1. What is the examiner listening for?
2. What can I do before the exam?
3. What is the examiner listening for?
Fluency and Coherence, Lexical Resource, Grammatical Range and Accuracy, Pronunciation
4. Fluency and Coherence
Does not mean you need to
speak fast or perfect.
How many times you stop while
explaining something (hesitation,
How many times you repeat
If you are willing to speak.
Answering the questions.
Your opinion isn’t judged, but
how you express it is.
If you use proper connecting
5. Lexical Resource (Vocabulary)
If you can speak about familiar and unfamiliar things.
If you can say one thing in more than one way (paraphrasing).
How precise you are with your word choice.
Example: ‘My documents were scrutinized before being allowed to
immigrate to Canada’ (more precise than ‘looked at’ or ‘checked’)
If you can use idioms or less common words.
Examples: ‘It was raining cats and dogs!’ or ‘The shoes I purchased were
6. Grammatical Range and Accuracy
How many different ways you can
Using a variety of tenses.
Varying your structures (short
and complex sentences).
If you can use tenses correctly.
Message can be understood.
If you can produce error-free
sentences, or if you make simple
Prepositions (in, at, on, of...),
articles (a/an, the)
Everyone has an accent when they
speak, it is natural. You do not need
to sound ‘Canadian’ to speak
English well in Canada.
how understandable you are.
your rhythm (melody, intonation).
how you say certain sounds
Law or low?
Quite or quiet?
Hire a tutor: you need feedback and guidance.
Know what IELTS wants.
Speak as much English as possible!
Watch YouTube videos for examples.
Memorize and try to use phrases.
Practice sounds you may have an issue with.
Don’t study a lot,