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DRM Webinar I: Governing and managing disaster risk in the agriculture sector

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Over the past decade, economic damages resulting from natural hazards have amounted to USD 1.5 trillion caused by geophysical hazards such as earthquakes, tsunamis and landslides, as well as hydro-meteorological hazards, including storms, floods, droughts and wild fires. Climate-related disasters, in particular, are increasing worldwide and expected to intensify with climate change. They disproportionately affect food insecure, poor people – over 75 percent of whom derive their livelihoods from agriculture. Agricultural livelihoods can only be protected from multiple hazards if adequate disaster risk reduction and management efforts are strengthened within and across sectors, anchored in the context-specific needs of local livelihoods systems.
This series of three webinars on Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRR/M) in agriculture is organized to:
1. Discuss the new opportunities and pressing challenges in reducing and managing disaster risk in agriculture;
2. Learn and share experiences about disaster risk reduction and management good practices based on concrete examples from the field; discuss how to create evidence and conditions for upscaling of good practices; and
3. Exchange experiences and knowledge with partners around resilience to natural hazards and climate-related disasters.
The webinar covers:
• Institutional capacity development for DRM for resilience, food security and nutrition
• Mainstreaming DRM in agriculture sector planning
• Linking planning and capacity development for DRM, resilience and climate change adaptation (CCA)

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DRM Webinar I: Governing and managing disaster risk in the agriculture sector

  1. 1. KORE - Knowledge Sharing Platform on Resilience KORE@fao.org
  3. 3. 3 #ks4resilience #resilience #UNFAO
  4. 4. Governing and managing disaster risk in the agriculture sector Tuesday, 16 May 2016: 10.30 – 12.00 CEST Moderator: Dominique Burgeon Strategic Programme Leader, FAO’s Programme on Resilience, Director of Emergency and Rehabilitation Division
  5. 5. Source: EM-DAT CRED Why disaster risk reduction? Economic damage of disasters triggered by natural hazards worldwide, 1980 - 2014
  6. 6. Why disaster risk reduction in agriculture? In developing countries, the agriculture sector absorbs about 23 percent of the total damage and losses caused by natural hazards Losses Damages Damage and losses
  7. 7. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction Agriculture and food security specific • protect livelihoods and productive assets including livestock, working animals, tools and seeds • inclusive policies and social safety-net mechanisms comprising food security With particular relevance for sectors • Embedding DRR within a wider resilience context • Emphasis for sectoral engagement in the planning and delivery of DRR • Call for strengthening the use of science and technology in policy-making • The focus on “Build Back Better” • People-centred
  8. 8. Moving from Concept to Action  Improve the governance and management of disaster risk and increase the resilience in agriculture • Institutional capacity for DRM for resilience, food security and nutrition • Mainstreaming of DRM in the agriculture sector planning • Linkages between DRM, resilience and climate change adaptation
  9. 9. Governing and managing disaster risk in the agriculture sector Tuesday, 16 May 2016: 10.30 – 12.00 CEST Speaker I: Proyuth Ly Expert on disaster risk management planning in agriculture sectors, FAO Cambodia
  10. 10. DRR and CCA Policy Frameworks, and Mainstreaming DRR and CCA in Agriculture Sector in Cambodia
  11. 11. General context of disasters in Cambodia • Cambodia is prone to natural disasters • Key hazards: floods and droughts, pest and disease outbreak • Typhoon in 2009, floods in 2011 and 2013 caused over $1 billion damages and losses Source: UNDP, 2013 Unknow n Source: MRC, 2012
  12. 12. General context of disasters in Cambodia 2015/2016 El Niño Impacts: • Worst drought in 50 years for Southeast Asia • 2.5 million people across Cambodia’s 18 provinces severely impacted • Results of the Joint Assessment by WFP, FAO and UNICEF, with 2400 HH in May 2016: o 37 % of households reported water shortages o 18 % of agricultural households experienced crop failures o 22 % decline in household paddy and cassava production o High animal morbidity and mortality rate especially poultry o 62 % of households reported income losses • Follow up survey again in December 2016 to assess the extent to which normality has returned (results yet to be finalized)
  13. 13. Institutional settings for DRR and CCA National Council for Sustainable Development (NCSD) National Committee for Disaster Management (NCDM)
  14. 14. DRR and CCA Policy Framework • Law on Disaster Management • National Action Plan for DRR (NAP-DRR) 2014-2018 • Cambodia Climate Change Strategic Plan (CCCSP) 2014-2023 • Sectoral DRR and CCA Action Plans: Agriculture, Education, Transport, Public Health, Gender, Water Resources etc.
