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Leadership and it's styles.pptx

  1. LEADERSHIP STYLES Presented By: Drx.Gaurav Yadav
  2. CONTENT • Introduction • Features of leadership • Difference between leader & manager • Qualities of good leadership • 7C’s of leadership • Leadership Styles • Theories of leadership • Conclusion
  3. Leadership is the process of influencing the behaviors of the people at work towards the achievement of specific goal. Leadership turn dreams into reality….
  4. The term leader has been derived from the verb “to lead”. This also implies "to advance”, “to excel” and “to standard” and “to guide and govern” the action of others. A leader is a person who leads a group of followers..
  5. Leaders always develop a vision for future and there by establish direction. Vision Mission
  6. A leader handle conflicts effectively and does not allow adverse effects resulting from the conflicts. Leader provides training to their subordinate and a good leader always builds-up his successor and help in smooth succession process. Leader persuades, clarifies and inspires people to accept changes whole heartedly. Cont.
  7. Leadership is Action not position….
  8. Feature of leaders- hip Ability to influence others Ability to achieve common goals Inter- personal relations hip Continue process Tries to bring change in behavior
  9. Difference b/w Manager and Leader Manager Leader o A manager is always leader. o A leader may not be a manager. o Formal authority to influence behaviour. o Informal authority to leading Informal group o They can use assertiveness and sanctions. o Authority of trust & faith With group members. Difference..
  10. Manager Leader o Low level of satisfaction o High level of satisfaction o Exists only in formal organization. o Exists in both. o Mostly one way communication o Two way communication o Performs all functions, i.e., planning organizing, staffing, directing. o Only one function, i.e., directing.
  11. Roles & Responsibilit ies of leadership Developing teamwork • Development of creative Creation of confidence • Guiding of people
  12. Count.. Leader plays a key role in introducing required change in organisation. Good leader always produce good results through their followers. Maintain personal relations and help followers in fulfilling their needs. Confidence, support and encouragement and creates congenial work environment.
  13. LEADERSHIP STYLES “Management is doing things right, Leadership is doing the right things”.
  14. AUTOCRATIC/ AUTHORITARIAN LEADERSHIP STYLE  The leader makes decisions alone as power is centralized in one person.  He alone determines policies of group and major plans.  He is only interested in the obedience of his orders even at the expense of individual or group harmony.  Generates fear among subordinates.  It is also called as ‘bossing people around.’
  15. PROS Allows quick decision making Better supervision and control Confidential matters can be kept secretly CONS It lacks flexibility Increases the workload of leader Less room for employee growth Increased efficiency Lack of Creativity Helps in crisis management & suitable for small firms Less job satisfaction leads to less commitment to goals of organization
  16. DEMOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLE  The leader include one or more employees in the decision making process.  Leader works through people not by domination but by suggestions.  Communication flow freely; suggestions are made in both directions.  Also known as Participative style of leadership.  Further divided into :  Consultative : Process of consultation before decisions are taken  Persuasive : Leader takes decision and seeks to persuade others that the decision is correct
  17. PROS Better utilization of employees talent and skill Better communication in the workplace Increased productivity and creativity CONS Slow decision making process Not suitable for unskilled and incompetent workers Difficult to maintain discipline Enhanced job satisfaction Assigning blame for failures may be seen It builds strong teams Lack of secrecy
  18. LAISSEZ-FAIRE LEADERSHIP STYLE  It is opposite extreme from autocratic leadership.  ‘Let it be’ – the leadership responsibilities are shared by all.  The laissez-faire style is to minimize the leader's involvement in decision-making.  The leader sets objectives and employees are free to do whatever is appropriate to accomplish those objectives.  Used when employees are able to analyze the situation.  Group members are free to set their own goals.
  19. PROS Encourages innovation and creativity Utilization of employees potential Provides personal development and growth opportunity CONS Lack of secrecy Not useful for unskilled employees Weakens the role of manager Complete freedom to make decisions May create conflict and misunderstanding
  21. BUREAUCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLE Bureaucratic manager manages “by the book”. Everything must be done according to procedure or policy. This style can be effective when employees are: performing routine tasks over and over. working with dangerous or delicate equipment. performing tasks that require handling cash.
