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Cultural Conflict

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Cultural Conflict

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Cultural Conflict

  1. 1. CULTURAL CONFLICT PRESENTED BY; SIAH-ARMAH EDMUND FH Kärnten International Business Management FH-Prof. Janet Brown, MA
  2. 2. WHAT IS CULTURE? Cultures are the sets of inherited answers to questions posed by life, providing information about whether, how, and when to act. We draw on these inherited answers for common sense, for what to do, and what not to do. In short, Culture is, “the way things are done around here.” CULTURAL CONFICT 2 Conflict Across Cultures A Unique Experience of Bridging Differences; Michelle LeBaron, Venashri Pillay (2006)
  3. 3. WHAT IS CONFLICT? [As a Noun]….a state of disagreement or argument between people, groups, countries etc. [As a Verb].…if two ideas, beliefs, opinions etc. conflict, they cannot exist together or both be true CULTURAL CONFICT 3 Longman dictionary of contemporary English 5th edition
  4. 4. CULTURAL CONFICT 4 ....Hence cultural conflict may be defined as; The conflict of behavior patterns and values that results when different cultures are incompletely assimilated. Especially; the conflict that may find expression in high rates of criminality and delinquency. Merriam Webster dictionary CLASSES OF CULTURAL CONFLICT • Inter-Personal cultural conflicts • Intra-Cultural conflicts • Conflict with culture itself (ones own culture or that of others) • Inter-Cultural conflicts
  5. 5. 5 CULTURAL CONFICT Popular examples of cultural conflicts; -Cherokee vs. US government: Trail of Tears -Bosnia Genocide - 1992-1995 - 200,000 Deaths - The Rwandan Genocide of 1994 involved the mass killing of hundreds of thousands of ethnic Tutsis by extremist ethnic Hutu militia groups - The conflict between the Irish Catholics and Irish Protestants - Tatami mat misunderstanding between Japanese and US production crew. (tatami mat is a tightly woven grass floor-covering) TYPES OF CULTURAL CONFLICT Expressive conflicts: Related to feelings and the release of emotional tension (emotions, love, desires, etc.) Instrumental conflicts: Related to tasks to be completed, and, thus, to goals, practices, resources, and so on. (logic, forced relocation, society, laws, culture itself and so on) Bridging differences: Effective intergroup communication 4th edition; Gudykunst, W. B. (2004)
  6. 6. 6 CULTURAL CONFICT A series of large billboards that were displayed in one of the main traffic hubs of Vienna by Sandercock in 2003, depicting people from diverse backgrounds and viewpoints. There was an angry man with a raised fist, with the caption, “Go back to where you came from! Why don’t you go home?” And, in another billboard, a dark-skinned girl with a sad face, with the caption, “I don’t want to go home, Mommy.” Further along is a billboard with an Asian man whose caption rages, “You call this home? This ain’t no goddam home.” And finally a woman in a headscarf who confesses, “I’ve never been made to feel at home here.” The billboards end with a wide-eyed girl, presumably a tourist, with the caption, “I really like it here. I don’t think I ever want to go home!” CULTURAL CONFLICT IN AUSTRIA
  7. 7. 7 CULTURAL CONFICT RHETORICAL QUESTION Our cities in the 21st century. To whom do they belong, whose identity is associated with them, and who are outsiders and insiders? ….Culture is more often a source of conflict than of synergy. Cultural differences are a nuisance at best and often a disaster. - Dr Geert Hofstede
  8. 8. 8 THE VILLAGERS WHO WANTED TO BUILD A TEMPLE CULTURAL CONFICT Our cities in the 21st century. To whom do they belong, whose identity is associated with them, and who are outsiders and insiders?
  9. 9. 9 CULTURAL CONFICT >18 years - Here, we decide to either; (a)Honor/Adhere to the unseen culture, (b)Alter the unseen culture, (c)Forge our own behaviors and practices ~8-18 years – Influenced by the society, our environment and the communities in which we live and the people living in these communities. ~0-7 years – Defined by our family, friends school, place of worship, etc. Beyond Culture; Edward Twitchell Hall, Jnr. (1976)
  10. 10. 10 CULTURAL CONFICT ...Cultural conflict with ones self
  11. 11. 11 CULTURAL CONFICT All forms of cultural conflict first and foremost begin with internal conflicts our hearts and minds Mental conflict is when a mind is divided against itself, and becomes a battleground of opposing beliefs or desires ...Cultural conflict with ones self Mental Conflict; A. W. Price (1994)
  12. 12. 12 CULTURAL CONFICT ...Cultural conflict with ones self Mental Conflict; A. W. Price (1994) Interpersonal relations are reflected internally by intrapersonal ones, so that the mind becomes the scene of a quasi-social drama The mind constitutes itself according to a model in our language. Our ways of speaking are its ways of being (Here, there’s is no easy demarcation between metaphor and reality)
  13. 13. 13 CULTURAL CONFICT ► Culture! Does it make sense? HOW DO WE BUILD OUR INDIVIDUAL ROOFS? -Culture is learned, we are not born with culture; we are born into a culture. -At some point we define our own culture. (What is relevant and what is irrelevant)
  14. 14. 14 CAN CULTURAL CONFLICTS BE COMPLETELY AVOIDED? ANSWER QUESTION CULTURAL CONFICT Culture is essential to an understanding of conflict. culture is a part of every relationship and conflict only arises in relationships. ....[Relationships are organic, evolving, and dynamic, and do not automatically follow a linear path.] Conflict Across Cultures A Unique Experience of Bridging Differences; Michelle LeBaron, Venashri Pillay (2006) CONCLUSION
  15. 15. 15 All said and done, Culture causes conflict but yet again, Conflicts can be methodically resolved/prevented with culture. CULTURAL CONFICT "Preventive defence“ IS SUGGESTED CONCLUSION
  16. 16. CULTURAL CONFICT 16 REFERENCES - Primitive Culture; Edward Burnett Taylor (1871) - Conflict Across Cultures A Unique Experience of Bridging Differences; Michelle LeBaron, Venashri Pillay (2006) - Beyond Culture; Edward Twitchell Hall, Jnr. (1976) - Mental Conflict; A. W. Price (1994) - Bridging differences: Effective intergroup communication 4th edition; Gudykunst, W. B. (2004) - Longman dictionary of contemporary English 5th edition - Merriam Webster dictionary

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