• Did you know that 8.7 million different species live on planet earth
and in the sea? These are made up of 5 different types of species
(Mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians) and each one has it’s
own unique set of survival skills and traits.
• What habitats can you think of?
3. BUT FIRST…
What is a carnivore and what is a herbivore?
What is a mammal/bird/fish/reptile/amphibian?
What is predator and prey?
What does endangered mean?
5. The Arctic and
The Arctic and Antarctica are home to over 200 species of
animals, from wriggling worms to huge polar bears. The
temperature can sometimes reach -60C and most animals during
the winter have to hibernate in order to survive.
In the Arctic in particular, the sun does not rise during their
winter and it does not set during their summer, so many animals
have to eat as much as they can in the summer in order to
survive out here. What animals can you think of that live here?
6. Polar Bears
• Polar bears live in the Arctic.
• Polar bears have black skin and although their fur
appears white, it is actually transparent.
• It is the largest carnivore (meat eater) that lives on
• Polar bears use sea ice as a platform to hunt seals.
• Seals make up most of a polar bears diet.
• Male polar bears can weigh up to 680 kg (1500 lb).
7. Arctic Fox
• Arctic foxes are found in the Arctic Tundra, Iceland,
Canada, Greenland, Alaska, Russia and Norway.
• During the winter they are white but they shed their
fur and turn brown during the summer.
• They usually mate for life, which means that the
Mam and Dad stay together and raise their puppies.
• Arctic foxes have a very interesting way of hunting.
They have an excellent sense of smell so they sniff
the snow until they find a scent and then dive into
8. Emperor Penguins
• Lives in Antarctica
• Weighs around 45kg and is the tallest and heaviest
• During the winter, they are the only animals that stay on
• Male penguins stay at home and look after the chicks
while female penguins go out and hunt.
• Penguins can usually try to steal each others babies if they
don’t have one of their own.
9. Harp Seals
• Harp Seals can live up to 30 years in the wild.
• The mothers can only recognise their babies
by their smell.
• Harp seals can weigh up to 180kg.
• They are very fast swimmers
• Baby harp seals are born on the ice in the
Arctic, but adult seals spend most of their
time in the water.
What do these animals have in common?
Jungles are not the same as forests. Jungles are wet and humid, with a lot of
plant life and animals. They are usually called Rainforests. Rainforests are
usually called ‘the lungs of the planet’, any ideas why?
The biggest rainforest in the world is the Amazon, which has the biggest
river in the world by volume and houses 80% of the earths wildlife. There
are 390 billion trees in the Amazon and over 2.5 million different species of
insect. The Amazon is bigger than the second and third biggest rainforests in
the world put together. What animals do you know that live in the
• The third biggest cat in the world, after the tiger
and the lion.
• The spots on a Jaguar are different to all other
spotted cats, they look like roses and have two
• Jaguars have a very powerful bite, they could
crush a human skull or a turtle shell easily.
• Jaguars are extremely good climbers despite the
fact that they are quite heavy.
• Jaguars can come in white and black colours
which are usually mistaken for different animals.
12. The Green Anaconda
• The biggest and longest snake in the world. It usually
reaches about 17ft but can become up to 30ft long.
• Green anacondas prey on a variety of animals including
fish, birds, tapirs, wild pigs, capybaras, and caimans
(reptiles similar to alligators). They've even been known
to eat jaguars.
• Anacondas are not venomous; they use their bodies to
stop their prey from breathing by wrapping around them.
13. Golden Lion Tamarin
• These small monkeys are native only to Brazil
• They are very endangered, with only 1000 left in
• They are omnivorous, which means that they eat
flowers, insects, fish, reptiles and plants.
• Their habitat has been destroyed by us knocking
down the rainforest, which has been the cause of
their low numbers along with many other animals
in the Amazon rainforest.
• Gorilla mostly live in tropical rainforests and
• They are the biggest member of the ape family
• The leaders are known as silverback gorillas
due to the gray hair that they grow on their
• Silverbacks can grow to be the same height as
an average man, but can weight up to 195kg
and are 16 x stronger than a normal human
• The biggest Gorilla every recorded was 1.9m
• Gorillas live in large pack and live up to 40
• The only predator a Gorilla has is man and
Jaguars. If a Jaguar attacks the pack, the
silverback will be the only one to attack it,
risking his own life for the others.
15. Rhinoceros Hornbill
• One of the weirdest looking birds in the world, the
Rhinoceros Hornbill lives for up to 35 years
• It is a very large bird with a black and white tail
• The females and males look exactly the same apart from
their eyes. The males have red eyes, and the females have
• They mostly live in Asia in places such as Borneo, Malaysia
16. Sumatran Tiger
• The second biggest tiger species after the
• Lives on the Indonesian Island of Sumatra
• Tigers can live in many different habitats as long
as they have enough places to hide from their
• Tigers are the biggest cat species
• They live and hunt alone, unlike Lions who hunt
in packs or ‘prides’
• The Sumatran tiger mostly hunts deer, wild
cattle or wild pigs
What do these animals have in
17. The plain lands is a very difficult place for any animal to live. With
very little water or cover from the Sun, it is difficult to be
predator or prey out here.
However, the plain lands holds some of our largest and most
incredible creatures because of the fact that there is so much
space to grow. As the plainlands is difficult to live in, these huge
animals spend most of their lived moving around and looking for
water, knowing where to go through generations of ancestor’s
• The biggest cat on the African
• They live in packs called ‘prides’ and
are the only cats who do not live
• The females raise the young and hunt,
while the males fight off any attacking
• Their can only be one male for each
• The males have a lot of hair around
their head which is called a ‘mane’
• Lions sleep for 21 hours a day
because it is so hot on the African
• Elephants are the largest land mammals in
• Elephants live in herds, but the only males in
the herd are the babies. All of the adults in a
herd of Elephants are females.
