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Bioinformaticians to the resque

The presentation was meant to explain who are bioinformaticians , what they do and why it's cool to the first year bachelor students.
Presentation was made in the frames of the course Introduction to Informatics (Sissejuhatus informaatikasse 2016/17 sügis) at the Institute of Computer Science, University of Tartu.

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Bioinformaticians to the resque

  1. 1. Bioinformaticians to the rescue Elena Sügis elena.sugis@.ut.ee
  2. 2. Have you ever thought of making the world a better place with computer science? http://www.scifiwright.com/2015/06/tomorrowland/
  3. 3. Slide credit: D.Fishman, Introduction to ML in bioinformatics Bioinformatics
  4. 4. How we do science lots of experiments v analysis Science knowledge hypothesis v v
  5. 5. The Wellcome Human Genome Library in London (Left CC: Russ London, Right Source: Wellcome Collection) What’s in the bookcase?
  6. 6. The Wellcome Human Genome Library in London (Left CC: Russ London, Right Source: Wellcome Collection) A single human genome ~3GB
  7. 7. Big Data
  8. 8. ATGCTCGTAC = 1mm Tallinn - Jõgeva - Misso: 320 km Slide image credit: P.Adler. Bioinformaatika, põnev väljakutse
  9. 9. Labs that produce data Research groups that can analyse data Labs that produce data Experts to analyse data Motivation
  10. 10. Labs that produce data Experts to analyse data Motivation Labs that produce data Research groups that can analyse data YOU?
  11. 11. Because Excel can’t help anymore
  12. 12. What kind of problems can we solve using bioinformatics?
  13. 13. Finding the right treatment Illustration by Zhou Tao (ShanghaiDaily.com)
  14. 14. VS
  15. 15. ACCTTGCTTACC Medical records Slide image credit: D.Fishman, ML in bioinformatics
  16. 16. ACCTTGCTTACC Medical records
  17. 17. How does The Perfect Bioinformatician look like?
  18. 18. Computer Science
  19. 19. Computer Science Biology
  20. 20. Computer Science Biology Statistics
  21. 21. Computer Science Biology Statistics
  22. 22. Bioinformatics is a broad field Proteomics Black magic Machine learning Modeling Algorithms Sequences
  23. 23. Perks of being a bioinformatician
  24. 24. BIIT 2016BIIT 2016 MEM Working with smart colleagues
  25. 25. Learning something new everyday http://boingboing.net/2015/05/11/the-only-technique-to-learn-so.html
  26. 26. Travelling
  27. 27. You can make an impact http://www.scifiwright.com/2015/06/tomorrowland/
  28. 28. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE
  29. 29. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE
  30. 30. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE
  31. 31. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE
  32. 32. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE
  33. 33. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE
  34. 34. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE
  35. 35. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE
  36. 36. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE
  37. 37. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE
  38. 38. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE
  39. 39. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE
  40. 40. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE
  41. 41. Genes are us… and them.SOURCE:,JAVIER,HERRERO,,EUROPEAN,MOLECULAR,BIOLOGY,LABORATORY— EUROPEAN,BIOINFORMAT,ICS,INSTITUTE 50%
  42. 42. Illustration by Mari-Liis Allikivi

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