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Community Engagement

  2. •Social Science Perspective
  3. SOCIAL SCIENCE PERSPECTIVE • “Social Science” is an umbrella term for various fields of study which examines social relations and human society. It views the community as composed of people interacting with one another, sensitive to each other’s emotions and subjective point of view. Basically, it describes “community as a group of people in a particular area interacting together.”
  4. ANTHROPOLOGY •This field examines the various aspects of humans, such as their biology, behavior, culture and social interactions. It may also study how people adapt their ways of living to different environments e.g, determining ways to help a community solve health related concerns.
  5. ECONOMICS •This field studies the production, allocation and consumption of goods and services. In any community, one finds various forms of wealth distribution. The ultimate goal of economics is to improve the lives of people, such that their needs are satisfied.
  6. POLITICAL SCIENCE •the various ways and means of allocating power, influence, decision-making. This includes types of governments and management systems, and how people in small bands or informal groups make decisions when they do not have recognized leaders. All communities have some forms of political system.
  7. PSYCHOLOGY •studies the human mind, brain, and social behavior. This extends to interaction between people and interpersonal relationships. It comprises a variety of different subfields including abnormal psychology, developmental psychology, cognitive psychology and social psychology.
  8. SOCIOLOGY •the study of society, social order, social interactions, and culture. It introduces the concepts of social capital and communitarianism.
  10. •Stresses the idea of forming a group, foundation or an organization in service to society. This perspective views society as a community of citizens linked by common interests and collective activity.
  11. Groups of people come together regardless of location, and organize plans to render support and assistance to society.
  12. Groups of people come together regardless of location, and organize plans to render support and assistance to society.
  13. •Local and Grassroots Perspectives
  14. •This perspective highlights volunteerism. Members of communities may involve themselves in various programs or activities. The community uses self organization and encourages the local citizens to contribute to the community by taking responsibilities and actions.
  15. Leaders and other members identify the sources of concerns in a local setting and determine ways to address these problems. Volunteers are mobilized in cooperation with government decision-makers who will be accountable for their actions. The community also formulates programs for others, and employs actions according to the needs of the community.
  16. •A concrete example of this is when doctors and dentists in different communities come together to organize medical and dental missions especially for families affected by calamities.
  17. Institutional Perspective
  18. •It is an existing establishment or physical space where members of the community go for a certain purpose. FIRST DIMENSION
  19. •This is defined by networks and institutions where community group are formed in certain areas such as schools, churches or companies. SECOND DIMENSION
  20. •Community is composed of the ways people act, interact with each other, react, and expect each other to act and interact. THIRD DIMENSION
  21. Discipline Definition Role in the Community Fill-up the table below. Write the discipline in social sciences, its definition and its role in the study of community.