Disease? how his patients avoid dialysis? Aussie Naturopath tells all... click here to find out how ♣♣♣ http://scamcb.com/empoweredh/pdf
       Antworten 
    Sind Sie sicher, dass Sie …  Ja  Nein
    Ihre Nachricht erscheint hier
  • nice one
       Antworten 
    Sind Sie sicher, dass Sie …  Ja  Nein
    Ihre Nachricht erscheint hier

Pulses for nutrition and health

  1. 1. Pulses for nutrition and health Ruth Charrondiere, Raíssa do Vale, Fernanda Grande
  2. 2. What are pulses? • Annual leguminous crops yielding from one to 12 grains or seeds of variable size, shape and colour within a pod. • Used for both food and feed • The term "pulses" is limited to crops harvested solely for dry grain, thereby excluding crops harvested green for food (green peas, green beans, etc.) which are classified as vegetable crops. • Also excluded are those crops used mainly for oil extraction (e.g. soybean and groundnuts) and leguminous crops (e.g. seeds of clover and alfalfa) that are used exclusively for sowing purposes. • They include bambara beans; dry beans (e.g. kidney, adzuki, black gram, sword, winged, hyacinth, yam); dry broad beans; dry horse beans; chick peas; dry cow peas; lentils; lupins; dry peas; pigeon peas; and vetches. Source: FAO, 2015. Available on: http://www.fao.org/pulses-2016/en/ Source: Pulse Canada
  3. 3. Pulses are part of may traditional diets
  4. 4. Why are they important? • Pulse crops such as lentils, beans, peas and chickpeas are an important source of plant-based proteins and amino acids for humans and animals. They also provide other important nutrients; • Pulses play as part of sustainable food production aimed towards food security and nutrition. They are part of a healthy diet to address all forms of malnutrition • Pulses are thought to have positive effects on the prevention of non- communicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes, coronary conditions and cancer • Pulses are recommended in many dietary guidelines such as Health Canada’s Eating Well with Canada’s Food Guide, the MyPlate system of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Eatwell Plate of the Food Standards Agency in the UK and Nutrition Australia’s Healthy Living Pyramid • Pulses are an important part of vegetarian diets and are often used as meat replacement. They are therefore contributing positively to climate change. Source: UN, 2014. Available on: http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/231&Lang=E
  5. 5. World production Source: FAOSTAT, 2015
  6. 6. Food supply of pulses – World and Regions Source: FAOSTAT, 2015 Food supply quantity – pulses (kg/capita/yr) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 kg Year World Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania
  7. 7. Nutrient profile (per 100g EP) Pulse Energy (kcal) kJ Protein (g) Fat (g) CHOAV L (g) Dietary Fiber (g) Fe (mg) Zn (mg) Folate(mcg) Lentils, dried, raw# (351)1485 24.6 1.1 55.3 10.7 6.51 3.3 479 Beans, white, dried* (335)1420 22.1 1.5 47.1 16.7 5.7 3.8 395 Cowpea, dried, raw (316)1340 21.2 1.3 47.2 15.3 7.3 4.6 417 Chickpeas, mature seeds, raw# (378)1580 20.5 6.0 50.7 12.2 4.3 2.8 557 Beans, pinto, mature seeds, raw# (347)1340 21.4 1.2 47.0 15.5 5.1 2.3 525 Bean, carioca, raw ** (329)1377 20.0 1.3 42.8 18.4 8.0 2.9 - Source: * West African Food Composition Table, 2012; #USDA, 2014; **TACO, 2011.
  8. 8. Importance in human nutrition - Composition • High protein content in their structure and significant importance in terms of nutrition source; • The amino acid composition of pulses are complementary to those of cereals, and if consumed in combination, increase the overall protein quality of the meal; • High content of fibre and relatively high amylose starch and antinutrients (phytic acid) • Low fat content and no cholesterol; • Low glycemic index; • Rich in minerals (iron, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, zinc) and B- vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, B6, and folate). • The high iron content contributes to meeting iron requirements • However, phytate is negatively impacting on the mineral absorption • Produce flatulance because of the oligosaccharide content Campos-Vega et al., 2010; Kalogeropoulos, 2010; Curran, 2012
  9. 9. Importance in human nutrition – Health benefits • Association between consumption of pulses and reduced risk of obesity, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, components of metabolic syndrome and cancer; • Pulses may help to increase satiety and weight loss (fibres, trypsin inhibitors and lectins may reduce food intake by facilitating and prolonging cholecystokinin secretion) • Dietary fibre and resistant starch of pulses have been shown to alter energy expenditure, substrate trafficking and fat oxidation as well as visceral adipose deposition • The high amounts of insoluble fibre found in pulses has shown to improve colon health, helping to prevent colon-rectal cancer • Phytonutrients, including antioxidants, found in pulses may have anti-cancer properties; Alekel et al., 2000; Anderson &Major, 2002 ; Smith et al., 2012; Hutchins et al., 2012; Marinangele & Jones, 2012; Dahl et al., 2012
  10. 10. Authorative Food composition Databases on Pulses First step - Collection of analytical data • To be published in the FAO/INFOODS Food Composition Database for Biodiversity and in the FAO/INFOODS Analytical Food Composition Database • Over 22000 scientific articles identified which need to be evaluated and relevant data to be compiled into the databases. Data from other sources to be received, e.g. Pulses Canada • Two species already evaluated: • velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens) 200 articles evaluated • and yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus L.) 45 articles evaluated • and are being compiled Second step – Global User Database • Develop a user database with a complete nutrient profile of 28 nutrients and amino acids
  11. 11. FAO/INFOODS Food Composition Database for Biodiversity -BioFoodComp Foods counting for biodiversity: • foods below species level, i.e. subspecies, variety/cultivar/breed level (genetics) • underutilized foods • wild foods Foods cover 11 food groups: Cereals, starchy roots and tubers, legumes, nuts and seeds, vegetables, fruits, meat and poultry, eggs, fish and shellfish, milk, and miscellaneous; pulses in the future • About 6500 foods and >65000 data points • About 450 food components Number of food entries Version 1.0 (2010) 2401 Version 1.1 (2011) 2577 Version 2.0 (2012) 6411 Version 2.1 (2013) 6497
  12. 12. Possible uses of the Food composition Databases on Pulses • Promote pulses, incl. ‘forgotten’ pulses, for their nutritional contribution and thus increase their consumption • probably after some agriculture research aiming to decrease negative features such as high cooking time or high phytate content • by adding processing, e.g. production of pulse flour, for urban settings • Identify data gaps and fill them • Collect recipes and publish a recipe book or fact sheets including their nutrient values. Organizing pulses fairs with tasting of different recipes (with NVs) • Emphasis role of pulses in school nutrition, complementary feeding, healthy diets, meat-free days
  13. 13. Thank you for your attention

×