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The 4th NENA workshop - Jordan

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Veröffentlicht am

13 June 2018, FAO Headquarters, Rome
Presenter: Mahmoud Hasan Almahmoud Alfraihat

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The 4th NENA workshop - Jordan

  1. 1. Country presentation (Jordan) By (Dr. Mahmoud Alfraihat) Rome 13 June 2018
  2. 2. Land Use In Jordan Utilization Pattern Area Thousand/H % of Total area Range land 8070 91 Building & Public Utilities 170 1,9 Forestry 70 0,8 Land registered as Afforested 60 0,7 Agricultural lands 510 5,7 Water Surface 500 0,5 Total 89,278 100
  3. 3. Agro-Zones in Jordan 1- Jordan Valley (JVA): The soil has different properties sensitive to degradation and salinity. The Soil of JVA facing various risks, such as salinity, contamination, and deterioration of soil qualities. 2- Highlands: a. Rainfed Areas: Face problems with soil erosion mainly by water, urbanization, fragmentation of landholdings and pollution. Areas need reclamation and attention to keep it sustainable for agricultural use. b. Irrigated Area : Deterioration of quality of water used for irrigation, depletion of groundwater ( over-pumping). Soil conservation measures required to protect soil production.
  4. 4. Steppe and Badiah: Used as Range Land and facing following multiple challenges such as: Desertification, salinization and recession of plant cover, land cover deterioration, soil erosion. Possible management solutions: Integration of water harvesting, developing suitable soils to increase the rangeland production and enhance land cover , use of dry sludge.
  5. 5. Achievements • Training workshops in collaboration with FAOJO, IUCN and ICARD conducted on the application WOCAT LADA tools for documenting land management practices for scaling up SLM. • SLM Network meetings to share the information with other potential organizations in NENA region. • Regional SLM Steering Committee meeting and review of SLM technologies during 3-6 December 2017, Amman, Jordan. • Training workshops on digital soil mapping to support the development of the soil information system (Amman and Morocco 2016-2017)
  6. 6. Achievements • Training on soil organic carbon (SOC) in Amman December 2017. (Adopting Soil Carbon Accounting Model). • Finished and produced the Carbon map and report for Jordan 2017. • Finished and submitted data collection with summary report to be used in second SOC training in Amman this month from 19-21/06/2018, (Adaptation practical training on Soil Carbon).
  7. 7. Priorities • Conservation of soil and agrobiodiversity, awareness, extension of sustainable land management. This can be achieved by liaison with stakeholder groups such as farming organisations, by training and development of research partnerships with NGO’s, by education using media sources. • Continue developing capacities with partners agencies on related issues such as SOC, DSM, SLM, and soil data management. • Promote cross departmental and cross sectoral national contribution and resources mobilization for better sustainable land management and food security. • Implementation and adoption of suitable land use policies to protect land resources, direct urbanization towards land with low agriculural value. Better governance can reduce fragmentation, pollution, degradation, salinization and erosion. • Management of land resources in rainfed and irrigated areas mitigating the impacts of soil degradation by using modern technology methods of irrigation and water harvesting.
  8. 8. Main obstacles to the implementation of activities on soil • More than 91% of the country is dominated by arid climate. • Decrease of average yearly rainfall seriously affects the rainfed areas, and agricultural land depends on the availability of water recourses. • Mapping of the critical characteristics in terms of erosion, pollution and degradation etc has not commenced. • Improving land reclamation, water use efficiency and water productivity are vast challenges for soil sustainable management. • Increase demand for fresh water domestically is seriously affecting agriculture activities by limiting expansion of agricultural lands.
  9. 9. Main obstacles to the implementation of activities on soil • Land use allocation, water allocation for agriculture utilization are supervised by different sectors/department - water resources are managed by Ministry of Water Irrigation. • Land use allocation currently is not under the mandate of the Ministry of Agriculture. • Lack of financial support for soil survey and data collection. • Skills shortage - lack of technicians and experts in soil survey and land management.
  10. 10. Thanks for your attention