  22. PATERNALISTIC LEADERSHIP STYLE It is a managerial approach that involves a dominant, male father figure who takes complete charge of the employees in an organization.  In return, employees show their trust, loyalty and obedience. This style of leadership is fairly similar to autocratic leadership, the only difference being the lack of a fatherly leader in the latter style.
  23. TRANSACTIONAL LEADERSHIP STYLE This type describes the interaction between leader and follower as a transaction. Focuses on the accomplishment of tasks & good worker relationships in exchange for desirable rewards. Motivation by “what’s in it for me”. Promoting compliance by either offering rewards or serving punishments. It’s a push leadership style.
  24. TRANFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP STYLE  It’s about building the commitment of followers (i.e. staff) through motivation and inspiration. It’s about winning the hearts and minds of your people . Motivation by “what’s best for the company”. It’s a pull leadership style. Characteristics are: Charisma or idealized influence Inspiration Intellectual stimulation Individual consideration
  25. CHARISMATIC LEADERSHIP STYLE It is a process of encouraging certain behaviour in others via force of personality. It involves creating a self-image so powerful that people are naturally drawn to you. Charisma is a positive and compelling quality of a person that makes many others want to be led by that person. Some prominent qualities are: Vision Speech High principles
  26. Mukesh Ambani (Reliance Industries) Ratan Tata (Tata group) Bill Gates (Microsoft) Sundar Pichai (Google) Kiran Mazumdar Shaw (Biocon Biologics) Dilip Shanghvi (Sun Pharmaceuticals) SOME GREAT LEADERS OF WORLD
  27. THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP • Leadership theories attempt to understand how some of the individuals rise to positions of power i.e. leadership. • Some of these aims to describe the traits that individual may imitate while others concentrate on the qualities of leaders.
  28. The Great Man Theory • Proposed by Thomas Carlyle in 1840s • “Born to lead?” • Great leaders are simply born with the necessary internal characteristics such as- charisma, confidence, physical features, social skills etc. • No scientific validation • Neglected the environmental & situational factors.
  29. The Trait Theory • Focuses on individual characteristics of successful leaders. • Leaders possess a set of some traits by birth & some are acquired with time (to limited extent)which make them distinct from followers. • Ralph stogdil – – A strong desire for accomplishment – Intelligence – Persistent pursuit of goals – High tolerance
  30. Behavioural Theory • Great leaders are made, not born. • Main focus is behaviour of actual leader, what a leader actually does & how he does • Action & behaviour of leader affect the performance & satisfaction of followers. • It proposed how this specific behaviour differentiate leaders from non leaders. • To study the behaviour of leaders, two major research programs were started-
  31. 1.Ohio state university study- Identified two leadership dimensions that can be exist simultaneously  Initiating structure: organising & assigning task to employees & supervising their activities  Consideration: for the people & supportive manner towards subordinates 2.Michigan university study It also identified two types of leadership behaviour  Employee centered leader  Production centered leader
  32. • According to this theory, no leadership style is best in all situations. • Effective leadership comprises of all three factors, i.e. traits, behaviour and situation. • Behaviour of leader depends upon characteristic of situation leader is in. • Good leaders can assess the needs of their followers, understand the situation, and then adjust their behaviours accordingly. • To support this theory Fred Fiedler’s model was developed- • According to it there must be proper balance between leader’s style and situational dimension Contingency Theory
  33. Path Goal Theory • Leader’s job is to use structure, support and reward to create a work environment that help employees reach the organization’s goals.
  34. Conclusion • Effective leadership require the combination right behaviour, skills & attitude. • To be effective, a leader must be able to adapt his/her own style according to the circumstances. • There is no right or wrong leadership style to use & right leadership does not guarantee success, but lack of leadership will definitely guarantee a failure.