Section 2

3. Apr 2020

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Section 2

  1. Lesson: Purposes and objetives of the research: How to do a doctoral thesis ACTIVITY 2>SECTION 2 Common cross-curricular activities
  2. Lecturer: Carmen Pire Galiana Academic secretary Doctoral School
  3. Index 1. The decision to undertake a doctoral thesis 2. What is a doctoral thesis? 3. The PhD process
  4. 1. The decision to undertake a doctoral thesis
  5. The decision to undertake a doctoral thesis  SCIENTIFIC VOCATION  This is an important decision. A meditated reflection.  It is a journey: time must be invested to plan the route. It is convenient to collect information from former doctoral candidates in order to get a rough idea and to keep ahead of the obstacles.  It is a long and difficult journey. All of the obstacles can be overcome, but to reach the final goal requires effort and sacrifice.  The "psychological baggage": will power, motivation, perseverance, excitement, discipline, faith in yourself, determination, positive attitude, patience...  Your attitude is above your aptitude.  What mentality do you need to undertake the research? An open mind, a critical yet constructive eye.
  6. 2. What is a doctoral thesis? • Concept and purpose • Choosing the topic. Justification • Skills, capacities and expertise
  7. What is a doctoral thesis? Concept and purpose • Research work: consideration of a problem, analysis and satisfactory solution of the same. Reflexive, systematic and methodical work. • Generation of new knowledge: the work must be characterised by its originality and innovation. It must provide new knowledge to that already existing on the topic.
  8. Choosing the topic. Justification - There must be a reason that justifies the performance of the research work. - Think about how your research can: • Resolve theoretical issues • Develop better models • Improve knowledge on the topic • Resolve scientific conflicts • Improve industrial processes - The research topic must be in accordance with the preparation of the doctoral candidate and the work possibilities. Accessibility of the sources and bibliography and of the methods and techniques necessary, availing of adequate management, prior knowledge, languages and time available. - The research must say something that has not yet been said about the object of study or review a different point of view of something that has already been said.
  9. Skills, capacities and expertise Skills that the doctoral candidate must acquire: • a) Systematic understanding of a field of study and proficiency in the research methods and skills related to said field. • b) Capacity to conceive, design or create, to implement and adopt a substantial research or creation process. • c) Capacity to contribute to the extension of the borders of knowledge through original research. • d) Capacity to undertake critical analysis and evaluation and synthesis of new and complex ideas. • e) Capacity to communicate with the academic and scientific community and with society in general with regards to the scopes of knowledge in the usual manners and languages in the international scientific community. • f) Capacity to promote, in academic and professional contexts, the scientific, technological, social, artistic or cultural progress within a society based on knowledge.
  10. Skills, capacities and expertise Capacities and expertise • a) To work well in contexts where there is little specific information. • b) To find the key questions that must be answered to resolve a complex problem. • c) To design, create, develop and launch new and innovative projects in the scope of knowledge. • d) To work both in a team and individually in an international or multidisciplinary context. • e) To integrate knowledge, face the complexity and create opinions with limited information. • f) Intellectual defence and criticism of solutions.
  11. 3. The PhD process • Duration of the doctorate • Doctoral commitment • Research plan • Information resources. Stay informed • - ResearchGate • Training during the doctorate • Record of activities and research plan • Annual evaluation • Defence of the doctoral thesis • Research publication - Journal Citation Reports • International joint supervision • International doctor mention • Industrial doctor mention
  12. Processes during the doctorate. Duration of the doctorate • Duration Applications for a later deadline • Application for prolongation . • Change in study modality. • Suspension of the term calculation: leave due to illness, pregnancy, paternity or maternity leave or any other reason established in the regulation. • Temporary suspension of studies: maximum one year, can be extended to another year. MODALITY DURATION PROLONGATION EXCEPTIONAL PROLONGATION Full time 3 years 1 year 1 year Half time 5 years 2 years 1 year
  13. Processes during the doctorate. Duration of the doctorate Procedure for requesting cancellation or extension
  14. Doctoral commitment Establishes the rights and obligations of the doctoral candidate, the thesis director, the thesis tutor and the coordinator of the doctorate program, the latter in the name of the University of Alicante, with the objective of ensuring achievement of the objectives stated during the elaboration of the doctoral thesis. • The parties sign this document at the time of assignment of the thesis director to the doctoral candidate. It contemplates understanding by the parties of the Code of good practice of the EDUA. • The doctoral commitment document is signed electronically through the "eAdministration" application by UACloud.
