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Early writing in management & Scientific Management Theory

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Early writing in management & Scientific Management Theory

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Definition of Management
History of Management theory
Industrial Revolution
US Industrial Revolution
Classical Theories of Management
Scientific Management Theory
Works of FW Taylor
Applications of Scientific Management theory

Definition of Management
History of Management theory
Industrial Revolution
US Industrial Revolution
Classical Theories of Management
Scientific Management Theory
Works of FW Taylor
Applications of Scientific Management theory

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Early writing in management & Scientific Management Theory

  1. 1. EARLY WRITING IN MANAGEMENT SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT THEORY Presented by: TARUN KASHNI
  2. 2. INDEX 1. Definition of Management 2. History of Management theory 3. Industrial Revolution 4. US Industrial Revolution 5. Classical Theories of Management 6. Scientific Management Theory 7. Works of FW Taylor 8. Applications of Scientific Management theory
  3. 3. What is Management • Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, government body. Management includes the activities of setting the strategy of an organization and coordinating the efforts of its employees to accomplish its objectives through the application of available resources, such as financial, natural, technological, and human resources. The term "management" may also refer to those people who manage an organization
  4. 4. What is Management In the words of Henri Fayol (1841 – 1925) was a French coal-mine engineer • To manage is to forecast and to plan, to organize, to command, to co-ordinate and to control”.
  5. 5. What is Management According to Peter Drucker (1909 – 2005) who was a renowned American author and consultant in the field of organizational development and management • “Management is a multi-purpose organ that manages a business and manages managers and manages worker and work”.
  6. 6. HISTORY OF MANAGEMENT
  7. 7. Early Writing of Management • Management (according to some definitions) has existed for millennia, and several writers have produced background works that have contributed to modern management theories. Some theorists have cited ancient military texts as providing lessons for civilian managers.
  8. 8. Example: • Chinese general Sun Tzu in his 6th-century BC work The Art of War recommends being aware of and acting on strengths and weaknesses of both a manager's organization and a foe's.
  9. 9. Example: • Various ancient and medieval civilizations produced "mirrors for princes" books, which aimed to advise new monarchs on how to govern.
  10. 10. Example: • Plato described job specialization in 350 BC
  11. 11. Example: • Indian Arthashastra by Chanakya (written around 300 BC), is an ancient Indian treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy.
  12. 12. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION • With the changing workplaces of industrial revolutions in the 18th and 19th centuries, military theory and practice contributed approaches to managing the newly-popular factories.
  13. 13. CLASSICAL THEORIES OF MANAGEMENT • Classical management theory is based on the belief that workers only have physical and economic needs. It does not take into account social needs or job satisfaction, but instead advocates a specialization of labor, centralized leadership and decision-making, and profit maximization.
  14. 14. SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT THEORY • Frederick Winslow Taylor (March 20, 1856 – March 21, 1915) was an American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency. He was one of the first management consultants. Taylor summed up his efficiency techniques in his book The Principles of Scientific Management
  15. 15. SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT THEORY Scientific management is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes work flows. Its main objective is improving economic efficiency, especially labor productivity. It was one of the earliest attempts to apply science to the engineering of processes and to management. Scientific management is sometimes known as Taylorism after its founder, Frederick Winslow Taylor
  16. 16. SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT THEORY Taylor began the theory's development in the United States during the 1880s and '90s within manufacturing industries, especially steel.
  17. 17. WORKS OF FW TAYLOR • Taylor’s Differential Piece-Rate System • SHOP MANAGEMENT • ART OF CUTTING MATERIAL • PRINCIPLES OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT
  18. 18. APPLICATIONS • From the above analysis it can be safely deduced that the success of fast-food outlets partly; if not fully, owes to the application of scientific management theory. “Scientific management has left a huge and ongoing legacy, reaching down to the McDonald's hamburger flipper and thousands of other standardised business products and procedures
  19. 19. THANK YOU

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