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How to go Open Access – Webinar

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What is Open Access?
Why Open Access?
How does it work?

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How to go Open Access – Webinar

  1. 1. ||ETH-Bibliothek Wednesday, 15th November, 5.00 p.m. 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 1 How to go Open Access - Webinar
  2. 2. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 2 What is Open Access? «Open access […] literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions.» (Peter Suber, 2012) without costs for the readeraccessible possibility to reuse • Download • Copy • Distribute • Print • Textmining • …
  3. 3. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 3 Conventional publication cycle Author (as producer) Publisher Bookseller / library supplier Library Author (as recipient)
  4. 4. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 4 Conventional publication cycle Author (as producer) Publisher Bookseller / library supplier Library Author (as recipient) Peer Review Layout & Copy-editing Distribution Selection & Acquistion Delivery Paid by taxpayer Paid by taxpayer
  5. 5. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 5 Journal price increases compared to Consumer Price Index Annual US journal price increases compared to Consumer Price Index (CPI). Source: Tillery, Kody (2013). 2012 Study of Subscription Prices for Scholarly Society Journals. Allen Press, Inc. Retrieved on 18 March 2016 from: http://allenpress.com/system/files/pdfs/library/2012_AP_JPS.pdf.
  6. 6. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 6 Publisher profit margins Company Profit margin Elsevier 39% Springer 34% Wiley 42% Company Profit margin Microsoft 20% Google 17% McDonalds 19% “Publishing obscure academic journals is that rare thing in the media industry: a license to print money.” (The Economist, 14 April 2012)
  7. 7. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 7 ETH Library’s acquisitions budget 60% 13% 14% 9% 3% journals (online and print) databases e-books monographs and serials other
  8. 8. ||ETH-Bibliothek • A way out of the serials crisis? • A way out of library budget problems? • Solve copyright restriction problems? 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 8 Open Access
  9. 9. ||ETH-Bibliothek  Increased visibility, fast access  Authors retain copyright  Greater research efficiency through early discussion of results  Promotes international and inter-disciplinary cooperation  Publicly-funded research results should be publicly available  …  A solution for the «serials crisis»? 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 9 Why Open Access? How would you rate a complete transformation of academic publishing towards an OA-based model? ETHZ open access survey 2017
  10. 10. ||ETH-Bibliothek How does it work? 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 10
  11. 11. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 11 Green Road (Self-archiving) Author (as producer) Publisher Bookseller / library supplier Library Author (as recipient) Peer Review Layout & Copy-editing Distribution Selection & Acquistion Delivery Publication in Repository
  12. 12. ||ETH-Bibliothek  Publication directory / university bibliography  Open access repository  Research data repository 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 12 ETH Zurich’s repository: Research Collection www.research-collection.ethz.ch
  13. 13. ||ETH-Bibliothek  Persistent Identifiers (DOIs) and possibility to reserve a DOI  Usage Statistics, «Cited by» counts and Altmetrics  Indexed in Google Scholar and other academic search engines  Long-term archiving in ETH Zurich’s IT infrastructure  Advise on copyright issues  and more… 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 13 What does the Research Collection offer?
  14. 14. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 14 Green Road: copyright issues  Subscription publishers usually require authors to transfer copyright or grant them an exclusive license to publish their work  But: They also usually allow some sort of self-archiving  after a certain period of time (embargo)  if you do not upload the publisher’s PDF but a manuscript version of the paper (no publisher layout & logo)  Where to look up the regulations?  SHERPA/RoMEO Database: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo  Publisher/journal website  Copyright transfer agreement / publishing contract / license to publish
  15. 15. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 15 Which format? • Usually Postprint (= author’s manuscript after peer review) When? • Possible embargos between 2 and 36 months Where? • Author’s website • Institutional repository • Disciplinary repository
  16. 16. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 16 Green Road OA publishing via the Research Collection Publisher version Open access version
  17. 17. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 17 Types of repositories Institutional Repository Disciplinary Repository OpenDOAR (Directory of Open Access Repositories) Academic Networking Site Multidisciplinary Repository • Commercial start-up • No copyright clarification at upload • Currently brought to court by Elsevier & ACM due to massive copyright infringements • Not-for-profit • All uploads checked against publishers’ copyright regulations by library staff
  18. 18. ||ETH-Bibliothek  What is an OA journal?  Quality Control (Peer Review)  Different funding mechanisms  Article Processing Charges  Institutional, society, library funding  Author retains Copyright (standard licence: CC-BY) 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 18 Gold Road: Open access journals
  19. 19. ||ETH-Bibliothek  Is the journal indexed in DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals)? 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 19 How to assess the quality of OA journals
  20. 20. ||ETH-Bibliothek  Does the journal have a Tick or Seal in DOAJ? 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 20 How to assess the quality of OA journals Journals that were accepted in to DOAJ after March 2014 when DOAJ launched its new criteria for journals to be accepted in to DOAJ. The new criteria require a higher level of compliance to best practices and publishing standards. Journals that do not have The Tick are in the process of reapplying under the new criteria. Journals that achieve a high level of openness, adhere to Best Practice and high publishing standards.
  21. 21. ||ETH-Bibliothek  Did someone leave a review on QOAM (Quality Open Access Market)?  Is the publisher a member of OASPA (the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association) or COPE (the Committee on Publication Ethics)?  Have a look at the journal’s website:  Does the journal conduct a peer review process?  Are acknowledged scientists among the authors and editorial board members?  More tips: http://thinkchecksubmit.org 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 21 How to assess the quality of OA journals