  15. Research plan During the first year, the Research plan is elaborated. • 1. Background and current status of the topic. • 2. Most relevant bibliography. • 3. Objective of the research. • 4. Hypothesis, methodology and time planning. • 5. Anticipated impact. • 6. Ethical or biosecurity implications.
  16. Research plan • The research plan shows the suitable nature, or not, of the topic chosen and its relationship to the methods and objectives proposed. • It permits detection of inconsistencies. • It allows for the introduction of clarifications, modifications. • It shows the feasibility of the research. • This plan can be improved and detailed throughout the development of the research, therefore each year it should be included again in the application. • The director guarantees the research plan.
  17. Information resources Search, collection and reading of bibliography • Historical and chronological panorama of how knowledge has evolved in a specific area. • Relevance of knowing languages. • Practical utility:  Current status of the knowledge in this area.  Influences the direction that will be adopted by the research.  Permits visualisation of various approaches.  Permits identification of unresolved problems.  Prevents the proposal of questions that have already been answered.
  18. Information resources. Stay informed • Topic alerts Web of science Scopus Google scholar • Receive recommendations Google scholar Mendeley ResearchGate • Follow scientists ResearchGate Mendeley
  19. Information resources. Stay informed
  20. Information resources. Stay informed
  21. Information resources. Stay informed ResearchGate • ResearchGate is a scientific social network for scientists and researchers with the objective of connecting researchers and allowing them to share and access their publications, knowledge and experience. It permits:  Share your publications and gain visibility.  Connect and collaborate with other researchers.  Obtain statistics and metrics on your profile and your publications.  Resolve issues in a joint manner.
  22. ResearchGate Information Alerts Information resources. Stay informed
  23. ResearchGate Suggestions on bibliography and job offers, according to your history. Information resources. Stay informed
  24. Profile Information resources. Stay informed
  25. Information resources. Stay informed You can ask questions or answer those of other researchers
  26. Jobs Information resources. Stay informed
  27. Training during the doctorate • The Doctorate Programs do not have formal subjects but do have educational activities. Some are common to all doctorate programs at EDUA and others are specific to each program. These activities are carried out throughout the doctorate and are included in the activities document of the doctoral program.
  28. Training during the doctorate Common transversal activities Specific activities (These vary depending on the program). • Attendance at conferences, congresses, seminars. • Presentation of communications at congresses. • Publication of scientific articles. • Stays at other institutions. • … The document of doctoral candidate activities is the individualised record of control of the activities that the doctoral candidate carries out throughout the program, which will be reviewed annually by the tutor of the thesis. The UA has a platform for computer registration of activities and research plans (RAPI), which facilitates control without the need for the student to be present.
  29. Record of activities and research plan To upload a new activity to RAPI Three possible states: -Registered: It is still editable. Not viewed by either tutor or director -In review: It is no longer editable. Tutor and director can see it -Accepted: The tutor has accepted the activity
  30. Record of activities and research plan Select the academic year, modality and description. Common training activities do not have to be registered in RAPI
  31. Record of activities and research plan To upload the research plan or fill in the progress Only to fill in the second course and the following ones Once the plan file has been uploaded or the progress has been completed, it must be changed to “In review”
  32. Annual evaluation • Tutor: Annually revises the education activities. Their acceptance is required. They issue a report. • Director: Annually revises the research plan. Their acceptance is required. They issue a report. • In the month of July each academic year, the Academic committee of the program will evaluate the research plan and the document of activities in view of the reports that must be issued by the director and the tutor for this purpose. Evaluates as PASS or FAIL. • In the case of the Academic committee detect significant shortcomings, they can request that the doctoral candidate present a new research plan in a period of six months. • In the case that the shortcomings continue, the Academic committee must issue a justified report and the doctoral candidate which definitively leave the program.
  33. In the evaluation period, tutor and supervisor will upload reports related to the activity of the doctoral student and then the academic commission evaluates based on those reports The evaluation will be carried out on every year
  34. The thesis deposit must be made before the deadline A date extension can be request to the Academic Commission if the conditions to do it are fullfilled.
  35. Defence of the doctoral thesis • The studies conclude with the elaboration and defence of a doctoral thesis with a tribunal consisting of 3 doctors of recognised prestige in the area of research. • The doctoral thesis will consist of an original research work elaborated by the candidate in any area of knowledge. It can also be presented by a compendium of publications. The thesis must prepare the doctoral candidate for autonomous work in the field of R&D&i. • It must be deposited in the EDUA, following the formats required, one month prior to the anticipated date of reading. Previously, the Academic committee of the doctorate will have given final approval of the doctoral candidate's record and have requested approval from the proposed tribunal. • The doctoral thesis will be evaluated in the defence, which will take place in a public session and will consist of the presentation and defence by the doctoral candidate for the members of the tribunal of their research work. The doctors present in the public act may formulate questions at the time and in the manner indicated by the chairperson of the tribunal.
