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CK2018: Assessment of Istanbul Historic Peninsula Pedestrianization Project

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Urban Development at #CK2018 | Merve Aki

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CK2018: Assessment of Istanbul Historic Peninsula Pedestrianization Project

  1. 1. A product of WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities ASSESMENT OF ISTANBUL HISTORIC PENINSULA PEDESTRIANIZATION PROJECT A Business Model Case for Economic Participation in a Pedestrianization Project MERVE AKI, URBAN MOBILITY MANAGER, WRI TURKEY SUSTAINABLE CITIES PHOTO CREDIT: CEREN SALMAN
  2. 2. LOCATION OF HISTORIC PENINSULA
  3. 3. WHAT IS HISTORIC PENINSULA PEDESTRIANIZATION PROJECT ABOUT? The large scale pedestrianization project in the Historic Peninsula was almost finalized in October 2013. The pedestrianization project is an opportunity to conserve and sustain the Historic Peninsula’s built environment and public spaces, and to improve quality of life in the area.
  4. 4. THE WORK OF WRI TURKEY SUSTAINABLE CITIES ON THE PEDESTRIANIZATION OF HISTORIC PENINSULA
  5. 5. CURRENT STATE ASSESMENT PROJECT • Since 2010, 295 streets in Eminönü, Tahtakale, Beyazıt, Laleli, Gedikpaşa and Hocapaşa were pedestrianized. • The municipality also carried out supporting infrastructure projects including: – Repaving the newly pedestrianized streets with granite pavestones, – Signalization, and – Reorganization of waste management services.
  6. 6. ECONOMIC DETAILS OF THE PROJECT SUB-REGION EMINONU General Details Date 2011 Partners İstanbul Metropolitan Municipality, Fatih Municipality, Istanbul 2010 European Capital of Culture Agency Number of Pedestrianizated Streets 90 streets Cost of barriers 112.500 $ Cost of renovations 725.000 $ (for 12 streets renovated by Fatih Municipality) Total costs 837.500 $ Supporting projects Sultanahmet Square Pavement Rehabilitation and Landscape Improvement Project Details of Implementation • Infrastructures renewals were completed at pedestrianized streets. • 10 car parking areas were closed (İSPARK) • New car parks were built for tourist buses (each with 150-160 capacity) • Official vehicles are allowed to enter into the region • Parking is not allowed for other regular vehicles. • Vehicles will be allowed in the pedestrian-only zone between: – 11pm to 8am during summer – 9pm to 8am during winter to pick up and deliver merchandise to shops in the area.
  7. 7. ECONOMIC DETAILS OF THE PROJECT SUB-REGION HOCAPAŞA General Details Date 2012 Partners Fatih Municipality Number of Pedestrianizated Streets 15 Cost of barriers 22.500 $ Cost of renovations 725.000 $ (for 12 streets renovated by Fatih Municipality) Total costs 747.500 $ Details of Implementation • 18 hydraulic vehicle stopping barriers were used. • Official vehicles are allowed (embassies, the police, postal service, banks and the fire department, ambulances). • Parking is not allowed for other regular vehicles. • Vehicles are allowed in the pedestrian-only zone between 6pm-10am for deliveries.
  8. 8. ECONOMIC DETAILS OF THE PROJECT SUB-REGION LALELİ General Details Date 2011 - 2012 Partners Fatih Municipality and Laleli Businessmen Association (LASIAD) Number of Pedestrianizated Streets 23 Cost of barriers 113.750 $ Cost of renovations 2.875.000 $ Total costs 2.988.750 $ Details of Implementation • LASIAD conducted several meetings with the Municipality to start the pedestrianization in these zones. • Half of the project budget was covered by LASIAD. • LASIAD, as the contractor of the Project, controls the traffic flow. • Laleli Project Phase 2 covered the largest area in comparison to other pedestrianization projects in the Historic Peninsula. • 240 hydraulic vehicle stopping barriers were used. • Streets lights were renewed. • Waste containers were renewed. https://www.sabah.com.tr/yasam/2011/04/20/alt-laleli-de-arac-trafigine-kapatiliyor https://www.ntv.com.tr/ekonomi/yayalasma-sirasi-alt-lalelide,4w4zQfG86E2PnJljY6Hnyg
  9. 9. ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE PROJECT Source: Litman (2003) Sermons and Seredich (2001) http://v3.arkitera.com/h59474-carsi-yayalastirma-projesine-karsi.html Local communities might not initially recognize economic benefits of pedestrianization projects. Often, local businesses believe pedestrianization will adversely affect their revenues due to reduced traffic and footfall. However, successful implementations and many studies around the world show that pedestrianization contributes to increased retail activity. In the beginning of pedestrianization process of Historic Peninsula there were several concerns about the Project, especially from the local businesses. Their concerns were mainly about: • Security • Delivery • Lack of participatory process • Losing their customers • Losing their business
  10. 10. ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE PROJECT The benefits of improving conditions for non-motorized street users at the vicinity of urban small business are: • Economic Revitalization and Property Values, • Attractiveness and Safety, • Sales and Attracting Customers, • Parking, • Impact on Employees, • Construction and Costs Some reduction on turnovers can be observed in the initial years of implementation during the transition period. After a while, the local business owners figured out that pedestrianization has provided a good effect on their business. So, Laleli sub-region’s pedestrianization Project start with this recognization. A survey with more than 100 cities around the World showed that 49% of all the pedestrian areas developed experienced an upward trend in retail turnover, while only 18% experienced a decrease, and %25 stayed stable. (OECD, 1978) (Hass-Klau,1993)
  11. 11. WHAT DOES LOCAL BUSINESS THINK ABOUT PEDESTRIANIZATION IN HISTORIC PENINSULA? When the first survey was conducted, we figured out that the local business were mainly worried about the effects of pedestrianization. 49% 39% 12% 55% 33% 12% 73% 19% 8%
  12. 12. THANK YOU! EMAIL: merve.aki@wri.org BLOG: TheCityFixTurkiye.com WEB: WRIsehirler.org WEB: WRIRossCities.org

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