• The herd is lead by the oldest female, called
• Why do people say ‘An Elephant never
forgets’? Well, Elephants have fantastic
memories which is key to their survival as the
herd spends most of their lives moving
around in search of food and water.
20. The Nile Crocodile
• Lives on the banks of rivers in Africa and is
the second biggest crocodile in the world.
• The strength of it’s bite is twice as strong as
• They can grow up to 6 metres long
• The Nile Crocodile has a very strong tail,
which it uses to push itself out of the water
and grab it’s prey by the neck
• When the prey is in the water, the crocodile
spins around underwater with the prey in
it’s mouth until the prey cannot breathe
• Crocodiles are one of the oldest animals in
the world and have changed very little in
the last 200 million years
• Rhinos live in the plains of Africa
• A Rhino can grow to weight 1000kg,
with a white Rhino growing to be
• There are only 5 species of Rhino
left in the world and 3 of them are
listed as endangered
• Despite how heavy they are, Rhinos
can run very fast (between 30 and
40 miles an hour) but they have
very small brains
• A heard of Rhinos is called a crash
• Rhinos are herbivores, so they only
eat plants and have to eat a lot.
• It is the third largest land mammal (after the
white Rhino and the Elephant) and is
primarily found in Africa
• The Hippo is not territorial on land but
spends most of it’s time in the water
• The hippo is one of the most dangerous
animals on the planet to humans, killing
almost 3000 people a year on average
• This is because they are highly aggressive
• Hippos can live to be 50 years old
• They live in herds of between 10 and 20
• The babies are super cute!
23. African Painted Dog
• There are only 5000 left in the wild
• However, the African painted dog is probably
the best hunter in Africa, capturing prey 80% of
the time (Lions only catch prey 30% of the
• African painted dogs have a strange society for
animals, where they help the old and sick,
protecting them from predators rather than
leaving them to die
• The pack has an alpha male and female, and
they are the only ones who can have babies
• Unlike wolves, African painted dogs are too
wild to be pets.
• They move 50km a day, so their home is always
What do all these animals have in
24. Oceans and Seas
This habitat covers 75% of our planet but the majority of animals
that live there come from only one species.
According to recent research, between 700,000 and 1 million
different species live in the water. However, we don’t know a lot
about the deep seas and oceans, where scientists are discovering
new species every day. They say we know more about Space than
we do about our own Oceans. The Oceans hold some of the
biggest, strangest and most dangerous creatures in the world.
25. Great White Shark
• It is the largest predatory fish in the world
• They can live to be 70 years old
• They are one of the oldest species in the world
and have barely changed since the time of the
• Their powerful tail helps them to shoot out of the
water at 60km per hour
• They are named because of their large white
• It has 300 teeth in 7 rows in it’s mouth and they
are all razor sharp
• Even though people are very scared of sharks, the
great white only attacks between 5-10 people a
year and usually only out of curiosity to see what
you taste like
• They mostly eat seals and other marine animals
• The biggest great white ever found is called ‘Deep
Blue’ and he is over 7 metres long
26. Bottlenose Dolphins
• These are the most common species
• They use a technique called
echolocation to find food
• They are thought to be extremely
intelligent, and do many activities
such as jumping out of the water just
• It is a mammal, not a fish
• Bottlenose dolphins seem to be very
friendly and curious about human
contact, and will often entertain
researchers and scientists
27. Orcas (Killer Whales)
• Orca Whales are the Apax predators of the sea.
This means that they have no natural predators
as they are so big and so intelligent. The only
creature that hunts them is us.
• Orcas are seen as friendly but are actually
• They are thought to be one of the most
intelligent animals on the planet, with one of the
biggest brains. Scientists think they can feel
• Orca whales will sometimes play with their food
before they kill it just for fun!
28. Angler Fish
• Angler fish live in the deep Ocean
where there is very little food and no
• Scientists don’t know how old the fish
is as they have only just discovered it
• The Angler Fish uses a light on it’s
head to attract prey, and then when
the prey is close enough, he snaps his
powerful teeth to bite it.
• The Angler fish is very slow, so it has
to wait for it’s prey to come to it.
29. Japanese Spider Crab
• The largest known species of crab that can live to be 100 years
• They can grow to be over 3 metres long
• They can lose their legs and still survive
• When they are born they are so small you almost cannot see
• They will eat ANYTHING!
30. QUESTION TIME!
What is the biggest animal in the world?
What is the fastest animal in the world?
What is the deadliest animal in the world?
What is the rarest animal in the world?
What is the strangest animal in the world?
31. Biggest: Blue Whale
• Length: 30 metres
• Weight: 200 tonnes
• Their heart weighs as much
as a car and their tongue as
much as an elephant
• They are the biggest animal
that has ever lived on Earth.
32. Fastest: Peregrine Falcon
• Speed: 390km per hour
• The Cheetah is usually
thought to be the fastest
animal on earth, but it is
only the fastest animal on
land (running at 120km per
33. Deadliest: Mosquito
• Deaths per year: 1 million
• Mosquitos can be found in every
country in the world apart from
• They carry diseases such as
Malaria, Dengue, Zika and many
34. Rarest: Amur Leopard
• How many: 25-30 in the wild
• It is difficult to say what the
rarest animal in the world is
today, but the Amur Leopard is
the most difficult to find.