  36. • Compendium of publications: Indexed publications • Specialised international database. Scopus, Web of Science… • Analysis and Evaluation Tool: Journal Citations Report This is an analysis tool that presents citation statistical data from 1997 onward, providing a vision of the importance of the journals within their topic categories (journal impact factor). It is presented in a Science edition and a Social Sciences edition. It offers a systematic and objective means to evaluate the principal research methods in the world, providing the number of citations and articles of practically all of the specialities of science, technology and social sciences. Research publication
  37. Research publication Compendium of publications
  38. Research publication
  39. Research publication Journal Citation Reports shows:  The most frequently cited journals in a field  The principal journals in a field  The journals with greatest impact in a field  The most published articles in a field  The topic category data to carry out comparative tests  Access from the Library website. Database
  40. Research publication
  41. Research publication Journal position with respect to the others in a field
  42. International joint supervision • The title of Doctor will include, on the reverse, the statement “Thesis under joint supervision with the University U”, provided that the following conditions are met: • a) That the doctoral thesis is supervised by two or more Doctors from two Universities, one Spanish and another foreign, which must formalise a joint supervision agreement. • b) That during the period of education necessary to obtain the title of Doctor, the doctoral candidate has carried out a minimum stay of six months in the institution with which the joint supervision agreement is established, carrying out research work, either in one single period or several. The stays and activities will be reflected in the joint supervision agreement.
  43. International joint supervision • The doctoral candidate must register their doctoral thesis project in both Universities. • The thesis will be subject to storage in both institutions as required by the respectively applicable regulations for the purposes of publicity. • The thesis will be subject to a single defence, which will be recognised by both institutions. • The doctoral thesis under joint supervision with another university permits obtaining the title of Doctor from both Universities.
  44. International doctor mention • The title of Doctor may include the mention of "International doctor" on the reverse, provided that the following circumstances are met: • That, during the education period necessary to obtain the title of doctor, the doctoral student carries out a minimum period of three months outside Spain, in an institute of higher education or research centre of prestige, completing studies or research work. The stay and activities must be guaranteed by the director and authorised by the Academic Committee, and will be included in the doctoral candidate's document of activities. • That part of the doctoral thesis, at least the summary and conclusions, have been written and presented in one of the habitual languages for scientific communication in the field of knowledge, different to any of the official languages in Spain. This regulation will not be applicable when the stays, reports and experts come from a country where Spanish is spoken. • That the thesis has been informed by a minimum of two expert doctors pertaining to an institute of higher education or institute of research that is not Spanish. • That at least one expert pertaining to an institute of higher education or institute of research that is not Spanish, with the title of doctor, and other than the person responsible for the stay mentioned in section a), has formed part of the evaluation tribunal for the thesis. • The defence of the thesis must be carried out in the Spanish university where the doctoral candidate was registered.
  45. Industrial doctor mention Performance of strategic research projects within a company where the doctoral candidate develops their research education in collaboration with a university. The mention of “Industrial Doctorate” will be granted provided that the following circumstances are met: • a) The existence of an employment or commercial contract with the doctoral candidate. The contract can be signed with a company from the private sector or the public sector, as well as by a Public Administration. • b) The doctoral candidate must participate in a project of industrial research or experimental development carried out in the company or Public Administration where the service is provided, which cannot be a University. The project of industrial research or experimental development in which the doctoral candidate participates must have a direct relationship with the thesis being carried out. This direct relationship must be accredited through a report that will be approved by the University. In the case that the project of industrial research or experimental development is carried out in collaboration with the University and the company or Public Administration where the doctoral candidate provides the service, a framework collaboration agreement will be signed between the parties. This agreement will indicate the obligations of the University and the obligations of the company or Public Administration, as well as the procedure for selecting the doctoral candidates. The doctoral candidate will have a tutor designated by the University and a manager designated by the company or Public Administration, who may be, where applicable, a Director of the thesis in accordance with the regulations of the Doctorate.
  46. More information: • EDUA: Doctoral School of Alicante University • Contact: • E-mail: • Phone: +34 965 90 3466 • Web EDUA:
  47. Carmen Pire Galiana Academic Secretary of the Doctoral School

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. Ojo, se ha eliminado ap. 7 (casos prácticos) porque no había diapos sobre esto. El doc. Sobre ello se integrará en la web.