  15. 15. DRR/CCA in agriculture planning at national and sub-national level Covering all sub-sectors with DRR integrated into the action plan DIPECHO I (2013-2014), DIPECHO II (2014-2015): Cropping sector Provincial Action Plans
  16. 16. Integrating DRR into Climate Change Priorities Action Plan for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (CCPAP) • DIPECHO I: Plan of Action for DRR in Agriculture 2014-2018, covering crop sector • DIPECHO II: expanded the action plan to other sub-sectors (livestock, fisheries and forestry) • Consultations with MAFF : not to develop a stand-alone DRR document, but rather updating the existing CCPAP 2014-2018, by integrating DRR aspects • Updating exercises led by MAFF through the Technical Working Group on Climate Change for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, with technical and planning support from FAO • The updating exercises were government led processes and highly participatory
  17. 17. Integrating DRR into Climate Change Priorities Action Plan for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (CCPAP) • Each sub-sector (crops, livestock, forestry and fisheries) established a technical team to work with FAO on drafting key DRR related key actions/activities to be integrated into existing CCPAP. • Several consultation workshops, technical reviews and validation
  18. 18. Integrating DRR into Climate Change Priorities Action Plan for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (CCPAP) • Strengthen capacities for risk prevention and reduction, effective emergency preparedness and response at all levels • Enhance coordination mechanism e.g. ensuring active membership of AG officers in NCDM, PDMCs, DDMCs and CDMCs with the task to enhance coordination and complementary between DM-committees’ and agricultural planning at all levels • Enhance early warning systems • Promote risk transfer mechanism • Integrate DRR and CCA measures into recovery and rehabilitation initiatives in the agriculture sector
  19. 19. Challenges in updating exercises • Updating existing document (little room for integration, need to follow existing format) • Coordination with different sub-sectors • Cannot explicitly highlight water related management issues as it is under another ministry
  20. 20. Provincial Plan of Action for DRR/CCA in Agriculture Guided by the National Action Plan for DRR 2014-2018 and Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (SFDRR)
  21. 21. Action plan implementation • Challenging due to government’s limited budget • No figures on Government investment in DRR/M • UNDP is conducting studies on the public investment in DRR/M across sectors • Sub-national agriculture department reported using the priority actions for their progamme budgeting (FAO resilience programme evaluation) • FAO’s GEF funded project is developing curriculum for CSA based FFS, combining the strengths of the proven FFS approach with a robust process for DRR & CCA • Government programme (through ADB/IFAD grant and loan totaling over $55 million) shows interest in adapting the training curriculum in 270 communes of 7 provinces.
  22. 22. Lessons learned • A team/group inclusive approach • Requires strong coordination and commitment from a leading institution like GDA and good cooperation from line-departments of MAFF • Participatory and government-led process => full ownership by the government • National planning document: conceptual and thematic umbrella • Sub-national level planning => hazard specific context fine-tuned and prioritized • DRR/CCA integrated as crosscutting issues not as as additional standalone topic • MAFF has been much ahead than other ministries in mainstreaming DRR into their development planning • Planning documents: timely developped in alignment with global development agendas (Sendai, SDGs, and Paris Climate Agreement).
  23. 23. Thank you for your kind attention!