  22. 22. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 22 OA journals: How much does it cost? Journal APC Impact factor 2016 € 735 - € 1’560 3.786 € 2’460 9.797 € 3’700 13.092
  23. 23. ||ETH-Bibliothek  Swiss National Science Foundation  APCs up to CHF 3,000 can be claimed as project costs  Expenses for OA books can be claimed via project budget or funded by an independent publication grant  European Commission  APCs for OA journals can be claimed as project expenses  FP7 post-grant Open Access funding available 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 23 OA journals: project funding
  24. 24. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 24 OA journals: institutional funding  ETH Library covers APCs if  Corresponding author is affiliated with ETH Zurich  Article is published in a fully OA journal of one of the following publishers:  Read more: http://www.library.ethz.ch/en/ms/Open-Access-an-der-ETH-Zuerich/Publizieren-in-Open-Access- Zeitschriften/Publizieren-in-Open-Access-Zeitschriften-Finanzierung
  25. 25. ||ETH-Bibliothek  Not financed by ETH Zurich nor most research funders!  For example:  Spinger OpenChoice  Wiley Online Open  IEEE Hybrid Journals  … 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 25 Subscription journals with OA option («Hybrid journals») Subscription fees Publication fees (APCs) «Double Dipping»
  26. 26. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 26 Subscription journals with OA option («Hybrid journals») Correlation of APCs with Journal’s Impact Factor. Source: Theo Andrew (2012): Gold Open Access: Counting the Costs, http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/andrew.
  27. 27. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 27 OA journals: copyright issues CC BY: Creative Commons Attribution Licence CC BY NC: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Licence
  28. 28. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 28 OA journals: development at ETH Zurich Number of peer-reviewed articles published by members of ETH Zürich Source: Web of Science
  29. 29. ||ETH-Bibliothek Policy framework 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 29
  30. 30. ||ETH-Bibliothek  2006 ETH Zurich signs Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Scientific Knowledge  2008 ETH Zurich adopts Open Access policy  Requires staff to post electronic copies of research papers to ETH institutional repository  Encourages staff to publish in open access journals  Mandates that all doctoral theses must be deposited in ETH institutional repository  2013 ETH Zurich adopts “no-waiver policy” for doctoral theses 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 30 Open Access at ETH Zurich I
  31. 31. ||ETH-Bibliothek  2015 ETH Zurich signs LERU statement for the 2016 Dutch EU Presidency (“Christmas is Over”)  2017 Online survey among scientific staff at ETH Zurich (Results available at https://doi.org/10.3929/ethz-b-000182202)  2018 New open access policy to be adopted 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 31 Open Access at ETH Zurich II
  32. 32. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 32 Open Access in EC-funded projects Regulation OA mandatory for • Peer-reviewed publications Requirement • Deposit paper in repository Max. embargo period • STM: 6 months • HSS: 12 months Funding for OA articles • APCs for OA journals can be claimed as project expenses • FP7 post-grant Open Access funding available How to comply (3 options): • Publish in OA journal • Publish in subscription journal with max. 6 months embargo • Publish in subscription journal with longer embargo, and pay for immediate (hybrid) OA In all 3 cases: • Deposit paper in the Research Collection • Inlude the Grant ID in the metadata form
  33. 33. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 33 Open Access in SNSF-funded projects Regulation OA mandatory for • Journal articles • Book publications Requirement • Deposit paper in repository Max. embargo period • Articles: 6 months • Books: 24 months Funding for OA articles • APCs of up to CHF 3’000 can be claimed as project costs • No hybrid journals Funding for OA books • Yes, via project budget or independent publication grant How to comply (3 options): • Publish in OA journal • Publish in subscription journal with max. 6 months embargo • Publish in subscription journal with longer embargo, and pay for immediate (hybrid) OA In all 3 cases: • Deposit paper in the Research Collection • Inlude the Grant ID in the metadata form
  34. 34. ||ETH-Bibliothek  Adopted by swissuniversities General Assembly in January 2017  Goal: all publicly funded publications must be freely accessible by 2024  Action items:  Adopting and aligning OA policies  Negotiations with publishers  Coordinating and pooling resources  Alternative forms of publishing  Communicating and raising awareness  Supportive regulatory framework  National monitoring 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 34 Open Access in Switzerland: National Strategy Take-away for individual researchers:  Action items mostly directed at Swiss institutions  Institutions and research funders come up with or update their own policies  Researchers have to comply with institutional/funder policies
  35. 35. ||ETH-Bibliothek 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 35 Policy developments worldwide
  36. 36. ||ETH-Bibliothek • Open Access publishing is developing steadily, but slowly • The financial aspects of Gold Open Access are not solved • Can financial savings be achieved? Who will finance additional costs during the “transition period”? • Green Open Access probably not to become a standard if it does not come with strong enforcement mechanisms • The current academic reward system is a major barrier for change in the scholarly publication system 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 36 Challenges
  37. 37. ||ETH-Bibliothek  Copyright questions re. OA publishing  Advise re. SNF and EU open access and open data requirements  APC funding for OA journals  Data management and digital curation  ORCID at ETH Zurich  … 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 37 The ETH Library’s E-Publishing & Digital Curation services Research Collection www.research-collection.ethz.ch Open Access at ETH Zurich www.library.ethz.ch/open-access Digital Curation at ETH Zurich www.library.ethz.ch./digital-curation
  38. 38. ||ETH-Bibliothek Contact Barbara Hirschmann E-Publishing Office barbara.hirschmann@library.ethz.ch Tel. 044 632 06 90 15.11.2017Barbara Hirschmann 38 Thank you! – Questions?

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