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Tree diagrams

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Tree diagrams in English Grammar.

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Tree diagrams

  1. 1. TREE DIAGRAMS Nadir Emanuel Ocampo 2019
  2. 2. Grammar is a set of rules for constructing and analyzing sentences and their constituents. This latter process is known as parsing.
  3. 3. The best way to give a clear picture of the relation between the constituents in a sentence is the TREE DIAGRAM
  4. 4. RANK Scale Sentence Clause Phrase Word Largest Unit of Language Unit of grammar that consists of a subject and a verb. It’s a complete thought A phrase is a group of words that stand together as a single unit, typically as part of a clause A single distinct meaningful element of speech or writing. N, V, Adj, Adv, P
  5. 5. Gladys seemed grumpy recently. W W WW Ph Ph Ph Ph Cl S TREE DIAGRAM
  6. 6. 1. Main Clause (M.C)  The cat is all red 2. Subordinate Clause (Sub.C)  …because he fell into the paint bucket • Relative Clause (RC)  …who is a good neighbour • Noun Clause (NC)  …what she’s done • Adverbial Clause(PP)  …when she was drunk CLASSES OF CLAUSES
  7. 7. Noun Phrase (NP)  the blue car (in the lot) Adjective Phrase (AdjP)  very pretty Adverb Phrase (AdvP)  too slowly Verb Phrase (VP)  has done Prepositional Phrase (PP)  in the big house CLASSES OF PHRASES (Det.) (M) H (M) (M) H (M) H (Aux.) H P (det) (M) N
  8. 8. Aunt Gladys has seemed rather grumpy just recently. NP VP AdjP AdvP M.Cl S TREE DIAGRAM E.G. 1 Aux M MM H H H H
  9. 9. He did his homework because he’s very responsible. NP VP Cj AdjP M.Cl S TREE DIAGRAM E.G. 2 M N MN H H H H Sub. Fin. Cl NP NP VP
  10. 10. Subject = NP Predicator = VP Complements = NP, AdjP Objects = NP Adverbial = NP, AdvP, PP CLASES within the clause
  11. 11. He did his homework because he’s very responsible. NP VP Cj AdjP M.Cl S TREE DIAGRAM E.G. 1 M N MN H H H H Sub. Fin. Cl NP NP VP S V dO AR S V Sc
  12. 12. She made the house pretty again because she is an interior decorator. NP VP AdvP NP M.Cl S TREE DIAGRAM E.G. 2 M H MH H H H H Sub. Fin. Cl NP NP VP S V dO AR S V Sc AdjP Cj H H H Oc AT

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