  24. 24. Governing and managing disaster risk in the agriculture sector Tuesday, 16 May 2016: 10.30 – 12.00 CEST Speaker II: Sophie Baranes Coordinator of the Capacity for Disaster Reduction Initiative
  25. 25. Content 1. Challenges for mainstreaming risk reduction in sector plans 2. CADRI a country driven mechanism to develop inclusive national DRR strategies
  26. 26. Challenges mainstreaming risk reducting in sector • Reducing disaster risks calls for a holistic approach working across all sectors and at all levels (a “whole of government” and “whole of society” approach). • Progress and challenges in mainstreaming DRR in agriculture o Lack of synergies with other sector risk reduction strategies o Lack of practical tools for mainstreaming risk reduction into sector interventions o Lack of enabling environment (legislation, budget, risk information) • National DRR Strategies can be used to elevate DRR as a policy priority by including specific measures that promote the integration of DRR into sectoral development planning, budgeting and institutional arrangements. • National DRR strategies can be used to align government / private sector / CSO / international partners efforts across sectors
  27. 27. CADRI: a country driven mechanism to develop inclusive national DRR strategies • OBJECTIVE 1 Promote a multi sectoral approach to capacity development in DRR By bringing together agencies with diverse sectoral expertise and outreach to their respective sector ministries • OBJECTIVE 2 Promote coherence in capacity development programming at country level By supporting the design of a national framework for capacity development in DRR and the articulation of coherent UN System and other stakeholders programming to address capacity gaps
  28. 28. CADRI added value: multi-sectoral expertise to facilitate a multi-sectoral approach
  29. 29. The CADRI Partnership today From 3 founding members in 2007 to 13 partners in 2017
  30. 30. CADRI services to UNCTs/countries Scoping • Define TORs of CADRI engagement Diagnosis • Assess capacities, gaps, needs • Propose recommendations Prioritization/ Planning • Prioritize recommendations • Develop costed action plan Training • Customized modules to address capacity gaps Programming • Agency-specific programmes to address gaps • Joint programme • UNDAF development Country to Country • Facilitate country-to-country/ peer-to-peer experience exchange Access to expertise • Facilitate access to expertise and resources in and beyond the UN (referral)
  31. 31. How CADRI delivers
  32. 32. 29 Capacity Assessment Processes Results 19National Plans/ Programs + Support to institutional, legal or policy reform Albania Armenia Benin Burkina Faso Burundi CDI Chad Gambia Georgia Ghana Guinea Jordan Kosovo Lesotho Macedonia Madagascar Mali Mauritania Moldova Namibia Niger Nigeria Philippines Sao Tome & Principe Serbia Swaziland Turkey Zimbabwe + UN coherence & positioning + Training of Government & UN
  33. 33. DRR in agriculture – what are we looking at? Understanding of risk • Risk and vulnerability assessments for agriculture • Climate Services provider of climate info, services and tools • Monitoring of disaster losses and damages Governance • Legislation policy, strategies, plans (fisheries, forestry, livestock etc) • Coordination mechanism for DRR in agriculture – institutional arrangements between ministries • Budget allocation for DRR Resilience • Natural Resource Management • Sustainable land use / Sustainable water management • Risk reducing technologies and practices – seeds etc • Risk proofing rural infrastructure • Risk transfer mechanisms – forecast based financing Preparedness for response and recovery • Disaster preparedness and response for agriculture &food security • Trans-boundary plant/animal pests & disease • Post-disaster needs assessment for agriculture
  34. 34. Where are the gaps? • Understanding of risk o Lack of risk information that are sector specific o Limited data on loss and damages o Need more early warning products that are sector specific o Open source data / single platform centralizing hazard and vulnerability data • Sector specific strategies are focused on preparedness (ensuring that development gains and productivity are protected) - need also to ensure that investment in the sector do not increase existing and future levels of risk • Lack of enabling environment o Legislation that make risk assessment a requirement o Coordination mechanism to promote information sharing between sectors at all levels including private sector and civil society o Integration between climate and DRR community o National strategy that promote synergies between sectors DRR plans • Lack of practical user firendly tools for mainstreaming risk reduction o DRR Expenditure review or budegt tracking tool o Sector loss and damage accounting o Cost Benefit Analysis tool • Linking DRR strategies with national SDG strategies
  35. 35. Governing and managing disaster risk in the agriculture sector Comments ? Questions? Please write them in the chat box
  36. 36. THANK YOU ! Give us your feedback Click on the link in the chat box KORE - Knowledge Sharing Platform on Resilience KORE@fao.org
  37. 37. Join us for our next DRM webinar: Assessing risks and impacts from extreme events/natural hazards on the agriculture sector 30 May 2017, 15:00-16:30 CEST (UTC+2) KORE - Knowledge Sharing Platform on Resilience KORE@fao.org